Rata-rata bergerak-011

Rata-rata bergerak-011

Pilihan-trading-record
Options-trading-commissions
Optimal-trading-strategy-dengan-optimal-horizon-pdf


Star-wars-online-trading-card-game Online-trading-academy-lobby Pilihan-trading-long-straddle Strategi-strategi-strategi-definitif-panduan-untuk-praktis-perdagangan-strategi-pdf-download Stock-options-how-does-it-work Ikhtisar opsi-trading

Parameter adalah nilai yang telah ditetapkan sebelumnya dalam program tertentu yang mirip dengan nilai default. Saya pikir saya memerlukan keahlian teknis di sini untuk membantu saya dengan pernyataan tersebut. Bagaimanapun, semoga hal berikut membantu Anda keluar. TCode Program Transaction Text M03 SAPMV12A Buat Tabel Kondisi (Pembelian) M04 SAPMV12A Ubah Kondisi Tabel (Pembelian) M05 SAPMV12A Displ. Kondisi Tabel (Pembelian) M13 SAPMV12A Membuat Tabel Kondisi (Layanan) M14 SAPMV12A Tabel Kondisi Perubahan (Layanan) M15 SAPMV12A Tabel Kondisi Tampilan (Layanan) M56 SAPMV12A Pesan: Buat Cond. Tabel: Pesan RFQ M57 SAPMV12A: Tabel Kondisi Perubahan M58 SAPMV12A Pesan: Tampilan CondTab: RFQ M59 SAPMV12A Pesan: Buat CondTab: Pur. Pesan M60 SAPMV12A: Ubah CondTab: Pur. Pesan M61 SAPMV12A Pesan: Disp. CondTab: Pur. Pesan M62 SAPMV12A Pesan: Buat CondTab: Del. Schd. Pesan M63 SAPMV12A: Ubah CondTab: Del. Schd. Pesan M64 SAPMV12A: Disp. CondTab: Del. Pesan M65 SAPMV12A: Buat CondTab: O. Agmt. Pesan M66 SAPMV12A: Ubah CondTab: O. Agmt. Pesan M67 SAPMV12A: Disp. CondTab: Outl. Agmt. Pesan M70 SAPMV12A: Buat CondTab. Entry Sh. Pesan M71 SAPMV12A: Ubah CondTab. Entry Sh. Pesan M72 SAPMV12A: Disp. CondTab. Entry Sh. MN2 SAPMV12A Buat tabel barang gratis MN3 SAPMV12A Meja barang gratis M703 SAPMV12A Output: Buat Tabel Kondisi M704 SAPMV12A Output: Ubah Kondisi Tabel M705 SAPMV12A Output: Kondisi Tampilan Tabel M811 SAPMV12A Buat Kondisi Pesan Tabel (IV) M812 SAPMV12A Ubah Kondisi Pesan Tabel (IV ) M813 SAPMV12A Tampilan Pesan Kondisi Tabel (IV) MAHD1 RMAHD001 Muat Data Historis Alternatif MAHD2 RMAHD002 Ubah Data Historis Alternatif MAHD3 RMAHD002 Menampilkan Data Sejarah Alternatif MAHD4 RMAHD004 Menghapus Data Sejarah Alternatif MAL1 SAPMMG01 Membuat materi melalui ALE MAL2 SAPMMG01 Mengubah materi melalui ALE MAP1 SAPMF02K Membuat kontak Orang MAP2 SAPMF02K Ubah contact person MAP3 SAPMF02K Tampilan contact person MASS SAPMMSDL Mass Change MASSD MASSDDIALOG Pemeliharaan Massal MASSS2V MASSVARCOPY2VAR Sistem Salin Varian sebagai Variant MASSV2S MASSVARCOPY2SYS Salin Varian sebagai Variant Sistem MASSEINE MASSEINESITE Pemeliharaan Massal Inforecord MASSEKKO MASSEKKO PO mass maint PEMANTAU MASSMARC MASSMARCSITE LogisticReplenishment Mass Maint. MASSVENDOR MASSVENDORSITE vendor Mass Pemeliharaan MATGRP01 SAPMWCDT01 Buat Pasal Hierarchy MATGRP02 SAPMWCDT02 Perubahan Pasal Hierarchy MATGRP03 SAPMWCDT03 Tampilan Pasal Hierarchy MATGRP04 SAPMWCDT04 Hapus Pasal Hierarchy MATGRP05 SAPMWCDT05 Aktifkan Pasal Hierarchy MATGRP06 SAPMWCDT06 Pasal Hierarchy: Copy Nodes MATGRP07 SAPMWCDT07 Deactivate Pasal Hierarchy MAWMIDOCMOP MAWMIDOCMOP Personalisasi: IDOC Memantau MB00 MENUMB00 Manajemen Persediaan MB01 SAPMM07M Kirim Barang Penerimaan untuk PO MB02 SAPMM07M Ubah Dokumen Material MB03 SAPMM07M Display Material Document MB04 SAPMM07M Selanjutnya.Adj.of Mat.ProvidedConsmp. MB05 SAPMM07M Subseq. Adjustmt: Act.Ingredient Mat MB0A SAPMM07M Kirim Barang Penerimaan untuk PO MB11 SAPMM07M Barang Gerakan MB1A SAPMM07M Penarikan Barang MB1B SAPMM07M Transfer Posting MB1C SAPMM07M Pengiriman Barang Lainnya MB21 SAPMM07R Buat Reservasi MB22 SAPMM07R Ubah Reservasi MB23 SAPMM07R Reservasi Tampilan Daftar Reservasi MB25 RM07RESL Daftar Reservasi MB25 RM07RESL MB26 PPPICKLIST Daftar pilihan MB31 SAPMM07M Penerimaan barang untuk pesanan produksi MB51 RM07DOCS Material Doc. Daftar MB52 RM07MLBS Daftar Gudang Saham di Tangan MB53 RM07MWRKK Tampilkan Ketersediaan Stok Pabrik MB54 RM07MKBS Saham Konsinyasi MB55 RM07MMST Jumlah Quantity String MB56 RVBBWULS Menganalisis daftar yang digunakan MBAW RM77CHCH Compile Batch Daftar Tempat Asal MB58 RM07MKON Consgmt and Ret. Packag. Di Customer MB59 RM07DOCS Material Doc. Daftar MB5B RM07MLBD Saham untuk Tanggal Posting MB5C RM07MCHS Pick-Up List MB5K RM07KO01 Stock Consistency Cek MB5L RM07MBST Daftar Nilai Saham: Saldo MB5M RM07MMHD BBDProd. Tanggal MB5OA RM07MOA Menampilkan Grafik Terkenal GR Block MB5S RM07MSAL Daftar Daftar Saldo GRIR MB5T RM07MTRB Stok dalam transit CC MB5U RM07AUMD Menganalisis Perbedaan Konversi MB5W RM07MBST Daftar Nilai Saham MB90 MM70AMEA Output Processing untuk Mat. Dokumen MB9A RM07MAAU Menganalisis tikar arsip. Dokumen MBBM RM07MMBL Batch Input: Post Material Document MBBR RM07RRES Batch Input: Buat Reservasi MBBS RM07MBWS Display menilai saham khusus MBC1 SAPMV13H Buat Strategi Pencarian MM Batch MBC2 SAPMV13H Ubah MM Batch Determ. Strategi MBC3 SAPMV13H Tampilan MM Batch Determ. Strategi MBGR RM07MGRU Displ. Dokumen materi Oleh Mvt. Alasan MBLB RM07MLBB Saham di Subkontraktor MBN1 SAPMV13N Barang gratis - Buat (Pembelian) MBN2 SAPMV13N Barang gratis - Ubah (Pembelian) MBN3 SAPMV13N Barang gratis - Display (Pembelian) MBNK SAPMSNUM Jumlah Rentang, Dokumen Material MBNL SAPMM07M Pengiriman Selanjutnya f. Materi Doc. MBPM MMIMPREDOCMAINTAIN Kelola Data Acara MBRL SAPMM07M Pengiriman Kembali untuk Dokumen Matl MBSF SAPMM07M Lepaskan Stok yang Diblokir via Mat. Dokter. MBSI RM07SINV Temukan Sampel Inventaris MBSL SAPMM07M Copy Material Document MBSM RM07MSTO Display Docs Material yang Dibatalkan. MBST SAPMM07M Membatalkan Bahan Dokumen MBSU SAPMM07M Tempatkan di Stor.for Mat.Doc: Init.Scrn MBVR RM07RVER Program Manajemen: Pemesanan MBW1 SAPMMBW1 Stok khusus melalui WWW MBWO RM07MWOFF Koreksi Kesalahan: Subs. Nilai kalk MBXA SAPLMBXA Cetakan Dokumen XAB MC0 RMCE0100 PURCHIS: Pilihan Pembelian PurchGrp MC2 RMCE0100 PURCHIS: PurchGrp Freqs. Seleksi MC4 RMCE0200 PURCHIS: Vendor PurchVal Selection MC6 RMCE0200 PURCHIS: Vendor DelRelblty Selection MC8 RMCE0200 PURCHIS: Vendor QtyRelblty Selection MC: RMCE0200 PURCHIS: Vendor Freqs. Seleksi MCLt RMCE0300 PURCHIS: Seleksi PurchVal MatGrp MCGt RMCE0300 PURCHIS: Pilihan Pembelian MatGrp MCA RMCE0300 PURCHIS: Seleksi MatGrp DelRelblty MCC RMCE0300 PURCHIS: MatGrp QtyRelblty Selection MCE RMCE0300 PURCHIS: MatGrp Frekuensi. Seleksi MCG RMCE0400 PURCHIS: Pilihan Pembelian Material MCI RMCE0400 PURCHIS: Pilihan Pembelian Material MCK RMCE0400 PURCHIS: Pemilihan Material DelRelib MCM RMCE0400 PURCHIS: Pemilihan QtyRel Material MCO RMCE0400 PURCHIS: Frekuensi Material. Seleksi MC (A RMCV0100 SIS: Pelanggan, Inc.Orders - MC Pilihan (MCCV1300 SIS: Konfigurasi Variant MC (E RMCV0200 SIS: Material, Inc.Orders - Selection MC (I RMCV0300 SIS: SalesOrg Inc.Orders Selection MC (M RMCV0600 SIS: Sales Office, Inc.Orders Selec MC (Q RMCV0500 SIS: Karyawan, Inc.Orders Selection MC (U RMCV0400 SIS: Shipping Point Deliveries Sel MC2 RMCV0300 SIS: SalesOrg.Invoiced Sales, Selec MC6 RMCV0300 SIS: SalesOrg Pilihan Memo Kredit MCA RMCV0100 SIS: Customer Returns, Selection MCE RMCV0100 SIS: Pelanggan, Penjualan - Seleksi MCI RMCV0100 SIS: Memo Kredit Pelanggan - Selec MCM RMCV0200 SIS: Pengembalian Material, Seleksi MCQ RMCV0200 SIS: Bahan, Penjualan - Seleksi MCU RMCV0200 SIS: Sales Memorandum, Selec MCY RMCV0300 SIS: Sales Org Returns, Selection MC-0 RMCV0400 SIS: Pengiriman Point Returns, Selec MC-A RMCV0600 SIS: Sales Office Returns, Selection MC-E RMCV0600 SIS: Sales Office - Seleksi Penjualan MC-I RMCV0600 SIS: Kredit Kantor Penjualan Memo Selec MC-M RMCV0500 S IS: Employee - Returns, Selection MC-Q RMCV0500 SIS: Karyawan - Penjualan, Seleksi MC-U RMCV0500 SIS: Memo Kredit Karyawan, Selec. MC.1 RMCB0100 INVCO: Anal Tanaman Seleksi: Stok MC.2 RMCB0100 INVCO: AnalSelection Pabrik, RecIss MC.3 RMCB0100 INVCO: Anal.Selection Pabrik, Perputaran MC.4 RMCB0100 INVCO: Anal.Selection Pabrik, Cakupan MC.5 RMCB0200 INVCO: SLoc Anal. Seleksi, Stok MC.6 RMCB0200 INVCO: SLoc Anal. Seleksi: RecIss MC.7 RMCB0200 INVCO: SLoc Anal. Seleksi, Perputaran MC.8 RMCB0200 INVCO: SLoc Anal.Selection, Cakupan MC.9 RMCB0300 INVCO: Anal.Selection Material, Stok MC.A RMCB0300 INVCO: Mat.Anal.Selection, RecIss MC.B RMCB0300 INVCO: Mat.Anal. Seleksi, Perputaran MC.C RMCB0300 INVCO: Mat.Anal.Selection, Cakupan MC.D RMCB0400 INVCO: MRP Cntrllr.Anal.Sel. Stock MC.E RMCB0400 INVCO: MRP Cntrllr Anal.Sel. RecIss MC.F RMCB0400 INVCO: MRP Cntlr Anal.Sel. Perputaran MC.G RMCB0400 INVCO: MRP Cntlr.Anal.Sel. Cakupan MC.H RMCB0500 INVCO: Area Bisnis Anal.Sel. Stok MC.I RMCB0500 INVCO: Bus. Area Anal. Sel. RecIss MC.J RMCB0500 INVCO: Bus. Area Anal. Sel. Perputaran MC.K RMCB0500 INVCO: Bus. Area Anal. Sel. Cakupan MC.L RMCB0600 INVCO: Mat.Group Analysis Sel. Stock MC.M RMCB0600 INVCO: Mat.Group Anal. Sel. RecIss MC.N RMCB0600 INVCO: Mat.Group Anal. Sel. Perputaran MC.O RMCB0600 INVCO: Mat.Group Anal. Sel. Cakupan MC.P RMCB0700 INVCO: Analisis Divisi Sel. Stock MC.Q RMCB0700 INVCO: Divisi Anal. Sel. RecIss MC.R RMCB0700 INVCO: Divisi Anal. Sel. Perputaran MC.S RMCB0700 INVCO: Divisi Anal. Sel. Cakupan MC.T RMCB0800 INVCO: Mat.Type Anal.Selection Stock MC.U RMCB0800 INVCO: Mat.Type Anal.Sel. RecIssues MC.V RMCB0800 INVCO: Mat.Type Anal.Sel. Perputaran MC.W RMCB0800 INVCO: Mat.Type Anal.Sel. Cakupan MC1 SAPMMCY1 Buat Pengecualian: EWSINVCO MC2 SAPMMCY1 Pertahankan pengecualian: EWSINVCO MC3 SAPMMCY1 Pengecualian tampilan: EWSINVCO MC4 SAPMMCY1 Buat pengecualian grup: INVCO MC5 SAPMMCY1 Ubah pengecualian grup: INVCO MC6 SAPMMCY1 Pengecualian tampilan: INVCO MC7 SAPMMCY1 Buat pekerjaan sebagai pengecualian: INVCO MC8 SAPMMCY1 Change Pengecualian pekerjaan: INVCO MC9 SAPMMCY1 Tampilkan pengecualian pekerjaan: INVCO MCB SAPMMCY1 Jadwalkan pekerjaan: Pengecualian INVCO MCE SAPMMCY1 Buat Pengecualian: EWSPURCHIS MCF SAPMMCY1 Pertahankan pengecualian: EWSPURCHIS MCG SAPMMCY1 Pengecualian tampilan: EWSPURCHIS MCH SAPMMCY1 Buat pengecualian grup: PURCHIS MCI SAPMMCY1 Ubah pengecualian grup: PURCHIS MCJ SAPMMCY1 Pengecualian tampilan: PURCHIS MCK SAPMMCY1 Buat pekerjaan untuk pengecualian: PURCHIS MCL SAPMMCY1 Ubah pengecualian pekerjaan: PURCHIS MCM SAPMMCY1 Tampilkan pengecualian pekerjaan: PURCHIS MCN SAPMMCY1 Jadwalkan pengecualian pekerjaan: PURCHIS MCQ SAPMMCY1 Buat pengecualian: EWSSIS MCR SAPMMCY1 Pertahankan pengecualian: Tampilan MCM SAPMMCY1 EWSSIS Pengecualian: EWSSIS MC T SAPMMCY1 Buat pengecualian grup: SIS MCU SAPMMCY1 Ubah pengecualian grup: SIS MCV SAPMMCY1 Pengecualian tampilan: SIS MCW SAPMMCY1 Buat pekerjaan untuk pengecualian: SIS MCX SAPMMCY1 Ubah Pekerjaan: Pengecualian SIS MCY SAPMMCY1 Tampilan Pekerjaan: Pengecualian SIS MCZ SAPMMCY1 Jadwal Pekerjaan: Pengecualian SIS MC00 MENUMC00 Sistem Informasi Logistik (LIS) MC01 SAPMMCL1 Gambar Utama Retrieval Via Info Tetapkan MC02 SAPMMCL1 Guncangan Gitar Aritmik Menggunakan String Teks MC03 SAPMMCL1 Ganda Gambar Retrieval via Klasifikasi MC04 SAPMMCL1 Buat Info Set MC05 SAPMMCL1 Info Perubahan Set MC06 SAPMMCL1 Info Tampilan Set MC07 SAPMMCL1 Buat Kunci Gambar MC08 SAPMMCL1 Ubah Gambar Kunci MC09 SAPMMCL1 Buat Katalog Lapangan MC0A SAPMSNUM Nomor Pemeliharaan Jarak: Gbr. MC0C SAPMSNUM Jumlah Pemeliharaan Jarak: Info Sets MC1 SAPMMCS1 Data Eksternal: Pertahankan Rumus MC10 SAPMMCS2 Lakukan Analisis MC11 SAPMMCS2 Buat Evaluasi MC12 SAPMMCS2 Evaluasi Perubahan MC13 SAPMMCS2 Evaluasi Tampilan MC14 SAPMMCS1 TIS: Pertahankan persyaratan MC15 SAPMMCS1 TIS: Pertahankan formula MC16 RMCSAUSW LIS: Hapus Struktur Evaluasi MC18 SAPMMCS3 Buat Field Catalog MC19 SAPMMCS3 Ubah Field Catalog MC1A SAPMMCS1 Pertahankan Rumus Persyaratan MC1AT SAPMMCS1 Pertahankan Rumus Persyaratan MC1B SAPMMCS1 SIS: Pertahankan Persyaratan MC1BT SAPMMCS1 TIS: Pertahankan persyaratan MC1D SAPMMCS1 SIS: Pertahankan Formula MC1DT SAPMMCS1 TIS: Pertahankan MC1H SAPMMCS1 PURCHIS: Pertahankan Persyaratan MC1H SAPMMCS1 PURCHIS: Menjaga Rumus MC1J SAPMMCS1 SFIS: Mempertahankan Persyaratan MC1L SAPMMCS1 SFIS: Menjaga Rumus MC1N SAPMMCS1 INVCO: Menjaga Persyaratan MC1P SAPMMCS1 INVCO: Menjaga Rumus MC1Q SAPMMCS1 INVCO: Formula Tampilan MC1R SAPMMCS1 Formula Tampilan Persyaratan MC1S SAPMMCS1 QMIS: Menjaga Persyaratan MC1T SAPMMCS1 QMIS: Persyaratan Tampilan MC1U SAPMMCS1 QMIS: Menjaga Rumus MC1V SAPMMCS1 QMIS: Formula Tampilan MC1W SAPMMCS1 PMIS: Memelihara Persyaratan MC1X SAPMMCS1 PMIS: Persyaratan Tampilan MC1Y SAPMMCS1 PMIS: Memelihara Formula MC1Z SAPMMCS1 PMIS: Formula Tampilan MC20 SAPMMCS3 Display Field Catalog MC21 SAPMMCS3 Buat Struktur Info MC22 SAPMMCS3 Ubah Struktur Info MC23 SAPMMCS3 Display Info Structure MC24 SAPMMCS1 Buat Update MC25 SAPMMCS1 Ubah Update MC26 SAPMMCS1 Display Update MC27 SAPMMCS7 Buat Struktur Evaluasi MC28 SAPMMCS7 Ubah Struktur Evaluasi MC29 SAPMMCS7 Struktur Evaluasi Tampilan MC30 RMCSSH02 Update Log MC35 SAPMMCP6 Buat Profil Perencanaan yang Rough-Cutting MC36 SAPMMCP6 Ubah Profil Perencanaan yang Rough-Cutting MC37 SAPMMCP6 Tampilkan Profil Perencanaan yang Rough-Cut MC38 SAPMSNUM Jumlah pemeliharaan jarak: MCERKO MC3V RMCSV3VB U3 update MC40 RMCBAB20 INVCO: ABC Analisis Nilai Penggunaan MC41 RMCBAB25 INVCO: ABC Analisis Reqm T Nilai MC42 RMCBRW30 INVCO: Cakupan Cakupan oleh Usg.Val. MC43 RMCBRW40 INVCO: Rentang Cakupan Dengan Menggunakan MC44 RMCBUH30 INVCO: Analisis Perputaran Persediaan MC45 RMCBVW30 INVCO: Analisis Nilai Penggunaan MC46 RMCBLH30 INVCO: Analisis Item Bergerak Lambat MC47 RMCBBE30 INVCO: Analisis Nilai Reqmt MC48 RMCBBW30 INVCO: Anal. Nilai Saham Saat Ini MC49 RMCBBW40 INVCO: Nilai Saham Rata-rata MC50 RMCBBS30 INVCO: Analisis Stok Mati MC59 SAPMMCP3 Merevisi Hirarki Perencanaan MC61 SAPMMCP3 Membuat Hirarki Perencanaan MC62 SAPMMCP3 Mengubah Hirarki Perencanaan MC63 SAPMMCP3 Perencanaan Tampilan Hirarki MC64 SAPMMCP6 Mengubah Acara MC66 SAPMMCP6 Display Event MC67 SAPMMCP3 layar Init.graphics: genl.plg.hier. MC6A MENUMC6A Perencanaan Penjualan dan Operasional MC6B MENUMC6B Perencanaan Penjualan dan Operasi MC71 RMCP2L01 Evaluasi: Hirarki Kelompok Produk MC72 RMCP2L04 Evaluasi: Penggunaan Grup Produk MC73 RMCP2L05 Evaluasi: Penggunaan Material, Prod.Grp MC74 SAPMMCP6 Transfer Mat. Ke Manajemen Permintaan MC75 SAPMMCP6 Mentransfer PG ke Manajemen Permintaan MC78 SAPMMCP6 Salin SOP Versi MC79 SAPL0MP0 Pengaturan Pengguna untuk Konfigurasi SOP MC7E SAPLMCP2 ALE untuk Struktur Info MC80 SAPMMCP6 Menghapus dan mengaktifkan versi MC84 SAPMMCP3 Membuat Grup Produk MC85 SAPMMCP3 Grup Produk Display MC86 SAPMMCP3 Mengubah Kelompok Produk MC8A SAPMMCP6 Buat Tipe Perencanaan MC8B SAPMMCP6 Ubah Tipe Perencanaan MC8C SAPMMCP6 Tipe Perencanaan Display MC8D RMCP6BCH Pemrosesan Massal: Buat Perencanaan MC8E RMCP6BCH Pemrosesan Massal: Perencanaan Perubahan MC8F RMCP6BCH Hapus Entri dalam Perencanaan File MC8G RMCP6BRU Jadwal Pemrosesan Ulang MC8H SAPMMCP6 Pertahankan Metode Pengguna MC8I RMCP6TST Pemrosesan Massa: Periksa Perencanaan MC8J RMCP6JOB Proses Ulang Pengolahan Ulang MC8K RMCP6BRV CopyDelete Planning Versi MC8M RMCP6BAB Baca Pembukaan Saham MC8N RMCP6PRL Hapus perkiraan versi MC8O RMCSCORS Setel Waktu Pembangkitan Minimum MC8P RMCPSOPP SOP Standar: Buat Master Data MC8Q RMCP6ACO Salinan Agregat MC8R RMCP6RES RESET: St Atus untuk Objek Perencanaan MC8U SAPMMCP6 Menghitung Faktor Proporsional MC8V SAPMMCP6 Perencanaan LIS: Versi Salin MC8W SAPMMCP6 Perencanaan LIS: Hapus Versi MC8X RMCP0100 SOP: Skenario Distribusi - Pilih MC8Y RMCP0105 SOP: Skenario Distribusi - Tampilan MC8Z SAPLMCP2 SOP gt Key Figure Assignments MC90 SAPMMCP6 Tsfr. Ke Dm.Mgmt. Mat.from any IS MC91 SAPMMCP3 Grafik Awal: Kelompok Produk MC92 SAPMMCP3 Awal: Kelompok Produk, Hirarki MC93 SAPMMCP6 Membuat Perencanaan LIS yang Fleksibel MC94 SAPMMCP6 Mengubah Perencanaan LIS Fleksibel MC95 SAPMMCP6 Tampilan Perencanaan LIS yang Fleksibel MC97 SAPMSNUM Jumlah Pemeliharaan: MCSAUF MC98 SAPMMCP3 Memelihara Objek Perencanaan MC99 SAPMMCP3 Tampilan Perencanaan Objek MC9A RMCP6FLS Perencanaan Fleksibel: Gen Master Data MC9B RMCP6PAP Calc. Proporsi seperti pada Pl.Hierarchy MC9C SAPMMCP6 Laporan untuk Perencanaan Fleksibel MC9E RMCP3INS Struktur Info: Tambahkan ke General Char. Struktur Info MC9F RMCP3DEL: Hapus Semua Charact. MC9K SAPMMCP6 Memelihara Kapasitas yang Tersedia MC: 1 SAPMMCY1 Buat pengecualian: EWSRIS MC: 2 SAPMMCY1 Pertahankan pengecualian: EWSRIS MC: 3 SAPMMCY1 Pengecualian tampilan: EWSRIS MC: 4 SAPMMCY1 Buat grup pengecualian: RIS MC: 5 SAPMMCY1 Ubah pengecualian grup: RIS MC: 6 SAPMMCY1 Pengecualian tampilan: RIS MC: 7 SAPMMCY1 Buat pekerjaan untuk pengecualian: RIS MC: 8 SAPMMCY1 Ubah pengecualian pekerjaan: RIS MC: 9 SAPMMCY1 Tampilkan pengecualian pekerjaan: RIS MC: B SAPMMCY1 Jadwalkan pengecualian pekerjaan: RIS MC1 SAPMMCY1 Buat pengecualian: EWSSFIS MC2 SAPMMCY1 Menjaga pengecualian: EWSSFIS MC3 SAPMMCY1 Pengecualian tampilan: EWSSFIS MC4 SAPMMCY1 Buat pengecualian grup: SFIS MC5 SAPMMCY1 Ubah pengecualian grup: SFIS MC6 SAPMMCY1 Pengecualian tampilan: SFIS MC7 SAPMMCY1 Buat pekerjaan sebagai pengecualian: SFIS MC8 SAPMMCY1 Ubah pengecualian pekerjaan: SFIS MC9 SAPMMCY1 Tampilkan pengecualian pekerjaan : SFIS MCB SAPMMCY1 Menjadwalkan pengecualian pekerjaan: SFIS MCE SAPMMCY1 Buat pengecualian: MCW SAPMMCY1 EWSPMIS Pertahankan pengecualian: EWSPMIS MCG SAPMMCY1 Pengecualian tampilan: EWSPMIS MCH SAP MMCY1 Buat pengecualian grup: PMIS MCI SAPMMCY1 Ubah pengecualian grup: PMIS MCJ SAPMMCY1 Pengecualian tampilan: PMIS MCK SAPMMCY1 Buat pekerjaan untuk pengecualian: PMIS MCL SAPMMCY1 Ubah pengecualian pekerjaan: PMIS MCM SAPMMCY1 Tampilkan pengecualian pekerjaan: PMIS MCN SAPMMCY1 Jadwalkan pengecualian pekerjaan: PMIS MCQ SAPMMCY1 Tampilan pengecualian: EWSQMIS MCR SAPMMCY1 Menjaga pengecualian: EWSQMIS MCS SAPMMCY1 Pengecualian tampilan: EWSQMIS MCT SAPMMCY1 Pengecualian kelompok tampilan: QMIS MCU SAPMMCY1 Ubah pengecualian grup: QMIS MCV SAPMMCY1 Pengecualian tampilan: QMIS MCW SAPMMCY1 Buat pekerjaan untuk pengecualian: QMIS MCX SAPMMCY1 Ubah Pekerjaan: Pengecualian QMIS MCY SAPMMCY1 Tampilan Pekerjaan: Pengecualian SIS MCZ SAPMMCY1 Jadwal Pekerjaan: Pengecualian QMIS MC0 SAPMMCY1 WFIS: Jadwal Pekerjaan - Pengecualian MC1 SAPMMCY1 WFIS: Buat Eksepsi MC2 SAPMMCY1 WFIS: Pertahankan Exception MC3 SAPMMCY1 WFIS: Tampilkan Exception MC4 SAPMMCY1 WFIS: Buat Grup Pengecualian MC5 SAPMMCY1 WFIS: Ubah Grup Pengecualian MC6 SAPMMCY1 WFIS: Tampilkan Grup Eksepsi MC7 SAPMMC Y1 WFIS: Buat Pekerjaan - Pengecualian MC8 SAPMMCY1 WFIS: Ubah Pekerjaan - Pengecualian MC9 SAPMMCY1 WFIS: Display Jobs - Pengecualian MCA1 MENUMCA1 MCA7 SAPMMCS2 INVCO: Jalankan Evaluasi MCAA SAPMMCS1 WFIS: Pertahankan Persyaratan MCAC SAPMMCS1 WFIS: Pertahankan Formula MCAE SAPMMC0C WFIS: Aktifkan Pembaruan MCAF SAPMMCS4 WFIS: Analisis Standar MCAG SAPMMCSC WFIS: Menyesuaikan, Analisis Standar MCAH RMCAORG0 WFIS: Tampilan Organisasi - Seleksi MCAI RMCAPRO0 WFIS: Tampilan Proses - Seleksi MCAJ RMCAOBJ0 WFIS: Tampilan Obyek - Seleksi MCAK RMCAGRU0 WFIS: Tampilan Grup - Seleksi MCAL RMCAEXP0 WFIS: Contoh Skenario - Seleksi MCAM RMCAKOMM WFIS: Append Structure MCAN RMCAAPIT WFIS: Program Seleksi MCAO RMCAAPP0 WIS: Aplikasi Pilihan PMQMSM MCAP RMCADELE WIS: Hapus Data MCAQ RMCAADJU WIS: Data yang Benar MCAR RMCADATA WIS: Data Transfer MCAT SAPMMCS7 WFIS: Struktur Evaluasi Display MCAU SAPMMCS7 WFIS : Ubah Struktur Evaluasi MCAV SAPMMCS7 WFIS: Buat Struktur Evaluasi MCAW SAPMMCS2 WFIS: Di Evaluasi MCAX SAPMMCS2 WFIS: Evaluasi Perubahan MCAY SAPMMCS2 WFIS: Buat Evaluasi MCAZ SAPMMCS2 WFIS: Jalankan Evaluasi MCB RMCBPARA INVCO: Mengatur statistik. Untuk parm Anal. MCBamp RMCBDISP INVCO: Mengatur statis. Untuk MCU stckreqt) RMCB1200 INVCO: Pemilihan Saham Jangka Panjang MCB1 MENUMCB1 Inventaris Pengendalian MCB2 SAPMMCS7 INVCO: Buat Struktur Evaluasi MCB3 SAPMMCS7 INVCO: Ubah Struktur Evaluasi MCB4 SAPMMCS7 INVCO: Evaluasi Struktur Display MCB5 SAPMMCS2 INVCO: Buat Evaluasi MCB6 SAPMMCS2 INVCO: Ubah Evaluasi MCB7 SAPMMCS2 INVCO: Evaluasi Tampilan MCBA RMCB0100 INVCO: Pilihan Analisis MCBC RMCB0200 INVCO: Stor. Loc. Analisis Seleksi MCBE RMCB0300 INVCO: Pilihan Analisis Material MCBG RMCB0400 INVCO: Pilihan Analisis MRP Cntrlr MCBI RMCB0500 INVCO: Area Bisnis Anal. Seleksi MCBK RMCB0600 INVCO: Pilihan Analisis MatGrp MCBM RMCB0700 INVCO: Pilihan Analisis Divisi MCBO RMCB0800 INVCO: Pilihan Analisis Mat.Type MCBR RMCB0900 INVCO: Pilihan Analisis Batch MCBV RMCB1000 INVCO: Pilihan Analisis Parameter MCBZ RMCB1100 INVCO: Analisis StckReqt Seleksi MCC1 MENUMCC1 Inventaris Mengontrol MCC2 MENUMCC2 Sistem Informasi Inventaris MCC3 RMCBNEUA Menyiapkan INVCO Info Structs. Dari Documents MCC4 RMCBNEUB Menyiapkan INVCO Info Structs.from Stock MCD MEREPMIMSD MI: Komponen Proses Mobile MCD7 SAPMMCS7 PURCHIS: Buat Eval. Struktur MCD8 SAPMMCS7 PURCHIS: Ubah Eval. Struktur MCD9 SAPMMCS7 PURCHIS: Tampilan Eval. Struktur MCDA SAPMMCS2 PURCHIS: Buat Evaluasi MCDB SAPMMCS2 PURCHIS: Ubah Evaluasi MCDC SAPMMCS2 PURCHIS: Evaluasi Display MCDG SAPMMCS2 PURCHIS: Jalankan Evaluasi MCE RMCE0900 PURCHIS: Pelaporan - Subseq. Settlement MCE0 MENUMCE0 Sistem Informasi Pembelian MCE1 RMCE0100 PURCHIS: Pilihan Analisis PurchGrp MCE2 SAPMMCS3 PURCHIS: Update Diagnosis Purch.Doc. MCE3 RMCE0200 PURCHIS: Seleksi Analisis Vendor MCE5 RMCE0300 PURCHIS: Pilihan Analisis MatGrp MCE7 RMCE0400 PURCHIS: Pemilihan Analisis Material MCE8 RMCE2000 PURCHIS: Pilihan Analisis Layanan MCE9 MENUMCE9 Sistem Informasi Pembelian MCEA RMCE0600 PURCHIS: Vendor Termal Plg MCEB RMCE0700 PURCHIS: Lng- Istilah Plg Mat.Gr.Analisis MCEC RMCE0800 PURCHIS: Mat Plg Jangka Panjang. Analisis MCER RMCE2000 PURCHIS: Pembelian Layanan.Qty-Selection MCES RMCE2000 PURCHIS: Pembelian Layanan.Val-Selection MCG1 MENUMCG1 Rough-Cut Perencanaan Profil MCG2 SAPMMCSC Var. Anal standar Def. Settingan IS-R MCG3 SAPMMCS4 Panggil Analisis Didefinisikan Sendiri: Ritel MCGC RMCW1400 RIS: Musim: Mvmts Stk - Seleksi MCGD RMCW1600 RIS: POS: Penjualan - Seleksi MCGE RMCW1700 RIS: POS: Matl Aggr. POS - Seleksi MCGF RMCW1800 RIS: POS: Tunai - Seleksi MCGG RMCW1900 RIS: Cust.Material Grp - Seleksi MCGH RMCW2000 RIS: CustomerMaterial - Seleksi MCGJ RMCW2800 RIS: POS: Balancing POS - Seleksi MCGK RMCW2900 RIS: Matls w additionals- Selection MCGL RMCW3000 RIS: Data penjualan: Pelanggan-Sel. MCH SAPMMCS7 RIS: Display Evaluation Structure MCH0 MENUMCH0 Sistem Informasi Ritel MCH01 RMCHMPLA Pemeliharaan Massal dari Maint. Rencana MCH03 RMCHVARDEL Hapus Variant MCH1 SAPMMCS2 RIS: Jalankan Evaluasi MCH2 SAPMMCS2 RIS: Buat Evaluasi MCH3 SAPMMCS2 RIS: Evaluasi Perubahan MCH4 SAPMMCS2 RIS: Evaluasi Tampilan MCH6 SAPMMC0C Pemeliharaan Pemutakhiran: RIS MCH7 SAPMMCS3 RIS: Update Diagnosis, SP Ubah Doc MCH8 RMCW2300 RIS: - Seleksi MCH9 RMCW2400 RIS: Inventory Controlling - Toko MCH: RMCW0300 RIS: STRPSMvmts Stock - Seleksi MCHA RMCW2500 RIS: Sampai ReceiptMatl - Seleksi MCHB RMCW2700 RIS: Hingga Tanda Terima - Seleksi MCHC RMCWAPRISTART Penjualan pendamping MCHG RMCW0600 RIS: Pembelian: MvmtStck-Selection MCHP RMCW0900 RIS: Bahan: MvmtStck - Seleksi MCHS RMCW1000 RIS: Promosi - Seleksi MCHV RMCW1100 RIS: MaterialAdd-On - Seleksi MCHY SAPMMCS7 RIS: Buat Struktur Evaluasi MCHZ SAPMMCS7 RIS: Ubah Struktur Evaluasi MCI0 MENUMCI0 Sistem Informasi Pemeliharaan Tanaman MCI1 RMCI0300 PMIS: Analisis Kelas Objek MCI2 RMCI0700 PMIS: Analisis Produsen MCI3 RMCI0200 PMIS: Analisis Lokasi MCI4 RMCI0600 PMIS: Analisis Kelompok Perencana MCI5 RMCI0800 PMIS: Analisis Kerusakan Objek MCI6 RMCI0500 PMIS: Obj.Statistic.Analysis MCI7 RMCI0100 PMIS: Analisis Kerusakan MCI8 RMCI0900 PMIS: Evaluasi Biaya MCIA RMCI1000 PMIS: Analisis Pemberitahuan Pelanggan MCIS SAPMMCS4 PM PM Analisis Murni MCIZ RMCI1100 PMIS: Analisis Konsumsi Kendaraan MCJ1 SAPMMCS2 PMIS: Buat Evaluasi MCJ2 SAPMMCS2 PMIS: Evaluasi Perubahan MCJ3 SAPMMCS2 PMIS: Evaluasi Tampilan MCJ4 SAPMMCS2 PMIS: Evaluasi Eksekusi MCJ5 SAPMMCS7 PMIS: Buat Struktur Evaluasi MCJ6 SAPMMCS7 PMIS: Ubah Struktur Evaluasi MCJ7 SAPMMCS7 PMIS: Evaluasi Tampilan Struktur MCJB RIEQS070 MTTRMTBR untuk Peralatan MCJC RITPS070 FunctLoc: Waktu Berarti Antara Perbaikan MCJE MENUMCJE PMIS: Sistem Informasi MCK0 MENUMCK0 Sistem Informasi Pemeliharaan Tanaman MCK1 SAPMMCSH Buat Hirarki MCK2 SAPMMCSH Ubah hierarki MCK3 SAPMMCSH Hirarki tampilan MCK4 SAPMMCSH Ubah SAP OIW Hierarchy MCK5 SAPMMCSH Tampilkan Hirarki SAP OIW MCK6 SAPMMCS H Buat Hirarki Pelanggan OIW MCK7 SAPMMCSH Ubah Hirarki Pelanggan OIW MCK8 SAPMMCSH Menampilkan Pelanggan Hirarki OIW MCK9 SAPMMCSH Menjaga Info Pelanggan OIW Info Katalog MCKA RMCROIW0 OIW Metadata MCKB RMCSSLVS Pohon versi seleksi TIS MCKC RMCSSLVS User-spec. TIS pilih. Pohon versi MCKH RMCSSLVS Pohon versi seleksi: Penjualan MCKI RMCSSLVS Pohon versi pilihan: Membeli MCKJ RMCSSLVS Pohon versi pilihan: Stok MCKK RMCSSLVS Pohon versi pilihan: Produksi MCKL RMCSSLVS Pohon versi pilihan: Kualitas MCKM RMCSSLVS Pohon versi pilihan: Plant Maint. MCKN RMCSSLVS Pohon versi pilihan: Ritel MCKO RMCSSLVS Pohon versi pilihan: MCKP RMCSSLVS User-spec. Selec. Vers. Pohon: Penjualan MCKQ RMCSSLVS User-spec. Sel. Vers. Pohon: Beli MCKR RMCSSLVS User-spec. Sel. Vers. Pohon: stok MCKS RMCSSLVS User-spec. Sel. Vers. Pohon: produk MCKT RMCSSLVS User-spec. Sel. Vers. Pohon: Kualitas MCKU RMCSSLVS User-spec. Sel. Vers. Pohon: PM MCKV RMCSSLVS User-spec. Sel. Vers. Pohon: Ritel MCKW RMCSSLVS User-spec. Sel. Vers. Pohon: Umum MCKY RMCSSLVS WFIS: Versi Seleksi (User-Spec) MCKZ RMCSSLVS WFIS: Versi Seleksi (Umum) MCL1 RMCB2000 WMS: Stck Placemt.Remov. Seleksi MCL5 RMCB2100 WMS: Aliran Seleksi Kuantitas MCL9 RMCB2200 WM: Bahan PlcmtRemoval: Seleksi MCLD RMCB2300 WM: Aliran Bahan - Seleksi MCLH RMCB2400 WM: Jenis Gerakan - Seleksi MCLIMAN MULTICLIENTMANAGER Manajer MultiClient MCM SAPMMCSV RIS: Buat Versi Seleksi MCM SAPMMCSV WFIS: Buat Seleksi Versi MCM- SAPMMCSV WFIS: Ubah Versi Seleksi MCM SAPMMCSV WFIS: Versi Seleksi Versi MCM0 SAPMMCSV INVCO: Ubah versi pilihan MCM1 SAPMMCSV SIS: Buat versi pilihan MCM10 SAPMMCSV TIS: Buat versi pilihan MCM11 SAPMMCSV TIS: Ubah versi pilihan MCM12 SAPMMCSV TIS: Pilihan tampilan Versi MCM13 SAPMMCSV TIS: Versi Seleksi: Jadwalkan Kerja MCM2 SAPMMCSV SIS: Ubah versi pilihan MCM3 SAPMMCSV SIS: Tampilkan versi pilihan MCM4 SAPMMCSV SIS: Selec. Versi: Jadwalkan jadwal kerja MCM5 SAPMMCSV PURCHIS: Buat versi pilihan MCM6 SAPMMCSV PURCHIS: Ubah versi pilihan MCM7 SAPMMCSV PURCHIS: Tampilkan versi pilihan MCM8 SAPMMCSV PURCHIS: SelectVers: Jadwalkan pekerjaan MCM9 SAPMMCSV INVCO: Buat versi pilihan MCM SAPMMCSV RIS: Jadwalkan Versi Seleksi MCMA SAPMMCSV INVCO : Tampilkan versi pilihan MCMB SAPMMCSV INVCO: SelecVers: Jadwalkan pekerjaan MCMC SAPMMCSV PPIS: Buat versi pilihan MCMD SAPMMCSV PPIS: Ubah versi pilihan MCME SAPMMCSV PPIS: Tampilkan versi pilihan MCMF SAPMMCSV PPIS: SelectVers: Jadwalkan pekerjaan MCMG SAPMMCSV QMIS: Buat versi pilihan MCMH SAPMMCSV QMIS: Ubah versi pilihan MCMI SAPMMCSV QMIS: Tampilkan versi pilihan MCMJ SAPMMCSV QMIS: Versi Seleksi: Jadwalkan Kerja MCMK SAPMMCSV PMIS: Buat versi pilihan MCML SAPMMCSV PMIS: Ubah versi pilihan MCMM SAPMMCSV PMIS: Verizon seleksi layar MCMN SAPMMCSV PMIS: SelectVers: Jadwalkan pekerjaan MCMO SAPMMCSV Buat versi seleksi MCMP SAPMMCSV Ubah versi pilihan MCMQ SAPMMCSV Versi pilihan layar MCMR Versi Seleksi SAPMMCSV: Buat Variant MCMS Versi Seleksi SAPMMCSV: Ubah Variant MCMT SAPMMCSV Selection Version: Tampilan Variant MCMV SAPMMCSV Versi seleksi: Jadwalkan pekerjaan MCMX SAPMMCSV RIS: Ubah Versi Seleksi MCMY SAPMMCSV RIS: Versi Seleksi Tampilan MCMZ SAPMMCSV RIS: Versi Seleksi: Jadwalkan Pekerjaan MCNB RMCBINITBW BW: Inisialisasi Saldo Saham MCNR SAPMSNUM Nomor Pemeliharaan Kisaran: MCLIS MCO1 CALLSTAOTB RIS: OTB - Seleksi MCO2 RMCACOP8 OTB: Copy Planning Type MCO4 CALLOTB Buat Perencanaan OTB MCO5 CALLOTB Ubah Perencanaan OTB MCO6 CALLOTB Display OTB Planning MCO7 CALLOTB Buat Perencanaan OTB MCO8 CALLOTB Ubah Perencanaan OTB MCO9 CALLOTB Tampilan Perencanaan OTB MCOA RMCQ1100 QMIS: Cust. Analisis, Gambaran sekilas pandang MCOB RMCQ2400 QMIS: Hasil Umum untuk Pelanggan MCOC RMCQ1100 QMIS: Cust. Analisis Kuantitas. Ikhtisar MCOD RMCQ2500 QMIS: Hasil Kuantitatif untuk Cust. MCOE RMCQ1100 QMIS: Analisis Pelanggan Q Score MCOG RMCQ1100 QMIS: Analisis Pelanggan Banyak Counter MCOI RMCQ1100 QMIS: Kuantitas Analisis Pelanggan MCOK RMCQ1100 QMIS: Biaya Analisis Pelanggan MCOM RMCQ1100 QMIS: Analisis Pelanggan LevelDisp. MCOO RMCQ1100 QMIS: Analisis pelanggan - insp. Banyak MCOP RMCQ0800 QMIS: Cust. Analisis Item Q Tidak. MCOV RMCQ0500 QMIS: Cust. Anal. Ikhtisar Q Tidak. MCOX RMCQ1200 QMIS: Analisis Pelanggan Cacat MCP0 MENUMCP0 Sistem Informasi Lantai Toko MCP1 RMCF0200 SFIS: Seleksi Analisis Operasi MCP3 RMCF0100 SFIS: Seleksi Analisis Material MCP5 RMCF0300 SFIS: Pilihan Analisis Material MCP6 RMCFSERI Analisis rcpt barang: MFC berulang RMCF0400 SFIS: Pilihan Analisis Pusat Kerja MCP8 RMCF2500 Analisis rcpt barang: repetitive mfg MCP9 RMCF0500 SFIS: Pilih Jadwal Run MCPB RMCF0200 Analisis operasi: Tanggal MCPD RMCF0100 Analisis pesanan produksi: Tanggal MCPF RMCF0300 Analisis bahan: Tanggal MCPH RMCF0400 Analisis pusat kerja: Tanggal MCPI MENUMCPI Menu: Sistem Informasi Produksi MCPK RMCF0200 Analisis operasi: Kuantitas MCPM RMCF0100 Orde produksi anal. Kuantitas MCPO RMCF0300 Analisis bahan: Kuantitas MCPQ RMCF0400 Analisis pusat kerja: Kuantitas MCPS RMCF0200 Analisis operasi: Waktu pemuatan MCPU RMCF0100 Analisis Pesanan Produksi: Waktu Timbal MCPW RMCF0300 Analisis material: Waktu Timbal MCPY RMCF0400 Analisis pusat kerja: MCQ lead time. RMCFPK00 SFIS: Pilihan analisis Kanban MCQA SAPMMCS4 Panggil Standar QM Analisis MCR1 SAPMMCS2 SFIS: Buat Evaluasi MCR2 SAPMMCS2 SFIS: Evaluasi Perubahan MCR3 SAPMMCS2 SFIS: Evaluasi Tampilan MCR4 SAPMMCS2 SFIS: Evaluasi Pelaksanaan MCR7 SAPMMCS7 SFIS: Buat Struktur Evaluasi MCR8 SAPMMCS7 SFIS: Ubah Evaluasi Struktur MCR9 SAPMMCS7 SFIS: Struktur Evaluasi Tampilan MCR: Analisis Mds SAPMMCSC: Pengaturan Pengguna, CALL MCRB RMCSGENA LIS: Menghasilkan Evaluasi MCRC RMCS802T Charact. Teks untuk Eval Struktur MCRE RMCF0600 Analisis Penggunaan Material: Seleksi MCRG RMCFCUST Pengaturan Perubahan: Pengaturan Permukaan PPIS MCRH RMCFCUST: PPIS MCRI RMCF0700 Analisis Biaya Produk: Seleksi MCRJ RMCF2700 Prod. Analisis Biaya: Repetitive Mfg MCRK RMCFSERI Prod. Analisis Biaya: Repetitive Mfg MCRM RMCF0800 Reporting Point Stats. Seleksi MCRO RMCF2600 Matl consumptn anal. Repetitif mfg MCRP RMCFSERI Matl consumptn anal. MC-RM: MC-R: RM2-PP-PI: Analisis Seleksi MCRX RMCF0600 PP-PI: Analisis Penggunaan Bahan MCRX RMCF0200 PP-PI: Analisis Pemilihan Metode MCRV RMCF0200 PP-PI: PI: Analisis Biaya Produk MCS RMCSISGN Generasi Massal: Info Struct.Update MCS1 SAPMMCS4 Analisis Standar Logistik Umum MCS7 SAPMMCS7 SIS: Buat Struktur Evaluasi MCS8 SAPMMCS7 SIS: Ubah Struktur Evaluasi MCS9 SAPMMCS7 SIS: Tampilkan Struktur Evalaution MCSA SAPMMCS2 SIS: Buat Evaluasi MCSB SAPMMCS2 SIS : Ubah Evaluasi MCSC SAPMMCS2 SIS: Evaluasi Tampilan MCSCHECK RMCSUTIC Memeriksa Utilitas - Infosistem Logistik MCSG SAPMMCS2 SIS: Jalankan Evaluasi MCSH SAPMMCS4 Hubungi Std. Analisis Pelanggan Appl. MCSI SAPMMCS4 Call Standard Analyses of Sales MCSJ SAPMMCS4 Call Standard Analyses of Purchasing MCSK SAPMMCS4 Call Standard Analyses of Stocks MCSL SAPMMCS4 Call Shop Floor Standard Analyses MCSM1 SAPMMCS2 TIS: Create evaluation MCSM2 SAPMMCS2 TIS: Change evaluation MCSM3 SAPMMCS2 TIS: Display evaluation MCSM4 SAPMMCS2 TIS: Execute evaluation MCSM5 SAPMMCS7 TIS: Create evaluation structure MCSM6 SAPMMCS7 TIS: Change evaluation structure MCSM7 SAPMMCS7 TIS: Display evaluation structure MCSR SAPMMCS4 Standard Analyses External Data MCSS SAPMMCS3 Display Log: Gen. Info Structure MCST SAPMMCS3 Display Log: Gen. Updating MCSX SAPMMCS4 Archive Statistical Data MCSY RMCSCORS Reset Time Stamp: LIS Generation MCSZ SAPMMCS4 Convert LIS Statistical Data MCT0 MENUMCT0 Initial SIS Screen MCT1 MENUMCT1 Standard SDIS Analyses MCT2 MENUMCT2 Initial SIS Screen MCTA RMCV0100 SIS: Customer Analysis - Selection MCTC RMCV0200 SIS: Material Analysis - Selection MCTE RMCV0300 SIS: Sales Org. Analysis - Selection MCTG RMCV0600 SIS: Sales Office Analysis Selection MCTI RMCV0500 SIS: Sales Empl. Analysis Selection MCTK RMCV0400 SIS: Shipping Pt. Analysis Selection MCTV01 RMCV0800 SIS: Sales Activity - Selection MCTV02 RMCV0900 SIS: Sales Promotions - Selection MCTV03 RMCV1000 SIS: Address List - Selection MCTV04 RMCV1100 SIS: Address Counter - Selection MCTV05 RMCV1200 SIS: Customer Potential Analysis MCU0 MENUMCU0 Transportation Info System (TIS) MCU1 RMCSUNIT Create LIS Unit MCU2 RMCSUDEL Delete LIS Unit MCU3 SAPMMCS4 Call Standard Analyses: Transportatn MCUA RMCT0100 TIS: Shpt analysis MCUB RMCT0200 TIS: Shipment Analysis: Routes MCUC RMCT0300 TIS: ShipmentAnaly: MeansOfTransport MCUD RMCT0400 TIS: Shipment Analysis: Shipping MCUE RMCT0500 TIS: Shipment Analysis: Stages MCUF RMCT0600 TIS: Shipment Analysis: Material MCV0 MENUMCV0 Purchasing Information System MCV1 RMCQ0100 QMIS: Vendor analysis - insp. lot MCV3 RMCQ0200 QMIS: Material analysis - insp. lot MCV5 1SDBF12LRV14AK05 Call Up Price List w.Stepped Display MCV6 1SDBF12LRV14AK07 Call Up Indiv. Customer Prices List MCV7 1SDBF12LRV14AK11 Call Up List of Price Groups MCV8 1SDBF12LRV14AK09 Call Up MaterialMatPrcGroup List MCV9 RVAUFERR Call Up List of Incomplete Documents MCVA RMCQ0100 QMIS: Vendor Analysis Lot Overview MCVB RMCQ2200 QMIS: General Results for Vendor MCVC RMCQ0100 QMIS: Vendor Analysis - Qty Overview MCVCHECK01 RMCVCH01 SIS: Update Group Check MCVCHECK02 RMCVCH02 SIS: Header STAFO Check MCVCHECK03 RMCVCH03 SIS: Item STAFO Check MCVD RMCQ2300 QMIS: Quant. Results for Vendor MCVE RMCQ0100 QMIS: Vendor Analysis Quality Score MCVG RMCQ0100 QMIS: Vendor Analysis - Lot Numbers MCVI RMCQ0100 QMIS: Vendor Analysis - Quantities MCVK RMCQ0100 QMIS: Vendor Analysis - Effort MCVM RMCQ0100 QMIS: Vendor Analyis - Level amp Disp. MCVO RMCQ0100 Vendor Analysis - Lots Overview MCVP RMCQ0700 QMIS: vendor analysis items Q notif. MCVQ MENUMCVQ Quality Management Info System QMIS MCVR SAPMMCS3 SIS: update diagnosis - order MCVS SAPMMCS3 TIS: Update Diagnosis: Transportatn MCVT SAPMMCS3 SIS: update diagnosis - delivery MCVV SAPMMCS3 SIS: update diagnosis - billing doc. MCVVK SAPMMCS3 SIS: Updating - Sales Activities MCVW SAPMMCS3 INVCO: Update Diagnosis MatDoc MCVX RMCQ1000 QMIS: Vendor analysis defects MCVY SAPMMCS3 INVCO: Update Diagnosis AcctngDoc MCVZ RMCQ0400 QMIS: Ven. Analysis- Q Not. Overview MCW1 RMCE5000 PURCHIS: Evaluate Payment Header MCW2 RMCE5100 PURCHIS: Evaluate Payment Item MCW3 RMCE5200 PURCHIS: Evaluate VBD Header MCW4 RMCE5300 PURCHIS: Evaluate VBD Item MCW5 SAPLMCW1WLF Payment: Simulate Updating MCW6 RMCENEUB LIS Setup for Agency Documents MCWIS SAPMMCS3 FK Simulation Inventory Document MCWRP SAPMMCS3 FK Simulation Invoice Document MCWAA MCWAACUST IMG Retail MCWAATEST MCWAABWACCESSTEST Test Remote Execution of Queries MCX1 SAPMMCS2 QMIS: Create Evaluation MCX2 SAPMMCS2 QMIS: Change Evaluation MCX3 SAPMMCS2 QMIS: Display Evaluation MCX4 SAPMMCS2 QMIS: Execute Evaluation MCX7 SAPMMCS7 QIS: Create Evaluation Structure MCX8 SAPMMCS7 QIS: Change Evaluation Structure MCX9 SAPMMCS7 QIS: display evaluation structure MCXA RMCQ0200 QMIS: Material Analysis-Lot Overview MCXB RMCQ2000 QMIS: General Results for Material MCXC RMCQ0200 QMIS: Matl Analysis - Qty Overview MCXD RMCQ2100 QMIS: Quant. Results for Material MCXE RMCQ0200 QMIS: Matl Analysis - Quality Score MCXG RMCQ0200 QMIS: Matl Analysis - Lot Numbers MCXI RMCQ0200 QMIS: Material Analysis - Quantities MCXK RMCQ0200 QMIS: Material Analysis - Effort MCXM RMCQ0200 QMIS: Matl Analysis - Level amp Disp. MCXP RMCQ0600 QMIS: Matl. Analysis - Q Notif. Item MCXV RMCQ0300 QMIS: mat. analysis overview Q not. MCXX RMCQ0900 QMIS: Material analysis defects MCY1 SAPMMCY1 Create Exception EWSLIS MCY2 SAPMMCY1 Maintain Exception EWSLIS MCY3 SAPMMCY1 Display Exception (EWSLIS) MCY4 SAPMMCY1 Create Group Exception MCY5 SAPMMCY1 Change Group Exception MCY6 SAPMMCY1 Display Exception MCY7 SAPMMCY1 Create Job For Exception MCY8 SAPMMCY1 Change Jobs: Exceptions MCY9 SAPMMCY1 Display Jobs: Exceptions MCYA SAPMMCY1 Delete Jobs: Exceptions MCYB SAPMMCY1 Plan Jobs: Exceptions MCYG SAPMMCY1 Exception Analysis INVCO MCYH SAPMMCY1 Exception Analysis: PURCHIS MCYI SAPMMCY1 Exception Analysis: SIS MCYJ SAPMMCY1 Exception Analysis: PP-IS MCYK SAPMMCY1 Exception Analysis: PM-IS MCYL SAPMMCY1 Exception Analysis: QM-IS MCYM SAPMMCY1 Exception Analysis: Retail IS MCYN SAPMMCY1 Exception Analysis: LIS-General MCYO SAPMMCY1 Exception analysis: TIS MCYO0 SAPMMCY1 Schedule Jobs: Exceptions: TIS MCYO1 SAPMMCY1 Create Exception: EWSTIS MCYO2 SAPMMCY1 Maintain Exception: EWSTIS MCYO3 SAPMMCY1 Display Exception: EWSTIS MCY O4 SAPMMCY1 Create Exception Group: TIS MCYO5 SAPMMCY1 Change Exception Group: TIS MCYO6 SAPMMCY1 Display Exception: TIS MCYO7 SAPMMCY1 Create Job for Exception: TIS MCYO8 SAPMMCY1 Change Jobs: Exceptions: TIS MCYO9 SAPMMCY1 Display jobs: Exceptions SIS MCYY SAPMMCY1 WFIS: Exception Analysis MCZ1 SAPMMCSE Create LIS Inbound Interface MCZ2 SAPMMCSE Change LIS Inbound Interface MCZ3 SAPMMCSE Display LIS Inbound Interface MD00 MENUMD00 MRP. external procurement MD01 SAPMM61X MRP Run MD02 SAPMM61X MRP - Single-item, Multi-level - MD03 SAPMM61X MRP-Individual Planning-Single Level MD04 SAPMM61R Display StockRequirements Situation MD05 SAPMM61R Individual Display Of MRP List MD06 SAPMM61R Collective Display Of MRP List MD07 SAPMM61R Current Material Overview MD08 RMMDKP01 Reorg. MRP Lists MD09 SAPMM61O Pegging MD11 SAPMM61P Create Planned Order MD12 SAPMM61P Change Planned Order MD13 SAPMM61P Display Planned Order MD14 SAPMM61P Individual Conversion of Plnned Ord. MD15 SAPMM61P Collective Conversion Of Plnd Ordrs. MD16 SAPMM61P Collective Display of Planned Orders MD17 SAPLM61Q Collective Requirements Display MD19 SAPMM61P Firm Planned Orders MD20 SAPMM61R Create Planning File Entry MD21 RMDPFE00 Display Planning File Entry MD25 SAPMM61I Create Planning Calendar MD26 SAPMM61I Change Planning Calendar MD27 SAPMM61I Display Planning Calendar MD40 SAPMM61X MPS MD41 SAPMM61X MPS - Single-item, Multi-level - MD42 SAPMM61X MPS - Single-item, Single-level - MD43 SAPMM61X MPS - Single-item, Interactive - MD44 SAPMM61M MPS Evaluation MD45 SAPMM61M MRP List Evaluation MD46 SAPMM61M Eval. MRP lists of MRP controller MD47 SAPMM61M Product Group Planning Evaluation MD48 SAPMM61M Cross-Plant Evaluation MD4C SAPMM61O Multilevel Order Report MD50 SAPMM61X Sales order planning MD51 SAPMM61X Individual project planning MD61 SAPMM60X Create Planned Indep. Requirements MD62 SAPMM60X Change Planned Indep. Requirements MD63 SAPMM60X Display Planned Indep. Requirements MD64 SAPMM60X Create Planned Indep.Requirements MD65 SAPMM60X Change Standard Indep.Requirements MD66 SAPMM60X Display Standard Indep.Requirements MD67 RM60ROLL Staggered Split MD70 RM60FORC Copy Total Forecast MD71 RM60COPY Copy Reference Changes MD72 RM60COMB Evaluation Charac.Plnng Techniques MD73 SAPMM60X Display Total Indep. Requirements MD74 RM60RR20 Reorganization: Adapt Indep.Reqmts MD75 RM60RR30 Reorganization: Delete Indep.Reqmts MD76 RM60RR40 Reorg: Delete Indep.Reqmts History MD79 SAPMM60M PP Demand Mngmt - XXL List Viewer MD81 SAPMV45A Create Customer Indep. Requirements MD82 SAPMV45A Change customer indep. requirement MD83 SAPMV45A Display Customer Indep. Requirements MD85 SAPMV75A List Customer Indep. Requirements MD90 SAPMSNUM Maintain Number Range for MRP MD91 SAPMSNUM Maintain No. Range for Planned Order MD92 SAPMSNUM Maint.No.Range for ReservDep.Reqmt MD93 SAPMSNUM Maintain Number Range: MDSM MD94 SAPMSNUM Number range maint. Total reqs MDAB RMMDBTCH Planning File - Set Up BATCH MDAC SAPMM61P Execute Action for Planned Order MDBA MDBAPI01 BAPI planned order processing MDBS RMMDBTCH MPS - total planning run MDBT RMMDBTCH MRP Run In Batch MDC7 SAPMM61R Start MD07 by using report MDFATTRSET SAPLCOMATTRIBUTENEW Maintain Set Types and Attributes MDHI MDHIMAINTENANCE Master Data and Hierarchy MDL1 SAPLMD07 Create Production Lot MDL2 SAPLMD07 Change Production Lot MDL3 SAPLMD07 Display Production Lot MDLD RMDLDR00 Print MRP List MDLP MENUMDLP MPS MDM1 RMDMAIL1 Mail To Vendor MDM2 RMDMAIL2 Mail to Vendor MDM3 RMDMAIL3 Mail to Customer MDM4 RMDMAIL4 Mail to MRP Controller MDM5 RMDMAIL5 Workflow: Mail to MRP Controller MDMC RMDMIDCU Send Customers (MDM) MDMV RMDMIDVE Send Vendors (MDM) MDMCLNTEXTR MDMEXTRACTION Local Extraction MDMFSBPTEST RMDMFSBPTEST Tests MDM Scenarios for FSBP MDP0 MENUMDP0 Independent Requirements MDP1 SAPLCUTU Create combination structure MDP2 SAPLCUTU Change combination structure MDP3 SAPLCUTU Display combination structure MDP4 SAPLCUD2 Maintain combinations MDP6 SAPLM60K Modeling MDPH SAPMM60X Planning Profile MDPP MENUMDPP Demand Management MDPV SAPLM60K Planning variant: Initial screen MDRD1 RMDRD001 Determine Delivery Relationship MDRD2 RMDRD002 Change Delivery Relationship MDRD3 RMDRD003 Display Delivery Relationship MDRD4 RMDRD004 Delete Delivery Relationship MDRE RMMDBTCH Checking Plnng File In BCKGRND Mode MDRP MENUMDRP Distribution Resource Planning MDSA SAPMM61S Display Serial Numbers MDSP SAPMM61S Change BOM Explosion Numbers MDSLINKS CVIMAPPINGBPCUSTVEND Get the Mapped CustVendBP MDSLOADCOCKPIT MDSLOADCOCKPIT Synchronization Cockpit MDSPPO2 SAPPOSAPLAPIDIALOGSTART MiniPlatform: Edit PPO Orders MDUM RMMDBTCH Convert Planned Orders into PReqs MDUP SAPMM61U Maintain Project New Key Assignment MDUS SAPMM61U Assign New Key to WBS Elements MDVP RLD05000 Collective Availability Check PAUF MDW1 SAPMM61K Access MRP control program MDXTEST RRTMDXSAMPLE MDX Test Panel ME00 MENUME00 ME01 SAPLMEOR Maintain Source List ME03 SAPLMEOR Display Source List ME04 RM06WCD1 Changes to Source List ME05 RM06W003 Generate Source List ME06 RM06W004 Analyze Source List ME07 RM06WRE0 Reorganize Source List ME08 RBDSESRC Send Source List ME0M RM06W001 Source List for Material ME11 SAPMM06I Create Purchasing Info Record ME12 SAPMM06I Change Purchasing Info Record ME13 SAPMM06I Display Purchasing Info Record ME14 RM06ICD1 Changes to Purchasing Info Record ME15 SAPMM06I Flag Purch. Info Rec. for Deletion ME16 RM06ILV0 Purchasing Info Recs. for Deletion ME18 RBDSEINF Send Purchasing Info Record ME1A RM06IR30 Archived Purchasing Info Records ME1B RMMEBTCH Redetermine Info Record Price ME1E RM06IAP0 Quotation Price History ME1L RM06IL00 Info Records per Vendor ME1M RM06IM00 Info Records per Material ME1P RM06IBP0 Purchase Order Price History ME1W RM06IW00 Info Records per Material Group ME1X RM06EVBL Buyers Negotiation Sheet for Vendor ME1Y RM06EVBM Buyers Negotiat. Sheet for Material ME21 SAPMM06E Create Purchase Order ME21N RMMEPOGUI Create Purchase Order ME22 SAPMM06E Change Purchase Order ME22N RMMEPOGUI Change Purchase Order ME23 SAPMM06E Display Purchase Order ME23N RMMEPOGUI Display Purchase Order ME24 SAPMM06E Maintain Purchase Order Supplement ME25 SAPMM06B Create PO with Source Determination ME26 SAPMM06E Display PO Supplement (IR) ME27 SAPMM06E Create Stock Transport Order ME28 RM06EF00 Release Purchase Order ME29N RMMEPOGUI Release purchase order ME2A RM06ENBE Monitor Confirmations ME2B RM06EB00 POs by Requirement Tracking Number ME2C RM06EC00 Purchase Orders by Material Group ME2J RM06EKPS Purchase Orders for Project ME2K RM06EK00 Purch. Orders by Account Assignment ME2L RM06EL00 Purchase Orders by Vendor ME2M RM06EM00 Purchase Orders by Material ME2N RM06EN00 Purchase Orders by PO Number ME2O RM06ELLB SC Stock Monitoring (Vendor) ME2S RMSRVPO1 Services per Purchase Order ME2V RM06EWE0 Goods Receipt Forecast ME2W RM06EW00 Purchase Orders for Supplying Plant ME308 RBDSECON Send Contracts with Conditions ME31 SAPMM06E Create Outline Agreement ME31K SAPMM06E Create Contract ME31L SAPMM06E Create Scheduling Agreement ME32 SAPMM06E Change Outline Agreement ME32K SAPMM06E Change Contract ME32L SAPMM06E Change Scheduling Agreement ME33 SAPMM06E Display Outline Agreement ME33K SAPMM06E Display Contract ME33L SAPMM06E Display Scheduling Agreement ME34 SAPMM06E Maintain Outl. Agreement Supplement ME34K SAPMM06E Maintain Contract Supplement ME34L SAPMM06E Maintain Sched. Agreement Supplement ME35 RM06EF00 Release Outline Agreement ME35K RM06EF00 Release Contract ME35L RM06EF00 Release Scheduling Agreement ME36 SAPMM06E Display Agreement Supplement (IR) ME37 SAPMM06E Create Transport Scheduling Agmt. ME38 SAPMM06E Maintain Sched. Agreement Schedule ME39 SAPMM06E Display Sched. Agmt. Schedule (TEST) ME3A RBDSERED Transm. Release Documentation Record ME3B RM06EB00 Outl. Agreements per Requirement No. ME3C RM06EC00 Outline Agreements by Material Group ME3J RM06EKPS Outline Agreements per Project ME3K RM06EK00 Outl. Agreements by Acct. Assignment ME3L RM06EL00 Outline Agreements per Vendor ME3M RM06EM00 Outline Agreements by Material ME3N RM06EN00 Outline Agreements by Agreement No. ME3P RMMEBTCH Recalculate Contract Price ME3R RMMEBTCH Recalculate Sched. Agreement Price ME3S RMSRVR20 Service List for Contract ME41 SAPMM06E Create Request For Quotation ME42 SAPMM06E Change Request For Quotation ME43 SAPMM06E Display Request For Quotation ME44 SAPMM06E Maintain RFQ Supplement ME45 RM06EF00 Release RFQ ME47 SAPMM06E Create Quotation ME48 SAPMM06E Display Quotation ME49 RM06EPS0 Price Comparison List ME4B RM06EB00 RFQs by Requirement Tracking Number ME4C RM06EC00 RFQs by Material Group ME4L RM06EL00 RFQs by Vendor ME4M RM06EM00 RFQs by Material ME4N RM06EN00 RFQs by RFQ Number ME4S RM06ES00 RFQs by Collective Number ME51 SAPMM06B Create Purchase Requisition ME51N RMMEREQGUI Create Purchase Requisition ME52 SAPMM06B Change Purchase Requisition ME52N RMMEREQGUI Change Purchase Requisition ME52NB RMMEREQGUI Buyer Approval: Purchase Requisition ME53 SAPMM06B Display Purchase Requisition ME53N RMMEREQGUI Display Purchase Requisition ME54 SAPMM06B Release Purchase Requisition ME54N RMMEREQGUI Release Purchase Requisition ME55 RM06BF00 Collective Release of Purchase Reqs. ME56 RM06BZ00 Assign Source to Purch. Requisition ME57 RM06BZ00 Assign and Process Requisitions ME58 RM06BB00 Ordering: Assigned Requisitions ME59 RM06BB10 Automatic Generation of POs ME59N RM06BB30 Automatic generation of POs ME5A RM06BA00 Purchase Requisitions: List Display ME5F RM06BF00 Release Reminder: Purch. Requisition ME5J RM06BKPS Purchase Requisitions for Project ME5K RM06BK00 Requisitions by Account Assignment ME5R RM06BR30 Archived Purchase Requisitions ME5W RM06BW00 Resubmission of Purch. Requisitions ME60 MMTEST Screenpainter Test ME61 SAPMM06L Maintain Vendor Evaluation ME62 SAPMM06L Display Vendor Evaluation ME63 RM06LAUB Evaluation of Automatic Subcriteria ME64 RM06LSIM Evaluation Comparison ME65 RM06LBEU Evaluation Lists ME69 ISAUTOOPENWEB List non confirmed WEB releases ME6A RM06LA00 Changes to Vendor Evaluation ME6B RM06LB00 Display Vendor Evaln. for Material ME6C RM06LC00 Vendors Without Evaluation ME6D RM06LD00 Vendors Not Evaluated Since. ME6E RM06LE00 Evaluation Records Without Weighting ME6F RM06LF00 Print ME6G RMMEBTCH Vendor Evaluation in the Background ME6H RMCE0130 Standard Analysis: Vendor Evaluation ME6Z SAPMSM29 Transport Vendor Evaluation Tables ME80 SAPMM06R Purchasing Reporting ME80A SAPMM06R Purchasing Reporting: RFQs ME80AN RM06EAAW General Analyses (A) ME80F SAPMM06R Purchasing Reporting: POs ME80FN RM06EAAW General Analyses (F) ME80R SAPMM06R Purchasing Reporting: Outline Agmts. ME80RN RM06EAAW General Analyses (L,K) ME81 RM06ENHI Analysis of Order Values ME81N RM06EBWA Analysis of Order Values ME82 RM06ER30 Archived Purchasing Documents ME84 RM06EFLB Generation of Sched. Agmt. Releases ME84A SAPLEINL Individual Display of SA Release ME85 RM06NEUN Renumber Schedule Lines ME86 RM06REOR Aggregate Schedule Lines ME87 RM06EKBE Summarize PO History ME88 RM06CUMF Set Agr. Cum. Qty.Reconcil. Date ME89 MESCRSTPRELLIST Release of Stopped SA Releases ME91 RM06ENMA Purchasing Docs. UrgingReminding ME91A RM06ENMA Urge Submission of Quotations ME91E RM06ENMA Sch. Agmt. Schedules: UrgingRemind. ME91F RM06ENMA Purchase Orders: UrgingReminders ME92 RM06ENAB Monitor Order Acknowledgment ME92F RM06ENAB Monitor Order Acknowledgment ME92K RM06ENAB Monitor Order Acknowledgment ME92L RM06ENAB Monitor Order Acknowledgment ME99 MM70AEFA Messages from Purchase Orders ME9A RM06ENDRALV Message Output: RFQs ME9E RM06ENDRALV Message Output: Sch. Agmt. Schedules ME9F RM06ENDRALV Message Output: Purchase Orders ME9K RM06ENDRALV Message Output: Contracts ME9L RM06ENDRALV Message Output: Sched. Agreements MEB0 RWMBON15 Reversal of Settlement Runs MEB1 SAPMV13A Create Reb. Arrangs. (Subseq. Sett.) MEB2 SAPMV13A Change Reb. Arrangs. (Subseq. Sett.) MEB3 SAPMV13A Displ. Reb. Arrangs. (Subseq. Sett.) MEB4 RWMBON01 Settlement re Vendor Rebate Arrs. MEB5 RWMBON02 List of Vendor Rebate Arrangements MEB6 RWMBON03 Busn. Vol. Data, Vendor Rebate Arrs. MEB7 RWMBON05 Extend Vendor Rebate Arrangements MEB8 RWMBON04 Det. Statement, Vendor Rebate Arrs. MEB9 RWMBON06 Stat. Statement, Vendor Rebate Arrs. MEBA RWMBON08 Comp. Suppl. BV, Vendor Rebate Arr. MEBB RWMBON10 Check Open Docs. Vendor Reb. Arrs. MEBC RWMBON20 Check Customizing: Subsequent Sett. MEBE RWMBON11 Workflow Sett. re Vendor Reb. Arrs. MEBF RWMBONF0 Updating of External Busn. Volumes MEBG RWMBONE1 Chg. Curr. (Euro), Vend. Reb. Arrs. MEBH RWMBONE2 Generate Work Items (Man. Extension) MEBI RWBNAAWN Message, Subs.Settlem. - Settlem.Run MEBJ RWMBON07 Recompile Income, Vendor Reb. Arrs. MEBK RWBNAAWS Message. Subs. Settlem.- Arrangment MEBM RWMBON14 List of settlement runs for arrngmts MEBR RV130007 Archive Rebate Arrangements MEBS RWMBON13 Stmnt. Sett. Docs. Vend. Reb. Arrs. MEBT RWMBONF1 Test Data: External Business Volumes MEBV SAPMV13A Extend Rebate Arrangements (Dialog) MECCM RM06CCMEXP Send Purchasing Data to Catalog MECCPME2K MECCPRM06EK00 For Requisition Account Assignment MEDL RM11KS00 Price Change: Contract MEER SAPLFKKAKTIV2 Mass Act: Create Electronic Bill MEI1 RMEBEIN1 Automatic Purchasing Document Change MEI2 RMEBEIN2 Automatic Document Change MEI3 RMEBEIN3 Recompilation of Document Index MEI4 RMEBEIN4 Compile Worklist for Document Index MEI5 RMEBEIN5 Delete Worklist for Document Index MEI6 RMEBEIN6 Delete purchasing document index MEI7 RMEBEIN7 Change sales prices in purch. orders MEI8 RMEBEIZ3 Recomp. doc. index settlement req. MEI9 RMEBEIL3 Recomp. doc. index vendor bill. doc. MEIA RMEBEIK3 New Structure Doc.Ind. Cust. Sett. MEIS RMIMST00 Data Selection: Arrivals MEK1 SAPMV13A Create Conditions (Purchasing) MEK2 SAPMV13A Change Conditions (Purchasing) MEK3 SAPMV13A Display Conditions (Purchasing) MEK31 SAPMV13A Condition Maintenance: Change MEK32 SAPMV13A Condition Maintenance: Change MEK33 SAPMV13A Condition Maintenance: Change MEK4 SAPMV13A Create Conditions (Purchasing) MEKA RM06K000 Conditions: General Overview MEKB RM06K020 Conditions by Contract MEKC RM06K021 Conditions by Info Record MEKD RM06K022 Conditions for Material Group MEKE RM06K023 Conditions for Vendor MEKF RM06K024 Conditions for Material Type MEKG RM06K025 Conditions for Condition Group MEKH RM06K026 Market Price MEKI RM06K027 Conditions for Incoterms MEKJ RM06K028 Conditions for Invoicing Party MEKK RM06K029 Conditions for Vendor Sub-Range MEKL RM06K052 Price Change: Scheduling Agreements MEKLE RM06K082 Currency Change: Sched. Agreements MEKP RM06K050 Price Change: Info Records MEKPE RM06K080 Currency Change: Info Records MEKR RM06K051 Price Change: Contracts MEKRE RM06K081 Currency Change: Contracts MEKX SAPMSM29 Transport Condition Types Purchasing MEKY SAPMSM29 Trnsp. Calc. Schema: Mkt. Pr. (Pur.) MEKZ SAPMSM29 Trnsp. Calculation Schemas (Purch.) MEL0 MENUMEL0 Service Entry Sheet MELB RM06XB00 Purch. Transactions by Tracking No. MEM1 SAPMM06E Replacement for Purchase Order Item MENUMIGRATION SAPLSMNVMIGRATION Menu Migration into New Hierarchy MEPA RMEEINJ1 Order Price SimulationPrice Info MEPB RMEEINJ2 Price InfoVendor Negotiations MEPO RMMEPOGUI Purchase Order MEQ1 SAPDM06Q Maintain Quota Arrangement MEQ3 SAPDM06Q Display Quota Arrangement MEQ4 RM06QCD1 Changes to Quota Arrangement MEQ6 RM06Q004 Analyze Quota Arrangement MEQ7 RM06QRE0 Reorganize Quota Arrangement MEQ8 RM06Q006 Monitor Quota Arrangements MEQB RMMEBTCH Revise Quota Arrangement MEQM RM06Q001 Quota Arrangement for Material MER4 RWMBON31 Settlement re Customer Rebate Arrs. MER5 RWMBON32 List of Customer Rebate Arrangements MER6 RWMBON33 Busn. Vols. Cust. Reb. Arrangements MER7 RWMBON35 Extension of Cust. Reb. Arrangements MER8 RWMBON34 Det. Statement: Cust. Rebate Arrs. MER9 RWMBON36 Statement: Customer Reb. Arr. Stats. MERA RWMBON38 Comp. Suppl. BV, Cust. Rebate Arrs. MERB RWMBON40 Check re Open Docs. Cust. Reb. Arr. MERE RWMBON41 Workflow: Sett. Cust. Rebate Arrs. MEREPEXREPLIC MEREPREPLICATORSTART Execute Replicator MEREPLOG MEREPMONLOG Activity Log MEREPMIG MEREPMIGRATION Migration MEREPMON MEREPMONWORKLIST Mobile Monitor MEREPPD MEREPPROFILERSHS Profile Dialog MEREPPURGE MEREPPURGE Purge Tool MEREPSBUILDER MEREPSBUILDER SyncBO Builder MERF RWMBONF2 Updating of External Busn. Volumes MERG RWMBONE3 Change Curr. (Euro) Cust. Reb. Arrs. MERH RWMBONE4 Generate Work Items (Man. Extension) MERJ RWMBON37 Recomp. of Income, Cust. Reb. Arrs. MERS RWMBON43 Stmnt. Sett. Docs. Cust. Reb. Arrs. METAL RMMETAL Transaction Starter Purchasing MEU2 SAPLWN50 Perform Busn. Volume Comp. Rebate MEU3 SAPLWN50 Display Busn. Volume Comp. Rebate MEU4 SAPMNB01 Display Busn. Volume Comp. Rebate MEU5 SAPMNB01 Display Busn. Volume Comp. Rebate MEW0 SAPMMWE0 Procurement Transaction MEW1 SAPMMWE1 Create Requirement Request MEW10 SAPLMEW5 Service Entry in Web MEW2 SAPMMWE1 Status Display: Requirement Requests MEW3 SAPMMWE2 Collective Release of Purchase Reqs. MEW5 SAPMMWE3 Collective Release of Purchase Order MEW6 SAPMMWE6 Assign Purchase Orders WEB MEW7 SAPLMEW4 Release of Service Entry Sheets MEW8 SAPLMEW4 Release of Service Entry Sheet MEWP SAPMMEWP Web based PO MEWS SAPLMEW5 Service Entry (Component) MERTRACE MEREMOTETRACING Client Trace Settings MESWPALERT SAPLMESWPALERT Display MRP Alerts (Web) MESWPCO SAPLMESWPSICCO Display Purchasing Pricing (Web) MESWPIV SAPLMESWPSICIV Display Settlement Status (Web) MESWPPDI SAPLMESWPSICPDI Display Purchase Document Info (Web) MESWPPH SAPLMESWPSICPH Display Purchasing History (Web) MESWPSRI SAPLMESWPSICSR Display Schedule Releases (Web) MEWIZARD WAFWIZARD ME: Registration and Generation MF00 MENUMF00 Run Schedules MF00OLD MENUMF00OLD MF02 SAPMM61G Change Run Schedule Header MF03 SAPMM61G Display Run Schedule Header MF12 RMSERI12ALV Display Document Log (With ALV) MF20 SAPLBARM REM Cost Controlling MF22 RMSERI01 Versions: Overview MF23 RMSERI05 Linking Versions Graphically MF26 RMSERI15ALV Display Reporting Point Quantity MF27 RMSERI20 Update Stats for Planned Quantities MF30 RMSERI40 Create PrelimCostEst - ProdCostColl. MF41 SAPLBARM Reverse Backflush (With ALV) MF42 SAPLBARM Collective Backflush MF42N SAPLBARM New Collective Entry MF45 SAPLBARM Reprocessing Components: Rep.Manuf. MF46 SAPLBARM Collective Reprocessing, Backflush MF47 RMSERI11 Open Reprocessing Records Pr.Line MF4R SAPLBARM Resetting Reporting Points MF50 SAPMM61R Planning Table - Change MF51 RMSERIDR Print Production Quantities MF52 SAPMM61R Planning Table - Display MF53 RMSERIMA Maintaining Variants-Production List MF57 SAPMM61R Planning Table - By MRP Lists MF60 RMPUSELSCREEN Pull List MF63 RMPUSELSCREEN Staging Situation MF65 RMPUPICKLISTFORMAT Stock Transfer for Reservation MF68 RMPUDISPLAYLOG Log for Pull List MF70 RMSERI70 Aggregate Collective Backflush MFBF SAPLBARM Backflushing In Repetitive Mfg MFHU SAPLVHURM Backflushing In Repetitive Mfg MFI2 SAPLKAZB Actual Overhead: Run Schedule Header MFN1 SAPLKAZB Actual Reval. PrCstCol. Ind.Pro. MFN2 SAPLKAZB Actual Reval. PrCstCol. Col.Pro. MFP1 SAPLVHUDIAL2 REM: Plan HUs - General MFP11 SAPLVHUDIAL2 REM: Plan HUs Without Order MFP12 SAPLVHUDIAL2 REM: Plan HUs for Order MFP13 SAPLVHUDIAL2 Rep. Manuf. Plan HUs for Delivery MFP14 SAPLVHUDIAL2 Rep. Man. Plan HUs for Purch. Order MFP2 SAPLVHUDIAL2 REM: Pack HUs - General MFP21 SAPLVHUDIAL2 REM: Pack HUs Without Order MFP22 SAPLVHUDIAL2 REM: Pack HUs for Order MFP23 SAPLVHUDIAL2 Rep. Manuf. Pack HUs for Delivery MFP24 SAPLVHUDIAL2 Rep. Man. Pack HUs for Purch. Order MFPR RMSERIPR Process Inspection Lot for Versions MFS0 SAPMM61R LFP: Change Master Plan MGMT MEREPMIDEVICEMANAGEMENT Device Configuration MGVCORRECT SAPRCKMCORRECTMGVDATA Checks Corrects Quantity Structure MGW0 SAPLMGW3 Create Components for Set Material MGW1 SAPLMGW3 Display Components for Set Material MGW2 SAPLMGW3 Create Components for Display Matl MGW3 SAPLMGW3 Display Components for Display Matl MGW4 SAPLMGW3 Create Components for Prepack Matl MGW5 SAPLMGW3 Display Components for Prepack Matl MGW6 SAPLMGW3 Create Components for Full Product MGW7 SAPLMGW3 Display Components for Full Product MGW8 SAPLMGW3 Change Components for Set Material MGW9 SAPLMGW3 Change Components for Display Matl MGWA SAPLMGW3 Change Components for Prepack MGWB SAPLMGW3 Change Components for Full Product MI00 MENUMI00 Physical Inventory MI01 SAPMM07I Create Physical Inventory Document MI02 SAPMM07I Change Physical Inventory Document MI03 SAPMM07I Display Physical Inventory Document MI04 SAPMM07I Enter Inventory Count with Document MI05 SAPMM07I Change Inventory Count MI06 SAPMM07I Display Inventory Count MI07 SAPMM07I Process List of Differences MI08 SAPMM07I Create List of Differences with Doc. MI09 SAPMM07I Enter Inventory Count wo Document MI10 SAPMM07I Create List of Differences wo Doc. MI11 SAPMM07I Recount Physical Inventory Document MI12 RM07ICDD Display changes MI20 RM07IDIF Print List of Differences MI21 RM07IDRU Print physical inventory document MI22 RM07IMAT Display Phys. Inv. Docs. F. Material MI23 RM07IINV Disp. Phys. Inv. Data for Material MI24 RM07IDIF Physical Inventory List MI31 RM07II31 Batch Input: Create Phys. Inv. Doc. MI32 RM07II32 Batch Input: Block Material MI33 RM07II33 Batch Input: Freeze Book Inv.Balance MI34 RM07II34 Batch Input: Enter Count MI35 RM07II35 Batch Input: Post Zero Stock Balance MI37 RM07II37 Batch Input: Post Differences MI38 RM07II38 Batch Input: Count and Differences MI39 RM07II39 Batch Input: Document and Count MI40 RM07II40 Batch Input: Doc. Count and Diff. MI9A RM07IAAU Analyze archived phy. inv. docs MIBC RMCBIN00 ABC Analysis for Cycle Counting MICN RM07ICN1 Btch Inpt:Ph.Inv.Docs.for Cycle Ctng MIDO RM07IDOC Physical Inventory Overview MIE1 RM07IE31 Batch Input: Phys.Inv.Doc. Sales Ord MIGO SAPLMIGO Goods Movement MIGOGI SAPLMIGO Goods Movement MIGOGO SAPLMIGO Goods Movement MIGOGR SAPLMIGO Goods Movement MIGOGS SAPLMIGO Subseq. Adjust. of Material Provided MIGOTR SAPLMIGO Transfer Posting MIGR1 RSIWB090 KW: Conversion of enh.rel. (global) MIGR2 RSIWB096 KW: Conver. of EnhRelOrigin (sel.) MIGRTEST MENUMIGRTEST Test Menu for Migration MIK1 RM07IK31 Batch Input: Ph.Inv.Doc.Vendor Cons. MILES RSALMONITORFRAMEWORK Infrastructure Navigator MILL00 MENUMILL00 IS Mill Products MILLCUT SAPLMILLCUT Cutting Stck Trans. and Confirmation MILLCUTCO SAPLMILLCUT Cutting Confirmation MILLCUTLBA SAPLMILLCUT Confirmation DNP Processing MILLCUTTR SAPLMILLCUT Cutting Stock Transfer MILLOC SAPLMILLOC Create Order Combination MILLS000 MENUMILLS000 MIM1 RM07IM31 Batch Input: Create Ph.Inv.Docs RTP MIMD RM07IMDE Tansfer PDC Physical Inventory Data MININGIBM RSDTMDATAMINING Communictn with Data Mining Software MIO1 RM07IO31 Batch Input: Ph.Inv.Doc.:Stck w.Subc MIQ1 RM07IQ31 Batch Input: PhInvDoc. Project Stock MIR4 SAPLMR1M Call MIRO - Change Status MIR5 RMMR1MDI Display List of Invoice Documents MIR6 SAPMM08N Invoice Overview MIR7 SAPLMR1M Park Invoice MIRA SAPLMR1M Fast Invoice Entry MIRCMR VHUMIRECONCILIATION Material Reconciliation MIRO SAPLMR1M Enter Incoming Invoice MIS1 SAPMM07S Create Sample-Based Phys. Inv. - ERP MIS2 SAPMM07S Change Inventory Sampling MIS3 SAPMM07S Display Inventory Sampling MIS4 SAPMM07S Create Inventory Sampling - R2 MIS5 SAPMM07S Create Inventory Sampling - Other MISS REAFINDMISSINGSOLPATH Extract: Check Solution Paths MIV1 RM07IV31 Batch I.:PhInDoc f.Ret.Pack.at Cust. MIW1 RM07IW31 Batch I.PhInDoc f. Consigt at Cust. MIALBACK MIALERTREORG Back Up CCMS Alerts for MI MIALMON MECCMSALERTSMONITOR Alert Monitor for MI Alerts MICLOGMON MECLERRORANALYSIS2 Client log analysis MIMCD MIREPMCD MI:Process Mobile Component MIMSD MEREPMIMSD MI:Process Mobile Component MISYNEWS MISYSTEMNEWS MI SystemNews MK01 SAPMF02K Create vendor (Purchasing) MK02 SAPMF02K Change vendor (Purchasing) MK03 SAPMF02K Display vendor (Purchasing) MK04 SAPMF01A Change Vendor (Purchasing) MK05 SAPMF02K Block Vendor (Purchasing) MK06 SAPMF02K Mark vendor for deletion (purch.) MK12 SAPMF02K Change vendor (Purchasing), planned MK14 SAPMF01A Planned vendor change (Purchasing) MK18 SAPMF02K Activate planned vendor changes (Pu) MK19 SAPMF02K Display vendor (purchasing), future MKH1 RMLFMH00 Maintain vendor hierarchy MKH1N RVVENDORHIERARCHY DisplayMaintain Vendor Hierarchy MKH2 RMLFMH00 Display vendor hierarchy MKH2N RVVENDORHIERARCHY Display Vendor Hierarchy MKH3 RMCHACTK Activate vendor master (online) MKH4 RMCHACTB Activate vendors (batch input) MKK MENUMKK Mass Contract Invoicing MKOP RMMKOP01 Call Up Material Master-Copier MKVG RM06IA00 Settlement and Condition Groups MKVZ RMKKVZ00 List of Vendors: Purchasing MKVZE RM06KLFM Currency Change: Vendor Master Rec. ML01 SAPLMLST Create Standard Service Catalog ML02 SAPLMLST Maintain Standard Service Catalog ML03 SAPLMLST Display Standard Service Catalog ML05 RM11MS00 Purchasing Object for Service ML10 SAPLMLSM Create Model Service Specifications ML11 SAPLMLSM Change Model Service Specifications ML12 SAPLMLSM Display Model Service Specifications ML15 RMSRVR01 List of Model Service Specifications ML20 SAPMV13A Create Conditions ML30 SAPMV13A Create Vendor Conditions ML31 SAPMV13A Change Vendor Conditions ML32 SAPMV13A Display Vendor Conditions ML36 SAPMV13A Create Vendor Conditions ML37 SAPMV13A Change Vendor Conditions ML38 SAPMV13A Display Vendor Conditions ML42 SAPMV13A Create Service Conditions ML43 SAPMV13A Change Vendor Conditions ML44 SAPMV13A Display Vendor Conditions ML48 SAPMV13A Create Conditions ML49 SAPMV13A Change Conditions ML50 SAPMV13A Display Conditions ML60CK RM06BCUS Release Procedure Checks ML81 RM11RL00 Maintain Service Entry Sheet ML81N SAPLMLSR Service Entry Sheet ML82 RM11R L00 Display Service Entry Sheet ML83 RM11RNDR Message Processing: Service Entry ML84 RMSRVF11 List of Service Entry Sheets ML85 RMSRVF00 Collective Release of Entry Sheets ML86 RM11RL01 Import Service Data ML87 RM11RL02 Export Service Data ML92 RM11MS00 Entry Sheets for Service ML93 RM11MS00 Purchasing Object for Service ML95 RM11MS00 List Display: Contracts for Service ML96 RM11MS00 Purchase Requisitions for Service MLCCSPD SAPLMLCCSDISPLAY Cost Components for Price MLRP RMFPLA01 Periodic Invoicing Plans MLS5 RMSTLV01 Import Standard Service Type MLS6 RM11STLV Report for Standard Service Catalog MLV1 SAPMV13A Conditions: Services MLV2 SAPMV13A Create Total Price (PRS) MLV5 RM06KSRV Change Currency (Contracts) MLV6 SAPMV13A Create Other MM00 MENUMM00 MM01 SAPMMG01 Create Material amp MM02 SAPMMG01 Change Material amp MM03 SAPMMG01 Display Material amp MM04 SAPMM03A Display Material Change Documents MM06 SAPMM03G Flag Material for Deletion MM11 SAPMMG01 Schedule Creation of Material amp MM12 SAPMMG01 Schedule Changing of Material amp MM13 MMCHACTV Activate Planned Changes MM14 SAPMM03A Display Planned Changes MM15 SAPMM03A Display Changes (Migration) MM16 SAPMM03G Schedule Material for Deletion MM18 SAPMM03M Activate Planned Changes MM19 SAPMMG01 Display Material amp at Key Date MM41 SAPMMG02 Create Material amp MM42 SAPMMG02 Change Material amp MM43 SAPMMG02 Display Material amp MM44 RMMMCDOC Display Change Documents MM50 SAPMMGMP List Extendable Materials MM60 RMMVRZ00 Materials List MM72 MMREO111 Display Archive of Materials MM75 MMREO211 Display Archive of Special Stocks MM90 RMVAPLSH Analyze ALE Appl. Log for MatMaster MM91 RMVAPLDE Delete ALE Appl. Log for Matl Master MMAM SAPMM03Z Change Material Type MMB1 SAPMMG01 Create Semifinished Product amp MMBE RMMMBESTN Stock Overview MMBEOLD RMMMBEST Stock Overview MMCL MILLCLMMBE Stock Overview by Characteristic MMD1 SAPMM03D Create MRP Profile MMD2 SAPMM03D Change MRP Profile MMD3 SAPMM03D Display MRP Profile MMD6 SAPMM03D Delete MRP Profile MMD7 RMMMDP01 Display MRP Profile Usage MMDE RMMMDE00 Delete All Materials MMF1 SAPMMG01 Create Finished Product amp MMG1 SAPMMG01 Create Returnable Packaging amp MMH1 SAPMMG01 Create Trading Goods amp MMI1 SAPMMG01 Create Operating Supplies amp MMK1 SAPMMG01 Create Configurable Material amp MML1 SAPMMG01 Create Empties amp MMLS SAPLMMLS Logistic Switch (Not Released) MMM1 SAPMV13B Create Message: Material Master MMN1 SAPMMG01 Create Non-Stock Material amp MMNR SAPMSNUM Define Material Master Number Ranges MMP1 SAPMMG01 Create Maintenance Assembly amp MMPI RMMMINIT Initialize Period MMPURPAMEPO MMPURPACALLMEPO Call MEPO from Portal MMPURPAMEREQ MM PURPACALLMEREQ Call MEREQ from Portal MMPURPAMIGO MMPURPACALLMIGO Call MIGO from Portal MMPURPAMIRO MMPURPACALLMIRO Call MIRO from Portal MMPURUIPRCREQ MMPURUIPRCREQ Create PO from Requisition MMPV RMMMPERI Close Periods MMR1 SAPMMG01 Create Raw Material amp MMRV SAPMM03Y Allow Posting to Previous Period MMS1 SAPMMG01 Create Service amp MMSC SAPMM03M Enter Storage Locations Collectively MMU1 SAPMMG01 Create Non-Valuated Material amp MMV1 SAPMMG01 Create Packaging amp MMVD SAPMM03M Change Decentr. for Decentr.Shipping MMVH SAPMM03M Create Centrally: Decentral.Shipping MMVV SAPMM03M Change Centr. for Decentr. Shipping MMW1 SAPMMG01 Create Competitor Product amp MMZ1 SAPMM03M Create Material, General (Old MM01) MMZ2 SAPMM03M Change Material (Old MM02) MMZ3 SAPMM03M Display Material (Old MM03) MN01 SAPMV13B Create Message: RFQ MN02 SAPMV13B Change Message: RFQ MN03 SAPMV13B Display Message: RFQ MN04 SAPMV13B Create Message: PO MN05 SAPMV13B Change Message: PO MN06 SAPMV13B Display Message: PO MN07 SAPMV13B Create Message: Outline Agreement MN08 SAPMV13B Change Message: Outline Agreement MN09 SAPMV13B Display Message: Outline Agreement MN10 SAPMV13B Create Message: Schd. Agmt. Schedule MN11 SAPMV13B Change Message: Schd. Agmt. Schedule MN12 SAPMV13B Displ. Message: Schd. Agmt. Schedule MN13 SAPMV13B Create Message: Service Entry Sheet MN14 SAPMV13B Change Message: Service Entry Sheet MN15 SAPMV13B Display Message: Service Entry Sheet MN21 SAPMV13B Create Condition: Inventory Mgmt MN22 SAPMV13B Change Condition: Inventory Mgmt MN23 SAPMV13B Display Condition: Inventory Mgmt MN24 SAPMV13B Create Message: Shipping Notif. MN25 SAPMV13B Change Message: Shipping Notif. MN26 SAPMV13B Display Message: Shipping Notif. MN27 SAPMV13B Create message: rough goods receipt MN28 SAPMV13B Change message: rough goods receipt MN29 SAPMV13B Display message: rough goods receipt MNKR SAPMSNUM Number range maintenance: WEREIGNIS MOALL REACLEARWORKLIST Delete Agent Allocation MOKA RVEXMOKA CAP: Calculation Restitution MOKS RVEXRCRS CAP: Calculation Simulation MP00 MENULPRO Material Forecast Menu MP01 SAPLMBAM Maintain AMPL Records MP02 SAPLMBAM Display AMPL Records MP11 SAPMV13B Create message for direct production MP12 SAPMV13B Change Message for direct production MP13 SAPMV13B Display message - direct production MP30 SAPMM61W Execute Material Forecast MP31 SAPMM61W Change Material Forecast MP32 SAPMM61W Display Material Forecast MP33 SAPMM61W Reprocess material forecast MP38 RMPROG01 Total Forecast Run MP39 SAPMM61W Print MP80 SAPMMPRP Create Forecast Profile MP81 SAPMMPRP Change Forecast Profile MP82 SAPMMPRP Delete Forecast Profile MP83 SAPMMPRP Display Forecast Profile MP90 SAPMSNUM Maintain No. Range: Foreca st Param. MP91 SAPMSNUM Maintain No. Range: Forecast Values MPACONTACT RMPACONTACT MPA with MEREPCONTACT (sample app.) MPAMSGTEMPL RMPAMSGTEMPLMAINTAIN Maintain Message Template MPAREPLYCUST RMPAREPLYCUSTOMIZE MPA Reply Handling MPBT RMMDBTCH Total Forecast In BATCH Mode MPD SAPLMPD03 Maintenance Program Definition MPDR RMMDBTCH Print in BATCH Mode MPDMAP MPDMAP MPD: Data Mapping MPE1 MMPERS01 Create buyer MPE2 MMPERS01 Change buyer MPE3 MMPERS01 Display buyer MPLT SAPLMPL05 Test Appl. for Interface to iPPE WB MPN01 RMPNAFTERUPGRADE MPN Conversion Reconcilation MPND RMPNCOPY Field Synchronization, Interch.Parts MPNVV2 RMPNSDV03V02 MPN and SuS Rescheduling MPOCCMONALERT MPOCCMONALERTGENERATE Write Extracts for CC Monitor MPOCCPOSALERT MPOCCPOSALERTGENERATE Write Extracts for Line Items MPOILVALERT MPOCCMONALERTGENERATE Write Extracts for IAA Monitor MPOORDALERT MPOORDMONALERTGENERATE Write Extracts for ORDMonitor MPOORDPOSALERT MPOORDPOSALERTGENERATE Extracts of Critical Line Items ORD MPOADMIN SAPLMPOCCMONITORADMIN Administration of Rule Maintenance MPOCCMONITORF4 SAPLMPOCCMONITORF4 Start F4 MPOCCMONITORRRIF SAPLMPOCCMONITORRRIF Start ReportReport Interface MPOCCMONDOCCALL SAPLMPOCCMONITORDOCUMENTCAL Call Doc. Display for CCtr Monitor MPOPERSDATADELETE MPOPERSDATADELETE Delete Users Personalization Data MPOPERSFILLCC MPOFILLPERSONALIZATIONCC Fill for Personalization, Cost Ctrs MPOPERSFILLPC MPOFILLPERSONALIZATIONPC Fill for Personalization,Profit Ctrs MPR1 RMPR1001 Forecast Adopted from External Data MPR2 RMPR2001 Deletion of Forecast Data MR00 MENUMR00 Invoice Verification MR01 SAPMM08R Process Incoming Invoice MR02 SAPMM08A Process Blocked Invoices MR03 SAPMM08R Display Inv. Verification Document MR08 SAPMM08S Cancel Invoice Document MR11 SAPRCKMMR11 GRIR account maintenance MR11SHOW SAPRCKMMR11SHOW Account Maint.Docu.Display-Reversal MR11OLD SAPMM08K Old GRIR account maintenance MR21 SAPRCKMMR21 Price Change MR22 SAPRCKMMR22 Material DebitCredit MR32 SAPMM08Y Change Material Layer (LIFO) MR33 SAPMM08Y Display Material Layer (LIFO) MR34 SAPMM08Y Change FIFO Data MR35 SAPMM08Y Display FIFO Data MR39 RMLIFO39 Display Documents (LIFO) MR41 SAPMM08R Park Invoice MR42 SAPMM08R Change Parked Invoice MR43 SAPMM08R Display Parked Invoice MR44 SAPMM08R Post Parked Document MR51 RM08MMAT Material Line Items MR8M SAPLMR1M Cancel Invoice Document MR90 MM70AMRA Messages for Invoice Documents MR91 MM70AMRB Messages for Invoice Documents MRA3 RM08RAAU Display Archived Invoice Documents MRBE MENUMRBE Valuation MRBP RMBABG00 Invoice Verification in Background MRBR RM08RELEASE Release Blocked Invoices MRBWNEU RMCENEUR Recompilation MRCHVW VMIRCMRCHVW Batch mgmt with reconci liation MRDC RMMR1MDC Automatic Delivery Cost Settlement MRER RMMR1MRR Auto. ERS Automotive MRF1 RMFIFO00 Execute FIFO Valuation MRF2 RMFIFO39 Diplay Documents (FIFO) MRF3 RMFIFO32 FIFO Valuation: Create Doc. Extract MRF4 RMFIFO20 FIFO: Select Materials MRF5 RMFIFO50 FIFO: Delete Valuation Data MRHG SAPMM08R Enter Credit Memo MRHR SAPMM08R Enter Invoice MRIS RMMR1MIS Settle Invoicing Plan MRKO RMVKON00 Settle ConsignmentPipeline Liabs. MRL1 RMLIFO00 Perform LIFO Valuation: Single Matl MRL2 RMLIFO02 Perform LIFO Valuation: Pools MRL3 RMLIFO06 LIFO Lowest Value Comparison MRL4 RMLIFO10 Display LIFO Valuation: Single Matl MRL5 RMLIFO12 Display LIFO Valuation: Pools MRL6 RMLIFO20M Select Materials MRL7 RMLIFO22 Display Pool Formation MRL8 RMLIFO30 Create Base Layer MRL9 RMLIFO32 LIFO Valuation: Create Doc. Extract MRLA RMLIFO21 Check Pool Formation MRLB RMLIFO50 Delete Layer MRLC RMLIFO34 Transfer Third-Party Data MRLD RMLIFO36 Transfer Valuation Prices MRLE RMLIFO40 Change Group Structure MRLF RMLIFO38 Create Version as Copy MRLG RMLIFO42 Aggregate Layer MRLH RMLIFO44 Change LIFOFIFO Valuation Level MRLI RMLIFO20P Generate Pools MRLJ RMLIFO33 LIFO Data Transfer MRLK RMLIFO28 LIFO: Adjust Units of Measure MRLL RMLIFO41 LIFO: Reassign Material Layer MRM0 MENUMRM0 Logistics Invoice Verification MRM1 SAPMV13B Create Message: Invoice Verification MRM2 SAPMV13B Change Message: Invoice Verification MRM3 SAPMV13B Display Message: Inv. Verification MRN0 RMNIWE00 Deter. Lowest Value: Market Prices MRN1 RMNIWE10 Deter. Lowest Value: Rge of Coverage MRN1TS RMNIWE10TS Determine Lowest Value: Rge of Cov. MRN2 RMNIWE20 Determ. Lowest Value: Mvmt Rate MRN3 RMNIWE30 Loss-Free Valuation MRN8 RMNIWE80 Lowest Value: Price Variances MRN9 RMNIWE90 Balance Sheet Values by Account MRNB RMMR1MRB Revaluation MRO2 SAPMV76A Configuration: IV Lists MRRL RMMR1MRS Evaluated Receipt Settlement MRRS RMMR01RS Evaluated Receipt Settlement MRTRSSTART RMXMPTRANSFORMSTART RMS-MRTRS. Start MR Transformation MRY0 MRYPIPMULTICHANGE Coll. Maint. of Phys. Inv. Prices MRY1 MRYARPCALCULATE Calculate Average Receipt Price MRY2 MRYPIPREDEFINE Transfer Physical Inventory Prices MRY3 MRYVALUATIONALTERNATIVESHOW Display Valuation Alternative MRY4 MRYAVRRESULTTRANSFER Transfer ML Prices MRYSCMA SAPLMYMON Execute via Schedule Manager MRYSCMO SAPLMYMON Analyze via Schedule Manager MRYSLG1 SAPLMYMON Analyze Application Log MS00 MENUMS00 Long-term planning MS01 SAPMM61X Long-Term Planning: Total Planning MS02 SAPMM61X Long-term plng: single-itm, mult-lvl MS03 SAPMM61X Long-term plng: singl-itm, singl-lvl MS04 SAPMM61R Planning Scenario: StockReqmts List MS05 SAPMM61R Long-term planning: display MRP list MS06 SAPMM61R Long-term plnng: collective MRP list MS07 SAPMM61R Long-Term Plng: Material Overview MS08 RMMDKP02 Reorg.MRP Lists for Long-Term Plnng MS11 SAPMM61P LTP: Create planned order MS12 SAPMM61P LTP: Change planned order MS13 SAPMM61P LTP: Display planned order MS20 SAPMM61R Planning File Entry: Long-Term Plnng MS21 RMDPFE01 Planning File Entry: Long-Term Plnng MS22 RMMDVL20 Set Up Plg File Entries for Scenario MS23 RMMDVL10 Delete Plng File Entries of Scenario MS29 RMMDABLP Calculate Sim. Initial Stock MS31 SAPMM61L Create planning scenario MS32 SAPMM61L Change planning scenario MS33 SAPMM61L Display planning scenario MS44 SAPMM61M Flexible Evaluation Long-Term Plnng MS47 SAPMM61M Evaluation LTP for Product Group MS50 SAPMM61X Make-to-order planning (LTP) MS51 SAPMM61X Project planning (LTP) MS64 RM60SIMU Create Simulation Version MS65 SAPMM60X Requirements Situation MS66 RM60CH00 Copy Simulative Dependent Reqmts MS70 RMMDEKS1 Evaluation Plng Scenario for PURCHIS MS71 RMMDEKS2 Copy info structure version to LTP MSAB RMMDBTCH LTP: set up plnng file entries BATCH MSAC RMMDBTCH LTP: delete plnng file entries BATCH MSBT RMMDBTCH Long-term plng:plng background job MSC1 SAPMM03S Create Batch MSC1N SAPLCHRG Create Batch MSC2 SAPMM03S Change Batch MSC2N SAPLCHRG Change Batch MSC3 SAPMM03S Display Batch MSC3N SAPLCHRG Display Batch MSC4 SAPMM03S Display Batch Changes MSC4N SAPLCHRG Display Change Documents for Batch MSC5N RVBBTREE Mass Processing for Batches MSC7 SAPMM61R Start MS07 from Report MSCUST RALMFAELLSZ Maintain Due Date Scenarios MSE7 RMCE0600 EKS Simulation: Material Selection MSGTEST MSGTEST Test Message MSINA REAINSTSETINIT Maintain Backlog Entry in Extract MSJ1 MASSBACK Mass Maintenance in the Background MSK1 SAPMM03S Create Vendor Consignment Goods MSK2 SAPMM03S Change Vendor Consignment Goods MSK3 SAPMM03S Display Vendor Consignment Goods MSK4 SAPMM03S Display Vdr Consignment Change Docs MSK5 RMMMPRZK Vdr Consignment: Activate Fut. Price MSL1 MASSSLOG Display Mass Maintenance Logs MSL2 MASSDLOG Delete Mass Maintenance Logs MSLD RMDLDR01 Print MRP List Long-Term Planning MSRV1 RMSRVR10 List for Service MST0 MENUMST0 Mass changes MSW1 MASSMSBK Reset Warnings (in the Foreground) MUSS SAPMA999 MWB1 SAPMVBWB Creating Prop.Prod. Unit Valuation MWB2 SAPMVBWB Changing Prop.Prod. Unit Valuation MWB3 SAPMVBWB Displaying PropProd Unit Valuation MWBC RVBWSUOM Consistency Chck f. Prop.Prod. Unit MWBE RVBWSCPO Purchase order history corr. PUR MWBK RVBWSCOR Actv. ingr. management corr. factor MWBQ RVBWSCQM Purchase order history corr. QM MWCH SAPMMWCH Change Procurement IAC MY01 SDCLMC00 C MM-PUR Matchcode Purchasing Doc. MY03 SDCLMC00 C MM-PUR Matchcode Purchasing Doc. MY04 SDCLMC00 C MM-PUR Matchcode Purchasing Doc. MY05 SDCLMC00 C MM-PUR Matchcode Purchasing Doc. MY06 SDCLMC00 C MM-PUR Matchcode Purchasing Doc. MY07 SDCLMC00 C MM-PUR Matchcode Purchasing Doc. MY08 SDCLMC00 C MM-PUR Matchcode Purchasing Doc. MY09 SDCLMC00 C MM-PUR Matchcode Purchasing Doc. MY10 SDCLMC00 C MM-PUR Matchcode Purchasing Doc. MY11 SDCLMC00 C MM-PUR Matchcode Purchasing Doc. MY12 SDCLMC00 C MM-PUR Matchcode Purchasing Doc. MY13 SDCLMC00 C MM-PUR Matchcode Purchasing Doc. MLA SAPMV14A Purchasing: Condition List MLB SAPMV14A Change Condition List MLC SAPMV14A Display Condition List MLD SAPMV14A Execute Condition List Info by Vishnu OPLIGHTING FUNDAMENTALS LIGHTING UPGRADE MANUAL US EPA Office of Air and Radiation 6202J EPA 430-B-95-003, January 1995 U.S. EPA Green Lights Program A basic understanding of lighting fundamentals is essential for specifiers and decision-makers who are evaluating lighting upgrades. This document provides a brief overview of design parameters, technologies, and terminology used in the lighting industry. For more detailed information about specific energy-efficient lighting technologies, refer to the Lighting Upgrade Technologies document. The most common measure of light output (or luminous flux) is the lumen. Light sources are labeled with an output rating in lumens. For example, a T12 40-watt fluorescent lamp may have a rating of 3050 lumens. Similarly, a light fixtures output can be expressed in lumens. As lamps and fixtures age and become dirty, their lumen output decreases (i.e. lumen depreciation occurs). Most lamp ratings are based on initial lumens (i.e. when the lamp is new). Light intensity measured on a plane at a specific location is called illuminance . Illuminance is measured in footcandles, which are workplane lumens per square foot. You can measure illuminance using a light meter located on the work surface where tasks are performed. Using simple arithmetic and manufacturers photometric data, you can predict illuminance for a defined space. (Lux is the metric unit for illuminance, measured in lumens per square meter. To convert footcandles to lux, multiply footcandles by 10.76.) Another measurement of light is luminance . sometimes called brightness. This measures light leaving a surface in a particular direction, and considers the illuminance on the surface and the reflectance of the surface. The human eye does not see illuminance it sees luminance. Therefore, the amount of light delivered into the space and the reflectance of the surfaces in the space affects your ability to see. Refer to the GLOSSARY at the end of this document for more detailed definitions. Luminous flux is commonly called light output and is measured in lumens (lm). Illuminance is called light level and is measured in footcandles (fc). Luminance is referred to as brightness and is measured in footlamberts (fL) or candelasm2 (cdm2). Determining Target Light Levels The Illuminating Engineering Society of North America has developed a procedure for determining the appropriate average light level for a particular space. This procedure ( used extensively by designers and engineers ( recommends a target light level by considering the following: the task(s) being performed (contrast, size, etc.) the ages of the occupants the importance of speed and accuracy Then, the appropriate type and quantity of lamps and light fixtures may be selected based on the following: fixture efficiency lamp lumen output the reflectance of surrounding surfaces the effects of light losses from lamp lumen depreciation and dirt accumulation room size and shape availability of natural light (daylight) When designing a new or upgraded lighting system, one must be careful to avoid overlighting a space. In the past, spaces were designed for as much as 200 footcandles in places where 50 footcandles may not only be adequate, but superior. This was partly due to the misconception that the more light in a space, the higher the quality. Not only does overlighting waste energy, but it can also reduce lighting quality. Refer to Exhibit 2 f or light levels recommended by the Illuminating Engineering Society of North America. Within a listed range of illuminance, three factors dictate the proper level: age of the occupant(s), speed and accuracy requirements, and background contrast. For example, to light a space that uses computers, the overhead light fixtures should provide up to 30 fc of ambient lighting. The task lights should provide the additional footcandles needed to achieve a total illuminance of up to 50 fc for reading and writing. For illuminance recommendations for specific visual tasks, refer to the IES Lighting Handbook, 1993, or to the IES Recommended Practice No. 24 (for VDT lighting). Visual comfort probability (VCP) indicates the percent of people who are comfortable with the glare from a fixture. Spacing criteria (SC) refers to the maximum recommended distance between fixtures to ensure uniformity. Color rendering index (CRI) indicates the color appearance of an object under a source as compared to a reference source. Improvements in lighting quality can yield high dividends for US businesses. Gains in worker productivity may result by providing corrected light levels with reduced glare. Although the cost of energy for lighting is substantial, it is small compared with the cost of labor. Therefore, these gains in productivity may be even more valuable than the energy savings associated with new lighting technologies. In retail spaces, attractive and comfortable lighting designs can attract clientele and enhance sales. Three quality issues are addressed in this section. glare uniformity of illuminance color rendition Perhaps the most important factor with respect to lighting quality is glare. Glare is a sensation caused by luminances in the visual field that are too bright. Discomfort, annoyance, or reduced productivity can result. A bright object alone does not necessarily cause glare, but a bright object in front of a dark background, however, usually will cause glare. Contrast is the relationship between the luminance of an object and its background. Although the visual task generally becomes easier with increased contrast, too much contrast causes glare and makes the visual task much more difficult. You can reduce glare or luminance ratios by not exceeding suggested light levels and by using lighting equipment designed to reduce glare. A louver or lens is commonly used to block direct viewing of a light source. Indirect lighting, or uplighting, can create a low glare environment by uniformly lighting the ceiling. Also, proper fixture placement can reduce reflected glare on work surfaces or computer screens. Standard data now provided with luminaire specifications include tables of its visual comfort probability (VCP ) ratings for various room geometries. The VCP index provides an indication of the percentage of people in a given space that would find the glare from a fixture to be acceptable. A minimum VCP of 70 is recommended for commercial interiors, while luminaires with VCPs exceeding 80 are recommended in computer areas. Uniformity of Illuminance on Tasks The uniformity of illuminance is a quality issue that addresses how evenly light spreads over a task area. Although a rooms average illuminance may be appropriate, two factors may compromise uniformity. improper fixture placement based on the luminaires spacing criteria (ratio of maxim recommended fixture spacing distance to mounting height above task height) fixtures that are retrofit with reflectors that narrow the light distribution Non-uniform illuminance causes several problems: inadequate light levels in some areas visual discomfort when tasks require frequent shifting of view from underlit to overlit areas bright spots and patches of light on floors and walls that cause distraction and generate a low quality appearance Color Rendition The ability to see colors properly is another aspect of lighting quality. Light sources vary in their ability to accurately reflect the true colors of people and objects. The color rendering index (CRI) scale is used to compare the effect of a light source on the color appearance of its surroundings. A scale of 0 to 100 defines the CRI. A higher CRI means better color rendering, or less color shift. CRIs in the range of 75-100 are considered excellent, while 65-75 are good. The range of 55-65 is fair, and 0-55 is poor. Under higher CRI sources, surface colors appear brighter, improving the aesthetics of the space. Sometimes, higher CRI sources create the illusion of higher illuminance levels. The CRI values for selected light sources are tabulated with other lamp data in Exhibit 3. Commercial, industrial, and retail facilities use several different light sources. Each lamp type has particular advantages selecting the appropriate source depends on installation requirements, life-cycle cost, color qualities, dimming capability, and the effect wanted. Three types of lamps are commonly used: incandescent fluorescent high intensity discharge mercury vapor metal halide high pressure sodium low pressure sodium Before describing each of these lamp types, the following sections describe characteristics that are common to all of them.Electric light sources have three characteristics: efficiency, color temperature, and color rendering index (CRI). Exhibit 4 summarizes these characteristics. Efficiency Some lamp types are more efficient in converting energy into visible light than others. The efficacy of a lamp refers to the number of lumens leaving the lamp compared to the number of watts required by the lamp (and ballast). It is expressed in lumens per watt. Sources with higher efficacy require less electrical energy to light a space. Color Temperature Another characteristic of a light source is the color temperature. This is a measurement of warmth or coolness provided by the lamp. People usually prefer a warmer source in lower illuminance areas, such as dining areas and living rooms, and a cooler source in higher illuminance areas, such as grocery stores. Color temperature refers to the color of a blackbody radiator at a given absolute temperature, expressed in Kelvins. A blackbody radiator changes color as its temperature increases ( first to red, then to orange, yellow, and finally bluish white at the highest temperature. A warm color light source actually has a lower color temperature . For example, a cool-white fluorescent lamp appears bluish in color with a color temperature of around 4100 K. A warmer fluorescent lamp appears more yellowish with a color temperature around 3000 K. Refer to Exhibit 5 for color temperatures of various light sources. Color Rendering Index The CRI is a relative scale (ranging from 0 - 100). indicating how perceived colors match actual colors. It measures the degree that perceived colors of objects, illuminated by a given light source, conform to the colors of those same objects when they are lighted by a reference standard light source. The higher the color rendering index, the less color shift or distortion occurs. The CRI number does not indicate which colors will shift or by how much it is rather an indication of t he average shift of eight standard colors. Two different light sources may have identical CRI values, but colors may appear quite different under these two sources. Standard Incandescent Lamp Incandescent lamps are one of the oldest electric lighting technologies available. With efficacies ranging from 6 to 24 lumens per watt, incandescent lamps are the least energy-efficient electric light source and have a relatively short life (750-2500 hours). Light is produced by passing a current through a tungsten filament, causing it to become hot and glow. With use, the tungsten slowly evaporates, eventually causing the filament to break. These lamps are available in many shapes and finishes. The two most common types of shapes are the common A-type lamp and the reflector-shaped lamps. Tungsten-Halogen Lamps The tungsten halogen lamp is another type of incandescent lamp. In a halogen lamp, a small quartz capsule contains the filament and a halogen gas. The small capsule size allows the filament to operate at a higher temperature, which produces light at a higher efficacy than standard incandescents. The halogen gas combines with the evaporated tungsten, redepositing it on the filament. This process extends the life of the filament and keeps the bulb wall from blackening and reducing light output. Because the filament is relatively small, this source is often used where a highly focused beam is desired. Compact halogen lamps are popular in retail applications for display and accent lighting. In addition, tungsten-halogen lamps generally produce a whiter light than other incandescent lamps, are more efficient, last longer, and have improved lamp lumen depreciation. Incandescent A-Lamp More efficient halogen lamps are available. These sources use an infrared coating on the quartz bulb or an advanced reflector design to redirect infrared light back to the filament. The filament then glows hotter and the efficiency of the source is increased. Fluorescent lamps are the most commonly used commercial light source in North America. In fact, fluorescent lamps illuminate 71 of the commercial space in the United States. Their popularity can be attributed to their relatively high efficacy, diffuse light distribution characteristics, and long operating life. Fluorescent lamp construction consists of a glass tube with the following features: filled with an argon or argon-krypton gas and a small amount of mercury coated on the inside with phosphors equipped with an electrode at both ends Fluorescent lamps provide light by the following process: An electric discharge (current) is maintained between the electrodes through the mercury vapor and inert gas. This current excites the mercury atoms, causing them to emit non-visible ultraviolet (UV) radiation. This UV radiation is converted into visible light by the phosphors lining the tube. Discharge lamps (such as fluorescent) require a ballast to provide correct starting voltage and to regulate the operating current after the lamp has started. Full-Size Fluorescent Lamps Full-size fluorescent lamps are available in several shapes, including straight, U-shaped, and circular configurations. Lamp diameters range from 1 to 2.5. The most common lamp type is the four-foot (F40), 1.5 diameter (T12) straight fluorescent lamp. More efficient fluorescent lamps are now available in smaller diameters, including the T10 (1.25 ) and T8 (1). Fluorescent lamps are available in color temperatures ranging from warm (2700(K) incandescent-like colors to very cool (6500(K) daylight colors. Cool white (4100(K) is the most common fluorescent lamp color. Neutral white (3500(K) is becoming popular for office and retail use. Improvements in the phosphor coating of fluorescent lamps have improved color rendering and made some fluorescent lamps acceptable in many applications previously dominated by incandescent lamps. Performance Considerations The performance of any luminaire system depends on how well its components work together. With fluorescent lamp-ballast systems, light output, input watts, and efficacy are sensitive to changes in the ambient temperature. When the ambient temperature around the lamp is significantly above or below 25C (77F), the performance of the system can change. Exhibit 6 shows this relationship for two common lamp-ballast systems: the F40T12 lamp with a magnetic ballast and the F32T8 lamp with an electroni c ballast. As you can see, the optimum operating temperature for the F32T8 lamp-ballast system is higher than for the F40T12 system. Thus, when the ambient temperature is greater than 25C (77F), the performance of the F32T8 system may be higher than the performance under ANSI conditions. Lamps with smaller diameters (such as T-5 twin tube lamps) peak at even higher ambient temperatures. Compact Fluorescent Lamps Advances in phosphor coatings and reductions of tube diameters have facilitated the development of compact fluorescent lamps. Manufactured since the early 1980s, they are a long-lasting, energy-efficient substitute for the incandescent lamp. Various wattages, color temperatures, and sizes are available. The wattages of the compact fluorescents range from 5 to 40 ( replacing incandescent lamps ranging from 25 to 150 watts ( and provide energy savings of 60 to 75 percent. While producing light similar in color to incandescent sources, the life expectancy of a compact fluorescent is about 10 times that of a standard incandescent lamp. Note, however, that the use of compact fluorescent lamps is very limited in dimming applications. The compact fluorescent lamp with an Edison screw-base offers an easy means to upgrade an incandescent luminaire. Screw-in compact fluorescents are available in two types: Integral Units. These consist of a compact fluorescent lamp and ballast in self-contained units. Some integral units also include a reflector andor glass enclosure. Modular Units. The modular type of retrofit compact fluorescent lamp is similar to the integral units, except that the lamp is replaceable. A Specifier Report that compares the performance of various name-brand compact fluorescent lamps is now available from the National Lighting Product Information Program (Screw-Base Compact Fluorescent Lamp Products, Specifier Reports, Volume 1, Issue 6, April 1993).High-intensity discharge (HID) lamps are similar to fluorescents in that an arc is generated between two electrodes. The arc in a HID source is shorter, yet it generates much more light, heat, and pressure within the arc tube. Originally developed for outdoor and industrial applications, HID lamps are also used in office, retail, and other indoor applications. Their color rendering characteristics have been improved and lower wattages have recently become available ( as low as 18 watts. There are several advantages to HID sources: relatively long life (5,000 to 24,000 hrs) relatively high lumen output per watt relatively small in physical size However, the following operating limitations must also be considered. First, HID lamps require time to warm up. It varies from lamp to lamp, but the average warm-up time is 2 to 6 minutes. Second, HID lamps have a restrike time, meaning a momentary interruption of current or a voltage drop too low to maintain the arc will extinguish the lamp. At that point, the gases inside the lamp are too hot to ionize, and time is needed for the gases to cool and pressure to drop before the arc will restrike. This process of restriking takes between 5 and 15 minutes, depending on which HID source is being used. Therefore, good applications of HID lamps are areas where lamps are not switched on and off intermittently . The following HID sources are listed in increasing order of efficacy: mercury vapor metal halide high pressure sodium low pressure sodium Mercury Vapor Clear mercury vapor lamps, which produce a blue-green light, consist of a mercury-vapor arc tube with tungsten electrodes at both ends. These lamps have the lowest efficacies of the HID family, rapid lumen depreciation, and a low color rendering index. Because of these characteristics, other HID sources have replaced mercury vapor lamps in many applications. However, mercury vapor lamps are still popular sources for landscape illumination because of their 24,000 hour lamp life and vivid portrayal of green landscapes. The arc is contained in an inner bulb called the arc tube. The arc tube is filled with high purity mercury and argon gas. The arc tube is enclosed within the outer bulb, which is filled with nitrogen. Color-improved mercury lamps use a phosphor coating on the inner wall of the bulb to improve the color rendering index, resulting in slight reductions in efficiency. Metal Halide These lamps are similar to mercury vapor lamps but use metal halide additives inside the arc tube along with the mercury and argon. These additives enable the lamp to produce more visible light per watt with improved color rendition. Wattages range from 32 to 2,000, offering a wide range of indoor and outdoor applications. The efficacy of metal halide lamps ranges from 50 to 115 lumens per watt ( typically about double that of mercury vapor. In short, metal halide lamps have several advantages. high efficacy good color rendering wide range of wattages However, they also have some operating limitations: The rated life of metal halide lamps is shorter than other HID sources lower-wattage lamps last less than 7500 hours while high-wattage lamps last an average of 15,000 to 20,000 hours. The color may vary from lamp to lamp and may shift over the life of the lamp and during dimming. Because of the good color rendition and high lumen output, these lamps are good for sports arenas and stadiums. Indoor uses include large auditoriums and convention halls. These lamps are sometimes used for general outdoor lighting, such as parking facilities, but a high pressure sodium system is typically a better choice. High Pressure Sodium The high pressure sodium (HPS) lamp is widely used for outdoor and industrial applicati ons. Its higher efficacy makes it a better choice than metal halide for these applications, especially when good color rendering is not a priority. HPS lamps differ from mercury and metal-halide lamps in that they do not contain starting electrodes the ballast circuit includes a high-voltage electronic starter. The arc tube is made of a ceramic material which can withstand temperatures up to 2372F. It is filled with xenon to help start the arc, as well as a sodium-mercury gas mixture. The efficacy of the lamp is very high ( as much as 140 lumens per watt. For example, a 400-watt high pressure sodium lamp produces 50,000 initial lumens. The same wattage metal halide lamp produces 40,000 initial lumens, and the 400-watt mercury vapor lamp produces only 21,000 initially. Sodium, the major element used, produces the golden color that is characteristic of HPS lamps. Although HPS lamps are not generally recommended for applications where color rendering is critical, HPS color rendering properties are being improved. Some HPS lamps are now available in deluxe and white colors that provide higher color temperature and improved color rendition. The efficacy of low-wattage white HPS lamps is lower than that of metal halide lamps (lumens per watt of low-wattage metal halide is 75-85, while white HPS is 50-60 LPW). Low Pressure Sodium Although low pressure sodium (LPS) lamps are similar to fluorescent systems (because they are low pressure systems), they are commonly included i n the HID family. LPS lamps are the most efficacious light sources, but they produce the poorest quality light of all the lamp types. Being a monochromatic light source, all colors appear black, white, or shades of gray under an LPS source. LPS lamps are available in wattages ranging from 18-180. LPS lamp use has been generally limited to outdoor applications such as security or street lighting and indoor, low-wattage applications where color quality is not important (e.g. stairwells). However, because the color rendition is so poor, many municipalities do not allow them for roadway lighting. Because the LPS lamps are extended (like fluorescent), they are less effective in directing and controlling a light beam, compared with point sources like high-pressure sodium and metal halide. Therefore, lower mounting heights will provide better results with LPS lamps. To compare a LPS installation with other alternatives, calculate the installation efficacy as the average maintained footcandles divided by the input watts per square foot of illuminated area. The input wattage of an LPS system increases over time to maintain consistent light output over the lamp life. The low-pressure sodium lamp can explode if the sodium comes in contact with water. Dispose of these lamps according to the manufacturers instructions. Fluorescent Ballasts HID Ballasts All discharge lamps (fluorescent and HID) require an auxiliary piece of equipment called a ballast. Ballasts have three main functions:provide correct starting voltage . because lamps require a higher voltage to start than to operate match the line voltage to the operating voltage of the lamp limit the lamp current to prevent immediate destruction, because once the arc is struck the lamp impedance decreases Because ballasts are an integral component of the lighting system, they have a direct impact on light output. The ballast factor is the ratio of a lamps light output using a standard reference ballast, compared to the lamps rated light output on a laboratory standard ballast. General purpose ballasts have a ballast factor that is less than one special ballasts may have a ballast factor greater than one. The two general types of fluorescent ballasts are magnetic and electronic ballasts: Magnetic Ballasts Magnetic ballasts (also referred to as electromagnetic ballasts) fall into one of the following categories: standard core-coil (no longer sold in the US for most applications) high-efficiency core-coil cathode cut-out or hybrid Standard core-coil magnetic ballasts are essentially core-coil transformers that are relatively inefficient in operating fluorescent lamps. The high-efficiency ballast replaces the aluminum wiring and lower grade steel of the standard ballast with copper wiring and enhanced ferromagnetic materials. The result of these material upgrades is a 10 percent system efficiency improvement. However, note that these high efficiency ballasts are the least efficient magnetic ballasts that are available for operating full-size fluorescent lamps. More efficient ballasts are described below. Cathode cut-out (or hybrid ) ballasts are high-efficiency core-coil ballasts that incorporate electronic components that cut off power to the lamp cathodes (filaments) after the lamps are lit, resulting in an additional 2-watt savings per standard lamp. Also, many partial-output T12 hybrid ballasts provide up to 10 less light output while consuming up to 17 less energy than energy-efficient magnetic ballasts. Full-output T8 hybrid ballasts are nearly as efficient as rapid-start two-lamp T8 electronic ballasts. Electronic Ballasts In nearly every full-size fluorescent lighting application, electronic ballasts can be used in place of conventional magnetic core-and-coil ballasts. Electronic ballasts improve fluorescent system efficacy by converting the standard 60 Hz input frequency to a higher frequency, usually 25,000 to 40,000 Hz. Lamps operating at these higher frequencies produce about the same amount of light, while consuming 12 to 25 percent less power . Other advantages of electronic ballasts include less audible noise, less weight, virtually no lamp flicker, and dimming capabilities (with specific ballast models). There are three electronic ballast designs available: Standard T12 electronic ballasts (430 mA) These ballasts are designed for use with conventional (T12 or T10) fluorescent lighting systems. Some electronic ballasts that are designed for use with 4 lamps can operate up to four lamps at a time. Parallel wiring is another feature now available that allows all companion lamps in the ballast circuit to continue operating in the event of a lamp failure. Electronic ballasts are also available for 8 standard and high-output T12 lamps. T8 Electronic ballasts (265 mA) Specifically designed for use with T8 (1-inch diameter) lamps, the T8 electronic ballast provides the highest efficiency of any fluorescent lighting system. Some T8 electronic ballasts are designed to start the lamps in the conventional rapid start mode, while others are operated in the instant start mode. The use of instant start T8 electronic ballasts may result in up to 25 percent reduction in lamp life (at 3 hours per start) but produces slight increases in efficiency and light output. (Note: Lamp life ratings for instant start and rapid start are the same for 12 or more hours per start.) Dimmable electronic ballasts These ballasts permit the light output of the lamps to be dimmed based on input from manual dimmer controls or from devices that sense daylight or occupancy. Types of Fluorescent Circuits There are three main types of fluorescent circuits: The specific fluorescent circuit in use can be identified by the label on the ballast. The rapid start circuit is the most used system today. Rapid start ballasts provide continuous lamp filament heating during lamp operation (except when used with a cathode cut-out ballast or lamp). Users notice a very short delay after flipping the switch, before the lamp is started. The instant start system ignites the arc within the lamp instantly. This ballast provides a higher starting voltage, which eliminates the need for a separate starting circuit. This higher starting voltage causes more wear on the filaments, resulting in reduced lamp life compared with rapid starting. The preheat circuit was used when fluorescent lamps first became available. This technology is used very little today, except for low-wattage magnetic ballast applications such as compact fluorescents. A separate starting switch, called a starter, is used to aid in forming the arc. The filament needs some time to reach proper temperature, so the lamp does not strike for a few seconds. Like fluorescent lamps, HID lamps require a ballast to start and operate. The purposes of the ballast are similar: to provide starting voltage, to limit the current, and to match the line voltage to the arc voltage. With HID ballasts, a major performance consideration is lamp wattage regulation when the line voltage varies. With HPS lamps, the ballast must compensate for changes in the lamp voltage as well as for changes in the line voltages. Installing the wrong HID ballast can cause a variety of problems: waste energy and increase operating cost severely shorten lamp life significantly add to system maintenance costs produce lower-than-desired light levels increase wiring and circuit breaker installation costs result in lamp cycling when voltage dips occur Capacitive switching is available in new HID luminaires with special HID ballasts. The most common application for HID capacitive switching is in occupancy-sensed bi-level lighting control. Upon sensing motion, the occupancy sensor will send a signal to the bi-level HID system that will rapidly bring the light levels from a standby reduced level to approximately 80 of full output, followed by the normal warm-up time between 80 and 100 of full light output. Depending on the lamp type and wattage, the standby lumens are roughly 15-40 of full output and the input watts are 30-60 of full wattage. Therefore, during periods that the space is unoccupied and the system is dimmed, savings of 40-70 are achieved. Electronic ballasts for some types of HID lamps are starting to become commercially available. These ballasts offer the advantages of reduced size and weight, as well as better color control however, electronic HID ballasts offer minimal efficiency gains over magnetic HID ballasts. Luminaire Efficiency Directing Light A luminaire, or light fixture, is a unit consisting of the following components:lamps lamp sockets ballasts reflective material lenses, refractors, or louvers housing The main function of the luminaire is to direct light using reflective and shielding materials. Many lighting upgrade projects consist of replacing one or more of these components to improve fixture efficiency. Alternatively, users may consider replacing the entire luminaire with one that I designed to efficiently provide the appropriate quantity and quality of illumination. There are several different types of luminaires. The following is a listing of some of the common luminaire types: general illumination fixtures such as 2x4, 2x2, amp 1x4 fluorescent troffers downlights indirect lighting (light reflected off the ceilingwalls) spot or accent lighting task lighting outdoor area and flood lighting The efficiency of a luminaire is the percentage of lamp lumens produced that actually exit the fixture. The use of louvers can improve visual comfort, but because they reduce the lumen output of the fixture, efficiency is reduced. Generally, the most efficient fixtures have the poorest visual comfort (e.g. bare strip industrial fixtures). Conversely, the fixture that provides the highest visual comfort level is the least efficient. Thus, a lighting designer must determine the best compromise between efficiency and VCP when specifying luminaires. Recently, some manufacturers have started offering fixtures with excellent VCP and efficiency. These so-called super fixtures combine state-of-the-art lens or louver designs to provide the best of both worlds. Surface deterioration and accumulated dirt in older, poorly maintained fixtures can also cause reductions in luminaire efficiency. Refer to Lighting Maintenance for more information. Each of the above luminaire types consist of a number of components that are designed to work together to produce and direct light. Because the subject of light production has been covered by the previous section, the text below focuses on the components used to direct the light produced by the lamps. Reflectors Reflectors are designed to redirect the light emitted from a lamp in order to achieve a desired distribution of light intensity outside of the luminaire. In most incandescent spot and flood lights, highly specular (mirror-like) reflectors are usually built into the lamps. One energy-efficient upgrade option is to install a custom-designed reflector to enhance the light control and efficiency of the fixture, which may allow partial delamping. Retrofit reflectors are useful for upgrading the efficiency of older, deteriorated luminaire surfaces. A variety of reflector materials are available: highly reflective white paint, silver film laminate, and two grades of anodized aluminum sheet (standard or enhanced reflectivity). Silver film laminate is generally considered to have the highest reflectance, but is considered less durable. Proper design and installation of reflectors can have more effect on performance than the reflector materials. In combination with delamping, however, the use of reflectors may result in reduced light output and may redistribute the light, which may or may not be acceptable for a specific space or application. To ensure acceptable performance from reflectors, arrange for a trial installation and measure before and after light levels using the procedures outlined in Lighting Evaluations. For specific name-brand performance data, refer to Specifier Reports, Specular Reflectors, Volume 1, Issue 3, National Lighting Product Information Program. Lenses and Louvers Most indoor commercial fluorescent fixtures use either a lens or a louver to prevent direct viewing of the lamps. Light that is emitted in the so-called glare zone (angles above 45 degrees from the fixtures vertical axis) can cause visual discomfort and reflections, which reduce contrast on work surfaces or computer screens. Lenses and louvers attempt to control these problems. Lenses. Lenses made from clear ultraviolet-stabilized acrylic plastic deliver the most light output and uniformity of all shielding media. However, they provide less glare control than louvered fixtures. Clear lens types include prismatic, batwing, linear batwing, and polarized lenses. Lenses are usually much less expensive than louvers. White translucent diffusers are much less efficient than clear lenses, and they result in relatively low visual comfort probability. New low-glare lens materials are available for retrofit and provide high visual comfort (VCPgt80) and high efficiency. Louvers. Louvers provide superior glare control and high visual comfort compared with lens-diffuser systems. The most common application of louvers is to eliminate the fixture glare reflected on computer screens. So-called deep-cell parabolic louvers ( with 5-7 cell apertures and depths of 2-4 ( provide a good balance between visual comfort and luminaire efficiency. Although small-cell parabolic louvers provide the highest level of visual comfort, they reduce luminaire efficiency to about 35-45 percent. For retrofit applications, both deep-cell and small-cell louvers are available for use with existing fixtures. Note that the deep-cell louver retrofit adds 2-4 to the overall depth of a troffer verify that sufficient plenum depth is available before specifying the deep-cell retrofit. Distribution One of the primary functions of a luminaire is to direct the light to where it is needed. The light distribution produced by luminaires is characterized by the Illuminating Engineering Society as follows: Direct ( 90 to 100 percent of the light is directed downward for maximum use. Indirect ( 90 to 100 percent of the light is directed to the ceilings and upper walls and is reflected to all parts of a ro om. Semi-Direct ( 60 to 90 percent of the light is directed downward with the remainder directed upward. General Diffuse or Direct-Indirect ( equal portions of the light are directed upward and downward. Highlighting ( the beam projection distance and focusing ability characterize this luminaire. The lighting distribution that is characteristic of a given luminaire is described using the candela distribution provided by the luminaire manufacturer (see diagram on next page). The candela distribution is represented by a curve on a polar graph showing the relative luminous intensity 360 around the fixture ( looking at a cross-section of the fixture. This information is useful because it shows how much light is emitted in each direction and the relative proportions of downlighting and uplighting. The cut-off angle is the angle, measured from straight down, where the fixture begins to shield the light source and no direct light from the source is visible. The shielding angle is the angle, measu red from horizontal, through which the fixture provides shielding to prevent direct viewing of the light source. The shielding and cut-off angles add up to 90 degrees. The lighting upgrade products mentioned in this document are described in more detail in Lighting Upgrade Technologies. Advanced Lighting Guidelines: 1993, Electric Power Research Institute (EPRI)California Energy Commission (CEC)United States Department of Energy (DOE), May 1993. EPRI, the CEC, and the DOE have collaborated to produce the 1993 update of the Advanced Lighting Guidelines (originally published in 1990 by the CEC). The Guidelines include four new chapters that address lighting controls. This series of guidelines provides comprehensive and objective information about current lighting equipment and controls. The Guidelines address the following areas: lighting design practice computer-aided lighting design luminaires and lighting systems energy-efficient fluorescent ballasts full-size fluorescent lamps compact fluorescent lamps tungsten-halogen lamps metal halide and HPS lamps daylighting and lumen maintenance occupant sensors time-scheduling systems retrofit control technologies Besides providing technology overviews and applications, each chapter concludes with guideline specifications to use in accurately designating lighting upgrade components. The Guidelines also tabulate representative performance data, which can be very difficult to locate in product literature. To obtain a copy of the Advanced Lighting Guidelines (1993), contact your local utility (if your utility is a member of EPRI). Otherwise, call the CEC at (916) 654-5200. The Association of Energy Engineers uses this text to prepare applicants to take the Certified Lighting Efficiency Professional (CLEP) examination. This 480-page book is particularly useful for learning about illuminance calculations, basic design considerations, and the operating characteristics of each light source family. It also provides application guidelines for industrial, office, retail, and outdoor lighting. You can order this textbook from the Association of Energy Engineers by calling (404) 925-9558. ASHRAEIES Standard 90.1-1989, American Society of Heating Refrigerating and Air-Conditioning Engineers (ASHRAE) and Illuminating Engineering Society (IES), 1989. Commonly known as Standard 90.1, ASHRAEIES 90.1-1989 is the efficiency standard that Green Lights participants agree to follow when designing new lighting systems. Standard 90.1 is currently a national, voluntary consensus standard. However, this standard is becoming law in many states. The Energy Policy Act of 1992 requires that all states certify by October 1994 that their commercial energy code provisions meet or exceed the requirements Standard 90.1. Green Lights participants only need to meet the lighting system portion of the standard. Standard 90.1 sets maximum wattage densities (WSF) for lighting systems based on the type of building or expected uses within each space. The lighting portion of Standard 90.1 does not apply to the following: outdoor manufacturing or processing facilities, theatrical lighting, specialty lighting, emergency lighting, signage, retail display windows, and dwelling unit lighting. Daylighting and lighting controls receive consideration and credits, and minimum efficiency standards are specified for fluorescent lamp ballasts based on the Federal Ballast Standards. You can purchase Standard 90.1 by contacting ASHRAE at (404) 636-8400 or IES at (212) 248-5000. Lighting Management Handbook, Craig DiLouie, 1993. This 300-page non-technical reference provides a clear overview of lighting management principles. It places special emphasis on the importance of effective maintenance and the benefits of a well planned and executed lighting management program. The contents are organized as follows: Fundamentals and Technology The Building Survey Effective Illumination (for People) Retrofitting Economics Maintenance Retrofitting Financing Green Engineering (Environmental Impacts) Getting Help Success Stories In addition, the books appendices include general technical information, worksheets, and product guides. To purchase this reference, call the Association of Energy Engineers at (404) 925-9558. Illuminations: A Training Textbook for Senior Lighting Technicians, interNational Association of Lighting Management Companies (NALMCO), First Edition, 1993. Illuminations is a 74-page course workbook for use by Apprentice Lighting Technicians (NALMCO designation) for upgrading their status to Senior Lighting Technician. The workbook consists of seven chapters, each with a quiz for self-testing. Answers are provided in the back of the book. Service Basics (e.g. electricity, instrumentation, disposal issues, etc.) Lamp Operation (e.g. lamp construction and operation ( all types, color effects) Ballast Operation (e.g. fluorescent amp HID ballast components, types, wattage, ballast factor, harmonics, starting temperature, efficacy, replacement) Troubleshooting (e.g. visual symptoms, possible causes, explanations andor remedies) Controls (e.g. photocells, time clocks, occupancy sensors, dimmers, EMS) Lighting Upgrade Devices and Technologies (e.g. reflectors, compact fluorescents, ballast upgrades, correcting overlit situations, lenses and louvers, HID conversions, measuring energy effectiveness) Emergency Lighting (e.g. exit signs, fixture types, applications, batteries, maintenance) Illuminations is clear and understandable. The publications greatest strength is its extensive illustrations and photos, which help to clarify the ideas discussed. The textbook for Apprentice Lighting Technicians is also available ( entitled Lig hten Up ( and is recommended for newcomers to the lighting field. To order, call the NALMCO at (609) 799-5501. Commercial Lighting Efficiency Resource Book, EPRI, CU-7427, September 1991. The Commercial Lighting Efficiency Resource Book provides an overview of efficient commercial lighting technologies and programs available to the end-user. Besides providing an overview of lighting conservation opportunities, this 144-page document provides valuable information about lighting education and information in the following areas: directory of energy and environmental groups extensive annotated lighting reference bibliographies directory of lighting demonstration centers summaries of regulations and codes related to lighting directory of lighting education institutions, courses, and seminars listings of lighting magazines and journals directory and descriptions of lighting research organizations directory of lighting professional groups and trade associations To obtain a copy of EPRI Lighting Publications, contact your local utility (if your utility is a member of EPRI) or contact the EPRI Publications Distribution Center at (510) 934-4212. The following lighting publications are available from EPRI. Each publication contains a thorough description of the technologies, their advantages, their applications, and case studies. High Intensity Discharge Lighting (10 pages), BR-101739 Electronic Ballasts (6 pages), BR-101886 Occupancy Sensors (6 pages), BR-100323 Compact Fluorescent Lamps (6 pages), CU.2042R.4.93 Specular Retrofit Reflectors (6 pages), CU.2046R.6.92 Retrofit Lighting Technologies (10 pages), CU.3040R.7.91 In addition, EPRI offers a series of 2-page informational bulletins that cover such topics as lighting maintenance, lighting quality, VDT lighting, and lamp life. To obtain a copy of EPRI Lighting Publications, contact your local utility (if your utility is a member of EPRI). Otherwise, contact the EPRI Publications Distribution Center at (510) 934-4212. Lighting Fundamentals Handbook, Electric Power Research Institute, TR-101710, March 1993. This handbook provides basic information on lighting principles, lighting equipment, and other considerations related to lighting design. It is not intended to be an up-to-date reference on current lighting products and equipment. The handbook has three major sections: Physics of Light (e.g. light, vision, optics, photometry) Lighting Equipment and Technology (e.g. lamps, luminaires, lighting controls) Lighting Design Decisions (e.g. illuminance targets, quality, economics, codes, power quality, photobiology and waste disposal) To obtain a copy of EPRI Lighting Publications, contact your local utility (if your utility is a member of EPRI) or contact the EPRI Publications Distribution Center at (510) 934-4212. ED-100 Introductory Lighting Consisting of approximately 300 pages in a binder, this education program is an updated version of the 1985 fundamentals training materials. This set of 10 lessons is intended for those who want a thorough overview of the lighting field. Light and Color Light, Vision, and Perception Light Sources Luminaires and their Photometric Data Illuminance Calculations Lighting Applications for Visual Performance Lighting for Visual Impact Exterior Lighting Energy ManagementLighting Economics Daylighting ED-150 Intermediate Lighting This course is the next step for those who have already completed the ED-100 fundamentals program or who wish to increase their knowledge gained through practical experience. The IES Technical Knowledge Examination is based on the ED-150 level of knowledge. A 2-inch binder contains thirteen lessons. Vision Color Light Sources amp Ballasts Optical Control Illuminance Calculations Psychological Aspects of Lighting Design Concepts Computers in Lighting Design and Analysis Lighting Economics Daylighting Calculations Electrical QuantitiesDistribution Electrical Controls Lighting Mathematics IES Lighting Handbook, 8th Edition, IES of North America, 1993. This 1000-page technical reference is a combination of two earlier volumes that separately addressed reference information and applications. Considered the bible of illumination engineering, the Handbook provides broad coverage of all phases of lighting disciplines. The 34 chapters are organized into five general areas. Science of Lighting (e.g. optics, measurement, vision, color, photobiology) Lighting Engineering (e.g. sources, luminaires, daylighting, calculations) Elements of Design (e.g. process, illuminance selection, economics, codes amp standards) Lighting Applications, which discusses 15 unique case studies Special Topics (e.g. energy management, controls, maintenance, environmental issues) In addition, the Handbook contains an extensive GLOSSARY and index, as well as many illustrations, graphs, charts, equations, photographs and references. The Handbook is an essential reference for the practicing lighting engineer. You can purchase the manual from the publications office of IES at (212) 248-5000. IES members receive a price discount on the Handbook. IES Lighting Ready Reference, IES, 1989. This book is a compendium of lighting information, including the following: terminology, conversion factors, light source tables, illuminance recommendations, calculation data, energy management considerations, cost analysis methods, and lighting survey procedures. The Ready Reference includes the most often used material from the IES Lighting Handbook. You can purchase the 168-page reference from the publications office of IES at (212) 248-5000. IES members receive the Ready Reference upon joining the society. VDT Lighting: IES Recommended Practice for Lighting Offices Containing Computer Visual Display Terminals. IES of North America, 1990. IES RP-24-1989. This lighting practice handbook provides recommendations for lighting offices where computer VDTs are used. It also offers guidelines regarding light requirements for visual comfort and good visibility, with an analysis of the impact of general lighting on VDT visual tasks. To purchase a copy of RP-24, contact the IES at (212) 248-5000. The NLB is an information service established by the National Electrical Manufacturers Association (NEMA). Its purpose is to create more awareness and appreciation of the benefits of good lighting. NLB promotes all aspects of lighting energy management, ranging from productivity to lumen output. Each year the NLB publishes articles in various periodicals and guidebooks written for the lay person. These articles discuss specific lighting systems design, operation, maintenance techniques, and system components. The following publications are basic references that provide an overview of the subject and include lighting applications. Office Lighting and Productivity Profiting from Lighting Modernization Getting the Most from Your Lighting Dollar Solving the Puzzle of VDT Viewing Problems NLB Guide to Industrial Lighting NLB Guide to Retail Lighting Management NLB Guide to Energy Efficient Lighting Systems Lighting for Safety and Security Performing a Lighting System Audit Lighting and Human Performance To request a catalog or to order publications, call NLB at (202) 457-8437. NEMA Guide to Lighting Controls, National Electrical Manufacturers Association, 1992. This guide provides an overview of the following lighting control strategies: onoff, occupancy recognition, scheduling, tuning, daylight harvesting, lumen depreciation compensation, and demand control. In addition, it discusses hardware options and applications for each control strategy. To order, call NLB at (202) 457-8437. This program publishes objective information about lighting upgrade products, and is co-sponsored by four organizations: EPAs Green Lights, the Lighting Research Center, the New York State Energy Research and Development Authority, and Northern States Power Company. Two types of publications are available ( Specifier Reports and Lighting Answers. To purchase these publications, fax your request to the Lighting Research Center, Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute at (518) 276-2999 (fax). Specifier Reports Each Specifier Report examines a particular lighting upgrade technology. Specifier Reports provide background information about the technology and independent performance test results of name-brand lighting upgrade products. NineSpecifier Reports have been published as of July 1994. Electronic Ballasts, December 1991 Power Reducers, March 1992 Specular Reflectors, July 1992 Occupancy Sensors, October 1992 Parking Lot Luminaires, January 1993 Screwbase Compact Fluorescent Lamp Products, April 1993 Cathode-Disconnect Ballasts, June 1993 Exit Sign Technologies, January 1994 Electronic Ballasts, May 1994 The Specifier Reports to be published in 1994 will address five topics: exit signs, electronic ballasts, daylighting controls, compact fluorescent lamp luminaires, and replacements for incandescent reflector lamps. HID systems for retail display lighting will also be researched in 1994. Lighting Answers Lighting Answers provide informative text about the performance characteristics of specific lighting technologies but do not include comparative performance test results. Lighting Answers published in 1993 addressed T8 fluorescent systems and polarizing panels for fluorescent luminaires. Additional Lighting Answers planned for publication in 1994 will cover task lighting and HID dimming. Other topics under consideration are electronic ballast electromagnetic interference (EMI) and 2x4 lighting systems. Energy User News, Chilton Publications, Published Monthly. This monthly publication addresses many aspects of the energy industry. Each edition contains a section devoted to lighting, usually featuring a case study and at least one article discussing a lighting product or issue. Some Energy User News issues feature product guides, which are technology-specific tables that list the participating manufacturers (with phone numbers) and the attributes of their products. The September 1993 edition featured lighting as the centerpiece, and contained the following information. several lighting articles and product announcements special report about lighting retrofit planning and power quality technology report on tungsten-halogen lamps commentary on successful occupancy sensor retrofits product guides for CFLs, halogens, HIDs, reflectors, electronic ballasts To order back issues, call (215) 964-4028. Lighting Management amp Maintenance, NALMCO, Published Monthly . This monthly publication addresses issues and technologies directly related to upgrading and maintaining commercial and industrial lighting systems. The following are some topics addressed in Lighting Management and Maintenance: the lighting industry, legislation, new products and applications, waste disposal, surveying, and the lighting management business. To order a subscription, call NALMCO at (609) 799-5501. Besides the Lighting Upgrade Manual, EPA publishes other documents, which are available free of charge from the Green Lights Customer Service Center. Additionally, EPAs new faxline system enables users to request and receive Green Lights marketing and technical information within minutes by calling (202) 233-9659. Green Lights Update This monthly newsletter is the primary vehicle for informing Green Lights participants (and other interested parties) about the latest program enhancements. Each months newsletter addresses lighting technologies, applications, case studies, and special events. Every issue contains the latest schedule for Lighting Upgrade Workshops and a copy of the reporting form used by participants to report completed projects for EPA. To receive a free subscription to the Update, contact Green Lights Customer Service at (202) 775-6650 or fax (202) 775-6680. Power Pages Power Pages are short publications that address lighting technologies, applications, and specific questions or issues about the Green Lights program. Look for announcements of Power Pages in the Update newsletter. These documents are available through the Green Lights faxline. To request fax delivery, call the faxline at (202) 233-9659. Periodically contact the faxline to retrieve the latest information from Green Lights. If you do not have a fax machine, contact Green Lights Customer Service at (202) 775-6650. Light Briefs EPA publishes 2-page Light Briefs on various implementation issues. These publications are intended to provide an introduction to technical and financial issues affecting upgrade decisions. Four Light Briefs focus on technologies: occupancy sensors, electronic ballasts, specular reflectors, and efficient fluorescent lamps. Other releases cover rolling financing strategies, financing options, measuring lighting upgrade profitability, and waste disposal. Current copies have been mailed to all Green Lights participants. For additional information, please contact Green Lights Customer Service at (202) 775-6650 or fax (202) 775-6680. Green Lights Brochure EPA has produced a four-color brochure for marketing the Green Lights program. It outlines the programs goals and commitments, while describing what some of the participants are doing. This document is an essential tool for any Green Lights marketing presentation. To order copies of the brochure, please contact Green Lights Customer Service at (202) 775-6650 or fax (202) 775-6680 ANSI . Abbreviation for American National Standards Institute. ARC TUBE . A tube enclosed by the outer glass envelope of a HID lamp and made of clear quartz or ceramic that contains the arc stream. ASHRAE . American Society of Heating, Refrigerating and Air-Conditioning Engineers BAFFLE . A single opaque or translucent element used to control light distribution at certain angles. BALLAST: A device used to operate fluorescent and HID lamps. The ballast provides the necessary starting voltage, while limiting and regulating the lamp current during operation. BALLAST CYCLING . Undesirable condition under which the ballast turns lamps on and off (cycles) due to the overheating of the thermal switch inside the ballast. This may be due to incorrect lamps, improper voltage being supplied, high ambient temperature around the fixture, or the early stage of ballast failure. BALLAST EFFICIENCY FACTOR . The ballast efficiency factor (BEF) is the ballast factor (see below) divided by the input power of the ballast. The higher the BEF ( within the same lamp-ballast type ( the more efficient the ballast. BALLAST FACTOR . The ballast factor (BF) for a specific lamp-ballast combination represents the percentage of the rated lamp lumens that will be produced by the combination. CANDELA: Unit of luminous intensity, describing the intensity of a light source in a specific direction. CANDELA DISTRIBUTION . A curve, often on polar coordinates, illustrating the variation of luminous intensity of a lamp or luminaire in a plane through the light center. CANDLEPOWER: A measure of luminous intensity of a light source in a specific direction, measured in candelas (see above). CBM . Abbreviation for Certified Ballast Manufacturers Association. CEC . Abbreviation for California Energy Commission. COEFFICIENT OF UTILIZATION . The ratio of lumens from a luminaire received on the work plane to the lumens produced by the lamps alone. (Also called CU) COLOR RENDERING INDEX (CRI): A scale of the effect of a light sourc e on the color appearance of an object compared to its color appearance under a reference light source. Expressed on a scale of 1 to 100, where 100 indicates no color shift. A low CRI rating suggests that the colors of objects will appear unnatural under that particular light source. COLOR TEMPERATURE . The color temperature is a specification of the color appearance of a light source, relating the color to a reference source heated to a particular temperature, measured by the thermal unit Kelvin. The measurement can also be described as the warmth or coolness of a light source. Generally, sources below 3200K are considered warm while those above 4000K are considered cool sources. COMPACT FLUORESCENT . A small fluorescent lamp that is often used as an alternative to incandescent lighting. The lamp life is about 10 times longer than incandescent lamps and is 3-4 times more efficacious. Also called PL, Twin-Tube, CFL, or BIAX lamps. CONSTANT WATTAGE (CW) BALLAST . A premium type of HID ballast in which the primary and secondary coils are isolated. It is considered a high performance, high loss ballast featuring excellent output regulation. CONSTANT WATTAGE AUTOTRANSFORMER (CWA) BALLAST . A popular type of HID ballast in which the primary and secondary coils are electrically connected. Considered an appropriate balance between cost and performance. CONTRAST: The relationship between the luminance of an object and its background. CRI: (SEE COLOR RENDERING INDEX) CUT-OFF ANGLE . The angle from a fixtures vertical axis at which a reflector, louver, or other shielding device cuts off direct visibility of a lamp. It is the complementary angle of the shielding angle. DAYLIGHT COMPENSATION . A dimming system controlled by a photocell that reduces the output of the lamps when daylight is present. As daylight levels increase, lamp intensity decreases. An energy-saving technique used in areas with significant daylight contribution. DIFFUSE . Term describing dispersed light distribution. Refers to the scattering or softening of light. DIFFUSER: A translucent piece of glass or plastic sheet that shields the light source in a fixture. The light transmitted throughout the diffuser will be redirected and scattered. DIRECT GLARE . Glare produced by a direct view of light sources. Often the result of insufficiently shielded light sources. (See GLARE) DOWNLIGHT . A type of ceiling luminaire, usually fully recessed, where most of the light is directed downward. May feature an open reflector andor shielding device. EFFICACY . A metric used to compare light output to energy consumption. Efficacy is measured in lumens per watt. Efficacy is similar to efficiency, but is expressed in dissimilar units. For example, if a 100-watt source produces 9000 lumens, then the efficacy is 90 lumens per watt. ELECTROLUMINESCENT: A light source technology used in exit signs that provides uniform brightness, long lamp life (approximately eight years), while consuming very little energy (less than one watt per lamp). ELECTRONIC BALLAST . A ballast that uses semi-conductor components to increase the frequency of fluorescent lamp operation ( typically in the 20-40 kHz range. Smaller inductive components provide the lamp current control. Fluorescent system efficiency is increased due to high frequency lamp operation. ELECTRONIC DIMMING BALLAST . A variable output electronic fluorescent ballast. EMI: Abbreviation for electromagnetic interference. High frequency interference (electrical noise) caused by electronic components or fluorescent lamps that interferes with the operation of electrical equipment. EMI is measured in micro-volts, and can be controlled by filters. Because EMI can interfere with communication devices, the Federal Communication Commission (FCC) has established limits for EMI. ENERGY-SAVING BALLAST . A type of magnetic ballast designed so that the components operate more efficiently, cooler and longer than a standard magnetic ballast. By US law, standard magnetic ballasts can no longer be manufactured. EN ERGY-SAVING LAMP . A lower wattage lamp, generally producing fewer lumens. FLUORESCENT LAMP . A light source consisting of a tube filled with argon, along with krypton or other inert gas. When electrical current is applied, the resulting arc emits ultraviolet radiation that excites the phosphors inside the lamp wall, causing them to radiate visible light. FOOTCANDLE (FC): The English unit of measurement of the illuminance (or light level) on a surface. One footcandle is equal to one lumen per square foot. FOOTLAMBERT . English unit of luminance. One footlambert is equal to 1p candelas per square foot. GLARE : The effect of brightness or differences in brightness within the visual field sufficiently high to cause annoyance, discomfort or loss of visual performance. HARMONIC DISTORTION . A harmonic is a sinusoidal component of a periodic wave having a frequency that is a multiple of the fundamental frequency. Harmonic distortion from lighting equipment can interfere with other appliances and the operation of electric power networks. The total harmonic distortion (THD) is usually expressed as a percentage of the fundamental line current. THD for 4-foot fluorescent ballasts usually range from 20 to 40. For compact fluorescent ballasts, THD levels greater than 50 are not uncommon. HID: Abbreviation for high intensity discharge. Generic term describing mercury vapor, metal halide, high pressure sodium, and (informally) low pressure sodium light sources and luminaires. HIGH-BAY: Pertains to the type of lighting in an industrial application where the ceiling is 20 feet or higher. Also describes the application itself. HIGH OUTPUT (HO): A lamp or ballast designed to operate at higher currents (800 mA) and produce more light. HIGH POWER FACTOR . A ballast with a 0.9 or higher rated power factor, which is achieved by using a capacitor. HIGH PRESSURE SODIUM LAMP . A high intensity discharge (HID) lamp whose light is produced by radiation from sodium vapor (and mercury). HOT RESTART or HOT RESTRIKE . The phenomenon of re-striking the arc in an HID light source after a momentary power loss. Hot restart occurs when the arc tube has cooled a sufficient amount. IESNA : Abbreviation for Illuminating Engineering Society of North America. ILLUMINANCE . A photometric term that quantifies light incident on a surface or plane. Illuminance is commonly called light level. It is expressed as lumens per square foot (footcandles), or lumens per square meter (lux). INDIRECT GLARE . Glare produced from a reflective surface. INSTANT START . A fluorescent circuit that ignites the lamp instantly with a very high starting voltage from the ballast. Instant start lamps have single-pin bases. LAMP CURRENT CREST FACTOR (LCCF): The peak lamp current divided by the RMS (average) lamp current. Lamp manufacturers require lt1.7 for best lamp life. An LCCF of 1.414 is a perfect sine wave. LAMP LUMEN DEPRECIATION FACTOR (LLD): A factor that represents the reduction of lumen output over time. The factor is commonly used as a multiplier to the initial lumen rating in illuminance calculations, which compensates for the lumen depreciation. The LLD factor is a dimensionless value between 0 and 1. LAY-IN-TROFFER: A fluorescent fixture usually a 2 x 4 fixture that sets or lays into a specific ceiling grid. LED: Abbreviation for light emitting diode. An illumination technology used for exit signs. Consumes low wattage and has a rated life of greater than 80 years. LENS . Transparent or translucent medium that alters the directional characteristics of light passing through it. Usually made of glass or acrylic. LIGHT LOSS FACTOR (LLF): Factors that allow for a lighting systems operation at less than initial conditions. These factors are used to calculate maintained light levels. LLFs are divided into two categories, recoverable and non-recoverable. Examples are lamp lumen depreciation and luminaire surface depreciation. LIFE-CYCLE COST . The total costs associated with purchasing, operating, and maintaining a system over the life of that system. LOUVER: Grid type of optical assembly used to control light distribution from a fixture. Can range from small-cell plastic to the large-cell anodized aluminum louvers used in parabolic fluorescent fixtures. LOW POWER FACTOR . Essentially, an uncorrected ballast power factor of less than 0.9 (SEE NPF) LOW-PRESSURE SODIUM . A low-pressure discharge lamp in which light is produced by radiation from sodium vapor. Considered a monochromatic light source (most colors are rendered as gray). LOW-VOLTAGE LAMP . A lamp ( typically compact halogen ( that provides both intensity and good color rendition. Lamp operates at 12V and requires the use of a transformer. Popular lamps are MR11, MR16, and PAR36. LOW-VOLTAGE SWITCH . A relay (magnetically-operated switch) that allows local and remote control of lights, including centralized time clock or computer control. LUMEN: A unit of light flow, or luminous flux. The lumen rating of a lamp is a measure of the total light output of the lamp. LUMINAIRE . A complete lighting unit consisting of a lamp or lamps, along with the parts designed to distribute the light, hold the lamps, and connect the lamps to a power source. Also called a fixture. LUMINAIRE EFFICIENCY . The ratio of total lumen output of a luminaire and the lumen output of the lamps, expressed as a percentage. For example, if two luminaires use the same lamps, more light will be emitted from the fixture with the higher efficiency. LUMINANCE: A photometric term that quantifies brightness of a light source or of an illuminated surface that reflects light. It is expressed as footlamberts (English units) or candelas per square meter (Metric units). LUX (LX): The metric unit of measure for illuminance of a surface. One lux is equal to one lumen per square meter. One lux equals 0.093 footcandles. MAINTAINED ILLUMINANCE . Refers to light levels of a space at other than initial or rated conditions. This terms considers light loss factors such as lamp lumen depreciation, luminaire dirt depreciation, and room surface dirt depreciation. MERCURY VAPOR LAMP . A type of high intensity discharge (HID) lamp in which most of the light is produced by radiation from mercury vapor. Emits a blue-green cast of light. Available in clear and phosphor-coated lamps. METAL HALIDE . A type of high intensity discharge (HID) lamp in which most of the light is produced by radiation of metal halide and mercury vapors in the arc tube. Available in clear and phosphor-coated lamps. MR-16: A low-voltage quartz reflector lamp, only 2 in diameter. Typically the lamp and reflector are one unit, which directs a sharp, precise beam of light. NADIR . A reference direction directly below a luminaire, or straight down (0 degree angle). NEMA: Abbreviation for National Electrical Manufacturers Association. NIST: Abbreviation for National Institute of Standards and Technology. NPF (NORMAL POWER FACTOR) . A ballastlamp combination in which no components (e.g. capacitors) have been added to correct the power factor, making it normal (essentially low, typically 0.5 or 50). OCCUPANCY SENSOR . Control device that turns lights off after the space becomes unoccupied. May be ultrasonic, infrared or other type. OPTICS: A term referring to the components of a light fixture (such as reflectors, refractors, lenses, louvers) or to the light emitting or light-controlling performance of a fixture. PAR LAMP . A parabolic aluminized reflector lamp. An incandescent, metal halide, or compact fluorescent lamp used to redirect light from the source using a parabolic reflector. Lamps are available with flood or spot distributions. PAR 36: A PAR lamp that is 36 one-eighths of an inch in diameter with a parabolic shaped reflector (SEE PAR LAMP). PARABOLIC LUMINAIRE . A popular type of fluorescent fixture that has a louver composed of aluminum baffles curved in a parabolic shape. The resultant light distribution produced by this shape provides reduced glare, better light control, and is considered to have greater aesthetic appeal. PARACUBE . A metallic coated plastic louver made up of small squares. Often used to replace the lens in an installed troffer to enhance its appearance. The paracube is visually comfortable, but the luminaire efficiency is lowered. Also used in rooms with computer screens because of their glare-reducing qualities. PHOTOCELL: A light sensing device used to control luminaires and dimmers in response to detected light levels. PHOTOMETRIC REPORT . A photometric report is a set of printed data describing the light distribution, efficiency, and zonal lumen output of a luminaire. This report is generated from laboratory testing. POWER FACTOR . The ratio of AC volts x amps through a device to AC wattage of the device. A device such as a ballast that measures 120 volts, 1 amp, and 60 watts has a power factor of 50 (volts x amps 120 VA, therefore 60 watts120 VA 0.5). Some utilities charge customers for low power factor systems. PREHEAT . A type of ballastlamp circuit that uses a separate starter to heat up a fluorescent lamp before high voltage is applied to start the lamp. QUAD-TUBE LAMP . A compact fluorescent lamp with a double twin tube configuration. RADIO FREQUENCY INTERFERENCE (RFI): Interference to the radio frequency band caused by other high frequency equipment or devices in the immediate area. Fluorescent lighting systems generate RFI. RAPID START (RS): The most popular fluorescent lampballast combination used today. This ballast quickly and efficiently preheats lamp cathodes to start the lamp. Uses a bi-pin base. ROOM CAVITY RATIO (RCR): A ratio of room dimensions used to quantify how light will interact with room surfaces. A factor used in illuminance calculations. REFLECTANCE: The ratio of light reflected from a surface to the light incident on the surface. Reflectances are often used for lighting calculations. The reflectance of a dark carpet is around 20, and a clean white wall is roughly 50 to 60. REFLECTOR: The part of a light fixture that shrouds the lamps and redirects some light emitted from the lamp. REFRACTOR: A device used to redirect the light output from a source, primarily by bending the waves of light. RECESSED: The term used to describe the doorframe of a troffer where the lens or louver lies above the surface of the ceiling. REGULATION: The ability of a ballast to hold constant (or nearly constant) the output watts (light output) during fluctuations in the voltage feeding of the ballast. Normally specified as - percent change in output compared to - percent change in input. RELAY: A device that switches an electrical load on or off based on small changes in current or voltage. Examples: low voltage relay and solid state relay. RETROFIT . Refers to upgrading a fixture, room, or building by installing new parts or equipment. SELF-LUMINOUS EXIT SIGN . An illumination technology using phosphor-coated glass tubes filled with radioactive tritium gas. The exit sign uses no electricity and thus does not need to be hardwired. SEMI-SPECULAR: Term describing the light reflection characteristics of a material. Some light is reflected directionally, with some amount of scatter. SHIELDING ANGLE . The angle measured from the ceiling plane to the line of sight where the bare lamp in a luminaire becomes visible. Higher shielding angles reduce direct glare. It is the complementary angle of the cutoff angle. (See CUTOFF ANGLE). SPACING CRITERION . A maximum distance that interior fixtures may be spaced that ensures uniform illumination on the work plane. The luminaire height above the work plane multiplied by the spacing criterion equals the center-to-center luminaire spacing. SPECULAR: Mirrored or polished surface. The angle of reflection is equal to the angle of incidence. This word describes the finish of the material used in some louvers and reflectors. STARTER: A device used with a ballast to start preheat fluorescent lamps. STROBOSCOPIC EFFECT . Condition where rotating machinery or other rapidly moving objects appear to be standing still due to the alternating current supplied to light sources. Sometimes called strobe effect. T12 LAMP . Industry standard for a fluorescent lamp that is 12 one-eighths (1 inches) in diameter. Other sizes are T10 (1 inches) and T8 (1 inch) lamps. TANDEM WIRING . A wiring option in which a ballasts is shared by two or more luminaires. This reduces labor, materials, and energy costs. Also called master-slave wiring. THERMAL FACTOR . A factor used in lighting calculations that compensates for the change in light output of a fluorescent lamp due to a change in bulb wall temperature. It is applied when the lamp-ballast combination under consideration is different from that used in the photometric tests. TRIGGER START . Type of ballast commonly used with 15-watt and 20-watt straight fluorescent lamps. TROFFER: The term used to refer to a recessed fluorescent light fixture (combination of trough and coffer). TUNGSTEN HALOGEN LAMP . A gas-filled tungsten filament incandescent lamp with a lamp envelope made of quartz to withstand the high temperature. This lamp contains some halogens (namely iodine, chlorine, bromine, and fluorine), which slow the evaporation of the tungsten. Also, commonly called a quartz lamp. TWIN-TUBE: (SEE COMPACT FLUORESCENT LAMP) ULTRA VIOLET (UV): Invisible radiation that is shorter in wavelength and higher in frequency than visible violet light (literally beyond the violet light). UNDERWRITERS LABORATORIES (UL): An independent organization whose responsibilities include rigorous testing of electrical products. When products pass these tests, they can be labeled (and advertised) as UL listed. UL tests for product safety only. VANDAL-RESISTANT : Fixtures with rugged housings, break-resistant type shielding, and tamper-proof screws. VCP: Abbreviation for visual comfort probability. A rating system for evaluating direct discomfort glare. This method is a subjective evaluation of visual comfort expressed as the percent of occupants of a space who will be bothered by direct glare. VCP allows for several factors: luminaire luminances at different angles of view, luminaire size, room size, luminaire mounting height, illuminance, and room surface reflectivity. VCP tables are often provided as part of photometric reports. VERY HIGH OUTPUT (VHO): A fluorescent lamp that operates at a very high current (1500 mA), producing more light output than a high output lamp (800 mA) or standard output lamp (430 mA). VOLT: The standard unit of measurement for electrical potential. It defines the force or pressure of electricity. VOLTAGE: The difference in electrical potential between two points of an electrical circuit. WALLWASHER : Describes luminaires that illuminate vertical surfaces. WATT (W) . The unit for measuring electrical power. It defines the rate of energy consumption by an electrical device when it is in operation. The energy cost of operating an electrical device is calculated as its wattage times the hours of use. In single phase circuits, it is related to volts and amps by the formula: Volts x Amps x PF Watts. (Note: For AC circuits, PF must be included.) WORK PLANE: The level at which work is done and at which illuminance is specified and measured. For office applications, this is typically a horizontal plane 30 inches above the floor (desk height). ZENITH : The direction directly above the luminaire (180( angle). Lighting Fundamentals is one of a series of documents known collectively as the Lighting Upgrade Manual . Click below to jump to other documents in the series. GREEN LIGHTS: A Bright Investment in the Environment For more information or to order other documents or appendices in this series, contact the Green Lights program office at: Green Lights Program US EPA 401 M Street, SW (6202J) Washington, DC 20460 or call the Green Lights Information Hotline at (202) 775-6650, Fax (202) 775-6680. Look in the monthly Green Lights Energy Star Update newsletter for announcements of new publications. Energy Star Fax-Line SystemSlideshare uses cookies to improve functionality and performance, and to provide you with relevant advertising. If you continue browsing the site, you agree to the use of cookies on this website. See our User Agreement and Privacy Policy. Slideshare uses cookies to improve functionality and performance, and t o provide you with relevant advertising. Jika Anda terus browsing situs, Anda setuju untuk menggunakan cookies di situs ini. Lihat Kebijakan Privasi dan Perjanjian Pengguna kami untuk rinciannya. Explore all your favorite topics in the SlideShare app Get the SlideShare app to Save for Later even offline Continue to the mobile site Upload Login Signup Double tap to zoom out Fico troubleshooting Share this SlideShare LinkedIn Corporation copy 2017
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