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Jadilah Tamu Kami Diikuti Oleh 03:31 Sumber Jadilah Tamu Kami adalah sebuah lagu yang ditulis oleh komposer Alan Menken dan penulis lirik Howard Ashman untuk Walt Disney Pictures dengan film animasi keenam puluh Kecantikan dan Binatang. Awalnya direkam oleh aktor Amerika Jerry Orbach dan aktris Inggris Angela Lansbury dalam peran film mereka sebagai karakter Lumire dan Mrs. Potts. Jadilah Tamu Kami adalah lagu Broadway dan cabaret bergaya up-tempo. Dalam film tersebut, lagu tersebut dimainkan dengan gaya musik skala besar oleh staf istana pelayan terpesona ke Belle dalam upaya untuk membuatnya merasa diterima. Jadilah Tamu Kami telah menikmati sebagian besar penerimaan positif dari kritikus, banyak di antaranya menggambarkannya sebagai salah satu yang menarik dari film dan soundtracknya. Lagu tersebut dinominasikan untuk Golden Globe Award untuk Best Original Song dan Academy Award dalam kategori yang sama, namun kalah dalam lagu judul dari film tersebut. Lumire: Ma cherie Mademoiselle, Dengan kebanggaan dan kesenangan terbesar, kami menyambut Anda malam ini. Dan sekarang, kami mengundang Anda untuk bersantai, Mari kita naik kursi Sebagai ruang makan dengan bangga menyajikan - Makan malam Anda Jadilah tamu kami Letakkan layanan kami untuk diuji Tie serbet Anda di leher Anda, cherie Dan sediakan sisanya Soup du jour Hot Hors doeuvres Mengapa, kita hanya hidup untuk melayani Cobalah barang-barang abu-abu yang lezat Dont percayalah Minta masakan Mereka bisa bernyanyi Mereka bisa menari Bagaimanapun, Nona, ini Prancis dan makan malam di sini tidak pernah yang terbaik kedua Go, buka menu Anda Take Sekilas dan kemudian kamu akan menjadi tamu kami Oui, tamu kami Jadilah tamu kami Lumire and Chorus: ragout daging sapi, souffl keju, pudel dan puding en Flamb Lumiere: Siapkan dan sajikan dengan baik Kabaret kuliner Youre alone Dan youre takut Tapi perjamuan semua Siap Tidak ada orang suram atau mengeluh Sementara flatwares menghibur Kami menceritakan lelucon, saya melakukan trik Dengan sesama candlesticks Chorus: Dan semua dalam rasa sempurna Yang Anda bisa bertaruh Ayo dan angkat gelas Anda Youve memenangkan pass gratis Anda sendiri Untuk menjadi tamu kami Lumire : Jika youre menekankan saya Ts santapan kami sarankan Lumire dan Chorus: Jadilah tamu kami Jadilah tamu kami Jadilah tamu kami Lumire: Hidup sangat mengerikan Bagi pelayan yang tidak melayani Hes tidak utuh tanpa jiwa untuk menunggu Ah, hari tua yang baik ketika kami berguna Tiba-tiba Hari-hari tua yang baik sudah berlalu Sepuluh tahun telah berkarat Butuh lebih dari sekedar membersihkan Butuh latihan, kesempatan untuk menggunakan keterampilan kita Hampir setiap hari kita hanya berbaring di sekitar benteng Flabby, gemuk dan malas Anda masuk, dan oops-a-daisy Mrs Potts: Its a tamu Its a tamu Sakes alive, well III be member diberakan Anggur telah dituangkan dan terima kasih Tuhan Ive telah serbet baru ditekan Dengan dessert Shell ingin teh Dan sayangku baik-baik saja dengan saya Sementara cangkir melakukan soft shoein mereka Sakit Jadilah menggelegak, Aku akan menyeduh Sakit menjadi hangat Piping heaves panas sakes Apakah itu tempat Bersihkan itu Kami ingin perusahaan itu terkesan Banyak yang harus dilakukan Apakah itu satu benjolan atau dua Bagi Anda, tamu kami Chorus: Shes tamu kami Mrs. Potts : Shes tamu kami Chorus: Shes tamu kami Chorus: Jadilah tamu kami Jadilah kami Tamu Perintah kami adalah permintaan anda Sudah sepuluh tahun sejak weve ada orang disini Dan terobsesi dengan makanan anda Dengan kemudahan anda Ya, memang, kami bertujuan untuk menyenangkan Sementara candlelights tetap menyala Mari kita bantu anda Terus Lumire dan chorus: Kursus oleh Tentu satu demi satu Til kau berteriak, Cukup Im selesai Kemudian juga menyanyi Anda untuk tidur seperti yang Anda mencerna Malam ini Anda akan menopang kaki Anda ke atas Tapi untuk sekarang, mari makan Jadilah tamu kami Jadilah tamu kami Jadilah tamu kami Tolong, jadilah tamu kami Lumire: Monsieur terhormat, Dengan bangga dan kesenangan terbesar, kami menyambut Anda malam ini. Dan sekarang, kami mengundang Anda untuk bersantai, Mari kita naik kursi Sebagai ruang makan dengan bangga menyajikan - Makan malam Anda Jadilah tamu kami Layani layanan kami untuk diuji Tie serbet Anda di leher Anda, Monsieur Dan sediakan sisanya Soup du jour Hot Hors doeuvres Mengapa, kita hanya hidup untuk melayani Cobalah barang abu-abu yang lezat Dont percayalah Minta masakan Mereka bisa bernyanyi Mereka bisa menari Lagi pula, Sir, ini Prancis dan makan malam di sini tidak pernah yang terbaik kedua Go, buka menu Take Sekilas dan kemudian kamu akan menjadi tamu kami Oui, tamu kami Jadilah tamu kami Lumire and Chorus: ragout daging sapi, souffl keju, pudel dan puding en flamb Lumiere: Siapkan dan sajikan dengan baik Kabaret kuliner Ya, youre dingin ya, kamu basah tapi Baik membantu Anda untuk melupakan Anda tidak akan tahu di luar yang menyerbu Ketika Silverwares preforming Kami menceritakan lelucon, saya melakukan trik Dengan sesama candlesticks Chorus: Dan semua dalam rasa sempurna Itu Anda bisa bertaruh Ayo dan angkat gelas Anda Youve memenangkan lulus gratis Anda sendiri Menjadi tamu kami Lumire: Jika youre stres Sed Makannya yang bagus sebaiknya Lumire dan Chorus: Jadilah tamu kami Jadilah tamu kami Jadilah tamu kami Lumire: Hidup sangat mengerikan Bagi pelayan yang tidak melayani Hes tanpa seluruh tanpa jiwa untuk menunggunya Ah, hari-hari tua yang baik ketika kami berguna Tiba-tiba hari-hari tua yang baik sudah berlalu Sepuluh tahun telah berkarat Membutuhkan lebih dari sekedar membersihkan Butuh latihan, kesempatan untuk menggunakan keterampilan kita Hampir setiap hari kita hanya berbaring di sekitar benteng Flabby, gemuk dan malas Anda masuk, dan oops-a-daisy Mrs Potts: Its tamu Its tamu Sakes hidup, baik III akan diberkati Anggur telah dituangkan dan terima kasih Tuhan Ive telah serbet baru ditekan Dengan dessert Youll ingin teh Dan sayangku baik-baik saja dengan saya Sementara cangkir melakukan sepatu mereka lembut Aku akan menggelegak, Aku akan menyiram Sakit menjadi hangat Piping heaves panas sakes Apakah itu tempat Bersihkan itu Kami ingin perusahaan terkesan Chorus: Banyak yang harus dilakukan Mrs. Potts: Apakah itu satu benjolan atau dua untukmu, tamu kami Chorus : Dia tamu kami Mrs. Potts: Dia tamu kami Chorus: Kami tamu kami Choru S: Jadilah tamu kami Jadilah tamu kami Perintah kami adalah permintaan Anda Sudah sepuluh tahun berlalu sejak ada orang di sini Dan terobsesi dengan makanan Anda Dengan kemudahan Anda Ya, memang, kami bertujuan untuk menyenangkan Sementara cahaya lilin tetap menyala Biarkan kami membantu Anda Tetap baik Pergi Lumire dan paduan suara: Kursus oleh kursus Satu demi satu Til Anda berteriak, Cukup Im selesai Kemudian juga menyanyikan Anda pergi tidur seperti yang Anda mencerna Malam ini Anda akan prop kaki Anda ke atas Tapi untuk sekarang, Sir, makan Jadilah tamu kami Jadilah tamu kami Jadilah kami Tamu Tolong, jadilah tamu kami Jadilah. kami. Tamu Jadilah tamu kami Letakkan layanan kami untuk tes Tie serbet Anda di leher Anda, monsieur Dan kami menyediakan sisanya Soup du jour Hot hors doeuvres Mengapa, kami hanya hidup untuk melayani Cobalah barang abu-abu yang lezat Jangan percaya saya Minta masakannya Mereka dapat Bernyanyi Mereka bisa menari Setelah semua, Sir, ini adalah Prancis Dan makan malam di sini tidak pernah yang terbaik kedua Go on, terungkap menu Anda Lirik dan kemudian kamu akan menjadi tamu kami Oui, tamu kami Jadilah tamu kami Daging sapi ragout Keju souffl Pie dan puding en Tepuk Siapkan dengan baik dan sajikan dengan bakat Sebuah kabaret kuliner Ya, hai Anda dingin Ya, Anda basah Tapi tolong bantu Anda untuk melupakan Anda tidak akan tahu di luar penyerbuannya Ketika barang perak itu mulai terbentuk Dia mengatakan lelucon Saya melakukan trik Dengan sesama lilin dan semua dalam rasa yang sempurna Bahwa Anda bisa bertaruh Ayo dan angkat gelas Anda Youve memenangkan tiket gratis Anda sendiri Untuk menjadi tamu kami Jadilah tamu kami Jadilah tamu kami Belum lama ini, Sir, ini adalah karir kita Cahaya lampu gantung Ah, suasana apa Melayani Anda, kami kembali lagi. Yesteryear Angkat tutupnya Let S melihat apa yang kita di sini Oh, sayangku Ini ikan, ini tidak Tapi kamu akan menyukainya Cukup banyak Slice itu tebal, memakannya dengan cepat Yang jauh lebih baik saat yang panas Coba roti Coba sup Ketika crouton loop-de- Loop Its a treat untuk setiap restoran Dont percaya saya Tanyakan Cina Bernyanyi daging babi, menari sapi Apa makanan yang menghibur Bagaimana mungkin seseorang menjadi suram dan depresi Nah membuat Anda berteriak, Encore Dan kirimkan kami untuk lebih Jadi, jadilah tamu kami Jadilah tamu kami Jadilah Tamu kita Hidup sangat mengerikan Bagi pelayan yang tidak melayani Hes tanpa seluruh tanpa jiwa menunggu pada Ah, hari-hari tua yang baik ketika kita berguna Tiba-tiba, masa lalu yang baik telah berlalu Sepuluh tahun, telah berkarat Membutuhkan lebih dari Debu Butuh latihan, kesempatan untuk menggunakan keterampilan kita Hampir setiap hari kita hanya berbaring di sekitar benteng Flabby, gemuk dan malas Anda masuk, dan oops-a-daisy Its a guest Its a tamu Sakes alive, well, Be be diberkati Anggur telah dituangkan Dan terima kasih Tuhan saya telah serbet baru ditekan Dengan dessert Neraka ingin teh Dan saya Sayang itu baik-baik saja dengan saya Sementara cangkir melakukan sepatu mereka yang lemah lembut menjadi menggelegak, saya akan menyeduh Sakit menjadi hangat Perpipaan panas demi langit Apakah itu tempat Bersihkan itu? Kami ingin perusahaan itu terkesan Banyak yang harus dilakukan Apakah itu satu benjolan atau Dua untuk Anda, tamu kami Hes kami tamu kami tamu kami Jadilah tamu kami Jadilah tamu kami Jadilah tamu kami Dapatkan kekhawatiran Anda dari dada Anda Mari kita katakan untuk entre Weve Anda array mungkin kami sarankan: Istirahat kraut, beberapa burung puyuh Atau angsa Its Tidak pernah pucat Apa yang diobati, vinaigrette kami mengapa sudah terlambat untuk surat Chicken Chicken Ready, pull Kami akan menunggu sampai kamu kenyang Kami senang gigitan menggigil bahwa kamu menelan Weve mendapat persediaan langka Jadi jangan kamu berani malu Tidak, jadilah milik kami Tamu Jadilah tamu kami Jadilah tamu kami Jadilah tamu kami, jadilah tamu kami Perintah kami adalah permintaan Anda Sudah sepuluh tahun berlalu sejak ada orang di sini Dan terobsesi dengan makanan Anda, Dengan kemudahan Anda Ya, memang, kami bertujuan untuk menyenangkan Sementara lilin masih Bercahaya Mari kita membantu Anda Terus mengikuti Kursus dengan kursus, satu per satu Til Anda Teriakan, Cukup Im selesai Kemudian juga menyanyi Anda untuk tidur seperti yang Anda mencerna Malam ini Anda akan menopang kaki Anda Tapi untuk sekarang, Sir, makan Jadilah tamu kami Jadilah tamu kami Jadilah tamu kami Tolong, jadilah tamu kami Lumire: Ma chere Mademoiselle, itu Adalah dengan kebanggaan dan kesenangan terbesar yang kami sampaikan malam ini. Dan sekarang kami mengundang Anda untuk bersantai, marilah kita menarik kursi sebagai ruang makan dengan bangga menyajikan - makan malam Anda Jadilah tamu kami Jadilah tamu kami Pasang layanan kami untuk tes Tie serbet Anda di sekeliling leher Anda, cherie Dan sediakan sisanya Soup du Jour Hot hors doeuvres Mengapa, kita hanya hidup untuk melayani Cobalah barang-barang abu-abu Chip: Lumire yang lezat: Jangan percaya saya Minta masakan Mereka bisa bernyanyi, mereka bisa menari Bagaimanapun, Nona, ini Prancis dan makan malam di sini tidak pernah yang terbaik kedua Ayo, buka menu Anda Lirik dan kemudian kamu akan menjadi tamu kami Oui, tamu kami Jadilah tamu kami Lumire and Chorus: Daging sapi ragout Keju souffl Pie dan puding en flamb Lumire: Siapkan dan sajikan dengan baik Seret kabar kuliner Youre alone And youre Takut Tapi semua perjamuan disiapkan Tidak ada yang suram atau mengeluh Sementara flatwares menghibur Kami menceritakan lelucon Saya melakukan trik Dengan sesama candlesticks Chorus: Dan semua dalam rasa sempurna yang dapat Anda taruhan Ayo dan angkat gelas Anda Youve memenangkan lulus gratis Anda sendiri Untuk Jadilah tamu Lumir E: Jika youre menekankan santapannya, sebaiknya Chorus: Jadilah tamu kami Jadilah tamu kami Jadilah tamu kami Dapatkan kekhawatiran Anda dari dada Anda Katakanlah untuk entre Anda sebuah array mungkin kami sarankan: Cobalah roti Cobalah sup Ketika lingkaran crouton De loop Its a memperlakukan untuk setiap restoran Dont percaya saya Tanyakan cina Bernyanyi babi Menari sapi Apakah makanan yang menghibur Bagaimana seseorang bisa menjadi suram dan tertekan Nah membuat Anda berteriak encore Dan kirimkan kami untuk lebih Jadi, jadilah tamu kami Lumire: Jadilah tamu kami Chorus: Jadilah tamu kami Mrs. Potts: Its tamu Its a tamu Sakes alive, well III be member diberakan Anggur telah dituangkan dan terima kasih Tuhan Ive telah serbet baru ditekan Dengan makanan penutup, shell ingin teh Dan sayangku baik-baik saja dengan saya Sementara Cangkir melakukan sepatu lunak mereka. Sakit menjadi menggelegak, Aku akan disiram Sakit menjadi hangat, disalurkan ke surga yang panas Apakah itu tempat yang membersihkannya? Kami ingin perusahaan itu terkesan Chorus: Banyak yang harus dilakukan Mrs. Potts: apakah itu benjolan atau Dua untuk Anda, tamu kami Chorus: Shes tamu kami Mrs. Potts: Shes ou R tamu Chorus: Shes tamu kami Jadilah tamu kami Jadilah tamu kami Jadilah tamu kami Lumire: Hidup sangat mengerikan Bagi pelayan yang tidak melayani Hes tanpa seluruh tanpa jiwa menunggu pada Ah, hari-hari tua yang baik ketika kami berguna. Tiba-tiba hari-hari tua yang baik telah berlalu Sepuluh tahun telah berkarat Butuh lebih dari sekedar membersihkan Butuh latihan, kesempatan untuk menggunakan keterampilan kita Hampir setiap hari kita hanya berbaring di sekitar benteng Flabby, gemuk dan malas Anda masuk dan oops-a-daisy Chorus : Jadilah tamu kami Jadilah tamu kami Perintah kami adalah permintaan Anda Sudah bertahun-tahun sejak ada orang di sini Dan terobsesi dengan makanan Anda, dengan kemudahan Anda Ya, memang, kami bertujuan untuk menyenangkan Sementara lilin menyala masih menyala Mari kita bantu, tetaplah Pergi Tentu saja, satu per satu Til Anda berteriak, Cukup Im selesai Kemudian juga bernyanyi Anda tertidur saat Anda mencerna Malam ini Anda akan menopang kaki Anda Tapi untuk saat ini, mari makanlah Jadilah tamu kami Jadilah tamu kami Jadilah tamu kami Tolong, jadilah Tamu kami Lumire: Ma cherie Mademoiselle, Dengan kebanggaan dan kesenangan terbesar, kami menyambut Anda malam ini. Dan sekarang, kami mengundang Anda untuk bersantai, Mari kita naik kursi Sebagai ruang makan dengan bangga menyajikan - Makan malam Anda Jadilah tamu kami Letakkan layanan kami untuk diuji Tie serbet Anda di leher Anda, cherie Dan sediakan sisanya Soup du jour Hot Hors doeuvres Mengapa, kita hanya hidup untuk melayani Cobalah barang abu-abu yang lezat Dont percayalah Minta masakan Mereka bisa bernyanyi Mereka bisa menari Lagi pula, kangen, ini Prancis dan makan malam di sini tidak pernah yang terbaik kedua Go, buka menu kamu Take Sekilas dan kemudian kamu akan menjadi tamu kami Oui, tamu kami Jadilah tamu kami Lumire and Chorus: ragout daging sapi, souffl keju, pudel dan puding en flamb Lumire: Siapkan dan sajikan dengan baik Kabaret kuliner Youre alone Dan youre takut Tapi perjamuan semua Siap Tidak ada orang suram atau mengeluh Sementara flatwares menghibur Kami menceritakan lelucon, saya melakukan trik Dengan sesama candlesticks Chorus: Dan semua dalam rasa sempurna Yang Anda bisa bertaruh Ayo dan angkat gelas Anda Youve memenangkan pass gratis Anda sendiri Untuk menjadi tamu kami Lumire : Jika youre menekankannya S fine dining kami sarankan Lumiere dan Chorus: Jadilah tamu kami Jadilah tamu kami Jadilah tamu kami Chorus: Jadilah tamu kami Jadilah tamu kami Jadilah tamu kami Chorus: jadilah tamu kami Jadilah tamu kami Perintah kami adalah permintaanmu Sudah bertahun-tahun sejak ada orang di sini Dan terobsesi dengan makanan Anda Dengan kemudahan Anda Ya, memang, kami bertujuan untuk menyenangkan Sementara nyala lilin masih menyala Mari kita bantu Anda Terus Lumire dan paduan suara: Kursus oleh kursus Satu demi satu Til you shout, Cukup Im selesai Kemudian juga menyanyi Anda Off untuk tidur seperti yang Anda mencerna Malam ini Anda akan menopang kaki Anda Tapi untuk saat ini, mari makanlah Jadilah tamu kami Jadilah tamu kami Jadilah tamu kami Tolong, jadilah tamu kami Chorus: Jadilah tamu kami Latar Belakang Awalnya, Kecantikan dan Binatang. Di bawah arahan Richard Purdum, tidak dimaksudkan untuk menjadi musikal. Kemudian kepala studio Jeffrey Katzenberg membuat keputusan untuk mengubah film menjadi musikal bergaya Broadway yang mirip dengan The Little Mermaid (1989), film animasi Disneys sebelumnya, setelah dia, merasa tidak senang dengan film reel cerita awal, memerintahkan agar film tersebut dibatalkan dan dimulai kembali. Dari nol Akibatnya, Purdum mengundurkan diri, dan sutradara film pertama kali Kirk Wise dan Gary Trousdale menggantikannya. Sebagai pengganti keberhasilan Academy Award yang memenangkan The Little Mermaid. Katzenberg bertanya kepada duo penulis lagu The Little Mermaid Howard Ashman dan Alan Menken untuk menulis lagu untuk dan mencetak Beauty and the Beast. Awalnya Ashman, yang saat itu sedang menulis lagu dengan Menken untuk sebuah ide film bernada baru yang disebut Aladdin. Enggan bergabung dengan proyek film yang sedang berjuang, namun akhirnya disepakati. Lagu ini awalnya ditulis oleh Ashman dan Menken untuk dinyanyikan oleh benda-benda yang terpesona kepada Maurice dan bukan Belle. Namun, artis cerita Bruce Woodside merasa bahwa lagunya akan lebih masuk akal jika dinyanyikan kepada Belle, karakter utamanya, berlawanan dengan karakter sekunder Maurice, dan sutradara Kirk Wise dan Gary Trousdale setuju. Terlepas dari kenyataan bahwa adegan itu sudah hampir selesai, usaha yang mahal dan tepat waktu dilakukan untuk membuat ulang naskah dan menghidupkan adegan dan menulis ulang lagunya untuk menggabungkan Belle. Sebuah klip dari Angela Lansbury yang merekam lagu-lagu Mrs. Potts dalam versi asli lagunya dapat dilihat di trailer Beauty and the Beast yang ditampilkan pada rilis The Jungle Book tahun 1991 dari VHS. Dalam satu adegan, piring membuat parodi Menara Eiffel, yang secara historis tidak akurat (belum dibangun pada saat film tersebut berlangsung). Lagu ini berbagi lagu yang sama dengan lagu Les Poissons, dinyanyikan oleh sang koki saat beraktivitas The Little Mermaid. Lagu ini adalah judul lagu untuk rekaman tersebut, Disney Sing Along Songs: Be Our Guest. Di Eropa Versi Spanyol, lagu ini disebut Que Festn yang diterjemahkan sebagai What a Feast Film asli dan versi Broadway mungkin dilakukan serupa dengan lagu The Three Caballeros dalam banyak hal. Mereka berdua dinyanyikan oleh karakter berbudaya yang bernyanyi kuat di akhir (Lumiere, Panchito Pistoles) disertai dengan efek spesial. Penyanyi juga memiliki teman terbaik yang cenderung mengikuti lagu dan tarian (Cogsworth, Jose Carioca). Komposisi Jadilah Tamu Kami ditulis oleh komposer Alan Menken dan penulis lirik Howard Ashman. Dan memiliki panjang tiga menit dan empat puluh empat detik. Menurut MusicNotes, Be Our Guest adalah sebuah lagu bergaya Broadway yang semarak yang ditulis pada waktu bersamaan di tombol B major. Rentang vokal Orbach mencakup kira-kira tiga oktaf, dari F3 sampai D6. Menggambar pengaruhnya dari teater musikal dan musik Prancis, instrumentasi sangat bergantung pada senar, angin, keyboard, dan berbagai instrumen perkusi seperti band. Melodi ini hampir persis sama dengan melodi dari gerakan pertama Mahlers Third Symphony. Kritikus telah memuji Be Our Guest, banyak yang menyebutnya menyoroti film dan soundtracknya. Tavia Hobart dari Allmusic, dalam review soundtrack film, menulis, Meskipun tidak sebagus skor Little Mermaid, soundtrack Beauty and the Beast memiliki momen, seperti Be Our Guest. Drew Taylor dari IndieWire menggambarkan lagu tersebut sebagai pertunjukan berhenti. Dalam peninjauan film-film 2001 Special Edition soundtrack, Brad Green dari Urban Cinefile memberi nyanyian review yang cukup positif, menelponnya. Sebuah percikan Gallic vaudeville yang menyalakan nyala api untuk Maurice Chevalier dan Yves Montand. Green melanjutkan,. Tapi itu tidak berdiri di atas lagu-lagu bagus seperti Something There, atau Human Again. Jadilah Tamu Kami dinominasikan untuk beberapa penghargaan. Lagu itu adalah satu dari tiga lagu dari Beauty and the Beast yang dinominasikan untuk Academy Award untuk Best Original Song di Academy Awards ke 64 pada tahun 1992, bersama Belle dan judul film, Beauty and the Beast. Akhirnya, Jadilah Tamu Kita tersesat Keindahan dan Binatang. Jadilah Tamu Kami juga dinominasikan untuk Golden Globe Award untuk Best Original Song pada tahun yang sama, namun kembali kalah dari judul film. Meliputi dan memparodikan Mr Burns memparodikan lagunya sebagai See My Vest untuk Two Dozen dan One Greyhounds, episode 1995 The Simpsons. Dalam episode parodi Animaniacs, Cutie and the Beast, Yakko dan Wakko Warner menyanyikan sebuah versi berjudul Shes a Pest. Pada tahun 1995, Alvin and the Chipmunks dan The Chipettes meliput lagu untuk album bertema Disney mereka When You Wish Upon a Chipmunk. Sebuah membawakan lagu bertema Oscar dari lagu tersebut dilakukan oleh Seth MacFarlane di Academy Awards ke 85. Versi Lain Tahap dan versi live Jadilah Tamu Kami tampil di Walt Disney World pada bulan September 2009. Aktor Jerry Orbach tampil Be Our Guest hidup berkarakter Lumiere di Academy Awards ke-64 pada tahun 1992. Kurang dari dua tahun kemudian, Be Our Guest tampil sebagai Sebuah nomor musik dalam adaptasi Broadway Beauty dan the Beast yang sekarang tertutup. Awalnya dilakukan oleh Gary Beach sebagai Lumiere dan Beth Fowler sebagai Mrs. Potts. Halaman ini menggunakan konten dari Wikipedia bahasa Inggris. Artikel atau bagian dari artikel aslinya ada di Be Our Guest. Daftar penulis bisa dilihat di halaman history. Seperti halnya dengan Wiki Disney, teks Wikipedia tersedia di bawah Lisensi Dokumentasi Bebas GNU. Koleksi Khusus, Arsip Universitas amp Museum Koleksi dan Arsip Khusus Milne memuat sekitar 18.000 kaki linear dari buku langka, manuskrip, catatan Universitas, foto, rekaman suara, Dan bahan lainnya. Periset dipersilahkan untuk menggunakan barang-barang dari koleksi di Ruang Baca Dunleavy, Perpustakaan Dimond, Ruang 101. Jam reguler adalah Senin-Jumat dari pukul 12:00 P.M. - JAM 4 SORE. Dan Rabu malam pukul 4.00 P.M. - 8:00 P. M. saat kelas sedang dalam sesi. Bantuan referensi, konsultasi penelitian, pengajaran, dan tur juga dijadwalkan di luar jam kerja yang diposkan. Untuk membuat janji temu, hubungi 862-2714 atau email: bill.rossunh.edu Koleksi Khusus Koleksi amp Arsip Koleksi oleh Subjek Universitas Sejarah Museum Pameran Hubungi Kami Calon peneliti, pengunjung, dan donor Pertanyaan mengenai penelitian, sumbangan, catatan UNH, atau Pemeliharaan file Melihat atau menyumbangkan memorabilia terkait UNH Jam amp Lokasi Kami berada di Level 1 dari Perpustakaan Dimond (Kamar 101). Lihat jam kami untuk minggu ini. Akses fisik ke dan referensi membantu sebagian besar materi tersedia di Dunleavy Reading Room, yang dapat diakses oleh nirkabel dan cacat. Bantuan referensi, konsultasi penelitian, pengajaran, dan tur juga dapat dijadwalkan di luar jam reguler. Beberapa koleksi disimpan di luar lokasi dan mungkin dibutuhkan waktu hingga 48 jam untuk membuatnya tersedia. Silahkan hubungi kami sebelum berkunjung. Tetap Terhubung Perpustakaan Universitas New Hampshire 18 Library Way, Durham, NH 03824 Katalog Perpustakaan dibawa kepada Anda sebagian oleh hadiah dermawan dari Kelas 1944, 1947, dan 1955.M ystery M arks I Daftar berikut dikompilasi dari email Dari pelanggan SilverForum: Daftar ini terdiri dari tanda-tanda desainer dan pembuat yang telah sulit ditemukan di bahan referensi sejauh ini. Kotak kiri setiap baris adalah untuk tanda, baik foto atau teks yang menunjukkan nama yang ditemukan pada potongan itu. Dari perhiasan, kotak yang tepat menggambarkan bagian misteri atau desainer. Bila informasi ditemukan maka akan muncul dengan pemberian kredit kepada orang yang memberikannya. Apakah seseorang akan begitu baik untuk memberi tahu saya kapan tanda 925 pertama kali digunakan untuk mengidentifikasi sterling Terima kasih sebelumnya, atas bantuan Anda. Diserahkan oleh Cris Pertama-tama, itu tergantung negara. Tanda diperkenalkan oleh masing-masing negara pada waktu yang berbeda, dan peraturan dan peraturan yang terkait bisa sangat kompleks. Beberapa negara, seperti Prancis, menggunakan simbol dan bukan angka, dan karenanya 925 tidak akan pernah digunakan di negara-negara tersebut. Jika Anda dapat menemukan salinan Tardys International Hallmarks di Silver, Anda akan memiliki gagasan yang lebih baik tentang apa yang saya bicarakan. Baru-baru ini saya menemukan sebuah salinan di situs web Ms. Information, penjual buku. Tautan ke situsnya dapat ditemukan di laman Situs Pendidikan dan Informasi di bawah Referensi di situs web saya (cantuman terakhir di laman). Informasi yang diberikan oleh Christie Romero 925 adalah 9251000 bagian perak. Itu tidak akan mulai digunakan sampai setelah standar sterling diperkenalkan oleh Inggris di bagian akhir abad ke-19. 800 830 835 900 adalah bagian dari sistem yang sama. Ae metrik Standar ini semua muncul sekitar pergantian abad di berbagai waktu sesuai dengan descretion pabrikan. Standar pemerintah telah ditetapkan selama berabad-abad dan bervariasi seperti tanda dan negara. Perusahaan perak AS seperti Gorham dan Tiffany sering menggunakan kedua merek tersebut pada akhir 1800-an. Informasi yang diberikan oleh cbseel Inggris selalu menggunakan standar 925 dan memiliki standar lain yaitu 956 perak yang disebut Britannia silver (perak Britannia ini jarang terlihat) dan bukannya singa yang merajalela atau singa. Anda akan melihat Britaina.Britain tidak pernah menggunakan standar. Kurang dari 925. Entah mengapa perak Inggris dicari sebelum 1900 ratusan. Inggris tidak akan menerima standar di bawah 925 seperti perak. Sebagian besar negara Eropa sampai tahun 1920an digunakan 830s. Negara-negara Skandinavia menggunakan perak 830s seperti Denmark pindah ke 925 perak pada tahun 1927 namun meskipun kelas perak yang lebih tinggi digunakan oleh sebagian besar perajin perhiasan di Skandinavia, mereka terjebak untuk menata perhiasan di sana pada tahun 830 karena mereka tidak perlu membayar tarif ke kantor pelaksana Untuk perubahan ke 925. Jadi kebanyakan Perhiasan yang dibuat oleh rumah-rumah mewah di Skandinavia pada kenyataannya akan ditandai 830-an tapi akan memiliki perak standar 925. Tempat-tempat seperti Mesir masih hari ini hanya menggunakan informasi 830 perak yang diberikan oleh Vanessa Paterson. Retro Gallery Saya hanya ingin memperbaiki satu poin. Di sini, di Mesir kita memiliki 900 perak dan naik (diberi tanda) dan itu nilai perak yang paling umum yang kita miliki di sini (ini berlaku untuk emas juga, kita tidak memiliki emas 9 karat atau 14 karat di sini. Nilai terendah adalah 18 karat). Dalam perhiasan perak Anda mungkin menemukan nilai kurang tergantung pada desainnya. Hal ini terutama karena rumit dan menuntut nilai spesifik agar lebih mudah dikelola dan dapat diterapkan karena kebanyakan dilakukan dengan tangan. Sejak zaman firaun, perak dan emas telah digunakan pada nilai tertinggi di Mesir. Informasi yang diberikan oleh Randa Hi Ive baru-baru ini menemukan sepotong perak yang ditandai 916. Apakah ada yang tahu tentang ciri khas ini dan di tempat yang digunakannya, saya juga mencoba untuk mencari tahu lebih banyak informasi tentang keunggulan yang digunakan di Malta, tidak hanya abad ini tapi mungkin juga pada masa-masa Ksatria (sekitar tahun 1550-1798). Terima kasih dan salam yang disampaikan oleh Ray Zammit Ive hanya menjalankan penggunaan nomor 916 dalam satu contoh, dan bersamaan dengan huruf H, yaitu 916H. H adalah huruf pertama dari kata Finlandia untuk perak, Hopea, dan 916H adalah sebutan Finlandia untuk perak 0,935, lihat Warmans Jewelry 2nd Edition, Marks on Metals untuk daftar ringkas banyak tanda kehalusan perak. Tardys International Hallmarks on Silver adalah sumber yang bagus, dan juga mencakup info di atas, dan masih banyak lagi, termasuk informasi tentang keunggulan yang digunakan di Malta sekitar tahun 1530 dan seterusnya. Kedua volume di atas dapat ditemukan tersedia untuk dijual secara online atau pada penjual buku berkualitas. Semoga ini bisa membantu informasi yang diberikan oleh Patrick Kapty stores.ebayCalifornia-Dreamin-Retro-Modern-ETC Apakah 980 perak digunakan sama sekali lagi Jika tidak kapan penggunaannya habis. Diserahkan oleh Sande Hi Sande - Saya seorang perajin perak di AS dan sering bekerja di tahun 1980 Saya mengenal banyak orang yang melakukannya juga. Di negara bagian ini paling sering disebut sebagai - perak murni -. Pada 98 atau 99 persen itu dianggap semurni yang bisa didapat. Ada banyak alasan untuk menggunakannya dengan harga sterling silver. Di Asia Tenggara itu bahkan lebih umum. Sebagian besar impor saat ini salah diberi label karena perak suku bukit dilakukan pada tahun Ag80, Tukang besi yang saya temui di sana lebih memilihnya karena lebih lembut dan mudah dicap dan ditempa daripada sterling. Ini meleleh pada suhu yang lebih tinggi dan jadi orang di sana tidak suka untuk casting. Temperatur yang meleleh yang panas adalah salah satu alasan mengapa enamelus sering menggunakannya di sini di negara bagian. Karena kandungan tembaganya yang rendah, ia cenderung TIDAK terlalu banyak menodai atau cepat. Informasi yang diberikan oleh simbol cipta Mark Kaplan dan tangan terulur saya memungut sepasang anting perak kontemporer di sebuah penjualan estat akhir pekan ini. Mereka terlihat seperti desain Lisa Jenks, namun ditandatangani dengan simbol hak cipta dan tangan yang terulur. Apakah ada yang mengenali tanda tangan ini yang diserahkan oleh Sharon atau binatang dengan mulut terbuka, quot830Hquot, quotAquot dengan sebuah bar di atas, cap mahkota, quotR7quot Ada serangkaian tanda di atas uang jaminan, yang pertama adalah burung atau binatang Dengan mulut terbuka, yang ke 2 adalah 830H, yang ke 3 adalah A dengan sebuah bar di atas, yang ke 4 adalah mahkota, dia yang ke 5 adalah R7. (Saya percaya) tahun 1970 Finlandia, dari kota Turku, tapi tidak bisa datang dengan seorang seniman. Dikirim oleh Myrna di Tulsa Saya belum melihat desain khusus ini sebelumnya, jadi tidak bisa memastikannya, tapi burung atau binatang yang terbuka dengan mulut bisa menjadi pencetus tanda untuk Auran Kultaseppa yang merupakan kepala elang dengan paruhnya sedikit terbuka. Jika tidak, Anda benar tentang ciri-ciri yang tersisa. Informasi yang diberikan oleh Patrick Kapty stores.ebayCalifornia-Dreamin-Retro-Modern-ETC sterling, lalu modal A, lalu setengah lingkaran dengan jari-jari. Seperti matahari setengah. Kali ini saya dapatkan dari koleksi saya sebuah gelang twisted sterling yang menakjubkan. Beratnya berat untuk kontur yang ramping dan pada satu ujung di mana ada ruang untuk meletakkannya di pergelangan tangan adalah: sterling, lalu sebuah modal A, lalu setengah lingkaran dengan jari-jari. Seperti matahari setengah. Disampaikan oleh Karen Ferrandi A di atas C di atas anak panah (Contohnya adalah pin daun sterling yang terlihat seperti dari tahun empat puluhan atau lima puluhan. Tanda itu adalah anak panah dengan huruf C dan A di atasnya) CA dengan anak panah yang melaluinya adalah tanda untuk Carl Art, Inc. dari Providence RI, yang merupakan daftar di atas tanda di halaman 57 dari Rainwater. Air hujan bisa membingungkan, tapi ingatlah bahwa tanda selalu mengikuti nama dan info di buku itu. Tanda Carl Art telah digunakan sejak 1937. Anda dapat menemukan info ini di halaman 38 dari Maryanne Dolans Mengumpulkan Rhinestones amp Colored Jewelry, edisi ke-3, di mana info di bawah tanda. Bagian tanda dari buku ini adalah alasan utama untuk memilikinya (lupakan harga -). Buku itu sekarang ada dalam edisi ke-4, diterbitkan oleh Krause Publications, tapi saya tidak tahu apakah ada tanda tambahan. Informasi yang diberikan oleh Christie Romero quotAquot (dengan sebuah panah keluar dari tengah menunjuk ke kanan), quotSTERLING, HANDMADEquot Saya memiliki liontin perak yang baru saja dibeli di toko barang bekas untuk 8 Batu ini berukuran besar (sekitar 32X22mm) atau jasper Tiang, bezel dipasang pada lembaran perak padat. Ini memiliki celah (2mm) dan kemudian pelek anout lebar 2mm dan tinggi 2mm namun tidak menyentuh bezel. Di bagian belakang itu ditandai STERLING dan HAND BUATAN semua huruf besar huruf besar (tingginya sekitar 1mm). Ini juga memiliki huruf A dengan panah keluar dari garis horizontal tengah menunjuk ke kanan. A juga blok huruf besar dan tingginya sekitar 4mm dan lebar 4mm termasuk panah. Dikirim oleh April quotAquot tumpang tindih quotKquot dalam sebuah lingkaran (Jerman 800) Saya memerlukan bantuan untuk mengidentifikasi pembuat perak 800 Jerman. Tanda itu adalah A yang tumpang tindih dengan K, dalam lingkaran. Yang tegak dari K berjalan melalui A. Saya tidak berpikir itu sangat tua. Cincin lonceng Juga, Id bersyukur atas saran bagaimana meneliti tanda Jerman di masa depan. Saya kurang sukses menggunakan Google. Apakah ada istilah Jerman yang harus saya masuki Kaija Aarikka (Finlandia) Mengenai perhiasan perak dan kayu oleh Kaija Aarikka dari Finlandia, saya memiliki beberapa pertanyaan. Apakah ada perbedaan dalam berkencan antara potongan-potongan yang ditandai dengan quotKaija Aarikka, Finlandquot dan quotAarikka, Dibuat di Finlandiaquot Saya mengerti bahwa Aarikka menghasilkan potongan-potongan di Sterling dan silverplate. Jika sepotong itu tidak bertanda seperti konten perak, haruskah saya menganggapnya seperti perak? Bagaimana potongan Sterling-nya ditandai Akhirnya, apakah Aarikka masih membuat kalung perak dan kalung manik-manik kayu dan anting-anting anting dengan rantai tautan logam putih yang memiliki tag yang dikirim oleh Ramona I Sarankan Anda menghubungi Aarikka Oy di Helsinki untuk mendapatkan informasi mengenai keunggulan Aarrikka. Alamat email PauliinaAarikkaaarikka informasi yang diberikan oleh perhiasan Frederica Aarikka yang masih diproduksi saat ini adalah dua toko di Helsinki yang masih menjual perhiasan perak dan kayu. Perhiasan tanah selalu tertera dengan kelas perak biasanya 925H, Aarikka juga menghasilkan sejumlah besar perak. Perhiasan berlapis, yang biasanya membawa nama mereka dan Finlandia, perusahaan ini juga memproduksi giftware kayu, semoga ini bisa membantu. Informasi yang diberikan oleh Vanessa Paterson. Retro Gallery Does anyone have information on this Mexican maker (Abriaca) I have two of their pins, both mixed metals and beautifully done. But I rarely come across them and would love to know more about when they worked, who worked for them, desing style, etc. submitted by Evelyn Yallen Crowned A, duty mark for large items Paris, 1744-1750. Crowned E Wardens mark for Paris 1745. The third mark is the makers mark for Charles-Cesar Haudry, first registered in 1732. These marks are completely puzzling. Even the experts at Christies and Skinner auctions were stumped. Someone out there is my only hope of identifying who made this. It is not marked either silverplate or sterling and it has very detailed work. thanks in advance for the investigative work submitted by Ann THE HALLMARKS BELONG TO A CATEGORY OF SO CALLED FANTASY MARKS, WHICH APPEAR ON MANY SILVER ITEMS PRODUCED IN EUROPE IN THE 19TH CENTURY. THEY RESEMBLE FRENCH HALLMARKS OF THE 18TH CENTURY (VERY OFTEN WITH VARIOUS CROWNED LETTERS,). THEY ARE COMMON ON ELABORATELY MADE SILVER ITEMS, SOMETIMES WITH CLEAR INTENTION TO DECEIVE BUYERS, THUS BEING PROPER FORGERY, SOMETIMES THE ITEMS WERE OPENLY SOLD AS REPLICAS OF THE 18TH FRENCH SILVER. HALLMARKS WERE STRUCK ON SILVER ITEMS EVEN LATER. AND CAN BE CLASSIFIED AS CLEAR FORGERIES. THERE ARE THREE MAIN CATEGORIES OF THESE MARKS, BASED ON THE POPULARITY AND VALUE OF THE ORIGINAL SILVER: 1. FRENCH FANTASY MARKS, 2. HALLMARKS OF AUGSBURG WITH THE ACORN ACCOMPANIED BY VARIOUS FANTASY MARKS AND 3. NUREMBERG WITH CAPITAL N IN A CIRCLE AND NUMBER 13. AT THE TURN OF THE 19TH CENTURY, THE TASTE OF THE COMMON BUYERS WAS RATHER CONSERVATIVE, I.E. THEY DID NOT ACCEPT EMERGING ART NOUVEAU STYLE, AND MANY SILVERSMITHS, EVEN WELL KNOWN COMPANIES PRODUCED SILVER ITEMS IN THE TASTE OF 18TH CENTURY AND HALLMARKED THEM WITH FANTASY MARKS. I MYSELF HAVE A CUP AND COVER WITH NUREMBERG HALLMARKS OF THE 15TH CENTURY. BY PURE ACCIDENT, I DISCOVERED EXACTLY THE SAME CUP IN AN ANTIQUE SHOP IN VIENNA WITH AUGSBURG HALLMARKS. LET ME ADVISE THE COLLECTORS OF OLD SILVER: IT IS NOT IMPORTANT NOT TO RELY ENTIRELY ON THE HALLMARKS, BUT TO EXAMINE THE WAY THE ITEM WAS MADE. FOR EXAMPLE. HOLLOWWARE OF THE 18TH WAS HAMMERED FROM ONE SHEET OF SILVER, THEREFORE THERE ARE NO SIGNS OF SOLDERING LINES, EITHER ON THE SIDES OR AT THE BOTTOM OF HOLLOWWARE. SOLDERING LINES CAN BE DETECTED EASILY BY MAGNIFYING GLASS EVEN ON WELL POLISHED ITEMS. Information provided by Prof. Dr. Ivan Milovic Although the above information about fantasy marks is generally correct, in this case Dr. Milovic is mistaken.The marks shown are crowned A, duty mark for large items Paris, 1744-1750. Crowned E Wardens mark for Paris 1745. The third mark is the makers mark for Charles-Cesar Haudry, first registered in 1732. This is an unfortunate mistake as a rare and possibly valuable piece of silver has been condemned as a fake, and other readers, reading the original reply, may also assume that their items are fakes. One thing that is always true of quotfantasy marksquot is that they will never add up, they will not give years that correspond or a maker that can be traced to those years, that is why they are know as quotFantasy marksquot By the way the British quotBritannia Standardquot is 9561000 not 950. Hope all this helps somebody. information provided by Derek Rogers, silver expert and lecturer. Allan Adler (1916-2002) was a master silversmith who worked in the Arts and Crafts tradition, but expressed himself in the simple, clean lines of modernism. He had a shop on Sunset Boulevard in Los Angeles, California and became popular among the rich and famous of Hollywood. (Examples are two separate pieces of Norwegian jewelry signed quotAGEquot--one attributed to ANNA GRETA EKER for PLUS APPLIED ARTS WORKSHOP. and another attributed to AGE CHRISTOFFERSON, also for PLUS.) submitted by Susan Crosby I just happened to remember that there was an example listed in Christie Romeros book, Warmans Jewelry 2, on page 256 by Erling Christoffersen. The mark noted there is EC for that designer. The mark AGE in conjunction with the big N and the sign and Norway Sterling 925S is for Anna Greta Eker, information provided by Patrick Kapty stores.ebayCalifornia-Dreamin-Retro-Modern-ETC Erling Christoffersen was the manager of the silver workshop at Plus and Anna Greta Eker who apprenticed at the shop was also his wife Anna Greta Eker-Christoffersen. Both designed jewelry for the shop with the Norway Design and Plus trademark. information provided by Ginny quot875quot in a rectangle, quotEAquot in another, and a crowned woman in a circle. My book wforeign hallmarks is packed away at the moment, so can somebody help me with the following hallmarks, found on a c.1930 silver-cased pocket comb wan engraved Jugendstil-ish lily of the valley motif The hallmarks are quot875quot in a rectangle, quotEAquot in another, and a crowned woman in a circle. submitted by Paul Lemieux I hope someone can help with this question. I have a ring marked with Hector Aquilars late mark and Sterling, but no other marks, such as Taxco, Mexico, etc. did he sign later pieces in this way submitted by Sharon Peggy Ackerly, who apprenticed to Sam Kramer from 1943-1964, and continued gold and silversmithing until 2002, died at the age of 90 in 2011. In preparing her obituary (Epoch Times) I discovered that the Boston Museum of Fine Art and the Montreal Museum of Decorative Arts each had her work in their collections, but didnt know anything about her other than her connection to Sam Kramer. I have provided them with more information for their files. However, I would like to document her hallmark, and in the past, ran across a hallmark registry on the internet. If you can give me any direction in this regard, it would be greatly appreciated. submitted by Gary Kilgore I was wondering if anyone knows anything about Michael Albrecht or can direct me to some info. He is English. Thanks I have a ring with an alexandrite or simulated alexandrite. The ring setting is unquestionably ca 1930s-1940s vintage based on style quality. The stone changes from violet to a bluish color. Is there a way I can determine if it is real I thought real alexandrite was red ampgreen, but some new pieces on ebay claiming to be alexandrite are a similar color (though poorer quality). The gem in my ring is very fine quality, leading me to believe it might be simulated. But when were simulated alexandrites first used submitted by Paul This is one of the few synthetic gemstones that can be i.d.d by quotholding it up to the phonequot - or in this case, e-mail - because of its change-of-color in incandescent vs. natural light. What you most likely have is quotsynthetic alexandrite-like corundum,quot which has been around since the early 20th century. I dont yet have an exact date for the development of change-of-color corundum (synthetic blue sapphire - corundum - was patented in the U.S. in 1911), but Im working on it for an upcoming gemstone timeline lecture. If I can come up with anything definitive, I will post it here.You dont say what metal your stone is set into, but if the stone is large and of good quality, its most likely not natural. Natural alexandrites of any substantial size and quality are EXTREMELY expensive. So any eBay claims should be viewed with a skeptical eye - caveat emptor information provided by Christie Romero I saw a short while back a question on Alexandrite. The IGS on Alexandrite as relates to this. quotWhile determining the exact origin of a gem is a matter for professionals, here is a brief guideline. If the gem has good clarity, strong color change, reasonable size, and your grandmother was not exceptionally wealthy, it is most likely a synthetic.quot Not all color change stones are Alexandrite. One stone that has a very dramatic contrast (in good samples) is color change garnet sapphires can also be color change. If that piece was made in the 1930s it may or may not be worth it to have someone look at it. African color change garnet can go for (up to 1 ct) 80 to 1200ct (over 1 ct) 120 to 6000ct, US garnets 25 to 40ct and 35 to 80ct. Natural color change sapphire 120 to 3000ct and 300 to 5000ct. All of this is of course assuming that this is top grade to exceptional. There was a discussion on chrysoberyl, some (if not most) of what is sold on TV etc. is chrysoberyl (alexandrite is a form of chrysoberyl). This is unfortunate in that chrysoberyl is a nice (and expensive) stone all in itself, especially if there is a color shift. quotAs of late, (the past four years,) there has been an influx of color change chrysoberyl. Their origin has been from various areas of South America, East Africa, and Sri Lanka Their color change typically ranges from Green to yellow, Brownish red to purple, yellow Green to bluish green. Other combinations are occasionally seen as well. These have been marketed as Alexandrite and commanded very high to moderate prices. While they have a dramatic color change, they should not be considered as alexandrite. To a gemological laboratory, there are strict standards of color change that have to be met and observed before a chrysoberyl can be graded as an Alexandrite. Do not be fooled into purchasing a color change chrysoberyl in place of the alexandrite. (Many of these stones can be seen on various T.V. shopping networks.) The price should be your first clue just a good grade of alexandrite, in a size range of 1-2 carats, can demand a 2,500 per carat wholesale. Let me add this gem of information, (excuse the pun.) A color change chrysoberyl is not a common stone and also demands a hefty price. They are a great addition to any gemstone collection, but do not pay for an alexandrite when you not getting one. quot (IGS) Chances are this is synthetic but you never know. Moreover it may come as a surprise to some that just because it is a synthetic, meaning here lab grown dose not necessarily mean cheap, some would be surprised at what some of that rough (before cutting) goes for compared to the natural, it is not cut glass. The better grades are expensive to make. (Example is a modernist collarpendant which looks to be 1960s1970s era. It is stamped ALTON, F, three crowns in a 3 leaf clover (Swedish mark), S in a hexagon (for sterling) and has a T8 year mark in a rectangle. It is also signed Theunia or Theuria in script. submitted by Lynn LaFave Cant tell you a lot about ALTON, other than that it is definitely the workshop where the jewelry items were made. I have seen a few pieces by this maker, and almost all of them had different designer marks. The F in a circle, according to Tardys, is the town mark for Falkoping, Sweden. My piece is from 1973, yours is from 1945, if T8 is the correct date letter. (Maybe you read it wrong T9 is 1969 which suits your circa date more closely.) Theunia or Theuria would probably be the designer. information provided by Patrick Kapty stores.ebayCalifornia-Dreamin-Retro-Modern-ETC Alton is a Swedish workshop, but i believe the person asking the question about Theunia has read it wrong. I believe the mark in script is Theresia -which is Theresia Hvorslev, one of my absolute favourite designers. Her work has been exhibitied world wide. She takes a lot of inspiration from natural forms. And her work is fairly rare. She did work for Alton and Mema of Sweden. information provided by Rachel White Im wondering if someone would be able to help me ID 2 artist from the Southwest. I have a huge bracelet, pendant and ring in gold over sterling signed Ray Amaro in script, 70s or newer. submitted by Sheila Pamfilof early mark--not sure of dates This old spoon is marked 830S (makers mark) N.M. 1113 (or 1118). I understand that NM stands for Norsk Mnster meaning a Norwegian patent. Is the number after a patent mark Is there a way to check The makers mark looks familiar but I havent found info on that either. submitted by Sue Sinclair The mark is a David Andersen mark. information provided by Pat Talbott This first piece is a really great sterling neckring with an enamelled pendant and matching ring. Never seen this mark before quotindustrial Argentina, with a 925 in a trianglequot submitted by Jackie Weeks M. Arias was Miguel Arias who was one of Margots top enamelists. When Margot went out of business and gave her molds to her workers, he acquired many of her enamel designs. So, these pieces should all be from Margots original design molds, made by the same enamelist that made her works. information provided by Sheila Pamfiloff (and Sigi Pineda) Per my interview with Sigi Pineda, he stated that Miguel Arias (mark M Arias) was a top notch enamelist that worked for Margot. I have seen many of his Margot design works and they have generally been virtually undistinguishable from the actual Margots. The enamel designs I recall seeing by him are: 5357 swirls 5372, Xs, both large and small 5384, leafy swirls 5406, leaves 5442 Greek key 5554 snake set I dont know how long he worked on his own, but the pieces Ive hadseen were with the eagle quinto and not with the later TX-. Overall, I feel his enameling is top notch. information provided by Sheila Pamfiloff Jens Poul Asby JA (in a shield) I recently acquired a pair of very large rings with the mark for Jens Poul Asby of Frederiksberg, Denmark, and Im wondering if anyone has any biographical information on this maker. I already know that this maker was in Holte, Denmark area from 1960 - 1970, and then in Frederiksberg from 1970 to at least 1993. The larger ring is about 2-34 long by 2 wide at top. The smaller ring is 1-12 by 1-38. submitted by Patrick Kapty quotA.SCH Norway Sterling .925quot Does anyone recognize this mark: A.SCH Norway Sterling .925. The back of the pin and clipback earrings appear to be goldwashed sterling and all 3 pieces bear the same mark. submitted by Sheryl A. Sch. is the mark of Albert Scharning AS, Molde information provided by Mrs. Kit Froebel quotSTERLING AVEDON 1975 (Example is a a piece of jewelry marked in block letters STERLING AVEDON 1975 with a copyright c.) submitted by Sharon Hepburn J A on either side of a three-stemmed candelabra and STERLING (Example is a tie tack shaped like a crown marked STERLING and J A on either side of a three pronged candelabra). The mark is for JAMES AVERY and can be found on page 30 of AMERICAN JEWELRY MANUFACTURERS by DOROTHY RAINWATER. information provided by Susan (Example is a bracelet in the clasp style. It is stamped sterling and the initials N.A. This bracelet was bought at a high end Canadian shop around 1985. N.A. is thought to be a Canadian designer from Montreal. The bracelet is large and chunky, and bright and colourful since it is inlaid w slabs of semi precious stones. There is one large center panel, 1 set of smaller side panels in a geometric design. Malachite is the featured stone in the panels. Other stones include lapis, carnelian (or something that gives a reddish hue, motherpearl, black onyx.) submitted by Georgina Crawford quotTHA and HAIquot I found a cute bracelet at an estate sale, but I know nothing about markings. It is made up of silver bars and alternating quotxquots It is marked 925 which I know is silver. It also has a quotTHAquot on the back of one x and quotHAIquot on another. If anyone could give me some insight on these markings, it would be greatly appreciated. submitted by Lynda I h ave been going through all my books trying to find the maker of a brooch but so far without luck. The makers mark is NA with a line over the top of both letters followed by 925 S. The NA letters are in a very Art Nouveau style. The brooch design is a flower with five petals. The stem and backs of the petals are a dark oxized silver colour. The front of the petals are done in a mother of pearl coloured enamel. According to Fred Rezazadeh in his book quotCollectible Silver Jewelry,quot that mark is for Andersen amp Scheinpflug, a company founded in Oslo quotat least in the early 1940s.quot They made high quality enamel jewelry and quotunlike many other Norwegian enamel jewelry pieces of the same period (40s amp 50s) which emphasized floral designs, modern and stylized geometric motifs are more prevalent among Andersen and Scheinpflugs enamel jewelry.quot The mark is actually TYAquot information provided by Marbeth Schon mschon Anyone ever seen the mark quotEB 835. This is on an arts and crafts sterling and chrysophase ring I just picked up. submitted by Jackie Weeks KB (in a box) STERLING, HANDMADE ORIGINAL DESIGN, 49 I have a question about a 1949 Kenneth BegayWhite-Hogan shop piece I just bought. The item is actually not a piece of jewelry, but a gravy ladle that is about 7 long. It has the White-Hogan Shop mark, the KB in a box, as well as Sterling, Handmade Original Design, and a date, 49 engraved on the back near the other marks. the design is a fairly simple one. My question is, did Kenneth Begay (or other White-Hogan makers for that matter) produce much flatware (such as this piece) Is it as popular with collectors as their jewelry Finally, does anybody know if entire sets of flatware were produced, or did they just produce an occasional piece, such as this ladle submitted by Paul Lemieux The White Hogan has been in business for 60 years. Over this time we have hired and trained many outstanding artists. Kenneth Begay and Allen Kee were our first two employees in May 1946. Over the years we made a lot of flatware and hollow ware. One year we made 36 place settings of flatware, each with 5 or 6 pcs. That is a lot of knives and forks when its all hand made. Im always interested in purchasing back our older pcs. information provided by Jon Bonnell Owner of The White Hogan Carolyn Morris Bach (usually seen in script) Carolyn Morris Bach is a graduate of the Rhode Island School of Design and her work is in prestigious museums including the Boston Museum of Fine Arts, Boston, Massachusetts the Museum of Arts and Design, New York, New York the Fuller Craft Museum, Brockton, Massachusetts and the Racine Art Museum, Racine, Wisconsin Her work is widely collected both in America and abroad, and recognized by several organizations with awards of merit from: Smithsonian Institution, American Craft Museum, Philadelphia Museum of Art (Womens Committee) and a National Endowment for The Arts grant. Most recently, a Carolyn Morris Bach brooch was included in the book by Madeline Albright, Read My Pins. Brooches from her personal collection. information provided by Marbeth Schon mschon Lilyan Bachrach is a remarkable, versatile enamellist whose oeuvre includes jewelry, wall pieces, plates, bowls, mezuzahs. and switch plates. Her work flows easily between beautiful floral and abstract designs she is equally adept at both. She has been enameling for over fifty years, studying with the quotgreatsquot such as Kenneth Bates and Doris Hall. Since 1970 her Bachrach Art Enamels have been exhibited in museums and galleries across the United States. Her commission work has ranged from cloisonn pins to architectural panels and religious objects. Lilyan Bachrach is also an author her first, very successful book on enameling was titled Enameling with Professionals. She has just published a new, expanded edition of her first book titled, Contemporary Enameliing Art amp Techniques that discusses the techniques and materials for using vitreous enamels and has quothow I workquot chapters by over 30 enamel artists who share their secrets of working with the techniques of cloisonn, plique--a- jour, champlev . etc. There are photographs of the work of over 55 individual contemporary enamelists. Bachrach is also one of the featured jewelers in my book, Modernist Jewelry, 1930-1960, The Wearable Art Movement .quot information provided by Marbeth Schon mschon Marjorie Baer SF I have a pair of engraved silver look clip-on earrings marked BAER with SF copyright (c in a circle) below. The earrings are quite large (3-116quot by 1-78quot), which includes the dangle. They look like tarnished silver but there is no mark to indicate if they contain any silver. I found a listing on eBay for a bracelet marked BAER, S.F. that was supposedly designed for the Nash Bridges Movie. I would like to know more about the jewelry manufacturer and if they are still in existance, designers for movies, or if they design fine jewelry andor costume jewelry. submitted by Dorothy I believe that the designer of your earrings is Marjorie Baer, San Francisco. I would also like to know more about her and the jewelry she designed. I have had several pieces by this designer of mixed metals which I believe were made in the 1970s and sold at department stores such as Neiman Marcus. Hopefully someone else knows more. information provided by Marbeth Schon mschon After I read your email I looked on google search and found a site about Marjorie Baer (mbaer) That has her address and a small personal profile you might find interesting. The address for Marjorie Baer Assecories, Inc (Erin Walters) 2660 Harrison St. San Francisco 94110 there is also a phone number if you want it. I found another site that shows some of her belts that are priced from 65 to 120.00 (weaves of linen, jute, etc with buckles). I think I will contact the Marjorie Baer Accessories and see if they can give me more info and a possible date on the earrings. information provided by Dorothy Harold Balazs (b. 1928) is a Mead, Washington sculptor and enamellist. He received a Bachelor of Fine Arts degree from Washington State University in 1951 and has worked in many different media throughout his career including sculpture, jewelry, furniture, toys, etc. He is a well-known enamellist whose work is scheduled to be shown in a monograph about his lifes work, published by the University of Washington Press. (from en.wikipedia.orgwikiHaroldBalazs ) information provided by Marbeth Schon mschon I have an aluminum cuff that is signed quotBALLYquot The design is highly unusual and interesting and I thought it might be by Boris Bally, but do not know his mark. submitted by Marbeth Schon Boris is a member of the Society of American Silversmiths and I believe Rainwater has included marks of the members in her latest edition of American Silver Manufacturers. Boris says he marks his work like your mark indicates. I am sending him an image of your cuff to see if he recognizes it. information provided by Fred Zweig (ca. 1987) I also LOVE that bracelet and remember it well..it actually has two annodized aluminum cyclinders, cold- connected with a silver bar- the idea was sort of a clamp it eventually led up to the piece arachnid which the MAD has in the perm collection..and on to the Constrictor, etc. information provided by Boris Bally Bat raised quot9301000quot profile of a face Hi Folks I have another Makers Mark ID Info The piece is Sterling Enamel with a Basket on the front the back is Marked with a Bat Raised I think this is the Maker Then 9301000 Silver content and then the 2 marks very tiny one is a Profile of a Face looks like they are wearing a Laurel Wreath facing Right. with a small Letter Possibly A or the number 4 then Last is a square hallmark with the letter A in it. Any Ideas as to Maker. looks 1920s-1930s. Thank you submitted by Roger Master enamellist Kenneth Bates (1904 - 1994). has been known as the quotDean of American Enamelingquot ever since he was described as such in a 1967 issue of Ceramics Monthly . Bates taught for many years at the Cleveland School of Art and influenced a great number of artistenamelists through his work, his teaching, and his books. In the introduction to his book, quotEnameling Principles and Practice,quot Bates said that he felt a kind of quotawesome enchantmentquot with enamels. quotThis feeling of. enchantment continued for Bates throughout a career in enameling that spanned more than sixty years.quot Bates knowledge of horticulture--his quotunderstanding of nature and flowers--that informed the richly patterned, brilliantly colored enamels he produced throughout his lifequot is evidenced in his extraordinary floral themes.quot Information taken directly from quotPainting with Fire, Masters of Enameling in America, 1930 - 1980quot by Bernard N. Jazzar and Harold B. Nelson. See MODERN SILVER magazine review: modernsilverjune07paintingwithfire.htm information provided by Marbeth Schon mschon Last is a Pin signed Beau I know about then but I thought the style was something I had read about Neat Modernist Look submitted by Roger Erickson quotLos Ballesteros, Taxcoquot I have a set consisting of a necklace, cuff bracelet and earrings with a hallmark that I can only make out a few of the words. It is a circle in side of which there looks like a fancy B. Around that the words are written and I make out Los Ballesteros and Taxco. Under that is Hecho en Mexico and the silver content mark 925. I understand that this was one of the many silver designers in that famous region but could not find any more info. The design is a pre-columbian motif made up of square panels each with a differrent symbol inside made of silver raised on a black background. It belonged to my Grandmother who may have purchased it in the 40s or 50s. submitted by Helena Goldsmith Southwest-based artist TRINA BADARAK, worked in jewelry in the 1980s. She has since moved on to work in other media and hasnt made jewelry for sale in many years. quotBAURquot or quotBAURINGquot Hi everyone, I was wondering if anyone had info on 2 makers--one is a arts amp crafts modernist leaf amp berry pin marked Baur SterlING Well roughly it look like that so unsure if the name is BAUR or BAURING the ING is Big so I think maybe is was meant for both words or not. Bauring was a company in the 1930s started by a man name Baur. Baur designed and made the jewelry. his company was financed by a guy name Ring -- also the company accountant. He died around 1943. After he died the mark became BaurING -- capitalized for Ring. Hope that helps information provided by Anna (Walczyk) Meriwether PS my grandfather made jewelry for Bauring before he went off to war and then when he came back until about 1949 (Example is a bracelet that looks almost deco, and is marked BELMAN SILVER. submitted by Gail Mark for Ruth Berridge information provided by Alisa Crawford (Example is a ring with the name BERRAK, written in block capital letters. very Scandinavian looking, with a wonderful royal blue stone set into a huge curved oval plate. On the inside it says only BERRAK and 925. The stone is probably chalcedony, a FABULOUS royal blue) submitted by. Rosalie Isaacs C. BENEDICT 925S DENMARK (Example is a cool mod pin signed C.BENEDICT 925S DENMARK.) submitted by Ellen from Santa Cruz quotGallen Benson, 925 (Example is a pair of earrings, very heavy and beautifully designed with a matt enamel on one side of the earring. The mark on the back is Gallen Benson, 925. submitted by Jackie Weeks Frans Bergmann (on enamel) Franz W. B ergmann (1898-1977) started life in Austria where, after serving in World War II, he studied art at the National Academy of Art in Vienna. By 1924, he was exhibiting in Vienna and Stockholm. By 1929, he was living in the United States--New York, Chicago and eventually and finally, San Francisco where he became a celebrated artist, exhibiting at the Golden Gate International Exhibition in 1939. Bergmann also worked in jewelry, pottery and enamels. An accident in 1952 that left him with two broken legs, led him to concentrate on enamels. By 1959 he was considered on of the quotleading enamel artistsquot, exhibiting in the seminal exhibition, quotEnamelsquot at the the Museum of Contemporary Crafts in New York. Information taken directly from quotPainting with Fire, Masters of Enameling in America, 1930 - 1980quot by Bernard N. Jazzar and Harold B. Nelson. See MODERN SILVER magazine review: modernsilverjune07paintingwithfire.htm Bessani (may only work in 14k) (Example is a sterling pinpendant with Bezalel written on the back in Hebrew.) submitted by Adrienne Shivers A Rabbi told us of a school in Palestine pre 1947 by that name. The school was either a jewelry school or produced some great hand crafted jewelry from a part of the school.The school may still be in existence today. I thought the name was spelled Belzalel but perhaps the t and the l looked alike. information provided by Lonny Rosen Bezalel was a school for arts and crafts in Jerusalem that was founded by Boris Schaatz in the early part of the 20th century. I have seen tiles, jewelry and ceremonial paraphernalia, and carpets. I have not found that the market for anything other than carpets was very strong, although I would assume pre-WWII ceremonial accoutrements would be. There is a lot of information on the school relative to its carpet production in a book titled Jewish Carpets. information provided by Lewis Bobrick I just purchased this most wonderful 3 piece set. All three pieces are sterling and I have the original box which is marked Monnet Bijoux as well as the pieces being marked quotMonnet Bioux, Sterlingquot. Each piece has a center piece of tigerseye and are so well made and heavy. Heres the url to view three different pictures. submitted by Jackie Weeks Birmingham Silver Company (large crown, quotBquot and quotSquot and also a crossed quotkeyquot mark) Just purchased a 7 piece silver service set (including tray)--it appears to be 50 years old---is plate--and has the following markings on each peice--- 1. Crown--larger than the other 3 markings 2. Scripted letter that appears to be a C or a G 3. Scripted letter that is an S 4. Crossed Keys The markings are in the above order--- The service is quiet elegant and in good condtion submitted by Bill Your pieces could have been made by the Birmingham Silver Company which previously was the Goldfeder Silverware Co. They made silverplate and their mark was a large crown and a quotBquot and quotSquot They also used a crossed key mark. According to quotRainwaters book Encyclopedia of American Silver Manufacturers,quot they are still in business in New York. information provided by Marbeth Schon mschon P.Bis, Sterling, Handmade, Denmark, 6quot (Example is a heavy sterling neckring and pendant from Denmark The marks are: P. Bis, Sterling, Handmade, Denmark, and the number 6. submitted by Jackie Weeks I currently have a pair of mid 20th century blue and pink abalone clip earrings set in sterling silver marked in blocked lettering P. BIS, STERLING, DENMARK, HANDMADE followed by the number 12. This is the mark of Palle Bisgaard, a highly sought and acclaimed Danish modernist who opened his workshop in the 1950s in Kirke Hyllinge, a hamlet outside Roskilde, Denmark. All of the pieces I have seen have been beautifully made of abalone shell set in sterling silver. Here is a link to where I found this information: scandinaviansilver.co.ukpage2 i nformation provided by Rose Griesmeyer Weckstrom, quotBWquot mark--sometimes also marked quotBJORNquot Hello all, I was the luckiest duck to find a great pendant necklace with handmade chain in an auction lot today. I will never be able to photo the marks, but they are these: Top row is the Lapponia symbol,925H, then a crown and another hallmark that is almost crown shaped, then T9, Next row says Sterling Finland The bottom row says Lapponia BJORN. Am I correct that this is Bjorn Weckstrom An idea on dating I am setting up the camera now. I think it is a stylized sailboat, but I may be wrong. A very substantial Moderne casting. submitted by beegee Thos pendant is part of the space silver range that Bjorn designed back in 1968.All of Bjorns works do have names and yours is called O2x. A book will be printed in about 2 years time with all the names and dates these items were made. information provided by Vanessa Paterson Black, Starr amp Gorham A bit more information----I have an ad from Vogue 1941 for Black, Starr amp Gorham--it was located on 5th Ave. at 48th St in NY--there was also a location in East Orange (which I assume is New Jersey) have another ad from Harpers Bazaar in 1941 for Spaulding-Gorham in the Drake hotel in Chicago. information provided by Pat Seal Black, Starr amp Gorham was on Fifth Avenue, but was around later than the Depression. The turn of the century Tiffany competitor, much loved by the very rich, was Black, Starr, Frost amp Gorham. information provided by Jane Viney Ridge quotR Bquot with arrow amp Co. R. Blackington amp Company I have acquired a wonderful amp very substantial deco style cigarette case marked with the R Blackington amp Company trademark, a North Attelboro business. It is the R, the B with arrow amp Co. It also has a number on it. But, most fascinating is the inscription which is quite long, mentions Christmas and is undated. It refers to quotcases worked together. It appears to have been a gift from the Assistant Chief, Waterbury Division, American Protective League. Any clues would be appreciated. submitted by Sande This is from a Seattle based website, but at least it explains a little about the American Protective League -- interesting The Seattle Minute Men was a division of the American Protective League which operated under the jurisdiction of the Department of Justice during the early 1900s. It was a volunteer spy organization responsible for gathering and reporting information regarding all violations of war and espionage acts and proclamations. In Seattle it played an important role by investigating reports of T actions of the I.W.W. before, during and after the Seattle General Strike of 1919. The first recorded meeting of the Minute Men took place in 1917 at the Seattle home of William J. Alvay, but following this initial meeting, they were often held at a Public School near Ravenna. Has anybody seen a mark of fhb in lower case on American Studio jewelry I could not trace this maker. The only FB I found reference to was Franz Bergmann. submitted by Paul fhb is the mark for Fances Holmes Boothby who worked in the 1950s. She taught jewelry making in Troy, New York and also in Vermont. She exhibited at the Walker in Minneapolis in 1955. Her work was mainly done in sterling silver, sometimes with ebony andor stones, though she did work in gold, plastics, and brass. She is known for her small, whimsical quotbirdquot brooches with wire legs. Boothby will be discussed in my upcoming book for Schiffer, quotModernist Jewelry, 1930-1960, The Wearable Art Movement.quot information provided by Marbeth Schon mschon FHB is the marking of Frances Holmes Boothby. All her pieces are hand made. She had no apprentices. She produced pieces from the 50s to the mid 80s in upstate, NY amp Weston, VT. She retired to Sedona, AZ amp took up quilting. She died, I believe, in Jan, 2001, or possibly 2000. information provided by Kate Staman Porter Blanchard (1886 1973) was an American silversmith living and working in Pacoima, California in the United States. He is considered to be part of the Arts and Crafts Movement. His daughter, Alice, married Lewis Wise who conducted business as Porter Blanchard Silversmiths (Calabasas, California). After 1955, all of Porter Blanchard flatware was made at the Calabasas shop, while the holloware was made at his Pacoima home. Many of his papers including photographs of his shop are collected in the Archives of American Art at the Smithsonian Institution. His daughter, Becca, married Allan Adler, born 1916 of Los Angeles, who continued designing as a silversmith in that tradition. information provided by Marbeth Schon mschon Heres a question about an American studio earrings amp brooch set I picked up today. Its not silver, but brass amp copper. All pieces are signed Hogan Bolas. Each piece is a brass rectangle with copper wire applied to it. Any ideas about Hogan Bolas The set looks to be c. 1950s. Hogan amp Bolas has been making quotHandcraftedquot jewelry in Providence, Rhode Island for over forty years. Started by Robert Hogan and Elizabeth Bolas -Rhode Island School of Design students - the company produced jewelry designs in copper and bronze. The artists also experimented, successfully, with various enameling techniques. Pieces were produced using traditional metalworking, combining hand and machine work. Over the years, the company broadened its line to include Sterling Silver. in addition, themes, such as NauticalSea Life have been added to the line. Although the styling has changed over the years, Hogan amp Bolas continues to produce fine, quotHandcraftedquot pieces in the tradition of the original founders. Since 1991, my family and I have operated Hogan amp Bolas. We strive to provide you with our classic styling, an exchange program and a lifetime warranty. (from hoganandbolasaboutus.html ) information provided by Susan in California I purchased a piecake server at an estate sale. I was able to identify the Swedish Triple Crown Stamp, the 830 silver or higher mark and the 1946 mark. Can someone help me with the other two 1st Mark - COP 2nd Mark - Swedish Triple Crown Stamp 3rd Mark - The S in a Hexagon 4th Mark - Not sure if its a letter or symbol. 5th Mark - U8 Right next to it its marked - BOLIDENSILVER Borrensen amp Lassen Borresen amp Lassen, Hellerup Denmark 1950s-1960s. information provided by Marbeth Schon mschon (Example is a silver bowl marked E. Borsum, sterling. It is a match to a smaller Kalo bowl. My husbands grandfather lived near the Kalo shop. I believe that Borsum is a Norwegian name.) submitted by Sue Sinclair quotS. BORUP, 925S, DENMARKquot heavy hand beaten moderne ers marked :S.BORUP 925S DENMARK submitted by Heather S. Borup is for Soren Borup, who worked in Denmark in the 1960s information provided by Marbeth Schon mschon I am looking for info about Danish mark Ela which I undestand is for Egon Lauridsen and the mark Brb. B. The marks are in silver and enamel pins which were recently offered to me. submitted by Fabiana JH Breakell of Rhode Island Irena Brynner, (1917 - 2002) was a skilled sculptor, painter, musician and, most importantly, one of the most celebrated American jewelers of the mid 20th century. She came to the United States in 1946, to San Francisco where she first made jeweler and began showing her work at the San Francisco Open Air Art Festivals and nationally in exhibits such as quotContemporary Jewelryquot at the Walker Art Center in Minneapolis in 1955. In 1957 Brynner set up a studio and gallery in New York City where she soon became recognized through articles in major craft magazines and a one-woman exhibit at the Museum of Contemporary Crafts. When she died, in 2002 her work was in museums throughout the world including the Smithsonian, the Louvre and the Hermitage. British Hallmarks (Birmingham) I recently bought a lovely sterling hinged cuff. It has hallmarks that I assumed were British. It has an anchor, the walking lion, --but instead of a letter date mark--it has the number 2. It is marked twice with the lion and the number 2. I would really appreciate any information about it, especially maker, country, and age. Thank you for looking, submitted by Pat Seal Hi Patsy, nice bracelet The 2 is actually a stylized q and the bracelet is, Birminham, Sterling, and dates 1965 from Jacksons book of Hallmarks. information provided by Joanne Bovano, Cheshire CT Before the Cheshire CT firm of Bovano started in 1953, founded by John Bonsignor, Gene Van Leight and Warren Npden, a man named Brower was doing excellent enamel work in Cheshire. He sold his business to the three men who would rename the business Bovano in 1953. quotBrucequot (in script) Does anybody know anything about a signature quotBrucequot (stamped in script) on marked sterling jewelry I feel I may have heard the name before, but cant place it. submitted by Paul large crown and quotBquot and quotSquot Just purchased a 7 piece silver service set (including tray)--it appears to be 50 years old---is plate--and has the following markings on each peice--- 1. Crown--larger than the other 3 markings 2. Scripted letter that appears to be a C or a G 3. Scripted letter that is an S 4. Crossed Keys The markings are in the above order--- The service is quiet elegant and in good condition-- Can any one help idenify it through these markings submitted by Bill Birmingham Silver Company Your pieces could have been made by the Birmingham Silver Company which previously was the Goldfeder Silverware Co. They made silverplate and their mark was a large crown and a quotBquot and quotSquot They also used a crossed key mark. According to quotRainwaters book Encyclopedia of American Silver Manufacturers,quot they are still in business in New York. information provided by Marbeth Schon mschon (Example is a bracelet with four chunky links ( 1.5 squares) with a winged griffin-type figure on each. All four links are the same size. In the picture, the outer two links are simply falling away from the camera. The mark appears to read M. BUFFET. (The last letter looks like a D as first, but with closer examination, one can see that the outer line is simply a line from the makers stamp striking the surface.) submitted by Lisa Youel quotBurkeequot or quotDurkeequot (Example is a modern abstract sterling silver necklace with a free-swinging center piece) pic submitted by Lonny Rosen I found examples of jewelry by IRVIN AND BONNIE BURKEE shown on page 96 of Neumanns the design and creation of jewelry revised edition, 1975. it doesnt give any other details about them. information provided by Susan Crosby Irvin and Bonnie Burkee are a husband and wife team who have been creating jewelry together since the late 1940s. They produced one-of-a-ki nd as well as limited production designs that were successfully marketed through various craft galleries throughout the U.S. Read more about the Burkees in my book, quotModernist Jewelry, 1930-1960, The Wearable Art Movement.quot information provided by Marbeth Schon mschon J B (on either side of a pine tree) Mark for J.B. Hamlin (Example is a brooch which I purchased as a Jules Brenner, but have not been able to find an example of this mark which is a J and a B on either side of a small pine tree. The brooch is beautiful with a delicate modern design. If it is by Brenner it is early, perhaps 1940s or early 50s. The brooch is a mustard colored bubbly enamel over silver, also a spot of emerald green enamel in the curlicue, approximately 1-14 wide, safety catch. ) submitted by Marbeth Schon This mark is for J.B. Hamlin. A piece showed up on Ebay signed quotJ.B. HAMLINquot with the same pine tree mark. It was a sterling pin in a boomerang shape with an free spinning spherical green stone within an quoteye-typequot opening. Thanks to Fred Doloresco for finding the auction. So far I have been able to find no other information regarding J.B. Hamlin. information provided by Marbeth Schon mschon Dorothy Rainwater lists James B. Hamlin as a pewterer in North Bridgton, Maine as of 1975. Obviously, Mr. Hamlin also worked in sterling as we found this nice butter spreader with his mark at the Pier Shows earlier this month. Just wanted to share the mark with you. The pine trees seem very appropriate for Maine. I own a catalogue of contemporary silver shown at the Brooklyn Museum in 1937. It was from the estate of Mr. Hamlin and in it he writes that he worked in the workshop of Laurits Christian Eichner in Blumfield, NJ during 1936 to 1941. Does anyone have further information on this craftsman information from SMP silver salon forum and Fred Zweig (Example is a silver brooch. The person I acquired it from says a relative bought it in Scandinavian maybe 30 years ago and it was to commemorate something big, but cant remember what, it looks like a King and his court to me. It measures 212 X 134 and the hallmark simply says VB (underlined) and 925S, no country of origin hallmarks etc.) submitted by Karen Foggin VB is for Volmar Bahner amp co of Copenhagen Denmark. information provided by Vanessa Paterson Vanessa has IDed Volmer Bahner, and I can tell you that the pin depicts a scene from Hans Christian Andersens fairy tale The Emperors New Clothes. This is the famous walk through town where a little boy finally points out the truth. that the Emperors new clothes are imaginary, and that he is naked. information provided by Annette, Oakland, CA quotCquot (with profile of Lions head inside) Hello again - I have a second question (of course) - I have found this mark on a few items of good quality silver jewelry - twice I have seen it on Danecraft pieces, and a couple of times on other sterling silver items with no makers mark. The mark is a capital C, and inside the C is the profile of a lions head. The only place I have been able to find this mark is in Tardy, and he claims it is the Canadian Silver Fineness mark - which I find hard to believe. Ive never heard of a Canadian silver fineness mark, and if it is, what is it doing on Danecraft pieces submittec by Lis Bianco quotCanada in fact does have a Standard Mark for sterling silver items.They are not always marked with the C and Lions head. I am not certain why the Dancraft items were marked with this standard unless it was a requirement for import. information provided by Fred Rezazadeh Sadie Calvin is a Navajo jewelry artist who was active from 1950s-70s and possibly later. I have beautiful cuff by her with turquoise and coral. Her jewelry was very well designed and of fine quality. information provided by Marbeth Schon mschon Josephine and Antoinette Catanzaro were sisters from a large Sicilian family from Buffalo, New York. In the 1950s, through a course in jewelry making, the sisters discovered a lifetime passion for metalworking. In 1959, they opened a shop called The house of Crafts in Buffalo where they had an onsite studio for creating their own pieces in silver and gold. they exhibited their work, widely, in the U.S. and sold through retail craft outlets in New York and Boston. Information about the Josephine and Antoinette Catanzaro and photographs of their work can be found in Form amp Function, American Modernist Jewelry, 1940 - 1970 and their work was included in the exhibit quot American Modernist Jewelry, 1940 - 1970 quot at the Fort Wayne Museum of Art, 2008. information provided by Marbeth Schon mschon Virgil Cantini was born in Italy in 1919 and came to the US in 1930. He received his Masters Degree from the University of Pittsburgh where he became a Professor in the Henry Frick Fine Arts Department. In Time Magazines 1953 Poll he was named as one of the quotHundred Leaders of Tomorrow.quot He received numerous awards and prizes for his enamel work, many in the form of large-scale enamel panels and sculptures. (information from The Design and Creation of Jewelry by Robert von Neumann.) information provided by Marbeth Schon mschon Casa Prieto was a silver manufacturer based in Mexico City in the mid 20th century. From quot The Little Book of Mexican Silver Trade and Hallmarks quot by Bille Hougart information provided by Marbeth Schon mschon Heres an interesting Mexican hallmark. I am wondering if anyone recognizes it or has been just as stumped as me. Although rare, I have seen this mark several times, always high quality sterling pieces, pre-eagle assay, and every piece Ive seen with this mark is made with amethyst stones. I have deciphered the very artistic mark to be CAT and have speculated that it could be the mark of Carlos Acosta who ran a store in the important Taxco years called the California, although I have never been able to find anything indepth about him outside of a list of stores and names and is just speculation on my part. This one is definitely at the very top of my list for Mexican mystery marks, along with AE in a heart. submitted by Cheron cat(lion) looking back tail down, some exotic bird, and a mark that I cannot describe I have just purchased this incredible cuff bracelet. It weighs 110 grams I have no idea if it is american, indian, or what.It is covered with hallmarks on each side, a hallmark on the center chain, and hallmarks on the. all of which are on the front side of the bracelet. It appears to have 2 touch marks on the inside of the cuff, but I cannot read them. The first 2 photos show the hallmarks on the end cuffs- it appears to be a cat(lion) looking back tail down, some exotic bird, and a mark that I cannot describe The craftmanship and design are excellent. submitted by Cindy Wile This is an Egyptian silver cuff bracelet that was fashionable in the 80s. As for the hallmarks you mentioned, those are a Cat and the bird is Horus the the ancient Egyptian falcon God. Sometimes you will find a Lotus instead of the falcon. The cat stamp was used around 40 years ago here. The more recent hallmarks are the Lotus and sometimes just a number indicating the percentage of silver ( A zero in arabic is a DOT so that might be what you are refering to when You said a . sign). Unfortunatly I could not read the hallmark on your pictures as they were un clear. This paritcular design of bracelet is no longer being made though we still find it and even older designs in old antique shops and bazars in Khan El Khalili in Egypt. By the way, it is a typical Egyptian thing to stamphallmark an item on its front face besides other parts. information provided by Randa. Milton Cavagnaro (1913-1993) was a California jeweler whose work is distinctive in its skillful use of silver in combination with natural materials such as wood, bone, and shell. He made only one-of-a-kind pieces. information provided by Marbeth Schon mschon quotc cquot (in triangles) The other mark is two lower case quotcsquot in triangles. submitted by Rosalie Isaacs The Camp C mark is Clark and Coombs--Providence, RI --according to Rainwaters book. information provided by Pat Seal three wide squared off almost quotCsquot in somewhat of a triangle I have a very unusual heavy 3quot by 2quot rounded pendant that looks like something Miro might have done. The bezel of this strange pendant swivels and is also shaped like a Henry Moore head. It is carved cast silver pear shaped pod (pomegranite form) with two openings. Inside the oval windows there are objects that look like one a dove of peace and the other something like a Henry Moore sculpture of a figure. It is big enough to be an ornament on a Christmas tree but really it is an avant garde pendant. The mark that is on it looks like three wide squared off almost Cs in somewhat of a triangle. Can anyone help submitted by Joyce Ziman quotcCc, Taxco, Sterling, Alpacaquot I have an eagle three mark on a pair of cufflinks wood with silver bars, they also have a circle stamp with cCc in it or possibly cGc surrounded by the words taxco sterling. Also Alpaca is stamped on the clip. submitted by Rachel Pepe Cerroblanco followed his inherited tradition and studying jewelry design at Italy. Though he gave a twist of contemporaneously and daring style. Dramatic, clean, and architectural lines can be appreciated on his designs. His pieces had been displayed at Saks Fifth Avenue, Bloomingdales at New York, and in prestige galleries. By this path he has become a famous mexican designer. submitted by Marbeth Schon Hi, I lurk here and try to learn. I just uncovered some old family pieces, and there are a couple I have not been able to ID. The most interesting is a very large brooch, looks like a bow, fillagree, set with about 5mm stones, gaudy colors,although they look much newer than the piece does. I believe it is sterling, but it doesnt say so. It cleans up like sterling.Very soft tho. The stones are 2 red, 2 green, 1 pink and 2 blue,they are cut in brilliant, and placed in funny ways, not in a designer fashion, if you know what I mean. The mark is a chalice, with some letters, but the letters are too worn to see. Anybody out there seen this It looks more functional than most jewelry.My Grandmother said it was from her Mother. Thanks ahead of time. submitted by Deb The chalice mark is the mark of New England Glass Works. The letters inside the chalice are NE. New England Glass Works closed during the 20s. Hope this helps information provided by Nancy Sotelo from Minnesota. Julian Chavez is a Zuni silversmith. I would love to know more information provided by Marbeth Schon mschon Maxwell Chayat (1909 - 1982) was born in Paris, but came to the United States as a child during World War I. His work was prominent in private collections and synagogues in Syracuse. His sculpture The Sentinel stands outside Crouse College on the Syracuse University campus. His work has been shown at the Smithsonian Institution, Cooper Union, the Jewish Museum of New York and the Newark Museum. information provided by Marbeth Schon mschon quotCheoquot (Chea Cleo) I have recently acquired a piece of Taxco Mexican silver, and would like to learn more about it. I have done some investigating on the internet and cannot find info about this particular mark. The piece is a pinpendant depicting a head with elaborate headdress. The face of the head is a dimensional carved stone, perhaps obsidian. (it is a very dark grey color with some opalescence to it when it catches the light.) The pin measures 2 14quot long, the stone face is 1 18quot long. The back is marked with an eagle mark that has the number 185 (I think) inside a name in script - Cheo, Chea, possible Cleo then it says Mexico, Taxco and 925. I would love to know more about the age of this item, and any info about the artist who designed it. submitted by Hilary Im hoping you can help me with a bit of a puzzle that I have. I picked up a spoon at a flea market that I am wondering about its provenance. Im not a collector (I just liked the spoon) but Id like to know more about it. I thought it was silver plate, but it doesnt seem to have any brass showing through where it has scratches or on the bottom of the spoon bowl. It says quotCarlton Hotelquot on the bottom of the wide part of the handle and is marked christofle. There is also a little hallmark that looks kind of like a sweater but of course its not, so maybe it looks a little like a castle tower. I dont have a magnifier so Thanks very much for any help you can provide. submitted by Lorien Orfevrerie Christofle was founded in Paris France in 1830. They certainly worked in sterling, but were also the first company to offer silver plate in France. The mark Im familiar with for Christofle was a bee in a wide diamond-shaped cartouche with a quotCquot on either side and three stars at the top. Im not able to comment on the rest of the marks. quotCCquot (interlocking for Clarence Crafterers) Yes indeed Carence Crafters is collectible, especially their sterling pieces with interlocking designs. There isnt a whole lot of info on them, but you can see some examples with prices in my book, Warmans Jewelry, 2nd edition. There also a reference to them in the catalog from the Chicago Historical Society, Chicago Metalsmiths by Sharon S. Darling. Also, ARK Antiques catalogs often include examples of their work. information provided by Christie Romero quotcoenand B cccp Example is a modern sterling enamel pin done in turquoise blue and brown enamel and actually the design reminds me of a bull in the center of the piece). submitted by Jackie Weeks Its probably Russian ie CCCP is Russian (cyrillic, I believe) for USSR. Im guessing that the B Coenand is the maker mark. The M mark is probably the district mint mark, no idea which one. I dont see any equivalent in Tardys for the other marks, so this piece may not be sterling. information provided by Patrick Kapty stores.ebayCalifornia-Dreamin-Retro-Modern-ETC CCCP is (was) the Russian (Cyrillic) initials for USSR, but Ive seen a couple of Socialist-era Russian pieces, and they all have a sickle-within-a-star hallmark. information provided by Marilyn Coenand B CCCP means Made in USSR and n102 refers to the style number of that particular item. Not sure about the M, although it may refer to the city of manufacture. Ive been researchng Russian jewelry markings for some time, purely out of personal interest. Its a tricky business as many of the marks just dont appear in any sort of guides unless the pieces are of especially fine quality. information provided by Linda in Philadelphia EC and ND . Norway, Sterling (Example is a sterling neckring and pendant. The marks on the pendant and neckring are ND and the Plus mark, Norway, and sterling but the designer mark Im not familar with. Inbetween the ND and the Plus mark are two marks that look like chicken foot prints. They are two Vs laying on their sides and the first one has a line in the middle which reminds me of a chicken foot print and the next V is just a V on its side with no line in the middle.) submitted by Jackie Weeks The Norway DesignPlus mark in question has the initials EC which stands for Erling Christophersen (b. 1932), the husband of Anna Greta Eker, and the person who managed the Plus silver workshop in Fredirkstad. For those who may not know, Gretas mark on her silver jewelry is occasionally found with Christophersen as her last name. Brief biographies of both of these individuals is included in my forthcoming book, Collectible Silver Jewelry, available this fall. information provided by Fred Rezazadeh quotCA y CIA over 0925quot (within a sheild) I have a couple pieces of silver that Im guessing are from South America. The mark is CA y CIA over 0925, all within a simple outline of a shield. Theyre obviously handmade, with a beaten texture. I couldnt find the mark online (yes, Im well aware of the 925-1000 site, and the Heritage site thanks, folks), nor is it in my copy of Tardys. Anyone have a clue quotI. G. C.quot and Mexican eagle mark with 54 It is an Aztec design pinpendant marked on the back with the initials (in simple block letters) I.G.C. surrounded by the typical circle of words. There is an eagle assay mark with the number 54 inside. submitted by Rosalie Isaacs (Example is a piece which is hallmarked, tiny marks which look Scottish although I cant make date out at all. But thats a guess. The makers mark is clear..MC in a circle. Ive had one suggestion, that it looks a bit like items designed by Dame Laura Knight for Clarice Cliff. But, I cant confirm.) submitted by Adrienne Shivers quotCastelan, 0925, MEX, STERLING (Example is a beautiful, intricate basse-taille enamel and sterling silver pinpendant of Mayan Indian probably c. 1960s approximately 3 x 1-34 marked on reverse what looks like Castelon, 0925 MEX, STERLING ) submitted by Marbeth Schon (Example is a pair of cufflinks, marked Castelan also with a pre-hispanic theme, as was Marbeths pin. On the front of each link, which depicts a male figure, by the way, it also says TLALOC in block capital letters, clearly meant to be part of the design.) (submitted by Rosalie Isaacs We dont know who Castelan was. I dont think that its an attempt to confuse anyone, as the mark is quite different fron Los Castillo. Marbeth was wondering, because of the similarity in style and design if this was a Los Castillo design (actually, Id guess Margot) that was put out by Castelan, but we were pretty sure, from the beginning that it was not an actual Los Castillo piece. The eagle 15 is a Los Castillo eagle , but the s were often mis-used, confused and used by others, so that is not a reliable ID. You may have a Los Castillo design that may have been pilfered after it was stamped 15, but before it was stamped Los Castillo. Or, it could be an original design by Castelan, somehow with the 15 on it. Its also possible that someone from Mexico City used a 15, or from other parts of Mexico. (Notice that Marbeths jpg of the mark doesnt mention Taxco, but is marked MEX, which probably indicates Mexico City.) Due to Don Antonios illness, I was never able to ask him the specific question regarding Castelan, and my emails of the jpg bounced back, so, he never had a chance to see Marbeths jpg. I was hoping that he might be able to identify the piece as his origianal design and Castelan as one of his craftsman and give some additional history. In many other previous discussions, he always assured me that all of his items were marked Los Castillo. Some had additional line names, such as Cobre Artistico, Metales Casados, etc. but they all should have the Los Castillo mark, also. Sheila did buy a new bracelet from him that was only marked Sterling 925, and when she pointed it out to Don Antonio, he had his worker come in with the Los Castillo stamp. Thunk, and it was now marked So, some pieces get missed, occasionally. There are many duplications of his designs, even in the difficult Married Metals pieces, which were probably done by his craftsman, on there own, or even possibly snuck out of his shop and stamped with their own stamp. Sheila had, at the same time, the Aztec Warrior pendant by Los Castillo and another marked Metales Casados, Hecho in Mexico. (Not Taxco as Los Castillos would have been marked). They were virtually identicle. We were fortunate to be able to have Sigi Pineda identify 2 of Margots copyists who were her workers that had obtained Margots origianl molds M Arias as Miguel Arias from her enamel department and HL as Hilario Lopez, one of her silversmiths. Penny Morrill has, of course, identified Alba as the work of her former manager Jaimie Quiroz. Youll find some of her enamel snake sets with this mark. Many of Margots enamel snake sets are also marked MR, which is a mark used by Melicio Rodriguez, who also worked for Margot. information provided by Glenn Pamfilof Can you tell me if there is any kind of a reference on the internet that would further describe Los Castillo pieces, for example what numbers were used during what years and which symbols. I love their work, and wish to have as many pieces as possible, however I like history on my collections and I would very much like to know the history on pieces that I purchase. submitted by Jo-an Dont we all Unfortunately, there is only a broad circa-dating range that we can infer from the marks on Los Castillo pieces - or most other Taxco makers, for that matter. The makers of the things we love and collect werent thinking contact us and posterity when they marked their wares. They just wanted to identify their work and, in the case of design numbers, keep track of the designs in their inventory. And in the case of assay marks, they were following government regulations. A certain amount of circa-dating can be guessed at from the designs themselves, which followed current trends, and their techniques. For example, Los Castillo was known for introducing the technique of quotmetales casadosquot - married metals - around 1950-51. So we can associate metales casados pieces with the 1950s and 60s. When the popularity of these designs waned, so did the teaching of the technique to apprentices. Now there is virtually no one in Taxco who practices it. Information provided by Christie Romero Jorge Chato Castillo is featured in Bille Hougarts The Little Book of Mexican Silver Trade and Hallmarks and is discussed in Mexican Silver, 4th Edition, by Penny Chittim Morrill and Carole A. Berk, as well as in Silver Masters of Mexico by Penny C. Morrill. Regarded as a genius for his technical brilliance, as well as for the diversity of his designs, Jorge Chato CastilloEl Maestro Chatowas one of the principal players in the nascent years of Mexicos silver renaissance. He worked with William Spratling and many of his initial designs were used as prototypes for pieces later produced by Los Castillo. information provided by Marbeth Schon mschon First I have a PinPendant marled Metalls casadds. Mexico then in a circle Sterling 925 Maybe Taxco Mex. Also the Eagle Mark with the Number 3 inside and within the circle there is a unreadable mark submitted by Roger Erickson I have the famous parrot design that won the Taxco silversmithing contest in 1953. It has been in my family since 1953 or 1954, and was purchased by my father in Taxco. It does not say Los Castillos. The hallmark is Metales Castillo. It is married metals, and it is possible that it is a copy of the Los Castillos design, I suppose. I would like to ask Ms. Pamfiloff if she is aware of the use of the hallmark in the early days of the Los Castillos Silverworks. submitted by Jane Heidelberg Im curious about the difference in hallmarks. I have a necklace that is tubes of silver, brass and copper soldered together forming sections.They are then quotstrungquot together creating a quotcollarquot. It is stamped METALES COSTILLOS MADE IN MEXICO 199 on the back of the clasp. I would love to know the difference between pieces stamped LOS COSTILLOS and METALES COSTILLOS. submittted by Karen Hi Jewel lovers, especially Mexican silver lovers I have a very cool bracelet, which looks like it could be Los Castillo, but it is only marked 925 HECHO EN MEXICO, then something I cannot make out, and METALES. Did Los Castillo ever mark pieces this way submitted by Ellen Yes, Metales Castillo is a valid Los Castillo mark, that was often used for a variety of mixed metals. I think you mentioned in an earlier post that it had a design number 63, which is the correct design number for that series, and that yours has the eagle 15, which is also correct. Voila Yours must be a legitimate c.1953 vintage Los Castillo pin. information provided by Sheila Pamfiloff I have several pieces of mixed or married metals that are variously signed quotmetalesquot or quotmetales casadosquot but are not Los Castillo. Equally mysterious are the piedra negra and mixed metal pieces by the artist Tono, who is often confused with Antonio Castillo or Antonio Pineda. My best guess is that these guys learned their stuff at Los Castillo or from former Los Castillo artisans. Most Los Castillo mixed metal pieces that Ive seen are signed quotMetales Castilloquot. information provided by Kim Matthews quotC B amp Squot (in a shield) on Sheffield Sheffield mark CB ampS (in a shield) quotJPCquot (English silver dish) I am new to this group and thought someone out there might be able to assist me. I have ordered a comprehensive book on silver marks, but with all the current mail delays, I of course have not received it In the meantime, can anyone shed some light on the silver mark JPC It is on what looks to be hand beaten English silver dish along with a face mark and the letter quotrquot. submitted by Kat. JPC in an oval cartouche on an arts and crafts piece would probably be John Paul Cooper: an important English silversmithjeweller working in late 1800s -c1930. Member of Artificers guild, worked with Henry Wilson and had his own workshop in Kent, England. A book was written about his work in 1999. Information provided by Anne Pyne. quotHecho en Mexico CEURNAVACO, ED (Example wasa silver Mexican necklace that was made in the 1920s with a total length of 29 inches.It can be worn by a man or a woman. It has a bar clasp in frontout 4 12 up from the bottom. The bottom bead on each side swings free.It has mahing beads (almost 12 wide) attached to the bar clasp, making the clasp almost 1 34 wide. The inside chain is hand made of heavy silver wire (hard to tell but looks like 1 inch segments folded back on each other, but no end pieces show). The beads solid silver heavy with filigree wire work and granulation with as fine a quality as old Norwegian work. There are 50 smaller beads (12) and 4 larger beads (34). It is marked Hencno() Mexico (made in Mexico) CEURNAVACO. Ceurnavaco as I understand it was an active silver making area very near Taxco. And the makers mark is ED. submitted by Pat Talbott Can anyone out there give me some information on this necklace. The marks are very tiny. From what I can see there is a diamo nd shape with a half of a sun rayonnant (as we say in France) and then what appears to be a 5 lobed circle with a crab in the center. The marks are too tiny to photograph let alone see clearly. submitted by Julia The marks sound like French hallmarks to me. The crab mark is the Paris mark for silver, usually 800 silver I believe. The sun rayonnant in a navette-shaped reserve ie diamond-shaped is the makers mark, but Ive no idea who its for as I dont have a listing of French makers marks. If anyone knows of a listing of French makers marks, and hopefully how to get a copy, please let me know too. Theres a good picture of the crab mark in the Marks on Metals appendix to Warmans Jewelry 2nd edition, by Christie Romero. information provided by Patrick Kapty stores.ebayCalifornia-Dreamin-Retro-Modern-ETC To make a long story short, I was at one of those quotgold partiesquot sponsored by my neighbor (right, the obligatory presence) and one of the women brought this pin with her. It is 18 karat gold. She was about to sell it to the gold person to be melted down, and of course, I opened my big mouth and said NO Egads, it looks like it has too much history for that. So I rescued the pin and told the owner I would try to research it for her. She is in her 50s and it was her grandmothers pin who was from Norway. Thats all I know. Since I know there are quite a few Scandinavian people on the list, I am hoping that some of you can give me any details on the origin, symbolism, age, anything whatver of the pin. I have been searching the net for the past two days and come up with zero This pin is interesting and historically significant. It is the crest of Christian X, King of Denmark, and is a patriotic piece from WWII. It is cut from a gold coin and appears to be in a period mount. Christian is respected in the Jewish commnunity because of his loyalty to those people and defiance to the Nazi regime. I have a couple of these pins in silver in my small personal collection. information provided by Erick Yang I have an angela cummings huge necklace orchid and was wondering if anyone has any information about her. I know she works at Tiffanys but the piece is dated prior to her work being featured there..I think at one point she was selling her jewelry in Bergdorfs submitted by Jackie (Example was a pair of deco sterling earrings marked VHC. submitted by Louise quotWHCquot (in an oval) British hallmarks I have done a bit on the net with google. Here is where I am. I have an old smoking pipe a calabash. It has a silver band and lip. Both are marked WHC in an oval outline. Then comes the hallmark. the Lion Passant comes first which means it is English and 925 silver. the next mark is a shield shape with three somewhat ovals and a stick in the center down to the lower center quotoquot.They almost look like the shape of mushrooms or of wheat stacked and bound in the field or broccoli.( yes you call all laugh now) I have looked at a site that has English and Irish marks and no luck. The last is the date mark which looks like a reclining letter G in script. Now all of the rest of you can start laughin g. I have a hunch that you folks now where I can look for these symbols and dope out what I have even though this is a Pipe. (a rather nice Sherlock Holms type with a neat clam shell case) I hope you like a puzzle and thanks in advance for any information you can share as well as your patience and those of you who are still giggling at my broccoli can stop now. submitted by John B Your description of the hallmark tells me that it is Chester uk.which stopped assaying in 1925 your letter description suggests 1909 but you can check this yourself at 925-1000dlChester.html W.H.Crouch produced 1908-1926 london and swansea. hallmarks chester amp birmingham.hope this is useful. information provided by Peter Hagan from Telford, Shropshire Copyright T. and Co.quot I recently acquired this interesting art deco bracelet. It is beautifully made, much like the Komai work from Japan. It is made from steel and has inlaid gold and silver circles. The circle motif is asymmetrically repeated on the gold inner band. It has the mark quotCopyright T. and Co.quot with a hand inscribed number of 2431. I have searched through all my texts and cant find any information about this particular mark. Is this Tiffany If so, what time period is this from, and can it be attributed to any of their designers. I did ask at Tiffanys here in Dallas, but didnt have the piece with me. Of course, the salesmans knowledge seemed to end with examples that are currently in production. submitted by Erik Yang Danish two towers mark and capital serif quotPquot I purchased this chalice this morning at an antique show and was told its Danish, dating to 1935. The mark doesnt look right to me -- shouldnt it be three towers, not two The friend who was with me says she thinks it might have been used as a Communion chalice the stem shows what we think are Adam and Eve. Its relatively large, measuring about 7 inches from the top of the finial to the bottom, and about 5 inches across. submitted by Evelyn Yallen On Danish pieces two towers instead of three towers indicated that the items is silverplated. information provided by Fred Rezazadeh quotDquot (in a square) This is a very different modern design. I think that it is very interesting and I receive many compliments and inquiries about it. The mark is 925 with the letter quotDquot in a square. It measures 2 58quot inside diameter and approximately 1quot wide. The quotcrushedquot effect makes it difficult to measure and it is fairly heavy. I would really appreciate any information or comments about it. submitted by Pat Seal I was wondering if anyone has any info on a Maker E A DAY it is a LARGE Wood amp Sterling Brooch E.A. Day and Looks Modernist. Thank you submitted by Roger I just picked up a pair of sterling and cabachon amethyst earrings pictured at the below URLs. They are marked quot925, DAVIS, Sterlingquot. I have been unable to find any reference to this mark in my books or online - all I come up with is Fred Davis or Whiting amp Davis - any ideas William De Hart exhibited at the Walker Art Center in Minneapolis in 1948. He was a graduate of the Universities of New Mexico and Iowa, studied jewelry at the Crafts Students League in New York and was a member of the New York Society of Craftsmen. I believe that he was either president of artistic director of Towle Silversmiths in the late 1950s when they were producing a line of modernist sterling dishes decorated in abstract enamel paintings. A bracelet of enameled domes by De Hart is illustrated in Enameling (1954) by Mary Larom. Taker from quotModernist Jewelry, 1930--1960quot by Marbeth Schon information courtesy of Tom Guarrera quotDenmarkquot and the image of a whale I just acquired a lovely silver ornate pillbox and it is signed Denmark and the image of a whale or 2 fish attached to each other Anyone familiar with this mark submitted by laylah I just acquired an incredible cuff bracelet marked quotErik Dennungquot quotmade in Denmarkquot Then theres a hallmark. I came across your mystery marks site, searching for the name Erik Dennung, as I have just acquired a beautiful handmade silver ring in the shape of a rose with his mark on it - in a flea market I found a question on your site concerning his name. As I live in Copenhagen, Denmark, I tried to look up the name in the yellow pages. It seems that Mr. Dennung is very much alive: actually he has his own shop, situated in Copenhagen, by the name of Dennung Slvsmedie Aps. Regretfully, I have no further information about his career. information provided by Fie Lundsgaard Olsen I have a pair of silver earrings marked RDeROSA (The E is uppercase also but half the height of the other letters) The earrings are a large (about 34inch) single danish knot, clip-on style. On the clip, it is marked STER.PAT 1967965 This patent number was issued in 1934. Ralph De Rosa started his company in the mid 1930s. Does anybody know when this design was produced Most of his designs have stones but these are just silver. submitted by April The patent number is for the design of the earclip backs and has no bearing on when the earclips were actually made. DeRosa used sterling from 1942 until 1949 and so your earclips would have been made during that time period. information provided by Pat Seal (two dolphins side by side) I recently purchased a ring that is strongly suggestive of Sam Kramer, however the only mark I can find is of two dolphins side by side. Does this mark ring a bell with anyone Just wondering if anyone has ever heard of the maker or designer from spain quotPuig Doriaquot. I just bought the most unbelievable sterling necklace with that mark on it. submitted by Jackie Weeks Duck mark and Sterling (Example was a. great modernist stickpin composed of an open square of hammered silver with a jade suspended in the middle. It is simply marked Sterling and has a tiny duck stamp. submitted by Sharon (Example is a NORWAY STERLING mark. It looks like the letter K sitting in a depressed background that is the letter M.) submitted by Rosalie Isaacs The mark is a large conjoined ND for Norway Design (which looks more like a big fat N), often seen in conjunction with a sign for Plus, the applied arts workshop in Frederickstad, Norway, where Tone Vigeland, among others, worked in the late 50s. Your piece only has the one mark, and Im not sure what that means. information provided by Christie Romero ND (not conjoined) (Example is a quality silver ring marked ND 925 It has a Scandinavian look. submitted by Susan Williams This piece I am wondering about. I first thought Mexican but now feel it is early Native American. how early that is one ques tion for you folks. ) Also any ideas as to the maker. it is stamped with this symbol lt then S D. The design is Mosiac submitted by Roger According to quotHallmarks of the Southwestquot by Barton Wright, there is a Santo Domingo Native American silversmith, Mary Lavato who specializes in quotinlaid shell, also does cast work decorated by stamping.quot Her Hallmark is quotS.D.quot stamped or engraved. This might be the maker of you piece. Evidently, she also sometimes uses her husbands initials also S.F.L. (for Sedalio F. Lavato). They worked in similar manner. information provided by Marbeth Schon mschon Im guessing its fairly modern and Hopi. The marks are similar to those used on Hopi pieces although my copy of Hopi silver, the history and hallmarks of Hopi silversmithing by Margaret Nickelson Wright does not list SD. Closest is DS (same letterform) for Darrell Sakeva from the Corn clan, Shungopavi village who began working in 1993. i nformation provided by Brenda quotH. Decker, Sveirgequot I would like to know if anyone has heard of a SIlversmith named H.DeckerI believe,I have a Letter opener that looks to be silver with some carvings of DIffernt things like People and animals and Trees and such amp also has a Dutch look to the carvings or design if you will on it,kinda like a retrospective of what Danish life is about Maybe, and also has the word quotSverigequot it looks like it is signed H.Decker, thinking danish maybe or scandinavian.On back it has the words quotCABEXTRAIMAALPquot,it looks somewhat old also if that helps.I have been searching for weeks.I have a photo of it if needed.Any help at all would be appreciated submitted by daysofyore H. Decker was probably the silversmith Heinz Decker who worked in Lidingo, Sweden in the 1960s. quotSveirgequot means quotSwedenquot and I believe the other words. quotCABEXTRAIMAALPquot, refer to silverplate (meaning fine or extra silver plating). I may not be right about that, maybe someone else knows more. information provided by Marbeth Schon mschon quotA Dominguezquot and eagle mark with number quot3quot Im looking for information and dating assistance on a pair of sterling screwback earrings with a very detailed and dimensional grape motif. The marks on the back include: Sterling - 925, Taxco, A. Dominguez and an eagle mark with the number 3. submitted by Sheryl quotAEquot (within a heart) Mexico I too have some Mexican silver jewelry with the initials AE in a heart. According to the recent book on Spratling and the Maestros de Plata, this mark was used by Estella Popowski who worked with Antonio Castillo and other well know Mexican designers.One of my pieces, a curved silver leaf with amethysts and moonstones, closely resembles a piece I have seen by Antonio Castillo. It is about 2 12 to 3 inches long. I too would be interested in any further information anyone may have about this mark. I saw a bracelet on the website The Lush Life that says AE in a heart is the mark of Abraham Paz, which is confusing to me. How can AE be the mark of EP. Estella Popowski This is completely baffling. Anyone out there know about this submitted by Marj quotJSE, 925, TAXCOquot I have a lovely sterling necklace marked J.S.E. 925 Taxco, Hencho En Mexico and the eagle mark with the number 3. The JSE mark is listed both in Freds silver book and Bille Hougarts book, but with no actual information on the artist. If you have any additional information, I would appreciate hearing it. submitted by Sheryl quotAVE Juarez 40 Mexico Prieto 925quot Anyone recognize this mark..this maker The mark reads AVE. Juarez 40 Mexico Prieto 925 quotEGKPquot and Star of David (Example is a sterling paste figural pin with these marks: 935 A Jewish star with an E on one side and a G on the other -and-a K with a P crossing the bottom of the K at an angle.) submitted by Ellen Solway Mexican Eagle (or bell) mark Would anyone be able to set me straight on some funny little basics I still am not sure of. 1. Regarding the mark which has the makers number in it on Mexican silver. It looks like a bell to me. Some people say a bell shaped mark Some people say an eagle mark Are these two different things or do both refer to the same mark with the number in it 2. If I have a piece of silver with a design number, will that mark help to approximate a date for that piece. If so, where(which book or site) do I start looking (For mexican or scandinavian for example) submitted by Mimi in Australia The best place to read about the Mexican eagle or bell mark is Mexican Eagle Marks The use of the eagle mark is described and there is a list of attributed eagle mark numbers. As far as your other question regarding design numbers on pieces, it depends on the piece. My experience has been that design numbers designate a piece that was made in a series so it is not one of a kind. There is a nice explanation of design numbers on Georg Jensen pieces on page 297 of Janet Druckers book, quotGeorg Jensen, a Tradition of Splendid Silver. She says that Design numbers were given to each piece of jewelry and hollowware. Numerical order was the placement of production numbers, although there are many exceptions. Generally, one could expect that lower numerals mean an earlier year of production. In Mexican Silver by Berk and Morrill, there is an explanation of Inventory or Design numbers in the glossary. It indicates that design numbers designated designs in an inventory and usually a smaller number meant an earlier piece. Of course, unless you have documentation of the dates certain numbers were used, its very difficult to date a piece using this method. information provided by Marbeth Schon mschon Mexican Eagle mark quot1quot Dear Fellow Collectors, Scholars, and members of Silver Forum: Recently, Phyllis Goddard sought to elicit information on the use of the Mexican Eagle Mark1 on certain pieces by Spratling and other Tallers. Much discusion followed on Silver Forum. It occurred to me after reflecting on a conversation I had with Jim Tracy pertaining to this query that the eagle mark 1 may have evolved through the advent of several possible scenarios. One possibility is that it was placed on certain pieces of old inventory from pre-1945 that Spratling or HIS MEXICO CITY OUTLETS had in stock after the requirement for the eagle mark came into effect In addition, it appears to have been used on certain pieces from 1949-55(or whenever the simple script WS actually began and ended). The aforementioned pieces that fall into either time span may have represented: pieces that Spratling himself worked on and retained in his own inventory during this period but BEFORE he was assigned the eagle marks 30 and 63. b) pieces in the inventory of his Mexico city outlets, including Conquistador and such outlets as Casa Calpini, before he was assigned the other eagle marks. In this event, the Mexico City shops may have stamped the pieces in inventory with an eagle 1 to comply with the requirement before they were actually sold to customers. c)An additional possibility is that those pieces actually manufactured at the ranch during the late40searly fifties were not intended for export to other countries,but rather represented a very small group of pieces made either by request as prototypes or models for Conquistador. or for sale on an extremely limited basis to local or visiting customers by request or commission. Since these items were not intended for export, Spratling may not have applied for any eagle mark at all because production was so limited, and it is my understanding that the eagle mark was only required on items designed for export or actually exported (or possibly those sold to foreigners-Ive always been uncertain about this) as evidence of standardized silver content. If any of these pieces eventually found their way to Mexico City, and were ultimately exported or sold by Mexico city shops, the eagle 1 may have then been applied. A final possibility is that the eagle 1 was the very earliest eagle mark authorzed by the government, and that it was generally used during a transitional period until each taller was assigned its own particular mark. In this case, it might have appeared for a limited time on the pieces of several tallers, including the Spratling ranch. If anyone would care to comment on the foregoing hypotheses, your participation would be greatly appreciated. Best regards: Jill Crawford Mexican Eagle mark 31 I am trying to identify the Mexican Artist who used the number 31 in the eagle. Any ideas submitted by Heidi Eagles Head Side Profile, Copyright quotCquot Inside a Circle Mark, quotSterlingquot Here is another Mystery Mark for you..It is a Sterling Silver Pin with Free Moving Pearls. The Mark which was hard to photograph looks like an Outline of an Eagles Head Side Profile..you have an Eye and Beak. Plus a Copyright C Inside a Circle Mark after it and the Word Sterling below submitted by Roger backwards E conjoined to a D Hello I have a QUICK question and hope for some help from you all of the experts out there. I have an unusual sterling silver bracelet and it has a coinjoined hallmark of a backwards E conjoined to a D. I thought it was Emile David but was informed it could be Etienne David. The craft and design are FLAWLESS. I would like any and all info on this peice. Alma Eikerman . Alma Eikerman taught metalsmithing at Indiana University for 31 years, retiring in 1978. She was a veteran of the initial stirrings of post-World war II modernism, encouraging her students to study historic metalwork and to sense his or her own place in a continuum of art, girded by key monuments of metalwork and supported by the history of painting and sculpture. She was a recipient of an Indian University Special Project Research Award in 1951 which took her to Europe where she studied the work of Karl Gustav Hansen and cubist sculptor Ossip Zadkine. In the 1960s, her work was characterized by rich texturing, sweeping lines reminiscent of the cosmic linear systems of the sculptor Richard Lippold, elaborate joinery and jewel settings. her pieces read like sculptures in the round. With a pendant-pin of 1968, she injected a new sense of kinesthetic urgency of forms suspended in dynamic and truly monumental tension. a formed and constructed pendant of 1971 heaves up from molten depths and is smitten by a sliver of silver fire that cuts through its waist, leaving crinkled traces behind. In the 70s and 80s her work was more lyrical and minimal with quiet, heavy, and self-contained forms. Through her work and the legacy she has left to her students, Alma Eikerman has been major force in transforming silverworks from passive objects of delight into powerful agents motivated by primordial energies. (from American Craft Dec.-Jan. 1985-86, pp. 17-21) information provided by Marbeth Schon mschon Alma Eikerman taught at Indiana University in Bloomington until her retirement a decade or so ago. She passed away several years ago. She did jewelry, but was also very well known for her holloware. information provided by Mary Hu Peter Ein-hod is the signature of Johanaan Peter who, along with Hans Jean Arp and Marcel Janco established the artists village at Ein-Hod, Israel. He collaborated with Arp on some jewelry pieces. His own work is esoteric in its unusually patinated silver. He also sometimes uses smooth, colored glass. Submitted by Marbeth Schon with help from Ilka Weiland Hi Sue, from left to right the motif that is in the 1st square is an Arabic quot80quot meaning this is 80 silver. The 2nd square contains a lotus flower signifying it was hallmarked in Egypt (a Lion symbol was used instead up to the 1920s when Egypt was under British occupation). The 3rd square contains the letter quotSquot in Arabic. The letter is used to signify the date of hallmarking. The S signifies that it was hallmarked in the 60s. By the way the ceramic scarab was very popular in silver jewelry in the 60s. I hope this helped. information provided by Randa I have a beautiful bird pin. goldwash over silver with a bluecreme enameling. It is marked on the back. ElaDenmarkSterling925 The mark youre querying is for Egon Lauridsen of Copenhagen, in business from 1936 to 1966, all per my Danish marks book, quotRegistrering af Navnestempler Gennem 100 Ar for Arbejeder af Aedle Mettaller 1893-1993. Sorry, no other info in available. information provided by Patrick Kapty stores.ebayCalifornia-Dreamin-Retro-Modern-ETC (Example is a bracelet of substantial weight, all handmade from bar and sheet stock. The dark section of the disk is some kind of wood. Only marks are ELIOT, all caps and block letters, and another mark that is a Menorah with a capital M to the left all in a square reserve ie the outline of the mark. NO sterling mark, perhaps Israeli. ) submitted by Patrick Kapty I have several pins made by Gudmund Elvestad for Tostrup in Norway. They are unlike any other Norwegian pieces Ive ever seen. I have been unable to find any information on this artist, or any more pieces by him. Any help would be greatly welcomed. submitted by Jan Kramer WE FOUND AN ART NOUVEAU SCANDINAVIAN PIN. WERE WONDERING IF ANY ONE KNOWS THE SIGNATURE quotH.E.quot submitted by Heather Enamel mark: Mystery This beautiful cloisonn enamel has a great mark, but who could it be It appears to be American, maybe Native American submitted by Marbeth Schon Gertrude Engel designed her jewelry based on plant-life found along the Danish Coast she designed for A. Michelsen during the 1950s. (from European Designer Jewelry by Ginger Moro, page. 250) Robert amp Audry Engstrom were a husband and wife team who worked independently and together to create modernist jewelry in silver and enamels. It is hard to say who made pieces marked quotEngstromquot--it is the mark Ive seen mostly on enamels. More information can be found in my second book, quotForm amp Function, American Modernist Jewelry, 1940 - 1970.quot information provided by Marbeth Schon mschon I have an antique silver platter with a silver mark I cant identify - can anyone help The visual part is a right hand grasping what appears to be either three palm trees or a palm tree with three heads to it. Each palm tree head has several fronds to it. The right hand is coming from the right-hand side and is reaching upwards slightly. Below that is three sets of initials in a horizontal row: Either HA or BA, then either EA or BA, then FA. And just to the right of this is a single set of four initials turned through 90 degrees (so you have to tilt your head to the right to read them): Either R or K, then PNS. Finally, below all of this in a slightly larger typeface is the number 5160. Clearly its not British. And the visual suggests somewhere tropical submitted by Michael Your piece is silverplate, possibly English. The quotR or K, then PNSquot you mention is actually quotEPNS,quot or Electro-Plated Nickel Silver. The other initials are for the maker. The other mark is sometimes called a pseudo-hallmark because it resembles silver hallmarks, but is not one. The idea was to make the consumer think the item might be solid silver. Such marks as you describe--EPNS, initials, and a pseudo--are common on English plate of the Victorian era. The is the factory number to identify the piece in inventories, etc. I am not a silverplate specialist, so I dont know exactly who made it. You might want to try the site: smpub which is a discussion board about silver (topics include: solid silver, silver jewelry, plate, coin silver, etc.). information provided by Paul From the title, you might think this would be a cinch but I cannot make a decent guess at this makerhallmark. Can any of you The big ball drop is solid and its blackened sterling--I dunno why they did it blackened or solid, but there you have it Thanks for any ideas submitted by Tracy I believe the mark is for Daniel Espinosa of Mexico information provided by Nancy Pena This necklace (a recent purchase) has a mark Ive never seen 925ESPOSig. Not ESPN but ESPO. Any ideas. It does test sterling, but could be heavily plated I guess. If it makes a difference, I think this is contemporary as the hook is a lobster clasp. submitted by BeeGee McBride The marking ESPO or also found as ESPO-FLEX are the marks of Esposito Jewelry, Inc. a costume jewelry company located in Providence Rhode Island, USA. These marks were first used in 1951. (Examples were pieces of grapes with leaves marked: EUROP-FELIX-FRANCE and in a square it says S E F F 1..) submitted by Lillith superimposed quotCquot over quotFquot and Copyright symbol I have 2 pins I would like a little help with. One is a Grape and Vine design. Marked Sterling and what looks like a Superimposed C over F with the Copyright symbol. I was thinking possibly C. Falkenstein. submitted by Roger Erickson quotGFquot over quotMWquot(in a circle) My question is about a maker. The mark (if i remember correctly) is GF over MW in a circle. G-- F-- Metal Works, perhaps I have seen this on a number of 1960s-1980s or so brooches. I am thinking it is some kind of body of variously skilled smiths. There is no one style to the pieces I have seen, and also, they have ranged in quality from so-so to very good. These are the pieces I have handled by this GFMW: -a stepped, trapezoidal piece of silver with a rose quartz cab. Not that great quality.-a figural design of a needle piercing a wavy piece of quotfabricquot (which was just unbuffed silver). Also not impressive quality. -a black oxidized silver frying pan, with a fried egg in its bowl (the white was buffed silver, the yolk a topaz cab). This was very fine quality and also innovative in its design. I dont have anything by them now, so I cant post a picture, but I havem been wondering about the mark for some time. submitted by Paul quotFAHNERquot (in block letters) Hello, I was checking out some auctions on ebay.de and found a Fahrner piece that is signed Fahrner in block letters - not the TF in a circle. What era would that be submitted by Beegee most of the pieces ive seen marked that way are 1930s. the 1940s pieces are usually stamped ORIGINAL FAHRNER (but some of the 1930s pieces are also marked that way). tf marked their pieces many different ways (even during the same period), but my guess is definitely after gustav braendle took over the company. information provided by Ramona Tung Ive never had the opportunity to handle much in the way of quality German Silver and would really appreciate some assistance in that area. When I first spotted this pin and earrings, I thought that they resembled Fahrner designs. Alas, the only marked pieces that Ive seen are in books. Id like to ask those of you with experience, is it possible, probable or unlikely that these are unsigned Fahrner pieces The pin is marked only Sterling Germany. The earrings are not marked at all but, test Sterling. Both are set with Chrysoprase and marcasites. There is very detailed metal work. Id also like to ask, that since the stones of the earrings and pin differ in cut, should they really be considered a set I ask because they come from an estate where it was stated emphatically that it was a set. I would really appreciate any information that youd be willing to share. submitted by Susan Williams quotFBMquot (or could be EBM or FBH) have found a very modernistic pendant which appears to be handcrafted (even the paperclip chain appears handmade). It is marked both on the reverse of the pendant and also on the chain with quot835quot and what appears to be quotFBMquot (or could be EBM or FBH). Does anyone know what country this might be from (Im not sure who worked in 835 silver) and who the maker is submitted by Nancy Shadforth Hello While reading the texts of the link quotMystery Marksquot, Ive found a question to the hallmark quotFBMquot. FBM might stand for Binder, a german manufacturer from Mnsheim. They produce individual jewelry as well as mass productions and are well known for simple chains. If youre still not sure, if the hallmark contains to Binder, perhaps you can write an email with a photo of the mark. i nformation provided by Luci Hi everyone, I have flatware marked FC amp Co. EPNS A1 mark but havent found who it is Felice was New York mid 20th century jeweler. We would love to know more information provided by Marbeth Schon mschon Leonard Field amp William Mason What can you tell me about William Mason and Leonard Field, jewelerartisans who worked out of Winchester, Mass. after World War II submitted by Paul Please see modernsilvermacefieldmacefield.htm for information on Leonard Field. and William Mason Harold Clifton Fithian quotfiquot Harold Clifton Fithina (1905 - 1972) was an artistactorjeweler who lived and in the Los Angeles, California area. He signed quotfiquot and (later on in his career, I believe) quotFithian.quot Please see eagleswebSubPagesharoldcliftonfithianprodserv.htm information provided by Patrick Kapty stores.ebayCalifornia-Dreamin-Retro-Modern-ETC A fish with an quotLquot in its mouth (mark for Fishel) Now the problem is, is it the mark of Fishel Sterling or is it an unknown German manufacturer. submitted by Elaine Looks more like the Fishel mark to me. This is one of my favorite marks - a fish with an L in its mouth, like a rebus (remember those I guess Im dating myself -) One of the points of my upcoming lecture on marks for the West Coast Antique amp Period Jewelry Seminar will be that the mark stamped on the piece is seldom as clear or well-defined as the drawing of the mark in the book. And variations of a mark are not uncommon. You can find other variations of the Fishel mark in Rainwaters American Jewelry Mfrs. under Fishel, Nessler amp Co. The company also had another mark that looks like a coat-of-arms or family crest, with an arm holding a hammer, like Arm amp Hammer baking soda. information provided by Christie Romero quotEUROP-FELIX-FRANCE, SEFF 1 (Examples were pieces of grapes with leaves marked: EUROP-FELIX-FRANCE and in a square it says S E F F 1..) submitted by Lillith quotFar Fanquot and eagle mark 13 My grandmother gave me a bracelet that is just breath taking. Sterling silver with what seems to be green Onyx oval stones(7) On the back of this piece it has an Eagle with the 13 along with a little round stamp that I cant quite make out. I know it is Mexican and must be least 50-60 years old Can anyone give me The background for this piece and value. submitted by Martha, You are up against the quotTaxco mysteryquot when it comes to marks. Until the present day code system there really wasnt any coherent system of recorded hallmarks (the eaglenumber thing is barely useable) and the silver business in Taxco was (is) so chaotic that there are often as many dead ends as answers. Were talking Mexico here, not England or Denmark. While a huge amount of investigation and scholarship by hard working authors and collectors has helped tremendously, there is much that, sadly, will never be known. quotGquot will probably always remain G. I have had some Mendez pieces using copper and silver together, and a few all silver pieces.i Embrace the mystery information provided by Cris T. Check the information in quotThe Little Book of Mexican Silver Trade and Hallmarksquot. by Billie Hougart. According to the book on Page 117, quotEagle Number 13 (William Spratling) has been seen on items of other well-known maker, including Los Ballesteros. FAR FAN and Antonio Pineda. Eagle 13 was assigned to Spratling for his own use, and for his designs made at Conquistador, and should not be expected to appear on non-Spratling items.quot According to the book, FAR FAN was a jewelry maker in Mexico City. information provided by CoralCarol Yes, indeed this IS the FAR FAN mark. Bille Hougarts book also has it, but since you havent gotten your copy yet, I figured I should tell you. No info on the maker, except that the shop was (is) in Mexico City. John Fix was a resident of Sparks, Maryland. He attended Ohio State University as an undergraduate from 1960-1964, majoring in art and sculpture. He attended Cranbrook Academy of Art from 1964-1966 where he earned a MFA in metalsmithing and went on to teach metalsmithing at Towson State University in Maryland, beginning in 1967. Fix died in 2011. information provided by Marbeth Schon mschon We have a teapot which we think is made by Andrew Fogelberg. Would anyone recognise the hallmark. I can send a photo of the hallmark for discussion. Any comments would be welcome. I am researching a mark on silver amp copper shoe buckles and hope that perhaps someone on the forum can help shed light on the maker. The buckles are marked with FOSTER, one pair with the name in block letters and all caps. the other pair in script upper and lower case. Is anyone familiar with the mark. I have ruled out Lillian R. Foster, she work at a later date than these buckles would indicate. They are handwrought with plain planishing marks over the surface. I am hoping these may belong to Sybil Foster of Boston. I do not know her mark. Has anyone seen other work by this craftsmanwoman submitted by Fred Zweig quotHandwrought, Sterling, Frederick Example is a pair of cufflinks signed: Handwrought, Sterling, Frederick. submittted by Jackie Weeks Elsa Freund (1912- 2001) was a mostly self-taught jeweler. She was born in Branson, Missouri where she was influenced by the natural beauty of the Ozarks. In the 1940s, after teaching school and working at odd jobs, she started making jewelry. Her quotstonesquot were made by firing clay with pulverized bits of glass. Freund was an quotintuitive modernistquot who, though she had not seen the work of other modernist jewelers, wrapped her stones in free-form designs that are reminiscent of the work of New York jeweler, Sam Kramer. In 1949, Freund moved to Florida where she began placing her work in shops in Fort Lauderdale, Sarasota and St. Amands Key. Later, she also sold her work at America House in New York. Freund became a major figure in the studio jewelry movement of the mid-20th century and her work is in the permanent collections of many museums throughout the U.S. and abroad. Her work is featured in both of my books, Modernist Jewelry, 1930-1960, The Wearable Art Movement and Form amp Function, American Modernist Jewelry, 1940 - 1970 and was included in the exhibit quotAmerican Modernist Jewelry, 1940 - 1970 quot at the Fort Wayne Museum of Art, 2008. information provided by Marbeth Schon mschon Today while out jewel hunting I saw a cool pair of earrings with a mod design, marked STERLING amp FREW. Is anyone familiar with this maker submitted by Ellen S. I believe that the earrings were probably made by studio jeweler J. Arnold Frew, who worked in California, I think maybe the town was Arcadia. He made quite a bit of jewelry for Hollywood types. There was an article about him in the magazine quotCraft Horizonsquot in the late 50s. Earrings arent common, he made more rings. quotFRIDLquot and tulip with two leaves stretched out in opposite directions (mark for Fridl Blumenthal) (Examples are a necklace and a bracelet whose design looks like a good cross between Hopi Indian and Salvador of Taxco. Stylistic overlay over a oxidized ground. The workmanship is superior. by a silversmith (worked in USA I believe) whos signature was FRIDL in Capital letters. A hallmark of a tulip with its two leaves stretched out in opposite directions is also present. The two leaves almost appear as a half-circle under the tulip flower. A style number is also given. submitted by Lolly Commanday I have seen this name on several pieces of jewelry and like this maker. I have a pair of earrings, but can locate nothing about this designer or maker. Please assist if you know who this is. submitted by Donna To add information to the questions by Lolly Commanday and Donna re the FRIDL jewelry signature. I have a lovely piece signed the same way--with the tulip. My research reveals a Fri dl M. Blumenthal, b. 1905 in Berlin and died 1998 who knows where, has a piece in the Smithsonian collection and was featured in a show at the University of Chicago in 1966. I have not seen the mark though. This may help or confuse. Im still searching. Ill welcome any help. I believe that the Fridl mark is for Fridl Blumenthal who, with her husband, fled Nazi Germany in 1937, coming to Pittsburgh and then New Jersey and later to Park Forest, Illinois. After reading a book about wire jewelry, Fridl started creating jewelry. She studied with Chicago silversmith Anna Halasi. In 1948, she walked into the Georg Jensen store and received a contract for future work. She also created for Cooper in Philadelphia and Marshall Field in Chicago. After working with silver for many years, she switched to gold. Following her husband to Belgium, her proximity to Dusseldorf where she fortunate to be able to study with Friedrich Becker. She used stones cut by Bernd Munsteiner. Most of her work is small-scale sculpture and jewelry of quotnever failingquot interest. information provided by Marbeth Schon mschon Born Frieda Michaelis in 1905 in Berlin Germany Trained as a sculptor Married my father, Bernard Blumenthal in 1934 in Berlin Germany and subsequently used the name Frieda M. Blumenthal Emigrated to the United States in 1937 Died 1998 in Bethesda, Maryland. She spent many years making jewelry, first in silver and then in gold. As an artist she used the name Fridl Blumenthal and the trademark that is shown in the attached file. The graphic below her name is a stylized version of the German name Blumenthal. In German, quotblumenquot is the word for flower and quotthalquot is the word for valley. information provided by Dr. Ralph Blumenthal Holmdel, NJ Though born in the United States, near New Orleans, Clemens Friedell (1872 - 1963) was educated in Austria where he first learned to work with silver. At the age of seventeen, he returned to the United States, to Texas, and, in 1901, went to work for Gorham in Providence, Rhode Island, working for seven years on their Martel handwrought line. In 1911 he found his way to Pasadena, California, where he gained notoriety for his quotorange blossom setquot for brewing tycoon E. R. Maier -- quot107 pieces reminiscent of Martel . with service for 18 and several large elaborate items including a 28-inch tall centerpiece. Maier paid him 15,000 . It took over a year to make, used 2,200 ounces of silver, and was decorated with over 10,000 hand-chased orange blossoms.quot Friedell gained notoriety with Pasadena carriage trade for whom he created a quotseries of heavy silver equine portrait plaques for his horse-loving customers. He received numerous commissions, and was highly sought after as a maker of trophies for organizations including the one that ran the Tournament of Roses parade. He set up shop in the Hotel Maryland, one of Pasadenas swankier resorts, and did well enough to retire in 1921 to Texas. quot In 1927 he moved back to California and up shop on Pasadenas main street where he remained until his death in 1963. I am curious to know why this brooch ended up with such a high final price. (I have no connection to the seller or to the buyer.) Seller describes it as: Size is 3 12quot tall x 2 34quot wide. Signed on the back quotOSFquot and quot826Squot. submitted by Evelyn Ive been missing in action for a while, but couldnt resist commenting on this one as it comes from my home town. OSF is the hallmark of Otto S. Friis of Kolding, Denmark. This is a very early example of the Danish Arts amp Crafts movement. The maker is contemporaneous with the great Torvald Binderboll, who defined the Danish Arts amp Crafts movement in many mediums, most notably in silver and ceramics, though he is also represented in museums by his furniture (he was a sculptor by education). Otto Strange Friis is mentioned once in Jacob Thages Danske SmykkerDanish Jewelry. On page 126 there is a picture of a lovely and delicate necklace produced somewhere between 1905-10. Here is it said that Friis exhibited his work in the first Skonvirke exhibition in 1907, and his work was praised on par with Georg Jensen and Erik Magnussen. The eBay piece was produced in the timeframe 1893 to about 1915 in accordance with the 826s silver standard. It could certainly be earlier in that time frame rather than later as many silversmiths switched earlier on to the 830s silver standard. Of note is that the piece pictured in Thages book is in the collection of Jorg Schwandt, a dealer and collector of note in Berlin. Schwandt is one of the foremost experts on Danish silver of the last century or so, and has co-authored several museum catalogsbooks published by the Museum at Koldinghus (koldinghus.dk). While the eBay piece in no way approaches either the delicacy or the workmanship of the piece illustrated in Danish SmykkerDanish Jewelry, it is interesting in its use of coral and amber, both carved and cabbed. It is a work by a recognized master who produced very little. The rarity and origin of the piece, even though it was NOT spectacular, set the price. information provided by Annette R. Floystrup (Example is a snail pendant (no metal mark but Ill bet its Sterling - or better). Hollow with a lid that opens to reveal the name UGO FRILLI ) submitted by Lisa Youell (example is a ring that is signed simply FROM and under that 925 S I assumed, when I got it, that it was an N.E. From piece, since it certainly looks like his style -- a simple circular setting, with an oxidized inner, recessed, circle, in the middle of which sits a cabochon that looks like genuine amber. In any case, it is an amber-colored stone of some sort, and the ring has a definite, Scandinavian moderinst feel to it. Is someone pulling a fast one, or could this be a real N.E. From piece without the initials and without the Denmark Did N.E. From ever sign his work with just the last name) submitted by Roasalie Isaacs Hi silver forum and Rosalie,yes your brooch will be N.E. From which is Niels Erik From,the stone used is reconsituted amber,which is amber pieces that have been pressed together the stone will have a brown swirls to it,he never used block amber which is natrual amber,untreated.n.E.From was born in 1908 and trained as a silversmith in Denmark,in 1931 from opened his own shop selling his designs as well as other jewellery designs,from this he went on to build a factory,exporting his designs across Europe,in 1960 he collaborated with his son in law to form a management team and Hilmer Jensen joined the firm and 1966 and took over the firm in 1986 after N.E. From died.The factory is now closed but the building is still there today with all the tools in tact and many items of froms work,which there grand daughter now owns,a dealer and some of this jewellery is still being sold through some outlets even though the factory is closed. Froms designs were always floral,the other designer that worked for the company in the 60s and 70s designed theabstract forms we see, I can not think of his name at presant but will post it when i can remember.Most of the marks vary,rings tend to just carry from 925s marks due to the space and some other items also carried this mark,really it is the style that will guild you to a time frame and not the hallmarks absracts froms are from the 60s and 70s floral designs from the 50s. information provided by Vanessa Paterson I have a number of pieces by N.E. From. One of the pins is similar in design to the necklace set in Fred Rs book (top right photo p105), and is stamped Sterling Denmark NE FROM on the back, with no quot925quot designation. Is this an earlier (ie. 1960s 70s) mark of the company subitted by Sheryl quotFTC, STERLING, 10Kquot I recently acquired a very unusual silver pendant (or charm) of a Holster wremovable gun. It measures 1.25 inches tall and the gun comes out of the holster. Back of holster says: Sterling 10K FCT. Old patina through out. Holster has 2 colors, gold and silver. Small red stones in each. At the end of the gun barrel, on the back, is a peg, almost a T, that slides in a groove in the holster to make it slide in and out of the holster. Can anyone help with the mark submitted by Linda from NC (Example was a piece of Danish jewelry marked COF submitted by Lilith The mark COF is for Carl Ove Frydensberg of Copenhagen, who had this mark registered from 1949 to 1982. quotJFquot (Native American) A squash blossom necklace in gold and turquoise signed JF, 70s or much newer, very up scale looking. Thankyou in advance, submitted by Sheila Pamfiloff I recently acquired a nice Arts amp Crafts enamel pendant from Birmingham, c.1907. Its hallmarked on the back and has the makers mark, quotJ.F.quot (pretty sure thats an quotFquot not a quotPquot). Does anyone know who this maker was Thanks very much submitted by Marbeth Schon James Fenton is the maker. I dont have any additional information on this maker, perhaps someone else in the group will be able to provide additional info information provided by Beth Hi Silver forum and Marbeth,the name of the designer is James Fenton he is well known but often his work is not so nice howeve r your pendant looks really nice. information provided by Vanessa Paterson quotWFquot (with the F coming off the W) (Example is a pendant, a large egg shaped filigree and floral piece with pearls and colored stones. Its marked 585 with a WF, with the F coming off of the W. This one is out of my normal collecting realm. I cant decide whether its Deco or later and determine the country of origin. pic pic ) submitted by Beth Scott (Example is a Georg Jensen necklace and matching bracelet. The pieces are marked Sterling (of course), Georg Jensen, USA with a design number (cant remember it off hand), with a triangle divided in half and in one half is the letter L and in the other half the letter F. I have a pin and earrings done by this same designer but they arent marked Jensen, just Sterling with a design number and LF. ) submitted by Jackie The mark you describe is that of Laurence Foss . who apprenticed with Edward Everett Oakes in Boston, and also designed for Georg Jensen USA when that firm was producing designs by Americans during and shortly after WW II. information provided by Christie Romero quotLFquot inside a diamond shape joined under the capital letters, followed by the numerals quot15quot slightly raised above the line. Also quotSTERLINGquot stamp above it. This old buckle, slightly Art Nouveau-ish in styling has me puzzled. Somehow I vaguely remember this mark being discussed once before on SilverForum but I may be wrong. The sharply incised scrolled pattern appears stamped under high pressure much like other sterling jewelry, such as marcasite based pieces: The mark is LF inside a lt and joined under the capital letters, followed by the numerals 15 slightly raised above the line. Also STERLING stamp above it. submitted by LizIsabelle Bryman Hi, Liz and Silver people - How about this, from the 1915 Trademarks book, under sterling silver: La Secla, Fried amp Co. Inc. 97 Chestnut St. Newark, N.J. The mark looks the same as your picture. information provided by Karen Beuning Can anyone enlighten me with some information on a signature FjERDINSTAD. I think its for Christian Fjerdinstad. early 1900s. I have a lovely ring which has this signature and a very smalL diamond shape w another mark within. Any information I found is not in English. so help would be geatly appreciated. Its exquisitely made and needs to be appreciated submitted by Heather There is a rather good article on Fjerdingstad in issue 20, 1994 of The Journal of Decorative and Propaganda Arts, published by the Wolfson Foundation of Miami, Florida. It is one of the few things in English I have run across on Fjerdingstad, The title of the article is quotFjerdingstad: A Franco-Danish Silversmith of the Twentieth Centuryquot, by David Allan. The article is not very lengthy, but does include approximately 15 illustrations. information provided by Joseph LONZI 925S STERLING SCFquot I recently purchased a set of two-light candelabra in the Danish taste ca. 1930. However, the only marks are: 925 S STERLING SCF submitted by TRM quotGquot (in a circle) quotHAND WROUGHTquot The mark on this copper hand hammered bowl has puzzled me for years. Id sure appreciate some help on identifying the maker. Marked is (upright hand, G in circle, HAND WROUGHT ) 925S, G (in a shield-shaped reserve) The piece in question today was recently purchased by a friend of mine, and Ive been unable to come up with anything regarding the mark. Its a fabulous large pendant in silver with gold-colored foil fused over one of the sections. The pendant has reticulated sections, hammered sections, and has been oxidized, and probably lacquered as well. Measures 4 tall by 3-12 wide, and its on a leather thong with a unique closure system that forms a three-dimensional sphere when closed. When open, the two halves look like old-fashioned key and keyhole on their business ends. Ive included a close-up of the mark, but its hard to read as its been double-stamped. The best I can make out is 925S and the makers mark looks like a capitol G in a shield-shaped reserve. My guess is early 70s Scandinavian studio work (as its completely hand-fabricated. submitted by Patrick Kapty Mexican chocker with this mark quotGquot with an intersecting line. submitted by Merry Shugart Ive had this fabulous deco necklace for quite some time and have never been able to quite distinguish the markings let alone figure out whowhat they represent. So here goes. With all you great people on the list, I thought Id see if anyone has any ideas on the signature.I have put up a picture of the front pendant part of the necklace, the reverse showing the basket holding the gorgeous topaz and a picture (though not that good) of the marking on the connector. It appears to me to be 3 dots that form a pyramid, a single dot and then what appears to be the letter A and definitely the letter G. submitted by Elaine Kula STERLING MG (M over G) (Example is a handsome pair of agate and sterling cufflinks.They are marked: STERLING MG in block letters, with the M over the G.) submitted by Ell en Solway NG (and Scottish hallmarks) (Example is an enamel pin .I know its Scottish, from Edinburgh, and made in 1970, with makers mark NG and Scottish hallmarks.The enamel is really a much warmer pinkish lavender surrounding the central brick redorange enamel.) submitted by Patrick Kapty The mark is for Norman Grant (London) information provided by a SilverForum member the pendant is designed by a British designer called Norman Grant,who worked in Scotland in the 70s,his early works were big and bold like your pendant,and then became small and commercial.Norman Grant only designed for about 10 years,his work is no-longer in production. information provided by Vanessa Paterson. Retro Gallery Illegible mark on sterling bracelet submitted by Marbeth Schon As to your illegible marking beginning with the letter G on your Mystery Marks page, I have had two pieces of jewelry in the past which were legible. The signature is Gerhardt with the last letter T being dragged under the signature to underline it. Like you, I would like to know more about this silversmith. information provided by Rose Griesmeyer Phyllis Larissa Gahan Phyllis Larissa Gahan (American, b.1922-d.2003) In 1942, Gahan graduated from Junior College and studied at A.K. Cross Art School in 43. That same year she graduated from Cross Art School and was the Bomb-a-Dears Poster girl for the week in that same year. She began attending Traphagen School of Design in 1945 for fashion design. During her time in New York several of her paintings were shown in art exhibitions and small galleries. She painted in the Abstract Expressionist style, but her main focus was textiles and fashion. She also sold some of her clothing designs through a boutique on Madison Ave. By 1949 she expressed a strong desire to travel abroad, and she returned to her family home in Florida. It was at this time that she left a collection of modernist brass, copper, and sterling silver jewelry with her sister. There are only 26 known pieces of her jewelry in existence, which are part of the collection she left behind in 1949. information and photograph courtesy of Myers Fine Art amp Antiques Auction Gallery myersfineart Soledad Garcia (mark is S.G.) Soledad Garcia is one of the most recognized Mexican jewelry designers of the 21st century. She designs for Tane, Mexico. information provided by Marbeth Schon mschon Rachel Geras silver jewelry has adorned such leading celebrities as Elizabeth Taylor and Peter Ustinov. Born in Israel and educated at Jerusalems Bezalel Academy of Art, Rachel creates three-dimensional silver work, which has won international acclaim. Her style is a blend of both European and Oriental traditions. (from: zenithgallerycalendar ) information provided by Marbeth Schon mschon quotGESCHUTZTquot and a tall thin anchor with a W through the center. (Example is a Nouveau pendant with amethyst, blue stone (looks like aquamarine), and pearl drop. It is 800 silver and marked with the German registered mark, GESCHUTZT.) submitted by Ramona Tung quot GFquot over quotMWquot (in a circle) My question is about a maker. The mark (if i remember correctly) is GF over MW in a circle. G-- F-- Metal Works, perhaps I have seen this on a number of 1960s-1980s or so brooches. I am thinking it is some kind of body of variously skilled smiths. Im hoping that someone on the list may have some information to pass along on this designer. Ive just acquired a large pinpendant and earrings, marked Fred Glass 1962. I have had no luck finding references to this artist, and would appreciate any insight that you might provide submitted by Susan Williams There is no one style to the pieces I have seen, and also, they have ranged in quality from so-so to very good. These are the pieces I have handled by this GFMW: -a stepped, trapezoidal piece of silver with a rose quartz cab. Not that great quality. -a figural design of a needle piercing a wavy piece of quotfabricquot (which was just unbuffed silver). Also not impressive quality.-a black oxidized silver frying pan, with a fried egg in its bowl (the white was buffed silver, the yolk a topaz cab). This was very fine quality and also innovative in its design. submitted by Paul Richard Gompf, a native of Iowa, attended college in Minnesota and also studied at the California College of Arts and Crafts. In 1952, while studying with Philip Morton at the University of Minnesota, he became interested in jewelry-making. He developed this interest further while studying with Margaret De Patta at the California College of Arts amp Crafts. Most of his jewelry is made by sand casting and lost wax processes. Gompf is a member of the San Francisco Metal Arts guild of which he was president from 1977-1986. His work has been shown in numerous exhibitions both in the US and abroad. Most recently, in 2008, his work was included in the exhibit, quot American Modernist Jewelry, 1940 - 1970 quot at the Fort Wayne Museum of Art. information provided by Marbeth Schon mschon The last item is a British pin and my best guess is 1914 for the date. It is hallmarked for Chester with makers initials of quotP.G.quot Perhaps someone recognizes this maker quotE. GRANT amp CO,quot (most likely E. GRANIT amp CO.) crown, and in a box quot813Hquotand shape of boat I have a modernist style silver pin. The mark reads quotE. GRANT amp CO.quot a crown, and in a box813Hlshape of boat herelM7. Im stumped Its a lovely pin and the mark is very distinct. Can anyone help me out here Could it possibly be quot E. Granitquot. I have several pieces of work by E. Granit - a Finnish maker. information provided by J.L. quotr.j. graves gra-wun 88 Ray Graves Arizona (Example is a very large pendant made of brass, silver and steel which was purposely rusted for color. The silver and brass have hammering throughout. the pendant measures about The pendant measures about 8 tall from the top of the square wire that hooks into the neckform, and about 6 wide. ) submitted by Patrick Kapty Can someone provide a bit more information on Raymond Graves, the modernist designer from Scottsdale, AZ - I recently acquired a bolo tie signed with his Gra-Wun signature. It looks to be from the 60s (kitschy road-runner slide in pewter or silver alloy vinyl braid). Any info at all is appreciated submitted by Barbara Starr Ray Graves is one of the original artistcraftsmen on 5th avenue (Scottsdale). He is just a few doors down from H. Fred Skaggs. He was very active in the Arizona Craftsman Society and was Featured in American Craft Magazine regarding crafts in AZ. Has had some famous clients. including Sonny and Cher and won numerous awards. Gra-Wun opened in the heart of Scottsdale Fifth Avenue Shops in 1959. The name Gra-Wun is a composite of two names, the first being Graves and the second taken from an early business partner Berta Wunderlich. The small studio had a wonderful intimate quality selling not only jewelry created by Ray Graves but also the jewelry of his daughter Pattie, a recognized designer in her own right. Besides jewelry you could find a variety of unique decorative items. According to Graves the only item they sold that was carried in other stores was (Paolo) Soleri bells. a long time friend of Graves. With the incorporation all types of material in his work over the years Graves considers himself a jewelercraftsman. Stylistically, he was not limited. Pieces can be found in all shapes and sizes figural to abstract. By the late 1960s he had established a large following with markets from Australia to Norway all drawn to abstract designs of Ray Graves. Scottsdales Fifth Avenues shops have seen several changes since the late 1970s, not all for the good. Gra-Wun along with a hand full of other shop have tried to survive the changes. Those original to the famed 5th Avenue Shops have tried to hold onto their ideals including the importance of the individual craftsmans expression. Sadly, the flood of cheap production imports and tee shirt shops and failing eye sight proved to be too over powering for Gra-Wun Studio, last year they closed their studio doors. information provided by Shari Miller information provided by Marbeth Schon mschon For a great article on Else and Paul Hughes, please see MODERN SILVER magazine article, Else Berntsen Hughes, in memoriam by B. Lennart Persson and Svein G. Josefsen. modernsilverhughesarticle.htm Can anyone point me in the right direction for some info on this big Danish ring I have. It has on it the name J Hull and also the marks quotBDquot, and Denmark. submitted by Mimi Cant tell you a lot about Jacob Hull, other than that most of his pieces are plated base metal, though I have seen the occasional sterling piece. Most of them look to be from the 60s70s, and are made by the same company as your piece, Buch and Deichmann (spelling). Ive seen a great deal of other pieces on eBay etc by this company, most of them seemed to be some variety of stylish modern costume jewelry. Its all very interesting stuff, and looks to be entirely hand-fabricated for the most part. information provided by Patrick Kapty stores.ebayCalifornia-Dreamin-Retro-Modern-ETC I would very much appreciate help in getting information on these three items. The first is a large bracelet signed Jacob Hull or Kull and is said to be from Copenhagen in 1982. Weckstrom made a similar ring with a large amethyst. Jacob Hull is a fairly well known Danish designer. I have had his pieces and they are usually quite interesting designs. There is a photo of one of his pieces in quotCollectible Silver Jewelryquot by Fred Rezazadeh, pg. 105. Fred says that quotmost of Jacob Hulls jewelry was made in heavy silver plate.quot If your piece is not marked otherwise, that may be the case. I believe most of the pieces Ive seen are from the 1960s. Erika Hult de Corral Erika Hult de Corral was an award-winning designer who studied at the Parsons School of Design in Paris. She worked with Sigfrido Pineda and Enrique Ledesma in Taxco before opening her own workshop. She owns and operates shops in Puerto Vallarta. Taken from quot Mexican Silver Trade and Hallmarks quot by Bille Hougart information provided by Marbeth Schon mschon I recently acquired a great modernist hinged collar with pendant. It is a lovely creation but I can find no reference to a designer who signs their work V.A.H. Apart from quotsterlingquot the initials are the only marks on the collar. Anyone ever heard of V.A.H. Thanks for any assist. sibmitted by mimi Hurst Kingsbury ( Joan Hurst and Jill Kingsbury) were two exceptional woman designers who created modernist jewelry in New York City in the 1940s and 1950s. Their work was usually constructed from cut, biomorphic shapes. Joan Hurst was a graduate of the Art Students League and Jill Kingsbury was influenced by the art of theatre and dance. Their pieces were always well designed and are of good quality. They are also rare and hard to find. Submitted by Marbeth Schon Wm. Hutton amp Sons quotWH amp S Angle Platequot I also have this mark below of WH amp S Angle Plate with a hallmark in the center. I believe this is Wm. Hutton amp Sons but stand to be corrected. Im interested in what this angle plate means and the logo. Any information you can share is appreciated. Here is an interesting response re: the quotangle platequot mark on my WH amp S flatware I got from another silver forum: quotYes, it is William Hutton and the other mark does not mean anything in particular, except perhaps to Mr. Hutton, who used it in nearly all his marks. I have not seen the interesting quotangle platequot before, but suspect it is similar to the US quotsectional platequot where a heavier layer of silver was plated to those points which wore out fastest.quot Submitted by Andrienne quotOPIquot (in a rectangle) Swedish three crowns mark (Example is a pair of earrings. the mark is Swedish, three crowns, sterling mark and the initials or name OPI in a rectangle. no date mark. Id say the earrings were 60s or 70s) submitted by Vanessa Frisbee There were several Swedish silversmiths that used the initials OPI. If the piece has the Falkoping City mark and is circa 1960s or 70s it was most likely made by Opifors AB, in operation during 1968-1987 period. The same initials with the same city mark was used by Ekstrom Sweden AB beginning in 1985. information provided by Fred Rezazadeh I jusr went to the above website modernsilversfarticles.htm to read the article by Richard Whitehouse, and at the bottom of the very first page I saw a picture of a silver and enamel brooch by Bernard Instone. I just found a brooch which looks identical except the enamel colours are redwhiteblue, but there are no markings at all on it to indicate maker or silver content. It does test silver, and has a nice old fashioned c-clasp on the back. Can anyone tell me if Bernard Instone always signed his work, or if it has been copied a great deal. I can send a picture as an attachment to anyone who is interested. submitted by Lis Bianco Bernard Instone, was a major manufacture of jewellery from the arts and craft period he did work for many of Britains major arts and Crafts movement. A lot of the early pieces are in fact without marks due to the costs of sending to the assay office. So to identify a piece you would look at several things the quality of a piece, (as in well made,) the shape of the leaves, and enamels used, stones used, etc. It take years of handling and looking at this type of work to know who made them. However the leaves are most designers signature. There is a good book printed by Schiffer on the arts and craft movement. Some one here may recall it title and cost. As to your piece if it is identical in everyway apart from the enamel being of a different colour, then I would say it is Bernard Instone. The Enamel ork is his production line which came out around the 191520s His early work is amazing, and the family still live here in England today with some in Australia. information provided by Vanessa Paterson. Retro Gallery I just acquired two silver brooches with the word quotIonaquot and quotARquot on the back. No other markings. They have Victorian style heavy pin and quotCquot closure, but they are kinda quotArts and Craftsyquot and a bit quotJensenquot like in style. Any clues submitted by Mimi I had a tiny cross similar to the style you describe and with the AR IONA marks. the buyer turned out to be a descendent of the maker and was kind enough to provide me the following info ALEXANDER RITCHIE WAS A SCOTTISH SILVERSMITH WHO WORKED CIRCA 1890-1940 ON THE ISLAND OF IONA OFF THE COAST OF SCOTLAND. HIS PIECES WHICH LED TO THE CELTIC REVIVAL STYLE OF JEWELRY SO POPULAR TODAY, ARE SILVER AND SOMETIMES ENAMELLED. THEY ARE OFTEN MARKED AR IONA ALTHOUGH THERE ARE OTHER MARKS ASSOCIATED WITH HIM ALSO. SINCE HIS TIME, THERE HAS BEEN MUCH JEWELRY MADE WITH AN IONA MARK BUT IT DOESNT NECESSARILY MEAN ITS BY HIM. information provided by Susan Crosby two bears standing and facing left, quotAJquot (in an octagon) quot 0.935quot, a Serial number quot63799quotand a numeral 5 printed separately While in England on vacation I picked up a small but pretty pocketwatch in a silver case. Inside the outer case and the inner watch back are the following marks that I have not been able to decipher in the watch collectors books or any reference on silver marks. Most prominent are two bears, standing and facing left. Above them is what appears to be a much smaller bear in a sheild shape also standing and facing left with what might be a numeral under its feet Below all of this is an AJ in an octogon There is also a mark: 0.935 a Serial number 63799 and a numeral 5 printed separately. I believe the watch itself may be at least early to mid 1800s as it is key wound but any help on the silver marks would be greatly appreciated and helpful to me in dating this item. submitted by Scot Coral Springs, FL quotJquot with superimposed quotWquot in the middle of the J (Mexican) I have an enameled sterling fish pin from Mexico. Its marked with a large J with a small superimposed W on the middle of the J. submitted by Sue Sinclair quotC.J.quot and crown and thistle hallmarks I have a beautiful silver necklace from Scotland, which is centered with millefiori glass. It has the crown and thistle hallmarks, as well as C.J. Is anyone familiar with this artist submitted by Ellen S two quotJquots back to back, quotDenmark 300Aquot Can anyone tell me anything about the mark maker and era on this chunky sterling bangle The stone appears to amethyst quartz, and the mark looks like two Js back to back, Denmark 300A. Any insight greatly appreciated. submitted by Sheryl I hope someone out there can help with this maker. The piece I have is a sterling hair barrette and it is signed Janiye. Ive heard this is a Japanese designer and that the her pieces are hard to find. Any info will be appreciated. submitted by Donna Janiye was a Japanese-born designer who had a shop on lower Newbury Street (165 Newbury St.) in Boston. Actually, the shop is still there, but Janiye died in 1981, according to this website: aaa.si.eduguidescraftsmetal.htm (shes listed under her real name, MIYE MATSUKATA). I do see Janiye pieces here and there, being in Massachusetts. Im not sure if the pieces still being sold at the shop still bear the Janiye mark. information provided by Marilyn in central MA Georg Jensen marks) As I peruse both auction sites and, occasionally, individual websites I notice pieces of Georg Jensen jewelry with marks that are said to be pre-1930 combined with sterling or 925S. My understanding of the available literature is that sterling silver (.925) was not adopted by Jensen until circa. 1930. My questions are: 1. If this is true, is it correct to state that, no matter what the makers mark, the piece dates from 1930 2. Does the Jensen silversmithy use older marks on newer pieces If the answers to these questions are yes, then I see a lot of pieces inaccurately described by sellers and bidders overpaying in the on-line auction markets. MY understanding of marks in general is that there are no absolutes - there are always exceptions It is USUALLY true that the earliest Jensen marks are found on 826 and 830 silver. But there is an exception pictured in my second edition on page 250. This brooch is a documented 1905 design (documented by the GJ museum), but this particular example IS marked 925 sterling with the early superimposed GJ mark that was used from 1904 to circa 1920. According to several Jensen sources, including the Renwick Gallery catalog and the book by Janet Drucker, anomalies in Jensen marks do occur. As I wrote on page 243 of WJ2, The grade of silver in pieces dating from the mid-teens through the twenties is 830 OR (emphasis added) 925 after 1933, the company went to the sterling standard of 925 exclusively. The answer your second question, Jan, is no. Many, many early designs by Georg himself (and others) remainedremain in production, and are marked with the mark in use at the time the piece itself was made. But again, there may be exceptions to this rule information provided by Christie Romero Really this question is a lot more complex than a simple yes or no. First of all, remember that jewelry manufacturers have never intended their company marks to be used for the purposes of circa-dating. A makers mark is basically a trademark that is applied with a metal stamp to the item of jewelry sometime during its manufacture. Sometimes there is more than one stamp in the workshop, circumstances occur, and old marks can get stamped on pieces from newer periods. There is no intent to mislead, the workers had a job to complete. However, the mistaken use of a quality mark could be much more serious. Here again, remember that quality marks were never intended to be used for circa dating purposes either, except in the few cases where a quality mark is used in conjunction with a date mark. The quality mark was used to attest to the minimum percentage of the metal used in the item marked, and was stamped on the item to fulfill the laws or regulations of either the country of origin, andor the intended country in which the item was to be marketed. Thus items made for the home market, Denmark, would be in 826 or 830 silver, while items intended for the British or American markets would be sterling ie 925. Seem confusing It is confusing. There are no black and white answers to questions of this nature, only general guidelines with lots of exceptions. Best regards, I was lucky enough today to find the Georg Jensen dove brooch pictured on page 106 of Freds silver book, but I have a couple of questions about the mark. The mark on the back of my brooch reads: George Jensen in a dotted oval, 925S, Denmark, 134. According to the description in the book, this dove pin was designed by Mohl-Hansen for Jensen in 1904, but on page 99 it shows this mark as the one used after 1946. Huh Also, what does the 134 designate Thanks for any assistance. submitted by Sheryl It may be correct that the piece was designed back in 1906, however the fact that it has a Jensen bench mark for post 1945 means that the piece you own was made at a later date some of Jensen pieces have been in production for nearly 100 years. The company changed it Bench mark every now and again but since 1945 it has not so your piece was designed in 1906 and is still in production after 1945. information provided by Vanessa Paterson quotH.J. DENMARK,quot ( and underneath a lovely relief of a swimming fish, whale, with upturned tail) A silver mug, with lid, marked H.J. DENMARK, and underneath a lovely relief of a swimming fish, whale, with upturned tail. pls see if you can help me with this. submitted by jr quotJJquot inside of diamond with a vertical line separating the two Does anyone know this mark-- JJ inside of diamond with a vertical line separating the two js. and one other it looks like a lower case g y with an s under the bowl of the y. submitted by Rich Hello, the quotJJ inside of a diamond with a vertical line separating the twoquot mystery mark in your list is the makers mark of Judith Jack. Judith Jack started making quotvintagequot retro jewellery in the 1970s, inspired by pieces from the 1920s, 30s and 40s. Of course, her earlier pieces are now vintage themselves and of great quality. For more information on Judith Jack, please see judithjack. com which provides the history of this jeweller and shows examples of her work. information provided by Diana Among the Danish producers, the most commonly found is Joergen Jensen. (I am using quotoequot as a replacement for the Danish letter that looks like an quotoquot with a diagonal slash through it as not all e-mail programs support it in the format that I can generate it in.) Joergen Jensen is OFTEN confused with Georg Jensen, I guess people think the names are so similar that it must be him. Not so. Let me stress that quotJensenquot is as common a name as quotSmithquot in Denmark, and that most Jensens, like most Smiths are absolutely unrelated. Many pewter pieces are really stunning, and have the advantage of being much, much cheaper than sterling, so therefore are more commonly found. information provided by Annette R. Floystrup I purchased this interesting pin at the Flea Market Saturday, and have queried my CJ friends as to what they thought it represented and if they might be familiar with the maker. ral consensus is that it depicts quotrunesquot and may even tell a story, which was most helpful in that it probably means its Scandinavian in origin. Its about 4quot tall, marked quotSterlingquot and a block capital quotJ on the back. The J is probably die-stamped (terminology correct), rather than hand engraved. submitted by Myrna Seale quotJ Sterling Cquot I know this is a long shot, but I have an absolutely incredible Native American huge pendant - 6 12quot x 3 18quot, encrusted with turquoise and hanging from a heavy and gorgeous handmade chain. Signed quotJ Sterling Cquot, I was wondering if anyone recognized the maker. I dont often handle NA items because of my lack of knowledge, but you can really tell this one is very well done. submitted by Nora quotAJ Sterling Denmark Hello Silver Lovers I bought this Sterling pendant a while back and cant find any info on the maker, its stamped: A J .925S Denmark. Mod design with Onyx. Any help would be appreciated. submitted by Joanne, Canada AJ (sterling Denmark) is registered to Arne Johansen of Roskilde, and has been since 1954. GI in a beaded circle, 838, also in a beaded circle, Denmark, 10 The marks are 1) a GI in a beaded circle. 2) 838, also in a beaded circle 3) Denmark 4) 10 The necklace is composed of two different design links. One type link is either a cabbage or a rose, and is circular the other is a very scandinavian art nouveau looking design. It has what look sort of like a pair of handle bar moustaches, one top, one inverted on the bottom. In the center is a circle of gadroon work (silver beads) and a plain silver circle mount with either a grey blue stone or grey blue glass. The stone is about 18 in diameter. The whole link is less than about an inch long. It is designed with a good bit of oxidation. Does anyone know if this necklace might really be jensen, and if so, of what era submitted by Jane Heidelberg There is a photo of the mark of a necklace with the number 10 on page 295 of Janet Druckers book, Georg Jensen, A Tradition of Splendid Silver. It has the GJ mark in a square, 830 in a dotted circle and the number 10. This one would have been made later than yours as the GJ in a square is a later mark. On page 67 of the same book is a photograph of the mark on the back of necklace 9. This mark seems to match the description of the mark on your necklace except you may have read the 830 mark as 838. I believe the correct mark would be GI in a dotted circle, 830 in a dotted circle, and the number 10. I dont know what necklace 10 looks like, but your description certainly fits similar early necklace designs. information provided by Marbeth Schon mschon quotHGJ, DENMARK, 925, STERLINGquot I cannot identify these two silver marks. One is a miniature silver pitcher which looks very much like the ones Ive seen in my George Jensen book, but the mark has me baffled it reads HGi or HGj, Denmark, 925 sterling. submitted by Gloria Your Danish piece is by the firm of Henning Jensen of Roskilde, if the mark is HGJ. (I dont see a registered mark for the other possibility you mentioned in your post.) They were in operation from 1929 to 1969. I have a Scandinavian pendant that I havent been able to identify the makers mark for: As best as I can tell, it is marked, quotH.J. 830Squot Many thanks for your help. submitted by Nancy quotNJquot (with Georg Jensen mark)KRA Ive had many Jensen silver pieces over the years but never one with the mark of an NJ in a box. Can anyone tell me who this designer is It looks like a 1940s piece. submitted by Ellen from Santa Cruz The NJ initials on the Jensen jewelry could possibly be that of Jorgen Ditzel (1921-1961). The couple Nanna and Jorgen Ditzel designed jewelry for both Jensen and A. Michelsen. Most of the jewelry is circa 1950s. information provided by Fred Rezazadeh (Example is a Swedish hand hammered sterling silver brooch with tigers eye agate approximately 1-12 wide x 1-14 long safety catch hallmarked: VJ(makers mark in a square), town mark for Ljungby, Swedish three crown stamp, S (in a hexagon), and L9 (in a square)for 1961. Submitted by Marbeth Schon The mark VJ is the registered mark of Victor Jansson Guldvaru AB in Lindesberg, used since 1941 and was still in business as of early 1990s. information provided by Fred Rezazadeh I have an Art Deco retro Sterling amp Rhinestone brooch. It is signed West Germany Sterling and the makers mark looks kind of like 2 letter overlapping slightly a K amp P Maybe then it is marked with the number 54. submitted by Roger Frank and Regine Juhls are Norwegian artistjewelers whose studio is in Lapland. They became well known in the 1960s for their unique style of modernist jewelry, both handwrought and cast. information provided by Marbeth Schon mschon (example is a dain ty pair of sterling and enamel screwback earrings with an oval aquamarine unfoiled stone in the center surrounded by enameled flower petals, marked Jay Kel). submitted by Linda King I have two different Vogue ads for Jay Kel Originals, 307 5th Ave, NY,NY--one in Oct. 1944 and Aug--Sept 1946--both ads are showing brooches sterling that sold for 40.00 at that time. information provided by Pat Seal (Example is a sterling modern necklace in the original box. Signed RK sterling on the necklace and the box says, Richard Kalbe) submitted by Jackie Weeks quotThe strikingly unique art of Pal Kepenyes has been collected by such celebrities as Bob Hope, Robin Leach and Robert Stack.quot He was born in Kondoros, Hungary, and began exhibiting in Budapest in 1946. His work had been shown in Paris, London, Berlin, Canada, the United States and Mexico, where he now lives. His work in museum and private collections throughout the world. quotIn his miniatures or in his monumental work, he expresses the drama of the man of today: anguish, loneliness in company, desire andor erotic experiences, trauma, myths, conscience, self-consciousness, wonder and the marvelous. ad infinitum, and all in continuous dimensions.quot He works in bronze, copper, iron, gold, silver-and precious stones. quotIn his work, he presents past and future as mere moments in eternity.quot (information from bryantgalleriesindexfilespage0077.html information provided by Marbeth Schon mschon William B. Kerr Co. was a manufacturer of jewelry, flatware and hollow-ware. Established in Newark, New Jersey in 1855. They are listed in the 1915 Edition of the Trademarks of the Jewelry and Kindred Trades as having been located at 144 Orange St. in Newark, NJ. Kerrs hallmark was a fasces - a single-bit axe with rods bound with straps. They used this trademark of a medieval axe from 1855 until 1892. Other hallmarks include a hammer, and three quotXquot marks. Kerr was known for elaborate and unique Art Nouveau pieces, most especially the American Beauty series, as well as many different patterns of flatware and holloware for children featuring nursery rhymes and images. information provided by Marbeth Schon mschon Mark for Arthur King, New York modernist, mid 20th-century jeweler Earl Krentzin is a native o f Michigan. He studied at Wayne State University in Detroit and then attended Cranbrook Academuy of Art in Bloomfield Hills, Michigan where he received his M.F.A. degree in metalsmithing. Krentzins most recognized works in jewelry and sculpture are abstracted sterling silver figures, humorous and sometimes satirical. He lists Paul Klee, Picasso and Salvador Dali as his inspiration for his work. Krentzin was awarded a Louis Comfort Tiffany Grant in Creative Metalwork in 1966 and a Fullbright Grant to study at the Royal Academy of Art. (taken from my book, quot Modernist Jewelry, 1930 - 1960, The Wearable Art Movement. quot) information provided by Marbeth Schon mschon Kansas native, Mary Kretsinger (1915-2001) was on one of the most respected, experimental enamellists of her generation. She received a masters degree in art history and design at the State University of Iowa and then continued her art studies at Columbia University in New York and at the Craft Students League with Adda Husted-Andersen. By the 1950s, she was already an established member of the American modernist crafts movement. She exhibited in 1955 in the Walker Art Centers Contemporary Jewelry Exhibit on Paper. Throughout her career she continued to exhibit, winning many awards and receiving invitations to exhibit in over eighty museum and gallery shows. After teaching art in elementary schools, intermediate schools and colleges in Arizona, Iowa, and Kansas, she became an Associate Professor of crafts and design at Kansas State Teachers College (now Emporia State University). In the 1960s she became a full time artist and became successful through gallery representation, patrons, and commissioned work. quotHer earliest jewelry was primarily done in brass, formatted in ribbons of metal in maze-like configurations with jagged edges, or flat metal pieces that were hammered, gouged and fused, creating rugged moonscape-like surfaces. Later she tamed some of the wildness with more subtle nuances, preferring to work in fine silver and 18k or 24k gold.quot She was a master enamellist, especially in the technique of cloisonn. quotHer colors are rich and powerful. She used jewel-toned enamels in small irregular shapes, floating independently in luminous backgrounds of silver-gray, gold or pearl white. quot Kretsingers jewelry quotreflects a playful wit, containing surprise elements in the design pendants, bracelet and rings may have double and triple hinges, often hiding some clever treatment on the back surface or may have convertible parts and removable pieces that serve dual purposes. quot (From Form amp Function, American Modernist Jewelry, 1940 - 1970 by Marbeth Schon, biography of Mary Kretsinger by Sheila Pamfiloff) I have a Sterling Pendant and as a Art amp Crafts Style Signed Kulikraft any ideas or info Thank you submitted by Roger quotLa Vista, Handwroughtquot Anyone have any info on the makers mark, quotLa Vistaquot Its accompanied on both pieces that I ran across by the additional mark, quotHandwroughtquot. I dont have pics available yet, but both pieces are in sterling, and most likely 50s American work. The pendant is an abstract fish with a looping wire that makes it very 3D. The bracelet is also 3D, but in more of a machine age and ethnic mix. submitted by Patrick Kapty I had a similar pendant by LaVista which I sold some time ago. I purchased it in New York and the seller said it was by Adele (sp.) La Vista ( a 1950s New York silversmith), but I never found any other information except that there is a fabuous set in Schiffers Silver Jewelry Designsquot (pg. 275). Later information is that Idella LaVista was a mid 20th-century silversmith who had a shop in New York. I am in contact with the family and should have more information very soon. information provided by Marbeth Schon mschon Anyone got any ideas about this brooch I have tried to show the marking on the back but they are very hard read. One of them is 14K and the other could be LLEBCLT or LLEGCLT. The pendant is about 1 34 wide and is very heavy. The stones are solid clear opals with bright colors and the pearls are real. There is a little lever device on the part that holds the pin and the loop at the top is hinged. I have tried for a long time to find out what the marking means - who made it, where it came from and how old it is and the value. submitted by Richard Whitehouse Richard, this is a shot in the dark, but could the mark possibly be quotLeboltquot, perhaps double struck I have no idea if they made pieces similar to this since I have only seen their arts amp crafts tableware. information provided by Willie Elliot hi richard, the brooch looks like a transitiional art nouveauartsampcrafts piece from circa 1920. the signature may be LEBOLT for J. Meyer Lebolt of Chicago, Illinois. this firm is known mostly for their silver work in the early part of the 20th century but they did quite a lot of gold, platinum and pearl work until world war 2. The opals are questionable even though they show great color. simulants were available even then and since the stones are imbedded rather than open to the light, i would be skeptical of them. information provided by Susan Crosby I just got this in the mail a half hour ago and think it is just fantastic. Its not in Billes book and I hope someone can recognize it. It is marked TEDESMA. Keeping my fingers crossed but not holding my breath. There are so many great unknown silversmiths from there but Id love to know who this was. submitted by Lindsay You dont have to hold your breath any longer. It is in Billies Book. You read the mark as Ledesma. information provided by Buddy Lindsay, it is Ledesma. The L in Ledesma continues across the bottom of the name. The S comes down to meet the L. in another version, the S continues below. It can be a bit confusing because the top of the L does look suspiciously like a T. See L-27 on page 87 in the new edition of quotThe Little Book. quot Congratulations, its a beautiful piece. I have several pieces of Ed Levin jewelry and have always thought that the pieces signed in block letters were older studio pieces and the ones signed in script were production pieces. submitted by Marbeth Schon According to Shari Miller, who contacted the man himself a couple of years ago, the script signature iswas used on production pieces since the 1980s. However, the earlier pieces with the block letter signature were often multiple production designs as well. So the signature only helps with the circa date. information provided by Christie Romero Relative to the question a little while ago about Ed Levin bronze, this Vermont and New York artist did work in bronze, in addition to bronzesilver combination pieces. information provided by Paul Lemieux Ive looked high amp low, but cant find a thing on Jimm Lewis. A few ebay listings state old pawn silver Navajo. Thanks. Nancy Google Timm Lewis He is a Navaho. I recently purchased a pair of beautiful wood and silver cufflinks in a modernist style which are signed quotLewittequot in script on the bar. Nancy Schiffers book quotSilver Jewelry Designsquot has two pairs of similar cufflinks (wood and silver) on page 276. The pair on the top of the page is attributed to an quotF. Lewittesquot and then, further down the page, is a pair attributed to quotEsther Lewittwequot. I have a pair of modernist earrings by Esther Lewittes clearly marked in block letters: quotLEWITTES, HANDMADE, STERLINGquot. In the FIFTY50 catalog, quotStructure and Ornamentquot, Esthers last name is definitely quotLewittesquot. Has anyone else had a piece of jewelry they believe to be by Esther Lewittes which is signed in script without the quotsquot at the end of her last name I admit that the quotsquot could have been rubbed out or stamped very faintly on my cufflinks, but all the other letters are very clear and I cant make out a trace of an quotsquot. Did she spell her name in different ways. Was there an American modernist jeweler named quotLewittequot. submitted by Marbeth Schon I collect jewelry by Esther Lewittes and have a pair of Lewittes earrings with a different spelling than in her book. I cant remember off hand the spelling but the funny thing is, the earrings are featured in the book, which I also have. Go figure. submitted by Ellen S. I also have a pair of cufflinks in sterling with wood that are marked on the bar. They are both signed in cursive on the bar. one, the s is worn but still visible so the name is LEWITTES. but the other one shows no sign of the s so the name is LEWITTE. the bars on mine have raised centers which is where the signature is located and because the s is at the tapering end of this rise, it was probably not as imprinted into the silver and could wear off over time and handling. hope this helps a bit information provided by Susan Crosby quotLibery amp Co.quot was very happy when i went to a flea market in Chelsea, VT--I got my first piece of Liberty amp Co. silver. The piece is a beaker which has an allover hammered finish. Then at the bottom are the raised letters AC ER VII for Anno Coron ER VII, as well as a raised crown enameled with reddish basse-taille enamel and opaque turquoise enamel dots. It was made in 1901. The lady from whom I bought it was still unpacking when I got to her booth, and I asked if she had any more silver. She reluctantly pulled it out because she said she was going to make the price higher after doing some research (she said, I think this may be a sleeper). She did not know who the maker was, apparently. Also, the price tag just said Sterling Cup. It was only 95.00:) I do have a question about the piece: does anybody know who designed it I was told by one person that maybe it is a Knox piece without his typical Celtic knot motifs, and I have seen a picture of a spoon definitely by Knox with identical writing in addition to Celtic knots, but I dont want to jump to conclusions about the designer. submitted by Paul. One minor point: although Edward VII became king upon the death of Victoria in 1901, he wasnt actually crowned until the following year, when commemorative items such as your mug would have been distributed. Its quite possible that in anticipation of the event, these items were made prior to the actual coronation. information provided by Evelyn Yallen quotHecho en Mexico, LICO, 925 (example is a well made Mexican sterling cuff. This piece I cant even weigh on my gold scale it weighs so much, I know it weighs at least 50 pennyweights. It has a wonderful dark oxidization behind the raised design. I know its an older piece because of the marks but dont know who it would be. Heres what its marked. Hecho en Mexico, LICO, 925 and the eagle stamp which has a number 1 in it.) submitted by Jackie Weeks Your bracelet is very handsome No wonder you are so excited I dont know who LICO iswas, but the Eagle 1 on it indicates it was sold (and probably made) in Mexico City sometime between early 1949 and 1979. I hope that will narrow your search a little. It is too bad so little is known about the many wonderful Mexican designers and silversmiths. information provided by Phyllis Goddard quotHindoostanquot and quotLeicestershirequot I have a circular tortoiseshell pique pin (its actually 9K gold not silver, but hopefully somebody can still help) bearing marks for London 1917. The brooch is a circular piece of toirtoiseshell with a simple gold bezel. The inlay depicts a tiger passant a banner above the tiger reads quotHindoostanquot and a banner below the tiger reads quotLeicestershire.quot Does anybody have ideas as to the significance of the design--an organization An event submitted by Paul This is a pin made for the 76th Royal Leicester Regiment (Leicester is the Midlands, UK). Their insignia is the Tiger Passant, awarded to them in 1825, after their long campaign from 1804 to 1823 in Hindoostan in India. Thus. the regiment have since been known as quotThe Tigersquot, and regimental badges, commerative pieces and insignia carry the Tiger Passant and the words quotHindoostanquot and Leicester. This piece was probably made for the wife of an officer, or as a gift from the Regiment - The regiment is still in existence today information provided by Vanessa Frisbee We are hoping to find out more about the maker Libertad. All the pieces we have seen are large, quite abstract, and silver with ivory and a stone or two. Some pieces are signed, but we suspect that there are others that are not. Ill post pictures on our facebook page. submitted by Myrna Seal and Marbeth Schon
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