Stock-options-grant-type-nq

Stock-options-grant-type-nq

Stock-options-training
Phantom-stock-options-definition
Strategi yang paling menguntungkan-biner-pilihan


Opsi no-1099-untuk-saham Stock-options-terminology Slideshare-stock-options Bagaimana-untuk-melaporkan-non-undang-undang-pilihan-di-pajak-kembali Options-trading-bull-spread Ultimate-trading-systems-2 0-download

Nilai kami orang-orang kami Memimpin penerbit b2b, yang mengkhususkan diri dalam komunitas profesional online dan interaktif Dengan berbagai layanan termasuk situs web, publikasi email, penghargaan dan acara industri, Sift Media memberikan konten bermerek dan asli kepada lebih dari setengah juta profesional di bidang akuntansi, TI, SDM Dan pelatihan, pemasaran, dan usaha kecil. Dengan menghasilkan konten berkualitas dan melibatkan pemirsa profesional kami di beberapa titik sentuh, kami menawarkan peluang pemasaran unik dari merek b2b yang menghasilkan laba atas investasi yang sesungguhnya. Nilai Kami Kami percaya dalam menciptakan konten, memungkinkan percakapan dan mengubah peluang bisnis, baik untuk khalayak bisnis maupun klien periklanan kami. Dengan berfokus pada konten dan mendorong keterlibatan masyarakat, kami bertujuan untuk menciptakan lingkungan yang terpercaya dan unik bagi merek bisnis dan profesional bisnis untuk mengoptimalkan hubungan. Orang-orang kami Orang-orang kami adalah aset terbesar kami dan kami beruntung mendapatkan beberapa talenta digital terbaik di negara ini. Dengan tim manajemen senior, manajer kampanye dan akun berpengalaman, editor pemenang penghargaan, dan tim produksi dan teknologi terdepan, kami memiliki struktur dan kualitas yang membedakan kami dari penerbit lain. Cari tahu lebih banyak dan temui tim di bawah ini. Tom Dunkerley Direktur Keuangan Steven Priscott, Menyaring Sejarah Kami Didirikan oleh Andrew Gray, David Gilroy dan CEO Ben Heald saat ini, Sift menawarkan layanan informasi khusus industri yang memanfaatkan internet dengan mengintegrasikan berita dan konten web tradisional. Dengan latar belakang Bens di bidang akuntansi, diputuskan bahwa ini adalah pasar eksplorasi pertama dan pada tahun 1997 AccountingWEB.co.uk lahir. Rumusnya berhasil, dan dalam 12 bulan daftar sirkulasi telah meningkat dari 10 menjadi 4.000, dengan pendapatan dihasilkan dari iklan dalam buletin mingguan mingguan. Sift Media sekarang menjangkau lebih dari 700.000 profesional bisnis terdaftar setiap bulan dan memberikan lebih dari 5 juta tayangan halaman di seluruh portofolio 11 judul di Inggris dan Amerika Serikat. Tidak hanya kami terus mengembangkan beberapa komunitas bisnis online yang paling setia dan terlibat, kami memberikan solusi terdepan untuk pengiklan. Untuk riwayat yang lebih rinci, kunjungi situs perusahaan kami. Jika Anda ingin bergabung dengan salah satu penerbit paling menarik di Inggris dan Anda yakin memiliki gairah dan keterampilan untuk menjadi bagian berharga dari tim, mengapa tidak mengecek kekosongan saat ini. Berita Pasar Saham Terkini Analisa Real-Time After Hours Pre -Market News Flash Kutipan Kutipan Bagan Interaktif Setelan Bawaan Harap diperhatikan bahwa begitu Anda membuat pilihan Anda, ini akan berlaku untuk semua kunjungan masa depan ke NASDAQ. Jika, sewaktu-waktu, Anda tertarik untuk kembali ke setelan default kami, pilih Setelan Default di atas. Jika Anda memiliki pertanyaan atau mengalami masalah dalam mengubah pengaturan default Anda, silahkan email isfeedbacknasdaq. Konfirmasikan pilihan Anda: Anda telah memilih untuk mengubah pengaturan default untuk Pencarian Kutipan. Ini sekarang akan menjadi halaman target default Anda kecuali jika Anda mengubah konfigurasi Anda lagi, atau Anda menghapus cookies Anda. Yakin ingin mengubah setelan Anda Kami mohon untuk meminta Harap nonaktifkan pemblokir iklan Anda (atau perbarui setelan Anda untuk memastikan javascript dan cookie diaktifkan), sehingga kami dapat terus memberi Anda berita pasar tingkat pertama Dan data yang Anda harapkan dari kami. Bagaimana Mendapatkan Hasil maksimal dari Buku Ini Terima kasih telah mengakses e-book quotMy 1 Day Trading Technique quot. Buku ini dirancang untuk pedagang awal, menengah dan lanjutan. Presenter dalam buku ini adalah pakar terkemuka dalam perdagangan Saham, Opsi, Futures dan Forex. Anda akan terekspos dengan strategi perdagangan probabilitas tinggi dari 8 pakar industri. Sebagai bonus tambahan, kami telah menyertakan bab psikologi perdagangan dan sebuah bab tentang keuntungan pajak potensial bagi pedagang aktif. Sewaktu Anda membaca buku ini, Anda akan terpapar beberapa strategi yang memiliki probabilitas keberhasilan dan keuntungan tinggi. Sebagian besar strategi dalam buku ini terbagi dalam tiga bagian: ldquoThe Game Planrdquo ndash Pengantar teknik pembuatan charting. Strategi tersebut kemudian dijelaskan secara menyeluruh beserta ilustrasi dan contohnya. LdquoThe Movierdquo ndash Bab ini disertai dengan video yang menjelaskan bagaimana menggunakan strategi ini, dengan contoh-contohnya. LdquoSpecial Offersrdquo ndash Jika Anda benar-benar menyukai strategi, Anda bisa mengikuti presenter dan strateginya. Ada ribuan dolar untuk produk alat, indikator, pelatihan, dan layanan mentoring, buku dan video yang tersedia dengan harga diskon tinggi. Singkatnya, Anda akan memiliki semua informasi yang Anda butuhkan untuk menukar strategi favorit baru Anda besok. Beberapa hal yang akan Anda pelajari dalam buku ini adalah: Bagaimana Menempatkan Penyiapan Probabilitas Tinggi dengan Awan Ichimoku Bagaimana Menerbitkan NASDAQ Futures (NQ) di Bell Pembukaan Bagaimana Menghilangkan Kebisingan Indikator Populer dan Menemukan Entri yang Tepat Bagaimana Mengidentifikasi Optimum Setups dengan Efek ldquoRubber-Bandrdquo Menggunakan Strategi Sederhana yang Sasaran Bergerak oleh Investor Kelembagaan Dan banyak, lebih banyak lagi di ChartExperts. Adalah harapan tulus kami agar Anda mengambil beberapa strategi yang dapat Anda gunakan saat selesai membaca buku ini. Anda juga akan belajar tentang pasar yang saat ini tidak Anda beli, dan Anda akan tahu apakah mereka cocok dengan kepribadian trading Anda. Akhirnya, pastikan untuk berlangganan ChartExperts. Kami menyediakan ebook gratis, artikel mingguan, video on-demand dan banyak publikasi lainnya untuk pedagang aktif. Presenter kami adalah pakar industri terkenal di dunia dan konten kami disediakan secara gratis dalam suasana santai dan ramah. Cheers to your trading success Chapter 01 8 Hacks Forex Life Untuk Membuat Anda Menjadi Lebih Baik Pedagang Joshua Martinez, MarketTraders, Inc. Beberapa posting media sosial paling populer adalah apa yang disebut ldquoLife Hacksrdquo. Strategi kecil yang menyenangkan ini membuat kita khawatir karena melakukan tugas sehari-hari dan umumnya membuat hidup lebih mudah. Sama seperti Anda dapat menggunakan hacks kehidupan untuk membuat hidup lebih mudah, Anda dapat menggunakan strategi untuk membuat perdagangan Forex menjadi lebih mudah. Dengan tetap berpegang pada Forex Life Hacks ini, Anda meningkatkan peluang kesuksesan Forex Anda: Forex Life Hack 1: Hafalkan Formasi Candlestick Atas Setiap trader tahu untuk menonton candlesticks, tapi berapa banyak yang tahu cukup banyak candlesticks untuk melihat pola berulang mereka Beberapa pedagang menyadari bahwa candlesticks Lakukan lebih dari sekedar menunjukkan apa yang pasar lakukan dalam kerangka waktu itu, mereka juga berkumpul untuk menciptakan formasi yang bisa dilihat dan digunakan oleh para pedagang ahli untuk mendapatkan keuntungan. Ada banyak jenis lilin, dan banyak dari mereka memiliki beberapa nama yang cukup unik, namun ada beberapa hal penting yang perlu diingat: Beberapa formasi candlestick yang perlu diperhatikan adalah Bullish Tweezer Bottom, Bullish Piercing Line, Bearish Engulfing Candle dan Bearish Shooting Star. Masing-masing nama ini memberi indikasi arah pasar dan membuat beberapa hubungan antara candlestick dan sumbunya. Melihat formasi ini lebih awal memungkinkan Anda masuk ke pasar tepat sebelum terjadi pergerakan besar, sehingga meningkatkan potensi keuntungan Anda dan memungkinkan Anda mogok saat setrika panas. Forex Life Hack 2: Stick ke 2 atau 3 Strategi. Maks. Ungkapan yang ingin kita gunakan adalah ldquosimplicity yang mengarah ke pipsrdquo. Ketika Anda datang ke pasar dengan 20 strategi berbeda, Anda akhirnya meregangkan diri terlalu kurus dan Anda kehilangan keuntungan karena usaha Anda berusaha terlalu keras. Itu sebabnya mengapa penting untuk membatasi strategi yang Anda gunakan untuk dua atau tiga secara maksimal. Mengapa tiga Itrsquos bukan karena itu berguna, atau angka yang mudah diterjemahkan. Ini karena ada tiga jenis pergerakan pasar, dan ini membantu strategi masing-masing. Anda memerlukan strategi saat Anda bertransaksi, strategi untuk saat Anda berada dalam ayunan dan atau posisi perdagangan, dan satu strategi untuk pergerakan menyamping. Memiliki tiga strategi terpercaya untuk setiap kondisi pasar ini berarti Anda harus lebih siap untuk segera meninjau pasar, apakah pasar menghasilkan pergerakan perdagangan hari yang cepat, atau sedang mengalami konsolidasi yang terbentang sepuluh hari atau lebih. Anda memiliki sesuatu untuk menganalisis kondisi lawan, dan strategi untuk membantu Anda memanfaatkan gerakan ini. Forex Life Hack 3: Gunakan Beberapa Frames Waktu untuk Perdagangan Pertanyaan nomor satu yang diminta pedagang baru adalah kerangka waktu yang harus mereka tukar. Jawabannya bervariasi, tapi intinya adalah Anda harus selalu trading lebih dari satu kerangka waktu. Bagaimana cara kerja ini sederhana, kerangka waktu tidak bekerja dalam ruang hampa. Masing-masing memiliki efek pada yang lain, dan pola yang muncul dalam perdagangan jangka panjang membuat penampilan dalam perdagangan jangka pendek. dan sebaliknya. Misalnya, jika yourquore mencari untuk masuk pada grafik satu jam, Anda ingin memulai analisis Anda setidaknya pada grafik 4 jam atau grafik framersquos yang lebih besar. Aturannya adalah selalu memiliki kerangka sekunder dan lebih besar Anda setidaknya berukuran empat kali ukuran kerangka waktu awal Anda. Pikirkan kerangka waktu memiliki hubungan orang tua-anak satu sama lain. Kerangka waktu yang lebih besar akan berpengaruh pada yang lebih kecil, sama seperti orang tua memiliki efek pada anak-anak mereka. Kerangka waktu yang lebih besar menentukan lokasi untuk jangka waktu yang lebih kecil. Setelah Anda menetapkan keseluruhan arah pasar dengan rentang waktu yang lebih besar, Anda dapat menukar kerangka waktu yang lebih kecil untuk titik masuk dan keluar yang spesifik. Kerangka waktu bulanan biasanya menunjukkan formasi A-B-C-D berikutnya hanya untuk pergerakan 2.000 pips berikutnya. Kerangka waktu harian menunjukkan pergerakan yang sesuai yang menciptakan formasi A-B-C-D yang lebih besar untuk aksi pasar 500 sampai 1.000 pips berikutnya. Hal yang hebat tentang metode ini adalah memecahkan masalah terbesar yang dihadapi banyak pedagang mata uang. Masalah itu adalah mengetahui kapan harus berhenti membeli dan kapan harus mulai berjualan. Dengan pergerakan yang lebih besar, pedagang dapat menentukan dengan lebih baik kapan arus pasar sedang bersiap untuk berubah karena pergerakan penuh ke arah lain, berlawanan dengan pergerakan seperti gelombang alami yang membentuk ayunan pasar yang besar. Forex Life Hack 3: Tidak Pernah Berisiko Lebih dari 2 - 5 dari Akun Anda Saran nasihat yang bagus dalam hidup adalah jangan pernah mengambil risiko lebih banyak daripada yang seharusnya Anda kehilangan. Apakah Anda memiliki perdagangan di pasar saham atau mengambil hipotek di rumah Anda, Anda seharusnya tidak pernah memasang lebih dari yang bisa Anda jalani tanpa. Hal ini terutama berlaku bila hal yang Anda pertimbangkan adalah uang. Itrsquos perlu disebutkan lagi: Anda TIDAK PERNAH harus mengambil risiko lebih banyak daripada yang Anda inginkan untuk kalah. Paket Ultimate Trader on Demandtrade menyarankan tidak pernah mempertaruhkan lebih dari lima persen akun Anda. Anda harus mengerti, sebelum pergi ke pasar, bahwa setiap perdagangan yang mungkin Anda lakukan mengandung beberapa risiko. Tidak seorang trader dalam sejarah yang memiliki persentase kemenangan 100. Faktanya adalah bahwa Anda akan kehilangan di beberapa titik, tetapi ketika Anda mengelola risiko Anda berhasil Anda dapat mengambil kerugian dan hidup untuk melawan hari lain. Anda juga ingin bisa memasukkan cukup uang untuk menghasilkan keuntungan. Setelah lebih dari 20 tahun pengalaman, kami telah menemukan bahwa sweet spot antara menghasilkan uang, dan tidak bangkrut saat kehilangan uang, berada dalam kisaran dua sampai lima persen. Kami merekomendasikan trader pemula atau lebih risk-averse untuk memulai dengan hanya mengambil risiko dua persen dari kolam perdagangan Anda saat ini di setiap perdagangan. Begitu Anda menjadi lebih berpengalaman di pasar, atau keuntungan Anda telah meningkat cukup, Anda bisa pindah ke tiga, empat, atau lima persen penuh. Forex Life Hack 4: Mengidentifikasi dan Mengakuisisi Crown Kingrsquos Salah satu strategi yang lebih terkenal dan sering digunakan adalah sesuatu yang disebut pola Head and Shoulders. Hal ini terjadi ketika pasar trending bullish membuat puncak dan mulai menarik kembali. Nama itu berasal dari gambar yang dibuat pasar saat puncak dan lembah. Titik tertinggi adalah kepala, dan kedua titik terendah di kedua sisinya adalah bahunya. Secara teori, Anda menggambar ldquonecklinerdquo yang menghubungkan kedua bahu dan mulai berdagang pada saat itu. Masalahnya adalah, pasar akan sering overcorrect sendiri dan Anda mengambil kerugian sebelum Anda tahu apa yang memukul Anda. Thatrsquos mengapa Chieftrade FX lebih suka menukar pola yang berbeda: Crown Kingrsquos. Mahkota Kingrsquos diperdagangkan di luar garis gaya Kepala dan Bahu. Begitu pasar mengeluarkan dukungan yang rendah, ia memiliki kecenderungan untuk bangkit kembali dan meluncur sebelum pasar akhirnya turun. Dalam strategi ini, pemberhentian Anda akan dibawa keluar pada reli tersebut tepat sebelum pasar berbalik untuk menyelesaikan arahan Anda. Pada dasarnya, Anda arenrsquot memperdagangkan garis leher, Anda memperdagangkan titik terendah di luar titik terendah terendah. Lonjakan ekstra di pasar (mengubah orang di mahkota) memungkinkan Anda melihat indikasi sebenarnya dari pasar dan dapat mengurangi kemungkinan Anda mengalami kerugian di masa depan. Forex Life Hack 5: Belajar Mencintai RSI Stochastic Pikirkan pasang surut pasar sebagai tren seperti di industri fesyen. Ambil penghangat kaki misalnya. Kembali ke penghangat kaki tahun 80-an sangat populer, mereka digunakan oleh sebagian besar populasi, dan kemudian setelah mencapai titik tertentu, itu menjadi TERLALU populer dan ada pukulan balik yang tercipta terhadapnya, membuat tren itu perlahan hilang. Banyak perancang busana pasti senang mengetahui kapan tren tersebut mulai lenyap. Mereka berharap mereka tahu semacam indikator. Mungkin tidak ada indikator seperti itu untuk industri fesyen, tapi ada untuk pasar. Itrsquos disebut RSI stokastik, dan itu bisa menjadi kunci Anda untuk trading. RSI stochastic terdiri dari dua garis yang berfungsi sebagai semacam patokan untuk saat pasar ingin membalikkan. Jika saham diperdagangkan terlalu tinggi, maka akan menembus garis itu dan mulai tren turun. Jika stok terlalu rendah, stok akan turun dan mulai naik kembali. Dengan pegangan pada dua penghalang yang garis stochastic terbentuk akan memberi Anda kesan saat Anda harus membalikkan arah dan beralih dari banteng untuk menanggungnya, dan sebaliknya. Forex Life Hack 6: Memanfaatkan Stop-Kerugian untuk Mimpi Anda Seberapa akrab suara ini Anda masuk ke pasar dan, seperti pedagang bagus, Anda menetapkan stop Anda. Namun, Anda mendapati diri Anda terus-menerus dikeluarkan tepat sebelum kemenangan besar Anda. Ini adalah masalah umum yang memiliki satu solusi mudah Anda perlu mengubah stop-loss Anda seiring perubahan pasar Seiring pasar berfluktuasi, stop loss tumbuh lebih besar. Volatilitas ini menciptakan level tertinggi dan tertinggi yang lebih tinggi, yang dapat mengeja keuntungan yang lebih tinggi bagi pedagang pintar. Dan pedagang pintar menyesuaikan kerugian stop mereka untuk mencerminkan pasar. Pedagang membuat stop loss untuk mencegah diri mereka kehilangan keseluruhan akun selama satu perdagangan. Dengan menetapkan jumlah minimum untuk dipukul pasar, begitu pasar mencapai jumlah tersebut, maka perdagangan akan berakhir secara otomatis dan kerugiannya diambil. Cara untuk benar menggunakan nomor stop-loss cairan adalah dengan memindahkan jumlah minimum sesuai dengan pergerakan pasar. Letrsquos melihat sebuah contoh. Bagan di bawah ini memiliki beberapa lingkaran kuning. Lingkaran ini mewakili harga stop-loss pada waktu yang berbeda dalam jangka waktu perdagangan. Mulai dari lingkaran kiri terjauh, Anda akan menyesuaikan stop loss Anda agar sesuai dengan angka terendah berikutnya yang dipukul pasar (yang merupakan lingkaran kuning baru). Bahkan tanpa manfaat melihat angka sebenarnya, Anda bisa melihat perbedaan antara kiri terjauh dan lingkaran kanan terjauh. Perbedaan pip ini akan hilang jika Anda tidak menggunakan nomor stop-loss bergerak. Bagaimana Anda tahu kapan harus memindahkan stop-loss Itrsquos Anda dengan mudah. Carilah yang tinggi atau rendah yang memiliki dua kandil di sebelah kiri, dan dua lilin ke kanan yang lebih tinggi atau lebih rendah dari titik itu. Tinggi akan memiliki dua titik terendah ke kiri dan kanan, yang rendah akan memiliki dua pasang ke kiri dan kanan. Forex Life Hack 7: Menggunakan Reversals to Your Advantage Trading terjadi di jendela 24 jam yang terdiri dari tiga sesi perdagangan yang berbeda: sesi Eropa, A.S. dan Asia. Sesi Eropa memiliki pergerakan terbanyak, diikuti oleh A.S. dan kemudian pasar Asia. Lebih sering daripada tidak, pasar akan membalik arah ketika satu sesi berakhir dan yang lainnya dimulai. Itrsquos dengan bermain dari pembalikan ini yang paling pips ditangkap. Ini masuk akal bahwa jika sesi Eropa tren bullish bahwa setelah sesi Amerika menendang, itu akan membentuk pembalikan dan pasar akan berubah menjadi beruang. Dengan memanfaatkan strategi ini, Anda dapat menentukan titik balik, memanfaatkan pergerakan pasar, dan mengidentifikasi kapan pasar tinggi dan rendah akan terjadi. Dengan tiga sesi perdagangan yang terjadi per hari, ada potensi untuk 2 titik balik per hari, yang berarti hanya menggunakan satu strategi yang bisa mendikte bagaimana Anda melihat tiga pasar yang berbeda. Forex Life Hack 8: Menjepit Kepribadian Trading Anda Ada empat tipe kepribadian trading yang berbeda. Menemukan Anda bisa menjadi kunci untuk memperdagangkan kekuatan Anda dan membatasi kelemahan Anda. Kadang jarang trader baru mengenal kepribadian mereka, jadi bacalah penjelasannya dan lihat apakah ada satu (atau beberapa) yang menggambarkan Anda. The Now Trader: Pedagang sekarang ingin masuk, mendapatkan pips mereka, dan keluar. Mereka umumnya menggunakan kerangka waktu yang lebih kecil, menghabiskan lebih sedikit waktu per hari untuk trading dan menangkap jumlah pip yang lebih kecil. Namun, karena mereka berdagang dalam jangka waktu singkat seperti itu, Trader Sekarang cenderung berdagang lebih sering dan memiliki strategi perdagangan yang lebih mudah. Pedagang In-The-Game: Pedagang ini suka mengecek ke pasar setiap hari, namun lebih memilih tindakan mereka untuk bertahan lebih lama dan cenderung memilih tangkapan pip yang lebih besar dalam jangka waktu yang lebih lama. Pedagang harian sering melakukan perdagangan dalam rentang waktu yang lebih mid-range dan memperhatikan pembalikan dan fibres prediktif. Pedagang Junkie Adrenalin: Pedagang ini hanya melakukan perdagangan sekali atau beberapa kali per bulan berdasarkan pengumuman utama seperti laporan kuartalan atau pendapatan. Mereka menyukai keberagaman pasar dan cenderung berdagang hanya dalam beberapa jam pada satu waktu, tapi mereka akhirnya menang besar jika strategi mereka benar. Trader Pemeliharaan Rendah: Pedagang set-it-and-forget-it yang paling akhir. Mereka suka berdagang dalam jangka panjang dengan memanfaatkan strategi yang berakhir dengan keuntungan besar selama berbulan-bulan. Mereka tidak mencari sensasi manuver berisiko tinggi, atau komitmen dari jadwal perdagangan harian. Sebaliknya, mereka memilih perbankan lebih aman yang akan menguntungkan mereka di masa depan. Tidak ada cara trading yang benar atau salah, ada potensi menghasilkan uang dari semuanya. Yang penting sebagai trader tidak berapa sering, atau seberapa sering Anda berdagang. Kunci sukses trading adalah mengelola risiko Anda, mengembangkan strategi Anda, dan membuat keputusan cerdas berdasarkan grafik. Seperti tip Forex lainnya, ini tidak menjamin kemenangan, dan perdagangan Forex memiliki risiko inheren yang terlibat. Namun, tip ini bisa memberi wawasan tentang pola pikir orang-orang yang telah berhasil diperdagangkan di masa lalu. Dengan menggunakan tip yang terlihat di sini bersama dengan manajemen risiko yang baik, memiliki sumber penghasilan sekunder dimungkinkan dengan melakukan perdagangan Valuta Asing. Dapatkan lebih banyak Life Hacks Forex, strategi, dan pendidikan Forex dengan MENGHARAPKAN WEBINAR GRATIS dari para ahli di Market Traders Institute. Sebelum hari-harinya sebagai analis ahli dan pedagang terlihat di Trader Planet Digital Journal. Trading Edge dan FX Street Anda. Josh adalah pria rata-rata sebelum dia menjadi FXfinder World FX di Forex. Dia tahu dia ingin melakukan sesuatu yang dia minati untuk mencari nafkah, tapi sepertinya tidak ada yang berhasil. Josh telah membuat nama untuk dirinya sendiri dengan strategi Daybreak London dan kesempatan trading seperti melipatgandakan akun tradingnya dalam satu bulan dan menghasilkan 10.000 dalam 30 menit dengan strategi perdagangan pribadinya. Sebagai pencipta kursus, mentor dan instruktur aktif bersama MTI, Anda dapat menemukan Josh di kelas siswa MTI, sesi pelatihan langsung dan rangkaian lokakarya gratis MTI yang terbuka untuk umum. Teknik Trading 1 Hari Saya: Hoffman Inventory Retracement Bar (IRB) Perdagangan Oleh Rob Hoffman, Menjadi Pemenang Penghargaan Grabberetrader untuk Mengidentifikasi Peluang Perdagangan Institusional Dikembangkan dan digunakan untuk memenangkan kompetisi perdagangan di seluruh dunia, Hoffman Inventory Retracement Bar (IRB) Trade has Menjadi salah satu cara yang paling populer untuk mengidentifikasi di mana persediaan kelembagaan countertrend jangka pendek telah mereda dan kapan saatnya untuk masuk kembali ke arah trend tren pedagang. Apa yang akan Anda pelajari di sini adalah bagaimana mengidentifikasi kapan kondisi muncul untuk melakukan perdagangan, entry point, dan exit strategy. Apa itu Perdagangan Retracement Inventaris Hoffman (IRB) Perdagangan IRB adalah strategi yang digunakan untuk mengidentifikasi jenis aktivitas perdagangan institusional tertentu yang bertentangan dengan tren yang ada saat ini, dan kemudian mengidentifikasi entri ketika aktivitas persediaan countertrend jangka pendek telah Berakhir dan pasar sepertinya siap untuk resumersquos tren awalnya. Sementara itu adalah cerita rakyat yang umum di industri investasi bahwa institusi, seperti serigala, bepergian dalam paket, kenyataannya adalah bahwa institusi tidak semua duduk-duduk di meja bersepentingan sebagai kelompok tentang bagaimana membagi pedagang eceran dengan uang mereka. Bisnis investasi institusional sangat kompetitif dan perusahaan-perusahaan ini sangat banyak mencari keuntungan sendiri dan memiliki tujuan dan metrik kinerja untuk dicapai agar terlihat paling menarik bagi calon investor pada suatu waktu tertentu. Oleh karena itu, strategi ini dirancang untuk mengidentifikasi kapan satu atau beberapa institusi memindahkan inventaris masuk dan keluar dari pasar dan tersesat jauh dari jalur pasar saat ini yang menyebabkan retracement jangka pendek terhadap tren tersebut. Kami kemudian mencari pasar yang bersangkutan untuk melanjutkan tren yang ada saat aktivitas institusional jangka pendek tersebut dan persediaan telah mengering. Aturan Untuk Identifikasi Inventaris Retracement Bar (IRB) Dalam uptrend ndash Carilah bar candlestick yang terbuka dan tutup 45 atau lebih dari tingkat tinggi. Gambar 1 menunjukkan empat contoh IRB individual dan unik dalam uptrend untuk tujuan ilustrasi Dalam tren turun - Carilah candlestick bars yang terbuka dan tutup 45 atau lebih dari tingkat rendahnya. Gambar 2 menunjukkan empat contoh individu dalam tren turun untuk tujuan ilustrasi. Dengan tidak adanya sistem identifikasi tren mutakhir yang digunakan Rob Hoffman, pendekatan sederhana terhadap identifikasi tren adalah melihat 20 EMA (Exponential Moving Average) dan bertanya pada diri sendiri apakah tampaknya berada dalam sudut pandang sekitar 45 derajat berdasarkan jangka waktu yang Anda temukan. Untuk berdagang di 20 bar data (yaitu 5 menit 60menit, Harian, Mingguan, dll.). Rangka waktu berikutnya yang lebih tinggi di atas yang Anda cari untuk diperdagangkan juga harus mengalir ke arah yang sama. Misalnya, jika saham Anda diperdagangkan dalam grafik 5 menit dan tren naik, Anda ingin melihat grafik 10 atau 15 menit Anda juga dalam tren naik. Itu harus mengalir ke arah yang sama. Jika itu menyamping, atau lebih buruk lagi, tren ke arah yang berlawanan, perdagangan Anda jauh lebih mungkin gagal. Strategi Entry Begitu sebuah IRB dan tren yang tepat teridentifikasi, langkah selanjutnya adalah membiarkan pasar bergerak dan menunggu aksi harga menembus satu tickcentpip di bawah rendahnya IRB dalam tren turun. Dalam uptrend Anda menemukan pasar untuk mematahkan satu tickcentpip di atas tinggi IRB. Meskipun tidak mutlak, lebih disukai harga menembus di luar IRB dalam 20 bar berikutnya berdasarkan periode waktu Anda melakukan perdagangan. Misalnya, jika penawaran Anda naik dari grafik 2 menit, idealnya Anda ingin melihat jeda dalam 40 menit berikutnya. Secara umum, semakin cepat (yaitu lima batang berikutnya sebagai contohnya), lebih baik untuk dimulainya tren. Strategi Melangkah Keluar dari Trailing Sementara banyak pedagang adalah pedagang sasaran dolar tertentu, metode yang disukai lebih merupakan metode pendukung dan target berbasis sasaran yang didukung oleh trailing stop untuk memastikan Anda tidak mengembalikan keuntungan tersebut selama snapback terhadap posisi Anda. Biasanya, Rob Hoffman lebih menyukai titik keuntungan trailing yang bergerak naik sampai 50 trailing of profit yang dicapai saat Anda berhasil mencapai target profit keseluruhan yang diinginkan. Kemudian pindahkan trailing stop ke 80 keuntungan yang diperoleh saat Anda mendekati 80 jalan menuju target yang Anda inginkan. Kemudian pindahkan stop ke 90 profit yang diraih saat level support atau resistance utama terpukul. Pada titik ini, jika tidak ada perkembangan lebih lanjut yang dibuat dalam harga, maka belok kanan ke bidoffer saat ini dengan maksud untuk keluar. Jika satu lonjakan energi datang untuk menjebak pedagang eceran yang tidak menaruh curiga dengan pelarian palsu, kami secara manual langsung tertinggal di belakang harga selama lonjakan itu sampai berhenti, kemudian terjadi dengan keuntungan. Either way kesempatan menang-menang trading. Tingkat utama yang umum termasuk level Fibonacci kunci, level tertinggi hari ini dan level terendah hari ini, poin pivot harian, mingguan dan bulanan, dll. Untuk kenyamanan maksimal dengan strategi ini, lebih disukai Anda menggunakan ini dengan level support dan resistance favorit Anda sendiri. Gambar 3 Contoh Perdagangan Langsung: Di bawah grafik tengah menyoroti dengan warna kuning sasaran yang diinginkan, titik pivot. Seiring kita mendekati 50 jalan menuju target, kita bisa menghentikan pemberhentian sampai 50 dari keuntungan yang diperoleh. Gambar 4 Contoh Perdagangan Langsung: Saat kita mendekati 80 dari jalan menuju target, kita akan menghentikan 80 keuntungan yang diperoleh. Gambar 5 Contoh Perdagangan Langsung: Seiring kita mendekati target yang dimaksud, kita akan menghentikan 90 hasil keuntungan. Ini memberi kesempatan perdagangan untuk memiliki satu gerakan pelarian yang salah lagi di atas target yang memungkinkan kita menarik sedikit keuntungan lebih. Gambar 6 Contoh Perdagangan Langsung: Jika perdagangan memegang target dan gagal menerobos, kita bergerak berhenti untuk bidoffer saat ini dan menunggu untuk dikeluarkan dari perdagangan. Jika satu lonjakan energi datang untuk menjebak pedagang eceran yang tidak menaruh curiga dengan pelarian palsu, kami secara manual langsung tertinggal di belakang harga selama lonjakan itu sampai berhenti, kemudian terjadi dengan keuntungan. Either way kesempatan menang-menang trading. Gambar 7 Contoh Perdagangan Langsung: Tawaran dipukul dan keuntungan maksimum yang dicapai Berdasarkan pada premis strategi perdagangan ini, harapan atas masuknya adalah bahwa pasar akan berlanjut ke arah semula yang dipimpinnya setelah dorongan mundur singkat yang dilakukan oleh institusi tersebut terhadap kecenderungan. Sangat sering, setelah menembus IRB, pasar akan benar-benar cepat berakselerasi dengan tindakan cepat dan jangkauan luas karena setiap orang mulai menyadari bahwa mundurnya singkat hanyalah jeda oleh satu atau beberapa institusi terhadap arah yang diinginkan karena pasar bergerak untuk mengejar ketinggalan. Dengan maksud aslinya. Dengan mengatakan bahwa, setelah perdagangan masuk, harga tidak boleh menelusuri kembali di seberang sisi IRB yang berlawanan. Misalnya, jika perdagangan memasuki satu titik nol di bawah tingkat rendah IRB dalam tren turun, seharusnya tidak berhenti dan membalikkan satu tickcentpip di atas tingkat IRB yang tinggi. Jika memang demikian, pasar itu mungkin akan membentuk pola pembalikan yang lebih besar dan oleh karena itu perlu keluar dari posisi dan beralih ke peluang berikutnya atau menggunakan salah satu strategi pembalikan pasar Rob Hoffmanrsquos yang fenomenal untuk menangkap pergerakan tersebut. Bila tidak menggunakan strategi Strategi ini terutama dirancang untuk mengidentifikasi dan memanfaatkan kelanjutan tren setelah kontraksi likuiditas persediaan kontra. Oleh karena itu, perdagangan ini tidak bisa digunakan dalam kondisi pasar sideways karena kelanjutan akan sering terjadi. Mengapa Strategi Ini Bekerja Secara umum, pasar cenderung melakukan perdagangan secara terarah dengan beberapa pedagang eceran di atas kapal dengan arah yang benar. Strategi ini sangat efektif karena kemampuannya untuk menemukan daerah dengan probabilitas tinggi di mana tiga hal terjadi pada pedagang eceran dalam uptrend: Pembeli terganggu untuk melakukan perdagangan sisi panjang saat mereka melihat pullback dari level tertinggi, membuat mereka percaya bahwa langkah tersebut sudah selesai. Selama pullback, penjual diberi harapan palsu bahwa setiap celana pendek yang diambil sebelumnya dalam uptrend akhirnya bisa mulai bekerja. Pembeli yang membeli harga tinggi selama kenaikan cepat berharap akan naik lebih tinggi berhenti pada pullback. Setelah semua kejadian di atas, ketika sebuah IRB baru muncul terbalik dan tertembus, pasar cenderung bergerak tanpa semua pedagang di atas berada di sisi kanan pasar. Dalam tren turun, ketiga hal ini terjadi pada pedagang eceran: Penjual sedang terganggu karena melakukan perdagangan sisi pendek saat mereka melihat pullback dari posisi terendah, membuat mereka percaya bahwa langkah tersebut telah berakhir. Selama pullback, pembeli diberi harapan palsu bahwa setiap perdagangan sisi beli yang dilakukan sebelumnya dalam tren turun akhirnya bisa mulai bekerja. Penjual yang menjual rendah saat suku bunga yang cepat berharap akan turun lebih rendah terhenti karena pullback. Setelah semua kejadian di atas, begitu IRB baru ke sisi negatif muncul dan tertembus, pasar cenderung bergerak tanpa semua pedagang di atas berada di sisi kanan pasar. Digunakan Selama Kompetisi Perdagangan Internasional Gambar 8 menunjukkan satu dari tujuh perdagangan yang diambil dengan menggunakan strategi ini selama Kompetisi Perdagangan Internasional yang diadakan di Paris, Prancis. Panah vertikal hitam menyoroti IRB dan panah horisontal hitam menunjukkan area masuk yang dimaksudkan untuk perdagangan menggunakan strategi ini. Robrsquos Strategy Checklist Poin Kunci Yang Harus Diingat Tidak ada lagi bobot yang diberikan kepada IRB berdasarkan apakah tutupnya berada di atas atau di bawah terbuka (yaitu lilin hijau atau merah). Selain itu, pikirkan konsep over extension. Jika IRB memiliki jangkauan yang luar biasa dibandingkan dengan Range Rata Rata dari 10 bar terakhir sebelum kemudian kembali melalui IRB jauh lebih mungkin gagal. Hal ini akan lebih mungkin menghasilkan entri yang memiliki kemungkinan pengembalian yang lebih tinggi terhadap mean karena sebagian besar peluang energi dan keuntungan berpotensi hilang sehingga membuat trader memiliki keuntungan yang jauh lebih kecil atau mungkin stop loss. Trail entri Anda untuk mengurangi risiko pengembalian ke mean sementara masih memberikan kesempatan perdagangan untuk mendorong ke arah yang Anda inginkan. Gunakan alat kualifikasi trend seperti Rob Hoffmanrsquos. Dengan tidak adanya alat yang teruji dengan baik dari Anda sendiri, berdagang ke arah sekitar 45 derajat miring 20 EMA. Strategi ini memiliki beragam aplikasi di banyak pasar dan kelas aset. Misalnya, selain memperdagangkan ekuitas konvensional, futures, options dan instrumen FOREX, para pedagang dapat mempertimbangkan untuk menggunakan strategi ini untuk menganalisis ekuitas yang mendasarinya dan kemudian melakukan perdagangan delta tinggi, dalam opsi uang berperan sebagai contoh bagi pedagang hari pilihan pilihan. Begitu sangat beragam. Apa yang telah kami tunjukkan kepada Anda di sini adalah strategi pemenang penghargaan sederhana yang dapat Anda ambil dan jelajahi di sini hari ini. Rob Hoffman telah menggunakan alat ini untuk membantunya mendapatkan kemenangan di banyak dari 19 kompetisi perdagangan domestik dan internasionalnya. Ini adalah alat yang sangat baik digunakan untuk mengidentifikasi di mana pedagang eceran salah menilai pergerakan pasar. Ini menunjukkan di mana satu atau lebih institusi sementara melepaskan diri dari tren karena akuisisi atau likuidasi jangka pendek. Begitu kebutuhan inventaris habis maka keseluruhan pasar bebas untuk melanjutkan tren yang ada yang menawarkan peluang baru bagi pedagang eceran untuk melakukan perdagangan kembali ke arah dengan keseluruhan tren. Untuk mempelajari lebih lanjut tentang Rob Hoffman dan strategi pemenang penghargaannya, WATCH THIS IN-DEPTH VIDEO DI SINI Rob Hoffman adalah presiden dan CEO Become A Better Trader, Inc. dan BecomeABetterTrader. Keahlian: STRATEGI Rob Hoffman adalah trader juara perdagangan domestik dan internasional 19 kali yang telah memenangkan lebih banyak kompetisi uang langsung, real-money saja, domestik dan internasional daripada pedagang lainnya di seluruh dunia. Rob juga merupakan trader profesional yang diakui secara internasional, sering menjadi pembicara untuk perusahaan pialang dan bursa keuangan terkemuka, pendidik terampil dan mentor bergairah kepada para pedagang, manajer portofolio, dan manajer hedge fund dari seluruh dunia. Teknik Perdagangan Hari Favoritku Strategi Perdagangan Hari Favoritku Oleh Geoffrey A. Smith, DTItrader Ketika sampai pada perdagangan hari, Anda harus bisa membuat keputusan cepat. Selama bertahun-tahun saya telah belajar bahwa banyak saham memiliki pergerakan terbesar mereka dalam 30 menit pertama pasar AS. Secara khusus, saham NASDAQ bergerak lebih banyak daripada kebanyakan. Mengetahui hal ini, saya mulai melihat NASDAQ 100 futures (NQ) untuk melihat apakah itu bergerak seperti ekuitas. Itu Butuh waktu, tapi akhirnya saya tahu bagaimana memanfaatkan langkah di NQ dalam 30 menit pertama. Karena banyak orang memiliki komputer dan mendengarkan berita di pagi hari, mereka membuka platform perdagangan atau situs web mereka dan memesan barang untuk keluar atau memasuki perdagangan baru sebelum mereka mulai bekerja. Begitu Ding, Ding, Ding, di New York Stock Exchange pada 08:30 pagi CT terdengar, semua pesanan ini terisi. Masalahnya adalah kita tidak tahu ke arah mana pasar akan bergerak, jadi kita harus memberi sedikit waktu kepada pasar untuk mengecek perdagangan ini keluar dari pasar. Begitu mereka pergi, pasar kemudian akan mulai mendorong ke satu arah (atas atau bawah tidak masalah). Dorongan ini akan berlangsung sekitar 15 menit, dan kemudian pasar akan memperbaiki pergerakan tersebut sampai ke puncak jam 09:00 siang CT. Pertanyaannya adalah, berapa banyak waktu yang Anda berikan pada pasar untuk menyingkirkan perdagangan awal yang saya temukan bahwa itu ada di kisaran 3 sampai 7 menit. Hal yang besar adalah melihat bagaimana perdagangan terbuka. Mari luangkan waktu sebentar dan diskusikan yang terbuka. Kebanyakan melihat dari dekat. Saya selalu bertanya-tanya mengapa. Di dekat Anda sudah tahu siapa yang menang atau kalah, dan saya belum pernah membeli kutu untuk pertandingan sepak bola sampai di sana pada akhirnya. Sebenarnya, pernahkah Anda bisa memulai balapan di akhir saya juga. Jadi, saya melakukan segalanya berdasarkan keterbukaan. Jika pasar diperdagangkan di atas terbuka, sapi jantan memegang kendali, dan jika di bawah terbuka, beruang memegang kendali. Jadi saat kita melihat perdagangan ini, saya mulai melihat bagaimana NQ melakukan trading pada pukul 08:30 am CT open. Is it higher or lower than open during the 3-7 minute time period If it is holding above open, I look to go long, if trading below open during this time, I look to go short. Sounds simple huh In Chart 1 below is a 1 minute chart of the NQ futures (when we are done you might consider using a 5 minute chart, but we will get to that). The little blue bar is the opening minute at 08:30am CT. The yellow line is the open of that bar, which is also the open of the US markets on the NQ futures. Notice, once it opened, it never traded below open. If the first 5 minutes, it stayed above open. So, if you take the range in the first 5 minutes and wait until the market breaks out of the range, you would have gotten long. Look at the push it made. The NQ went from 4662 to 4681. The NQ is worth 20 per point (it trades it 0.25 increments, or 5 per tick). So on one contract you would have made 19 points or 380 on that move. Notice the little correction starting about 08:50am CT. This is very common and will spook many traders thinking that the market has fizzled out and the run is over, however, it is usually just taking a breather before continuing on after 09:00am CT. In Chart 2 below is another look at another day. This is a little tougher to trade, but look what it did. It opened and stayed below open in the first 5 minutes. Though it bounced up a little, it never got back above open, which argues that staying short was the right thing to do. ( Foot note . now you are thinking, so I have to risk above the open (or below the open if long), and I would say quotcorrectquot. In this trade, your protective stop needs to be on the other side of the open, and really about a point off the highlow since 08:30am CT.) Once it broke out of the first 5 minute range, I got you short, took some heat, but it paid nicely, moving from 4698 to 4692 for a 120 profit per contract. Interestingly, on both trades you could have left your stop on the other side of the opening 5 minute range and stayed in until lunch and been paid much better. I like to trade this with multiple contracts. I will take 1 off at 2 points profit, and another off at 4 points profit and let the last one ride. What I39m trying to do is finance my stop. If I can make 6 point on the first 2 contracts, that means that I can get stopped out and still make money or lose very little if the market reverses. Another thing, we will have economic news at 09:00am CT often. Knowing this, it can help your trade or it will stop you out. So before the news, I would tighten up the stop just in case. Now, back to the 5 minute chart mentioned earlier. Yes, you can use one. Since we are looking at the first 5 minutes, then why not use a 5 minute chart. I can39t disagree. I don39t use charts much when making this trade, but will use a 30 minute chart if I do look at one. I watch my trading platform, or DOM (depth of market), and quotdevelop the chartquot in my head. I39m a tape reader. I watch prices. Not to say I don39t like chart, because I do, I just use daily and weekly charts for bigger trends and use no smaller than a 30 minute chart if looking intraday. That is just me, and maybe not you. So, use a 1 minute or 5 minute chart if it helps. Finally, you can use this on stocks. The NASDAQ stocks do much of the same thing in the first 30 minutes. Watch GOOG or AMZN and see what they do. You can even use the options on those stocks. Just beware of the bid and ask in the first 5 minutes, because they can be quite wide, so use limit order to enter the options. Watch it for a couple of day and get the hang of it. It is kind of an quotartsyquot trade, but it will pay well over time. You will lose a couple every now and then, but that is part of trading. And it will not set up every day. There are some days that the NQ goes above open, then below open, then back above open, and you start wondering what you should do. Do nothing and let the market figure it out, but not with your money. There will always be another day to trade. Trade to win, and good luck trading Watch this trade discussed in further detail, SIMPLY CLICK HERE FOR THE VIDEO Register for this free, special event and get DTIs Trade of The Year During the class you will see DTIs top experts picks for 2017 and much more SIMPLY CLICK HERE TO RESERVE YOUR SEAT Geoffrey Smith teaches Level 1, 2, and 3 core curriculum classes, regular educator and instructor on the 24-hour Educational TradeRoom, GPS Coaching, and one of Tom Busbys first students. An active trader and investor for 25 years, Geof focuses in futures, equities and option trading including trading commodity option futures. Geof took an instrumental role in developing the DTI Method. The Platinum Experience core level classes took first place in SFO Magazine and Trader Planets STAR awards in the best trading courses category. Before coming to DTI, Geof was a pipeline engineer working in Oklahoma and Texas. The Rubber Band Reversal Strategy If you have been trading for any length of time, you have probably noticed that the markets are moving sideways A LOT. Consolidation is a huge part of the marketrsquos balance, and so it makes sense to learn strategies that take advantage of the sidewaysconsolidating type of market conditions. Often, ranging strategies are high probability but they do not offer a good Risk to Reward. But today, you will learn a strategy that has both a high win rate and the opportunity for some good R:R. The entire strategy can be boiled down into just a few steps. If you read the report carefully, you should be able to begin implementing the strategy virtually right away. Though, as always, I do recommend trying new strategies on a demo account and getting comfortable with them before trading them live. With that said, letrsquos dive into the steps. Step 1 - Identify RangeshyBound Markets on Daily or 4 Hour Charts A ranging market is simple to identify. We are looking for clearly defined sideways movement that is sustained with several tops and bottoms. One thing to remember is that a sideways market should have similar priced tops and bottoms. They do not have to be identical for us to consider it a range, but if the back and forth movement doesnrsquot have a consistency to it, itrsquos very difficult to take advantage of. You can see in situations, demonstrated by the green example, that a more consistent top and bottom will improve the chances that the market reacts at the expected time so that is what we are looking for. The red example shows you a sideways market that is not in a cleary defined range. So while the price is certainly going back and forth, the market is less responsive to a clear top or bottom range that we can utilize. The truth is that once yoursquove mastered this strategy you can still use it on less predictable ranges, but I recommend beginning with the more clearly defined ranges until you see some success. Here are a few examples of real ranging market conditions: In the second example, I used a 20 and 50 EMA to show you how moving averages can also signal a ranging market as they quickly begin to flatten and intertwine with one another. This is, of course, a lagging indicator but for those of you who like indicator confirmations, moving averages are an easy way to confirm a ranging market. Once you find a ranging market, you can move on to the next step. Step 2 - Identify an Overextension Within a Dead Market In this step, we are looking for the market to extend itself within a sideways market. More often than not, extended steep moves will pull back to settle toward reasonable prices, but this is even more true when the market is in a defined range. When it begins to accelerate and get overbought or oversold we are very likely to see it ldquosnap backrdquo like a rubber band once it runs out of orders to fulfill. Itrsquos this ldquoSnaprdquo that we are eventually looking to take advantage of within the Rubber Band Reversal, but first we must define the stretch point of the band. As always, I like to use multiple time frames to get a complete, accurate view of the market, so once we have a ranging 4 hour or Daily market condition, wersquoll zoom into a 60 minute chart to find an overshyextended point within the market. On the 60 minute chart, wersquoll add a Bollinger Band (standard settings) and RSI (standard). The Bollinger Bands and RSI give us a double confirmation to find overshyextended conditions. Bollinger Bands are a great indicator for this because they shrink down and quickly define a range which, in turn, makes it obvious when the market is stretching out of that range. When you combine the defined ranges with stretched Bollinger Bands, you get a pretty good idea of when price might make a turn around. But we also like to use the RSI to make sure that price is clearly overbought or oversold. The vertical lines represent when the RSI is above 65 or below 35. Please Note: The RSI is NOT an entry signal. It simply helps our patience and discipline as we are forced to confirm an overbought or oversold condition before going to the next step. The Bollinger Band and RSI are what allows us to be certain that the market has stretched like a Rubber Band and is ready for a potential snap back in the opposite direction. Now we know that the market is in position for our Rubber Band Reversal, but we do not have the ability to enter the trade yet. This is where a LOT of traders get tripped up. They see the RSI shoot over 65 or 70 and they are too trigger happy they just begin shorting the market. The problem is that more often than not, when the market hits 65 or 70 it is still in a momentum phase and we simply donrsquot know how long that momentum will last. We do not know how far the rubber band is going to stretch. So itrsquos very important to utilize the next steps in the strategy to make sure you have a complete plan and are jumping into trades early. We wait for the price to pierce the upper Bollinger band and simultaneously, we want RSI levels to be above 65 levels. After both conditions are met (Bollinger Band pierced and RSI overboughtoversold) we can go Step 3 - Find an Entry To find a high probability entry, we look for a unique combination I have used for a long time. The combination is a 15 Minute Reversal Candlestick (pin bar, inside bar, engulfing, etc.) at a whole number. Whole numbers are important because of their psychological value. A maximum number of orders are placed closer to the 50 or 100 levels, for example, at the 1.3050 or 1.3100 levels. In this shorter time frame, we consider anything ending in a 0 (for 4 digits) or 00 (for digits) to be a whole number. The key is that almost every time the market shows rejection around a whole number, we get SOME follow through. Often, it is only a few pips but when you combine it with the right market conditions like we are doing in this strategy, your odds of catching a reversal that moves 20, 30, 50 or even 100 pips is very, very high. Many times, price pushes slightly above the whole numbers and then quickly reverses, sucking in amateur longs, who get trapped and are forced to cover, thereby aggravating the fall. On other occasions, the institutional orders push price right at the whole number or even a few pips before.Either way, if you are prepared with a plan to trade around these whole numbers, you can take advantage of these scenarios. Once we see a 15 minute candle show rejection at a whole number, we are ready to place our entry. Here you can see a real trade example of the market spiking through to the tops, piercing the band, above 65 on RSI and getting our 15 Minute rejection candle right at 1.4340. With our criteria met, we can go ahead and set up the trade. Step 4 - Execution, Stop Loss and Take Profit With a market order, we will enter as soon as the 15 Minute candle closes (advanced traders can zoom into a 5 minute and anticipate the reversal momentum to improve R:R) For this particular strategy, our Stop Loss and Take Profit are very easy. Once the entry is made, we can place the Stop Loss a few pips above the entry candle or previous candle (whichever has a higher high) and we can place our Take Profit at the midshyband of the Bollinger Bands. The midpoint of the BB will change as the trade progresses but it should remain at the price of the midpoint at the time of the entry candle. So the full trade setup would look like this: Here, you have an ENTRY (green line) right as the candle closes, a TARGET (blue line) at the midpoint of the BB bands at the time of the entry candle and a STOP LOSS (red line) a few pips above the high of the piercing candle. In this case, the entry candle is relatively long given the high piercing wick so our RiskReward is about 1:1 (still not bad for a range trading strategy). But as yoursquoll see with practice many entry candles are smaller and the R:R can be 2:1 or even 3:1 in some cases. Plus, once you become a Rubber Band Reversal Expert, you can zoom in even closer to a 5 minute chart and get ahead of the momentum. Often, once the rejection of the whole number begins to happen, price falls quickly and waiting for the 15 Minute to close can cost you a fair amount of pips. So I like to get in early when I see that rejection taking place. Either way, it is a great strategy for ranging markets and I hope you take advantage of it Summary Points to Remember: Look for a rangeshybound market on the Daily charts and 4 Hour Charts. Once you have chosen your currency pair, select the 60shyminute time frame and overlay. Wait till the price pierces the upper Bollinger band and RSI is above 65 or below 35. Zoom into the 15 Minute chart to find our entry. On the 15shyminute chart, we want two important conditions to be fulfilled. We want a reversal bar We want to enter the trade close to a whole number The profit objective is at the midpoint of the Bollinger band, where we take our profits. With those few steps you can take advantage of the very common consolidating markets we see. If you have any questions about trading the strategy, you can email me at Jcrawfordlearntotradeforprofit I do ask that you try to be as specific and clear with any questions as I get lots of emails Grab TWO additional free strategy reports at no cost At Learn to Trade for Profit, we have one goal and its pretty easy to guess- we want to help traders and investors of all levels, all walks of life, all types of goals and motivations, anywhere in the world, aspiring to trade any market Learn to Trade FOR PROFIT. We dont sell anything, we just offer the best training and education at no cost. Using Precision Indicators To Day Trade On The Right Side Of The Market Force By Mohan Wolfe, BoomerangDayTrader All traders know that one of the key difficulties in any kind of trading (and especially day trading) is to get the initial positioning of the entry correct in order to keep the fluctuating price away from our stop. Greetings traders, my name is Mohan and in this special report I will show you the sure fire way to make your day trading more profitable and more peaceful with less grind. I have been working with futures traders since 2001 and have trained well over 50,000 traders through our variety of precision trading services. We specialize in working with traders who are suffering from trading losses or who are stuck in ldquobreak even syndromerdquo and really want to succeed. So letrsquos start with the first lesson in day tradinghellip be sure to ALWAYS USE STOPS Please donrsquot day trade without a stop, as this can cause tremendous damage to an account. You cannot always rely on your own judgementemotions to get you out of the trade that is on the wrong side of the market. We often tend to rationalize how when on the wrong side of a trade we ldquoknow the trade will still be good but just needs a little more wiggle roomrdquo. So the key to this is to position your trade on the right side of the market force. And as the trade progresses to assure yourself that you stay on the right side of the Market Force or to be able to determine if that MF has changed in any way. POPULAR INDICATORS USED FOR READING MARKET FORCE The most popular indicators over the years have been developed by brilliant market technicians that have stood the test of time. The Relative Strength Indicator also commonly known as RSI developed by Welles Wilder, Stochastics by Dr. George Lane, and MACD by Gerald Appel. There is such a wide variety of indicators available and so many great technicians whose names I wish I could mention in this short article. However, many of these modern day indicators are just slight variations of these original technical studies. Some newer indicators are combinations of these studies such as running an MACD on a stochastic etc. Below is a one minute chart of one of my favorite day trading contractshellip.The Mini Nasdaq (symbol: NQ) with the above indicators applied to it. Notice on the chart above that although we are applying some of the best and most popular indicator studies there is no crystal clear discernable area to get long or short in the market. And if you didhellip where would you place your stop How do you determine which direction the Market Force is on using these common indicators on this one minute chart So the most important element of day trading is to be able to determine what the primary Market Force is at the time you are getting ready to trade. Mohanrsquos Market Force precision indicators to the rescuehellip Over my 26 years of day trading I have studied practically every indicator that is out there in the industry. I have carefully studied and applied hundreds of them to my charts to determine which ones were the best. Well, after doing this type of research for quite some time and becoming somewhat disappointed (which I am sure you can relate to) I developed my own set of indicators which are extremely accurate. I call these indicators my ldquoMarket Force Indicatorsrdquo and they are part of my world famous trading system called Boomerang Day Trader. Now take a look at the chart below with the exact same day and time period of the chart shown above with the Boomerang Day Trader Indicators applied using a 450 tick chart. Notice the crystal clear identification of the Market Force with the bias coloring of the candles, the Trading Channels (shaded area) which identify the price direction of the Market Force, the matching colored Dynamic Trend Bands, and the 3 Market Force Indicators on the bottom of the chart all with matching color according to the Market Force direction of the pricebias. The first yellow dot after the Arrow which signals the opening of the Trade Channel in that direction is a crystal clear Sell Signal entry. On the buy side the first Blue Dot is the Buy entry after the arrow opening up the Buy channel with the Dynamic Trend Bands and all the indicator colors matching. Both were winning trades, there was little or no pressure on the trade entry and you were able to put some money in your pocket. The Boomerang indicators have been tried and tested under ALL market conditions and have produced millions of dollars in winning trades from our large international group of Boomerang users. In fact, the rise of Boomerang Day Trader to being one of the top, best -selling day trading software in the industry is due to the extreme accuracy of the market force indicators which I developed. You can see that by having the best indicators and knowing how to use them with a proven system can make trading a lot easier and more profitable. This is my 1 day trading technique and practically the only one I usehellip.Trading into the prevailing current Market Force This trading concept is fairly simple in principle with the steps as follows: Determine from your indicators what the primary Market Force is in the market right now Discover the best way to get into that Market Force and join that side of the micro trend (or larger scale move if that is determined by the indicators) Develop a stop method that will allow the trade some ldquowiggle roomrdquo to move sufficiently against your entry without creating too large of a loss or too tight of a stop which could take you out of a correct trade. To learn more about my Market Force Indicators you can watch a recent, brief video which was recorded in front of a large audience of Boomerang Day Trader users. In this video I describe how to use the Boomerang Day Trader ldquoMarket Force Indicatorsrdquo in great detail. We have bi-weekly training classes that you can attend for FREE if you wish by joining us at boomerangtrader You can sign up on the blog and get notices of when our next class will occur.In these classes I go over many vital elements for developing trading success which you really need to learn to stay in the game and be a career ldquoBlue Collar Working Traderrdquo. I just want you to succeed at futures trading if you have come this far and are struggling.Please consider us your resource for relief and a new vision for profitable trading like thousands of traders have. The methods that I describe above can also be used for higher volume active futures, stocks, ETFs and other instruments. If you think about it really it is just common sense.In other words, find the primary force that is underlying the market and place your trades on the side of that force. Sometimes traders will call this a ldquoTrendrdquo or intraday trend which is another name for a continuation movement. However, the important distinction between the ldquotrendrdquo and the ldquoMarket Forcerdquo is that a trend is what happens AFTER the Market Force shifts FIRST. When a trend appears to be in place the market force will often shift right at the top or bottom of the so called trend and stop all those who didnrsquot see it coming.This was because their indicators did not alert them accurately to this shift. This creates a big reversal against the ldquotrendrdquo surprising all those trend followers who did not understand how to read the intraday Market Force correctly. That is why having the correct precision indicators and proven trading method of how to use them is so important. VALUABLE TRADING RESOURCES FOR YOU TO SUCCEED AS A DAY TRADER I have many other resources for you to learn how to day trade on the correct side of the Market Force and I hope you will take advantage of my many years of experience. You can access a FREE REPORT on other elements of market force in the US stock markets called ldquoHow to read the stock market like a bookrdquo I have two different services that I offer to traders. First is my highly popular Boomerang Day Trader software which Guarantees 90 winning trade signals to come from the software following our exact methodrules. boomerangtrader No trading software has ever guaranteed 90 winning trades before in the history of the trading industry except for Boomerang Day Trader. We are the first, and we have raised the bar very high on trading systems. This shows our extreme confidence in the trading method and indicators we use. My other service is called the ldquoDay Traders Action live trading roomrdquo which trades a variety of instruments including futures, stocks, ETFs and occasion directional options. We primarily trade mini Nasdaq (NQ) futures during the first 2 hours of trading (sometimes a bit longer) using 5 different trading setups that I have developed over the years.Our goal each day is to make 500-1000 on a small trading account within that early period of the session. Note: the DTA live trading room is NOT a Boomerang training room. We have our bi-weekly classes for Boomerang and market training. We have been fortunate to have very excellent success on our stock and ETF picks with all winners since we started that service. Examples are: 65 gain in emerging markets in 2 months, a 230 gain in 2 weeks on Chesapeake Oil at the bottom of the recent oil drop, long crude oil at 30 area,long gold from 1080 and still holding for higher prices, long the bio tech industry and solid picks for getting 6-9 income on your capital with low riskhellipand much, much more. In addition to this I make an exact, crystal clear directional bias call for the market almost each trading day.This is extremely valuable for day traders and those trying to manage a larger portfolio like many of our subscribers do. I want to thank you for reading my brief article today. If you have any questions on any aspect of trading the futures market I will be glad to assist you in any way possible as I have been doing for traders now for over 16 years in the industry. I have made a long career out of assisting traders and would look forward to your email if there is any way I can assist you whether you get involved with our services or not.Here is my email: Mohandaytradersaction Thank you for reading my article on ldquoTrading with the Market Forcerdquo. As a special offer to readers I will be offering you a 20 discount on my top selling Boomerang Day Trader software with a 90 guaranteed profitable signals coming from the software. The regular price is 1195 but with this special link you can purchase Boomerang and all the indicators discussed on the video for just 995 today. Mohan is a 26 year trading veteran and trading coach for over 14 years in the industry. He is also the developer of Boomerang Day Trader, which is one of the top selling day trading software on NinjaTrader. Boomerang is also the first day trading software to offer a 90 guaranteed winning trade signals, creating an historical precedent in the industry. Chapter 07 Day Trading and Algorithmic Trading in Futures By Carley Garner, DeCarleyTrading Whether you like them or hate them, day traders and algorithmic system traders, commonly referred to as algos, are here to stay. Both groups of traders bring additional liquidity to the marketplace, which is a positive. However, some would argue that the baggage they bring with them isnt worth the additional liquidity. It is no secret that highly day traded markets such as the e-mini SP experience additional volatility throughout the last hour of the trading session as day traders square their positions. In addition, it is difficult to deny that algo traders havent created a marketplace that sees severely abnormal prices at a relatively higher frequency. Nevertheless, the new challenges posed by aggressive day traders and high-frequency traders via computer algorithms arent all that different from the obstacles faced by traders during the heyday of open outcry trading the antagonists are simply wearing a different mask. DAY TRADING IN FUTURES During my time as a commodity broker, Irsquove noticed the strategy bringing the most traders to the futures markets is day trading. The appeal of the strategy is the prospect of hypercharged trading profits, but it also comes with low barriers to entry, a lack of overnight position risk and, letrsquos face it, it is exciting. Traders generally use the same technical indicators and oscillators for day trading as they would position trading, so if you have a winning strategy, why wait weeks for the outcome Instead, traders can determine whether they have what it takes to make money within a single trading day. Most people assume day trading only entails trades that span the traditional opening and closing times of the official e-mini SampP 500 futures day session, which is 8:30 a.m. through 3:15 p.m. Central. But that isnrsquot necessarily true day trading is the practice of entering and exiting futures positions within a single trading session. In todayrsquos nearly 24-hour world of futures trading, a day trade might actually be held overnight. The distinction can be found in when the position was initiated, and whether it was still open at the close of trade. Most of the financial futures markets open in the afternoon prior to the official day session and trade through the end of the day session. As a result, it is possible to hold a day trade nearly 23 hours per day. If a trader is flat at the close of a trading session, anything done during that particular session is considered a day trade. Of course, there are some things to be aware of. Not all brokerage firms allow their clients to trade overnight those that do might levy a small fee for holding their position. Further, many brokerages offer day traders discounted margin rates. These margin discounts are frequently only granted during the exchangersquos official day session (8:30 a.m. Central to 3:15 p.m. Central). On a side note, my brokerage service (DeCarley Trading) is more liberal than most, since we grant day trading margins around the clock. Some brokers go so far as to force liquidate accounts at the close of each day if the client doesnrsquot have enough money to meet the exchangersquos state initial margin requirement. Not being aware of the rules and characteristics of a brokerage is a mistake capable of destroying an otherwise attractive day trading strategy. Brokersrsquo efforts to reduce the risk of day traders isnrsquot because they donrsquot want their clients partaking in the strategy. In fact, it is the opposite. Day traders tend to execute a high quantity of trades, which pads the pockets of brokerage firms. After all, the more a client trades, the more commission he pays to the broker. Accordingly, brokerage firms work hard to promote day trading via discounted margin rates and lower commission for the highest-volume day traders. They also encourage automated trading systems, which are inclined to be high-volume trading strategies. Further, risk managers at brokerage firms love the idea of their clients being flat overnight. As you can imagine, this takes much of the stress away from monitoring their client positions throughout the night. Donrsquot forget, futures trade nearly 24 hours per day you might be resting on the couch or fast asleep, but that doesnrsquot mean the markets are. Global events and sentiment sway asset prices in real time without any regard to what traders in the US might be doing at the time. Likewise, US traders buy and sell futures contracts throughout their day session without thinking twice about the Europeans, who are slumbering. I39ve been a commodity broker since early 2004 and have had the privilege of having a front row seat to the game of retail trading. Based on my observations, day trading is one of the most difficult strategies to employ successfully. Yet with difficulty comes potential reward for those capable of managing emotions and willing to put the time in to pay their dues. Traders able to uncover a way to make consistent profits might discover the reward is not only lucrative but also extremely convenient. They have the ability to sleep well at night and literally choose their own trading schedule. There is an unlimited number of strategies that day traders might opt to apply, so discussing that aspect in a single chapter is unrealistic. Any market approach deliberated in Chapter 6, ldquoPosition Trading in Futures,rdquo and market analysis techniques debated in Chapter 2 with respect to technical analysis can be applied to a day trading strategy. But over the years Irsquove noticed a few factors that play a big part in determining day trading success and failure. Hopefully, you will walk away from this section with a better understanding of risks, rewards, and reality. Common mistakes made by day traders Day traders face modest barriers to entry, but they also face the worst odds for success. However, much of the dismal performance by day traders can be mitigated by avoiding a few common mistakes. Unfortunately, many of the items on this list are easier said than done because, for many, they contradict some of the advantages of day trading luring them into the markets in the first place. Failing to take these steps shifts the odds of success away from the trader and toward his competition, the trading public. As a reminder, margin requirements for intraday trading are set by the brokerage firm, not by the exchange. As previously mentioned, because brokers generate revenue based on volume commission, they have incentive to entice traders to participate in day trading strategies with low margin rates. It isnrsquot uncommon for brokerage firms to advertise day trading rates for the stock indices such as the e-mini SampP 500, the e-mini Dow, and even the mini Russell 2000 for as little as 300 on deposit as a good faith deposit. So assuming his broker was granting him a 300 day trading margin, a trader with 3,000 in a futures account could buy or sell 10 stock index futures contracts at a time, as long as his intention is to exit by the close of trade. To green traders, this sounds like a fabulous proposition, but to those with experience it is a clear death sentence to a trading account. With that said, in the wake of financial crisis volatility, day trading margins have increased. It is still possible to find 500 day trading margin rates for stock indices, but most brokerages have increased it to 1,000 or above. This might appear to be a disadvantage and may frustrate a few traders, but the reality is a far more reasonable amount of leverage. In addition, it is still more than enough leverage to produce large profits and losses in a trading account. To put a 500 day trading margin into perspective, we know each point in the e-mini SampP 500 is worth 50, so with the e-mini SampP valued at 2,000 a single futures contract represents 100,000 (2,000 x 50) worth of the underlying SampP 500. It is easy to see how a trader buying or selling an e-mini SampP contract worth 100,000 with as little as 500 on deposit could get into trouble. If yoursquove done the math, in such a circumstance the trader is putting up a mere 0.5 of the contract value to partake in the profits and losses produced. This type of leverage doesnt give traders an advantage it gives them an incredible burden and a dismally low probability of success. Adding salt to the wounds of overleveraged day traders, many discount brokerage firms offering low margins are quick to liquidate client positions should their account equity dip (even slightly) below the stated day trading margin rate. This too adds to the likelihood of failure. A trader with 5,000 in a futures account being granted 500 day trading margins could buy or sell as many as 10 futures contracts to enter a position. However, if the market goes against the trade, even slightly, the brokerage will often liquidate the position. Each firm has slightly different risk rules, but most begin to take action if the trader has less than 400 per contract. Simply put, if the e-mini SP moves adversely by 2.00 points, the trade might be force liquidated. Even worse, brokers often charge a liquidation fee of 25 to 50 per contract. Anyone who has traded the e-mini SP before will tell you that 2.00 points are nothing more than random ebb and flow. Without the help of luck, a traders entry price will have to endure more than a 2.00-point drawdown before moving in the desired direction. Day traders using this much leverage rarely survive the trade long enough to see profits. To review: a trader starting with 5,000 and going long 10 e-mini SP futures, as would be allowed by a 500 day trading margin, could see his position offset by the risk managers of his brokerage firm once the loss reached 1,000 ((2.00 x 50) x 10) or 2.00 points in the e-mini SP. Further, the losses would be exacerbated by a forced-liquidation fee levied by the broker in an amount as high as 500. This trader would have lost 30 of his account in a matter of minutes on nothing more than quiet market flow. It should be clear by now that day trading futures in high quantities relative to account size or on a shoestring budget is equivalent to playing craps in Las Vegas. Traders can increase their odds of success by mitigating leverage through sufficient account funding, or at least trading minimal quantities. As a rule, it is a good idea to trade a single stock index futures contract per 10,000 on deposit in a trading account. Aside from the leverage factor, lightly capitalized accounts might not have the means to hold positions overnight when necessary. This does traders a massive injustice because it prevents their trading strategy from adequately giving each entry signal the time necessary to work out. Stock index futures might close at 3:15 p.m. Central, but that doesnrsquot mean your technical setup has had a chance to play itself out. For instance, a trading strategy could conceivably trigger a sell signal an hour before the close, but the restricted time frame might not allow for the anticipated price change to materialize. Thus, it might be crucial to hold positions into the overnight session, or even the next trading day, to give your strategy a fair chance to succeed. Trading sessions might be on timers but markets and technical indicators are not. If a trader is forced out of a trade at the close of the day session, it is possible he is forgoing the success of the trading signal. Most trading strategies struggle to turn profits on 50 of trades if you are limiting the performance of each signal to the day session, it is possible the winloss ratio will be greatly reduced. Sometimes, to their own detriment, those drawn to day trading tend to have hyperactive personalities, and this often has a negative impact on their trading results. Rather than exercising patience, many day traders force trades out of boredom, or they rush their trading signals. The best traders are able to develop the discipline necessary to delay entry into the market until their trading strategy returns a verified signal. Further, trading on a whim or a gut feeling in the absence of a true trading signal according to the set parameters is generally a horrible idea. This is because the venture is likely a low-probability prospect to begin with, but because a trade was entered on something less than a detailed strategy, there probably isnrsquot a sound exit strategy either. Further, it is doubtful the trader will be able to keep detrimental emotions under wraps on balance, if the trade is entered based on emotion not logic, the psychological stress is higher. Poor decision making breeds more poor decision making. If you find yourself in the midst of a string of bad decisions, it doesnrsquot mean you are an inept trader. It simply means you are human even the most experienced traders will have cold spells. What differentiates the successful from the unsuccessful is the reaction to hard times in the market. Traders who are overactive and trade without justification from a defined set of rules not only face potential peril from market losses, but they end up with a hefty commission bill that eats away at their trading account. I often find myself in conversations with traders who assume if they enter a position, and the market fails to move in the desired direction right away, they will just get out. Similarly, beginning day traders frequently express their desire to cut their losses by exiting a trade if it goes against them by a few ticks. Although the desire for risk management is admirable, the result is relatively predictable. This type of trading activity might not create large losses on each individual trade, but over time the transaction costs and small losses produced by the strategy can be substantial. Day traders using overly tight leashes to manage the risk of their trades will soon find small losses eventually leading to a big loss because the market will rarely move in the desired direction without some sort of adverse price move. A day trader cutting losses on a trade after a few contrary ticks faces a very low probability of catching a move in the desired direction. Brokerage firms love this type of trader. Not only do they pose little risk to the firm, they often pay a substantial amount of their account toward transaction costs. To prevent overtrading, most traders must adjust the way they think about the market and the day trading opportunities it presents. Green traders look at being flat the market (being without a position) as a missed opportunity. But traders should see it in the opposite light. Those on the sidelines are not losing money, nor are they at risk of losing money. In addition, they are in a much better position to take advantage of a promising opportunity should it come along. Traders often grow bored with a quiet market and execute a small trade to lessen the pain of watching paint dry. The problem with this is that quiet markets have a tendency to become abruptly volatile without any advance notice. Perhaps there is a new announcement or simply a large group of stop orders triggered to force prices outside of the narrow band of trading. In any case, a sudden change in volatility can be a painful lesson but also pose significant opportunities for those on the sidelines. Using stop orders Listing stop-loss orders as a common mistake that day traders make probably has readersrsquo minds reeling. The majority of trading books, courses, and forums teach traders to always use stop orders. In fact, if yoursquove ever trolled any of the popular social media trading groups, yoursquove probably noticed a daily meme regarding the perils of not placing stop-loss orders. When dealing with leveraged futures contracts and theoretically open-ended risk, you may find it preferable to protect a trading account from catastrophic losses. However, stop-loss orders might not be the best way to accomplish this task. In fact, in my opinion, the use of stops often increases the odds of trading failure. Anybody who has experienced their stop order being filled just before the market reverses understands the emotional turmoil it can cause, not to mention the financial ding to a trading account. Not only was that particular trade a failure but it can have a negative effect on trader psychology going forward, so it could affect future trades as well. The assumption regarding premature stop-loss triggers is that ldquosomeonerdquo could see the tradersrsquo stop order and went for it. The truth is, unless a trader is executing hundreds of contracts at a time, there wouldnrsquot be any incentive for a trader with pockets deep enough to be capable of taking advantage of a temporary stop running price spike to pay attention to the order, let alone take action. Most retail traders arenrsquot swinging enough size to get onto the radars of the ldquobig fishrdquo in the market. Thus, if a stop order is filled just before the market reverses to a favorable direction, the trader isnrsquot a victim he simply placed the stop-loss order at an inopportune place. Unfortunately, this occurs frequently. Ironically, the very order intended to protect traders from large losses can easily become the source of the large losses. In the end, several highly certain small losses will eventually add up to crippling amounts. We will debate the use of stop-loss orders and offer alternative risk management techniques further in Chapter 16. Once again, futures brokerage firms offer cheap and easy leverage. Unfortunately, novice traders often assume 500 day trading margin for the e-mini SP is a reasonable amount of leverage. In my opinion, utilizing the maximum leverage offered is a horrible idea, inevitably leading to massive losses. Traders are far better off trading with less leverage than is available to them. Yet, I would venture to say that most day traders execute quantities in excess of what is ideal based on available trading capital. Brokerage firms are partly to blame for overleveraged futures day traders, but in the end, it is the traderrsquos choice whether to use it. It is easy for traders to get sucked into the mindset that the more contracts traded, the more money made. They rationalize, ldquoIf the trade setup is a good one, and the belief is the market will move in the desired direction, why not trade as many contracts as possiblerdquo Regardless of the strategy, the trader never knows which ventures will be winners and which will be losers until after the fact. Even the best trade setups can go awry. Actually, sometimes trades that look the best on paper are the trades that fail to work. On the other hand, trades that comply with the signals but not the traderrsquos ldquogut feelingrdquo often work out the best. Accordingly, a strategy of loading up on risk on any particular trade is a poor one. The more contracts traded in a single outing exponentially reduces much needed room for error. In this game, it is important to have some breathing room no trading method is perfect. In addition to the mathematical disadvantage of lower-success probabilities at the hands of being overleveraged, trading a high number of contracts adds to the emotional turmoil a trader will experience. The avoidance of aggressive position sizing is key to keeping harmful emotions in check such as fear and greed. If you are holding 20 contracts in a 10,000 account it would take a mere ten-point move in the e-mini SampP to blow out your trading account. Further, it would only take a five-point move to lose 50. If yoursquove followed the e-mini SampP intraday, you know that it can move five points in the blink of an eye. One might argue trading such size leaves the door open to double an account on a single trade. This is true, but the odds are highly against it. Even the most sophisticated and experienced traders require room for error in their trading. How many contracts you trade at a time should be based on personal risk tolerance and available capital. However, I recommend traders initiate a position with a one-lot of a mini stock index futures contract per 10,000, or most other commodities (gold, crude oil, the grains, currencies). Of course, you can easily day trade ten or more times this amount with the given account size, but just because you can doesn39t mean you should. Sound boring Look at it this way: an average profit of 50 per day equates to 1,000 per month and 12,000 per year. Assuming you were skilled enough to do this and started with a 10,000 account, you would have more than doubled your money in a year. It doesn39t take 10 lots of any commodity futures contract to make 50 per day, but trading 10 lots dramatically increases your odds of depleting an account. To illustrate, a trader going long 10 e-mini SampP 500 futures stands to lose 10 of his trading capital for each point the contract goes against him. In a market that generally sees 10.00- to 15.00-point ranges on any given day, it would be relatively easy to cause detrimental harm to a trading account by executing too many contracts. Failure to average price Most people will tell you not to add to your losers. Nevertheless, for those with well-capitalized accounts, I believe adding to a position as a means of adjusting your breakeven point makes sense because it increases the odds of obtaining a better average entry price. Traders who follow the previous guideline of keeping position sizing reasonable to avoid the stress and risk that comes with overleveraging have the ability to price average. Price averaging for day traders is similar to the act of scale trading for a position trader. The premise is to nibble on futures contracts incrementally rather than buying or selling the entire desired position in a single transaction. If the plan is to go long crude oil with as many as five futures contracts, a day trader might start with a single contract and enter limit orders to buy the other four contracts at lower prices, perhaps 20 to 40 cents lower. In some scenarios, doing so will prevent the trader from getting all of the contracts filled, but it will also avoid being filled on all five in a declining market at what later turns out to have been an inopportune entry price. Once the trade is deeply underwater, emotions flare, leading to ill-advised trading decisions. Averaging the entry price will almost always lead to a more achievable breakeven point, and thus, less stress. Yet the practice of price averaging is something you should treat with care. It doesn39t mean you should buy another crude oil futures contract each 20 cents it drops against you without any other considerations. However, if the price of oil falls substantially beneath your initial entry, perhaps that is something to consider. Naturally, it would be wise to peel contracts off at various prices should the market turn in your favor. If you scale into a trade, it is often best to scale out of it, too. Day trading time frames Day trading is a broad term that can be used to describe a nearly unlimited number of strategies. It is conceivable that the most important decision a day trader makes when developing a trading plan is which time frame to use to chart the futures marketmdashwill the technical rules be applied to a chart using one-minute price bars, 60-minute price bars, or something in between There are even some day trading platforms and charting software packages that offer traders the ability to chart futures contracts using line charts produced by plotting data points for each and every trade executed on the exchange independent of time. Others have the ability to chart price intraday using 90-minute price bars a 90-minute chart would produce a price bar each hour and a half. Each of these examples rely on extremes, but most traders work with something in the 10- to 30-minute range. With that said, I prefer to look at a 60-minute chart. In my opinion, a 60-minute futures chart provides day traders with a ldquobigger picturerdquo view of price action, which can help prevent being lured into the market on noise, rather than a valid trading signal. The exact time frame a trader chooses should reflect his personality and risk tolerance. The shorter the time frame used, the more active the strategy will be and the higher the frequency of false signals. Conversely, longer time frames tend to experience less activity, fewer false signals, and less deceptive price moves. Yet, most technical trading strategies applied to charts with longer price bars will come with higher risks relative to a shorter bar. This is because those playing with stop-loss orders will be required to place stops deeper when using a 60-minute chart than they might with a 10-minute chart. Accordingly, there is a tendency for traders utilizing 10-minute price bars to trade larger quantities than those using 60-minute price bars. This is because the profit and loss potential per trade is generally smaller using a 10-minute trading trigger. In my opinion, day traders are better served trading less consequently, using 60-minute bars help to tame the trader. Figure 1: Beware of signals produced by technical oscillators in early morning trade following a tame overnight session. They are generally unreliable. Most assume all technical indicators will work similarly among various time frames and during all times of the trading day, but that isnrsquot the case. Technical oscillators are least reliable in the early morning hours (Figure 42) this is because they are being calculated based on what is often tight range trading in the overnight session. As a result, it is common to see indicators created to identify overbought and oversold market conditions produce false countertrend trading signals. Even worse, during this time of day, the indicator can easily reach highly saturated levels, giving traders a false sense of reliability. Oscillator inaccuracy doesnrsquot have to be early in the morning it can happen at any time. It is far more common when using short time frames. This is because the price data used to calculate each five- or 10-minute price bar isnrsquot necessarily a representative sample of the overall trend. Some traders think such charts will provide information that the 30- or 60-minute chart wonrsquot display for quite some time, but the overactive nature of short time frames encourages overtrading, breeds stress, and often massive losses. The use of a five-minute chart, relative to a 60-minute chart, will undoubtedly result in a higher number of day trading signals (Figure 43). However, the goal of any trading strategy should be to locate and execute quality trades focusing on quantity is a common misstep. Because shorter time frames disguise market noise as something significant, traders will likely fall victim to a large number of false signals. Even if the trader manages to keep losses on these high-frequency trades in check, excessive trading volume can quickly result in an expensive commission bill regardless of how low the trader has managed to negotiate his trading fees. The bottom line is, the traderrsquos behavior plays a much bigger part in controlling transaction costs than the actual commission rate paid to his broker. We will discuss the reality of commission in Chapter 15, ldquoUnderstanding the Implications of Trading Cost Decisions.rdquo Figure 2: A five-minute chart offers day traders a higher number of trading opportunities, but the quality of the signals produced suffer relative to a longer time frame chart, such as the 30- or 60-minute. Using charts based on short time frames, such as the five-minute chart, requires traders to place tighter stop-losses and therefore increases the odds of being stopped out of the trade prematurely. Nevertheless, because five-minute charts are so quick to generate signals, it is paramount that the trader keeps risk in check. This is because in low-volatility markets, the five-minute chart might generate a buy signal for countertrend swing traders with a mere 3.00-point decline in the e-mini SampP. However, we all know the SampP 500 is capable of moving 15 to 20 points in a minute or two. Thus, reacting to a shallow dip because the five-minute chart calls for it could put the trader into a massive losing position should he be in the wrong place at the wrong time. On the other hand, a swing trader acting on signals produced by a 60-minute chart might not receive a countertrend trading signal unless the SampP drops 15 to 20 points. Such a trader is still facing substantial risk, but on most days the SampP doesnrsquot fall more than that. Accordingly, the odds of getting stuck with a massive loser can be mitigated. Stop-loss orders or weekly options In Chapter 16, on deliberating risk management, we will debate the use of stop-loss orders and long options to protect futures positions from losses. It is worth mentioning in a discussion of day trading because the difference between success and failure is largely dependent on where, and how, stop-losses are used or not used. Despite widespread chatter suggesting that one should never trade without stops, it might be the sole reason most traders lose money. Whether traders place stops too tight or too loose, stop-loss orders elected prior to favorable market movement is a common occurrence that can devastate trading accounts as well as trader psychology. Nothing hurts more than losing money on a trade despite being right about the market direction. Day traders operating on the premise of quality over quantity by utilizing 60-minute charts, or perhaps even 30-minute charts, are generally aiming at higher profit targets than someone initiating positions based on five- or 10-minute charts. As a result, it might be worth their while to skip the practice of using stop orders and instead purchase cheap protection via weekly e-mini SampP options or e-mini NASDAQ options. If you are unfamiliar with weekly options, they are those listed by the futures exchange that expire on a weekly basis rather than a monthly basis, which has traditionally been the norm. There are also weekly options on some commodities such as the grains and crude oil, but most day traders are applying their efforts to the stock indices due to favorable liquidity. Those trading markets that donrsquot offer weekly options might look to the traditional monthly options if they happen to be expiring soon (two weeks or less). If it is possible to get a reasonably close-to-the-money weekly expiring call option in the e-mini SampP for less than 500, it might be worth the cash outlay to protect a short futures position for the day while protecting the trade from losses without the risk of premature stopout. This approach might not make sense for those traders utilizing extremely short time frames with small profit targets. Obviously, if a trading signal provided by the five-minute chart calls for a long position with a profit objective of three points, it doesnrsquot make sense to spend five or six points to protect it. Again, we will tackle this issue in more detail later on, but I wanted to introduce the idea here because it is relatively unconventional, despite being potentially helpful to a day trading strategy. Believe it or not, in many instances and environments and when using options for protection isnrsquot feasible, I believe not using a stop order at all is preferable. Stop-loss orders have the ability to cause more harm than good to countless traders. Scalping futures contracts Those who scalp futures contracts are seeking to profit from small market moves that seem inconsequential to most trading strategies. Scalpers believe because a market never sits still, they can profit from the ebb and flow that occurs as each market participant buys or sells a futures contract. In many cases, scalpers are targeting a mere tick or two in price movement. This is equivalent to different dollar values in each commodity market but is generally somewhere around 10. A scalp that nets one tick would provide a 10 profit to the trader before considering transaction costs, while a two-tick winner would generate 20 in gain. However, unlike position traders or even day traders using longer time horizons, who find transaction costs to have little impact on their bottom line, a scalper could easily pay 30 to 50 of his profits to transaction costs. Suddenly, the 10 per tick in profit per contract is cut in half. Because of the relatively low-profit potential per trade, scalpers are playing a volume game. They are rarely trading one or two contracts at a time. In order to make a scalping strategy worthwhile, it is necessary to trade high quantities of contracts in a clip. As you can imagine, this strategy is a dream come true for those benefiting from the trading costs of a scalping account. Contrary to what most would believe, the futures exchange itself reaps most of the rewards from the transaction costs paid by scalpers because exchange fees are constant regardless of how much commission is paid to the broker. Yet the broker often accepts a scalping account at a discounted commission rate to help better the clientrsquos odds of making money. As a result, the broker often makes pennies per trade even the most active scalpers donrsquot pad the pockets of his broker as much as he thinks he is. Instead, he is probably paying anywhere from 2 to 4 per trade to the exchange. So if you are a scalper and the CME reports better than expected earnings, you should know you played a part in that. Most scalping strategies involve attempting to buy the ask and sell the bid in any particular futures market. This goes against the norm. A trader placing an order to buy a futures contract at market price would receive a fill at the current ask price, if he placed an order to sell a futures contract at the market he would receive a fill at the current bid price. As covered in Chapter 1, the difference between these two prices is known as the bidask spread, and it is accepted as a normal cost of doing business in the commodity markets. Scalp traders must recognize the relatively hidden transaction cost of trading built into the bidask spread. A trader entering a futures contract at the market price is immediately sustaining a paper loss in the amount of the spread and the transaction costs. For simplicitys sake, lets assume a scalper is paying a total of 5 per round turn for commission and exchange fees, most of which goes directly to the exchange. By going long a crude oil futures contract, the trader is incurring a 5 transaction cost plus the spread between the bid and ask, which is generally a tick, or 10 in crude oil. Thus, upon entry, the trader is in the hole by one and a half ticks (15). To turn a net profit of a measly 5, the scalper must pick up two ticks in crude oil. This is easier said than done. To further illustrate, to make 50 the trader would need to execute 10 contracts and offset the scalp at a one-tick profit in addition to overcoming the one-tick hidden cost of the bidask spread. On the other hand, if the trader loses two ticks in the market, the total loss on 10 contracts is a quick and painful 250 ((20 5) x 10) From a purely mathematical standpoint, it is difficult to justify a scalping strategy. Yet some traders with quick fingers or computer programming prowess swear by it. A scalper thinks he can find a way to collect the bidask spread rather than pay it, as all other market participants do. To do this, he might place a limit order to sell a contract at the ask and buy at the bid to profit from market ebb and flow. Predicting the ability to do so often stems from judging the working limit orders of other market participants via a depth of market (DOM) panel. If you are unfamiliar with a DOM panel, it is a price ladder displayed within most futures trading platforms offering its users a glimpse into the currently working limit orders in a particular market. For instance, it will display the best 10 bids (working buy limit orders) and the best 10 asks (working sell limit orders). Accordingly, traders can see which prices within immediate reach of the market might have the most buying or selling interest. An often-overlooked drawback of DOM panels is they donrsquot display stop orders placed by market participants, and they donrsquot account for market orders. This makes sense, because a market order is filled immediately. Nonetheless, market orders are done by the most motivated buyers and sellers and often have the biggest impact on price. In general, if there are more sell limit orders working than buy limit orders, the scalper assumes he will be able to buy the bid as those seller orders are filled and prices are temporarily depressed. Likewise, if a trader spots a market with more buy limit orders immediately under the market, he might believe he can sell the ask as those orders are filled and prices are temporarily boosted. Some scalpers take the opposite approach. They believe if the DOM panel is displaying more sellers than buyers, they will be able to sell a contract and buy it back a tick or two later after the sell orders are filled and prices have fallen accordingly. Similarly, if the DOM panel suggests more buyers at prices near or a tick below the market price, a scalper might go long in hopes the filled orders will cause prices to tick higher. Once again, you can see there is more than one way of looking at market conditions and signals, and there are even more strategies attempting to exploit them. One again, there isnrsquot a proper or improper way to trade. The only judge is the bottom line of a trading account statement. It is also worth noting that, although these two approaches to scalping involve a vastly different thought process, both methods could work. We cannot deny that even in directionless markets, prices tick up and down as time goes on. This is all scalpers need to potentially profit. Scalping is a much more refined skill than it appears to be on the surface. Due to extremely high transaction costs and relatively aggressive position sizing, scalpers can make or lose a substantial amount of money quickly. If your preference is to employ a conservative trading strategy, look elsewhere. Despite low monetary risk per contract for most scalping strategies, the price action in such a narrow time frame is largely random, and high transaction costs are a difficult burden to overcome. In addition, the practice of scalping in the traditional sense requires more nimble fingers than the average trader likely has. In todayrsquos world of super computers, most scalping strategies have been developed into automated, or algorithmic, trading systems. This is an excerpt from Chapter 7 of Higher Probability Commodity Trading written by Carley Garner and published by DeCarley Trading, an imprint of Wyatt-MacKenzie Publishing. Ada risiko kerugian dalam perdagangan berjangka dan opsi. It is not suitable for everyone Sign up for a free trial of our futures trading newsletters by clicking here. Carley Garner is an experienced commodity broker with DeCarley Trading, a division of Zaner, in Las Vegas, Nevada. She is also the author of ldquoHigher Probability Commodity Tradingrdquo, ldquoA Trader39s First Book on Commoditiesquot, quotCurrency Trading in the FOREX and Futures Marketsquot, and ldquoCommodity Optionsrdquo, she also writes a monthly column for Stocks amp Commodities Magazine. After graduating from UNLV as a Magna Cum Laude, Carley jumped into the options and futures industry with both feet in early 2004 and quickly became one of the most recognized names in the business. Her commodity market analysis is often referenced on Jim Cramerrsquos Mad Money on CNBC, and she is a regular contributor to TheStreet and its Real Money Pro service. Taking Advantage of Falling Fear Trading From the Gut: Is it a Good Thing Kenneth Reid, Ph.D. DayTradingPsychology Greetings traders, Irsquom a day trader and trading coach with a Ph.D. in Clinical Psychology. This e-book is about trading techniques, a quintessential topic because without a solid technical method, traders will absolutely drive ourselves crazy. The topic Irsquod like to discuss is trading intuitively, or ldquoTrading from the Gut.rdquo Humans have two brains and one of them (the right hemisphere) is highly intuitive. Naturally, traders wonder how best to incorporate intuition into trading, becausehellip itrsquos always there offering an opinion. And because there39s nothing methodical about intuition (itrsquos totally subjective and discretionary) it often creates a nagging inner conflict with a more objective (technical) perspective. DONrsquoT DRIVE YOURSELF CRAZY Discretionary trading is psychologically the most challenging work experience you are likely to ever have, unless you are in the military. Because it will feel like your own mind is working against youhellip which is what crazy people feel. Itrsquos like having Mad Money inside your head. Part of your brain is yelling ldquobuy, buy, buyrdquo and another part is shouting ldquosell, sell, sellrsquo Fortunately, this inner argument can be mitigated if the traderrsquos technical method is 1) well understood and 2) suits the traderrsquos own personality. So before we address the intuitive side of trading, letrsquos take a short detour and look at these two pre-qualifications. The personality analysis will then lead directly into a discussion of gut-based trading. For onersquos method to be ldquowell-understoodrdquo it has to be built by the trader from the ground up, or at least extensively tested. This is the only way to have sufficient confidence to endure drawdowns without feeling compelled to re-design the method. If you are constantly changing your method, i.e. searching for the Holy Grail, you wonrsquot get anywhere at all. Markets do evolve, of course, but if your method has a positive expectancy, change it as infrequently as possible. Generally, sticking with one method that you have absolutely mastered is better than trying to develop a different method for every market mood. Findingdeveloping a method that ldquosuits your personalityrdquo is also essential. However, most traders have no idea what their trader personality might be. I use my own 5-Type model, which is easy to understand. Letrsquos look at two opposite personality types, the Warrior and the Engineer. Trader personality fundamentally influences how you define risk and reward. A Warrior personality, such as found in most Chicago-trained traders, is generally risk-seeking and much less methodical than an Engineer personality, which is likely to be risk averse and very disciplined. The Warrior trader is usually comfortable doing things like buying or selling extremes and adding to a losing position (they call it ldquoscaling inrdquo), while the Engineer would consider that behavior sloppy and reckless. In a nutshell, the Engineer relies on ldquobrains,rdquo whereas the Warrior relies on a different part of his male anatomy. Warriors will often use market orders to enter in a general area of interest, usually at an extreme, and many are contrarians, who look to play reversals. Engineers, on the other hand, tend to feel more comfortable using limit orders for a satisfyingly precise entry after the Warriors have taken their positions, and then might look for trend continuation. Of course not all Warriors are countertrend traders and not all Engineers are trend followers, but I would argue that most Warriors are risk seekers and most Engineers are risk-averse. Bottom line: Your personality is already influencing your trading because it determines how you define opportunity, risk and reward. According to my research, trader personality is a combination of 5 different styles, and the best traders are not overly expressive of one single type. Rather, they are integrated hybrids and that hybridization process happens slowly, as traders mature. In the end, Warriors must become more methodical and Engineers must become more comfortable with risk in order for each to fulfill their trader potential. To find out more about trader personality you can take a free AWAREcopy personality profile on my website daytradingpsychology WHAT ABOUT TRADING FROM THE GUT Herersquos the segue into the topic of intuitionhellip. your personality determines to what degree you are attracted to intuitive trading. Warrior traders trade from the gut all the time. Itrsquos naturally their dominant style. They think with their gut and act from their gut and their account balances usually fluctuate wildly. Fortunately, psychologists recently discovered that there is a brain in the gut, so Warriors do have a fighting chance. Their main challenge is keeping losses small because they are natural risk-seekers . And regardless of your personality type, the more intuitively you trade, the more carefully you need to manage losses, or they will get out of hand. ARE YOU TRADING RISK OR REWARD Nigel Hawkes, a very experienced Warrior trader and friend, is fond of saying that ldquoI donrsquot trade price, I trade risk.rdquo They seek out risk because they know, in their gut, that without risk there is no chance of reward. They donrsquot shy away from risk, they embrace it and get charged up from it. Without a steady supply of risk, Warriors get bored and feel useless. But for the average non-Warrior trader . risk is not their friend. The average trader tries to avoid risk because for them, risk loss. (Their ideal fantasy is a market without risk.) Their thinking goes like this: ldquoWhy think about possibly losing when the goal is to win Wouldnrsquot that be negative and self-defeatingrdquo This naiumlve assumption is why most traders start out trading Reward, not risk. In analyzing a potential trade, they only think about how much they could make. But if you have not planned and prepared to lose, trading Reward sets you up for shock and disappointment when the market suddenly moves against you. Every loss is then a small trauma for the blindsided Reward trader. And in that panicked emotional state, you are likely to make mistakes, which will result in some of those small unrealized losses suddenly becoming large realized ones. That creates the standard boombust pattern for Reward traders. They are lucky if they can stay at breakeven. Whatrsquos the alternative Trader development is largely about integrating complementary personality qualities (hybridization, as noted above) and making the shift from trading Reward to trading Risk. In my own trading, this means using my professional trading to read price action psychologically. I trade futures and I try to determine where the Reward-driven Traders are likely to stop themselves out. The principle is simple: if you are trading in a minefield, you donrsquot want to be on point. I prefer to wait until a group of Reward Traders suddenly change their minds and now believe that they have made a mistake. This motivates them to liquidate their positions at a discount. And thatrsquos where I like to enter. HOW TO MAKE THE MINDSHIFT If you want to make the transition from trading Reward to trading Risk, the following material might be useful for you. Below is a summary of a video I produced on Trading from the Gut and a link to the downloadable video file, which is just 5 minutes long. By the way, the video is not just informational, if you use headphones itrsquos an experiential lesson that might actually help you change this habit if you listen to it every day for a week or two. (And therersquos a link if you want to get one of these videos every week.) TRADING FROM THE GUT Looking at a cold chart, trading looks seductively easy. Hindsight is a beautiful thing. The lure of hindsight is that we imagine that somehow we could have or should have known what was going to happen at pivot Xhellip or pivot Y. We like to imagine that we could have taken advantage of the big drop or the big rally. Itrsquos particularly pleasurable to imagine this because when the thought of a beautiful winning trade flashes through our mind, even in fantasy, the brain generates a jolt of the neurotransmitter dopamine. Dopamine is mentally energizing and motivating. It fuels the primitive hunter in us who constantly stalks the big trade. Unfortunately, dopamine is also addictivehellip itrsquos the active compound in cocaine. Curiously, more dopamine is generated by the thought of potential reward than by the actual reward. This is what kept those hungry hunters going for days and it motivates traders to dream big and be over-focused on reward (dinner). If you are chronically low on dopamine (which has a genetic cause) one of the best ways to raise it is to imagine great trades. Each imaginativeintuitive foray into a positive future generates a shot of pleasure and hope, just like a rat pressing a lever. THE DREAMER vs. THE REALIST Therersquos no harm in dreaming. The harm comes when we act on the fantasyhellip with real money. (Strike One.) And then use our factual knowledge to justify the imagined scenario. (Strike Two). And then fail to recognizeadmit when we are wrong. (Strike Three) Itrsquos amazing how utterly convinced we can become about the profit potential of our own fantasies. Of course, casino operators rely on this all too human quirk to keep customers playing as long as possible. But in trading, the trader is the casinohellip the player, the dealer and the pit boss. In other words, therersquos no objective supervision. I used to work in addiction recovery centers. Itrsquos tough to motivate an addict to quit while they still have money to buy drugs and itrsquos just as tough to get a compulsively hope-ium-smoking trader to stop dreaming while heshe still has capital. Once we take action on a fantasy, we become so psychologically invested in our imagined outcome (which constantly shoots dopamine into the brain circuits) that we will ignore all disconfirming information until reality pulls the needle out and slaps us hard upside the head. Unfortunately, intuitive traders rarely learn from their mistakes, which means they keep trying until they run out of funds. Indeed, trading intuitively from the gut is one of the fastest ways to blow up an account. Then I get the call: ldquoCan you help me Irsquove really screwed up.rdquo Therersquos a book entitled Trading from the Gut by one of the original Turtles, Curtis Faith, who did blow up several funds and eventually faced personal bankruptcy. Faith was a math and programming whiz when he was 19 years old, which is why he was selected by Richard Dennis, but he abandoned that skill later in life, went to the opposite extreme and has not yet come back to the middle. For his sake I hope he finds it. MISSING PIECES FOR INTUITIVE TRADERS Whatrsquos missing from gut-level trading Three things. First, an appreciation of the marketrsquos random nature (Read Mark Douglas or Talebrsquos Fooled by Randomness ). Intuitive trading is based on the fantasy that we now have or can have privileged information about the future. I call it mindreading the markethellip but the market doesnrsquot have a mindhellip.or a planhellip and it doesnrsquot know what itrsquos going to do next, so how could we know Just because the market leaves tracks and one can see patterns in the tracks, doesnrsquot mean those patterns could be predicted beforehand. Clouds make patterns, too. I see faces, you see animals, one person sees monsters, another sees angels. For survival purposes, our right brain is designed to identify patterns as quickly as possible. The tiny amygdala that controls fightflight reactions is the size of an almond and can recognize 20,000 faceshellip animals, monsters, angels. Just because you lsquosee itrsquo in your mindrsquos eye, doesnrsquot mean itrsquos really there. Second, risk analysis is lacking, because each intuitive idea feels like a sure thing. The inner gamblerrsquos justification story goes like this: ldquoWhy prepare for loss if I donrsquot expect to loserdquo Third, purely intuitive trading lacks any objective reference. Itrsquos all subjective, all the time. Most intuitive traders trade naked, i.e. without indicators, just levels. BOTTOM LINE If you have a tendency to manufacture intuitive ideas and then act on them without objective confirmation, itrsquos important to nip this tendency in the bud, as this is extremely high risk behavior. My short answer on how to incorporate intuition in onersquos trading goes like this: Trading is like driving. Driving is a discretionary and intuitive activity that gets you from Point A to Point B, but you first need to have a car and know (and obey) the rules of the road. The lsquocarrsquo and the 39rules of the road39 comprise your technical method, which must have a positive expectancy to be effective. Intuition can (and probably should) be used to enhance onersquos driving on the margins, but it is not an adequate substitute for a rule-based method. The video that accompanies this article includes some special affirmations that might help you change this behavior. They are embedded in a special neuroprogramming audio track that promotes whole brain learning. YOU CAN DOWNLOAD THAT FREE VIDEO BY CLICKING HERE You can sign up for more videos HERE Dr. Kenneth Reid is a seasoned trader, trading coach and educator with a Ph.D. in clinical psychology. Dr. Reid began stocks trading for his own account in 1996. In 2001 he was hired by a company in Connecticut as a model portfolio manager, newsletter editor and market strategist. He retired in 2012 to pursue his futures trading and coaching practice full time. Dr. Reid works with private traders, Registered Investment Advisors, as well as hedge fund and bank traders. His website is daytradingpsychology Chapter 10 10 Smart Reasons for Forming a Trading Entity Robert A. Green, CPA, GreenTraderTax Forming an entity can save active investors and business traders significant taxes. Active investors can limit wash sale losses calculated between their individual taxable investment accounts and IRAs with an entity account. Business traders solidify trader tax status (TTS), unlock employee-benefit deductions, gain flexibility with a Section 475 election and revocation and limit wash-sale losses with individual and IRA accounts. For many active traders, an entity solution generates tax savings in excess of entity formation and compliance costs. Active Traders Should Consider An Entity for Tax Savings An entity return consolidates your trading activity on a pass-through tax return (partnership Form 1065 or S-Corp 1120-S), making life easier for you, your accountant and the IRS. Itrsquos important to segregate investments from business trading when claiming TTS, and an entity is most useful in that regard. Itrsquos simple and inexpensive to set up and operate. Additionally, entities help traders elect Section 475 MTM (ordinary-loss treatment) later in the tax year mdash within 75 days of inception mdash if they missed the individual MTM election deadline on April 15. And itrsquos easier for an entity to exit TTS and revoke Section 475 MTM than it is for a sole proprietor. Itrsquos more convenient for a new entity to adopt Section 475 MTM internally from inception, as opposed to an existing taxpayer whom must file a Form 3115 after filing an external election with the IRS. Donrsquot worry, prior capital loss carryovers on the individual level are not lost they still carry over on your individual Schedule D. The new entity can pass through capital gains if you skip the Section 475 MTM election to use up those capital loss carryovers. After using up capital loss carryovers, your entity can elect Section 475 MTM in a subsequent tax year. Business traders often use an S-Corp trading company or an S-Corp or C-Corp management company to pay salary to the owner in connection with a retirement plan contribution, which otherwise isnrsquot possible in a partnership trading company (unless a trader has other sources of earned income or is a dealer member of a futures or options exchange). Trading in an entity can help constitute a performance record for traders looking to launch an investment-management business. Finally, many types of entities are useful for asset protection and business continuity. A separate legal entity gives the presumption of business purpose, but a trader entity still must achieve TTS. Avoid wash sales with an entity Active investors in securities are significantly impacted by permanent and deferred wash sale losses between IRA and individual taxable accounts. Trading in an entity helps avoid these problems. The entity is separate from your individual and IRA accounts for purposes of wash sales since the entity is a different taxpayer. An individual calculates wash sales among all their accounts. Ring fencing active trading into an entity account separates those trades from the individual wash sale loss calculations. The IRS is entitled to apply related party transaction rules (Section 267) if the entity purposely tries to avoid wash sales with the ownerrsquos individual accounts. In that case, the entity will not avoid wash sale loss treatment. If you donrsquot purposely avoid wash sales, you can break the chain on year-to-date wash sales in taxable individual accounts by switching over to an entity account mid-year or at year-end, and prevent further permanent wash-sale losses with IRAs. If the entity qualifies for TTS, it can consider a Section 475 MTM election exempting it from wash sales (on business positions, not investment positions) that also negates related party rules. Play it safe on related party transaction rules by avoiding the repurchase of substantially identical positions in the new entity after taking a loss in the individual accounts. Business traders: consider an entity Many active traders ramp up into qualification for TTS. They wind up filing an individual Schedule C (Profit or Loss from Business) as a sole proprietor business trader the first year. Thatrsquos fine. They deduct trading business expenses on Schedule C and report trading gains and losses on other tax forms. They can even elect Section 475 MTM by April 15 of a given tax year to use ordinary gain or loss treatment (recommended on securities only). But a Schedule C owner may not pay himself compensation and the Schedule C does not generate self-employment income, either of which is required to deduct health insurance premiums and retirement plan contributions from gross income. (The exception is a full-fledged dealermember of an options or futures exchange trading Section 1256 contracts on that exchange they have SEI per Section 1402i.) The business trader needs an entity for those employee-benefit plan deductions. Safeguard use of Section 475 Pass-through entities We recommend pass-through entities for traders. A pass-through entity means the entity is a tax filer, but itrsquos not a taxpayer. The owners are the taxpayers, most often on their individual tax returns. Consider marriage, state residence and state tax rules including minimum taxes, franchise taxes and more when setting up your entity. Report all entity trading gains, losses and expenses on the entity tax return and issue a Schedule K-1 to each owner for their respective share mdash on which income retains its character. For example, the entity can pass through capital gains to utilize individual capital loss carryovers. Or the entity can pass through Section 475 MTM ordinary losses to comprise an individual net operating loss (NOL) carryback for immediate refund. The best types of entities We like the S-Corp because it pays compensation (officerrsquos salary) to the owner, which efficiently unlocks health insurance premium and retirement plan contribution deductions. You can form a single-member LLC or multi-member (spousal) LLC and the LLC can elect S-Corp tax treatment within 75 days of inception or by March 15 of the following tax year. (Another option is to form a corporation and it can elect S-Corp tax treatment, too.) A general partnership can also elect S-Corp status in every state except Connecticut, the District of Columbia, Michigan, New Hampshire, New Jersey and Tennessee. But the S-Corp is not feasible alone in some states or cities, including California and New York City. In those places, we suggest a trading company partnership return mdash either a general partnership or LLC mdash and a management company S-Corp or C-Corp. You can convey interests in the pass-through entity to family revocable trusts or even irrevocable trusts. Year-end Entity planning There are important tax matters to execute with entities before year-end. For example, S-corps and C-corps should execute payroll before year-end. A Solo 401(k) defined contribution plan or defined benefit retirement plan must be established before year-end. Top 10 Tax Deductions for Active Traders Active traders qualifying for trader tax status (TTS) maximize these deductions in the following ways: Use the square footage or rooms method to allocate every expense of your home including mortgage interest, real estate taxes, rent, utilities, repairs and maintenance, insurance and depreciation. The IRS limits use of HO expenses by requiring business income to offset the deduction, except for the mortgage interest and real estate tax portion. Link the HO Form 8829 to TTS trading gains or transfer some to Schedule C to unlock the HO deduction. If you have trading losses, carry over unallowed HO deductions to subsequent tax year(s). Converting personal home expenses to business use is great. 2. Additions and improvements to office Consider an addition or improvements to your home office like building more space, replacing windows, walls, and flooring. Depreciate residential real property over 39 years on a straight-line basis. If you rent or own an outside office, depreciation rules are more attractive. The Protecting Americans From Tax Hikes (PATH) Act of 2015 created ldquoqualified improvement property.rdquo Itrsquos a new class of nonresidential real property, excluding additions like increasing square footage. Use 50 bonus depreciation on qualified improvement property placed in service in 2016. PATH extended bonus depreciation through 2019. 3. Tangible property expensing Expense new tangible property items up to 2,500 per item. Before 2015, the IRS threshold for capitalization with depreciation vs. full expensing was 500. When you purchase a new trading computer system its best to arrange separate invoices for each item not exceeding 2,500. 4. Section 179 (100) depreciation For equipment, furniture and fixtures above the tangible property threshold (2,500), use Section 179 depreciation allowing 100 depreciation expense in the first year. PATH made permanent generous Section 179 limits. The 2016 limit is 500,000 on new and used equipment including off-the-shelf computer software. The IRS limits the use of Section 179 depreciation by requiring income to offset the deduction. Look to business trading gains, other business income or wages, from either spouse, if filing joint. 5. Automated trading systems Increasingly, traders are writing computer code for developing automated trading systems. The IRS allows a few different choices for expensing ldquointernal-use software.rdquo If you qualify for TTS before incurring software development costs, deduct them like other research expenses in Section 174(a) in the year paid. If you donrsquot qualify for TTS before incurring software development costs, capitalize them under Section 174(b). Two choices: When you complete the software and qualify for TTS, amortize (expense) the intangible asset over 60 months. Or, wait until you place the software in service with qualification for TTS to amortize (expense) the intangible asset over 36 months. Traders may qualify for TTS using automated trading systems providing they write the code or have other significant involvement with creation and modification of the automated trading systems. Conversely, if a trader purchases an off-the-shelf automated trading system providing entry and exit signals and trade execution, the trader probably doesnrsquot get credit for the volume and frequency of trades made by the automated trading system. 6. Education, mentoring and seminars All three are considered education expenses and tax deductibility hinges on qualification for TTS. Education business expenses paid after the start of your business are allowed for maintaining and improving your business. Learning a new business before starting that business is not allowed as a business expense. If you are learning about investing while carrying on an investment activity, that education expense is not allowed as a Section 212 investment expense by Section 274(h)(7). Tip: If you pay for trading education services before qualifying for TTS, consider using Section 195 start-up expenditures treatment below. 7. Section 195 start-up expenditures Go back a reasonable period (six months) before qualifying for TTS to capitalize a reasonable amount (15,000) of start-up costs. Start-up expenses include costs to investigate and inquire about a new business. Costs capitalized in Section 195 would have to qualify as a business expense if paid after business commencement. Section 195 allows an expense allowance in the first year up to 5,000. Start a calendar year business late in the year and still get the full 5,000 expense allowance. Amortize the remainder of the costs over 180 months on a straight-line basis. If you exit the trading business, you may write off the unamortized balance. 8. Organization costs Under Section 248 for corporations and Section 709 for partnerships, treat expenses to organize or form an entity in a similar manner as Section 195 start-up expenditures. There is a separate first-year expense allowance up to 5,000, and the balance is amortizable over 180 months on a straight-line basis. 9. Health insurance premiums Deduct health insurance premiums from individual AGI if you have an S-Corp trading company paying you W-2 wages which include your premiums. The plan must be in association with your small business and not a third-party employer plan for you or your spouse. Deduct health insurance premiums during the entity period, not before. This S-Corp wage component for health insurance premiums is not subject to social security and Medicare taxes, so enjoy the income tax savings with no offsetting payroll tax costs. A C-Corp management company deducts health insurance premiums on the corporate tax return. 10. Retirement plans Most traders with TTS should consider a Solo 401(k) retirement plan. Consistently high-income traders with TTS should consider a defined benefit plan if they are close to age 50. Retail traders need an entity like an S-Corp trading company or C-Corp management company to arrange retirement plan deductions since sole proprietor traders donrsquot have earned income required for employee benefit plan deductions. With one exception: Futures traders using full exchange membership have self-employment income (Section 1402i). Solo 410(k) plan . S-Corp officer wages of 140,000 unlock the maximum 53,000 contributiondeduction or 59,000 if age 50 or older with the 6,000 catch-up provision. The 100-deductible elective deferral up to 18,000, or 24,000 with the catch-up provision, provides the greatest income tax savings vs. payroll tax costs. The 25-deductible profit-sharing plan up to 35,000 is good if you have sufficient cash flow to invest in tax-free compounded growth within the plan. Defined-benefit plan (DBP) . With consistent high trading income, arrange a 100,000 plus contributiondeduction with a defined-benefit plan. Work with an actuary on complex DBP calculations. Business traders have a wide variety of other expenses including independent contractors and employees for trade assistance and IT, market data providers, charting software, chat rooms and trading groups, subscriptions, books, periodicals, attorneys, accountants, tax advisors and more. Commissions are not expenses they are part of the trading capital gain or loss. Business expenses are deductible ldquoabove the linerdquo from gross income, whereas investment expenses face significant limitations ldquobelow the line.rdquo Section 212 investment expenses exclude home office, start-up expenditures, employee benefits and education. They are part of miscellaneous itemized deductions, which must first exceed a 2 of AGI threshold. Upper-income taxpayers face additional limitations: a Pease itemized deduction phase-out and AMT taxes since investment expenses are an AMT preference item. Learn how to qualify for TTS on GreenTraderTax Robert A. Green is a leading authority on trader tax, author of The Tax Guide for Traders (McGraw-Hill, 2004), Greenrsquos Trader Tax Guide . the ldquoBusiness of Tradingrdquo column for Active Trader magazine and blogger for Forbes. Mr. Green is frequently interviewed and has appeared in Barronrsquos, the New York Times, Wall Street Journal and Forbes. He has also appeared on CNBC, Bloomberg Television and Forbes Video Network. He is the main tax speaker at the MoneyShow University and Traders Expo, and he teaches trader tax for CCH and state CPA societies. As founder and CPACEO of Green amp Company Inc. Mr. Green develops and leads our tax strategies, including our trader tax niche. Mr. Green handles our content generation, speaking, writing, advocacy, marketing, business development, alliances, events and more. As Managing Member of Green, Neuschwander amp Manning, LLC our CPA firm, Robert Green is involved with tax strategies, tax treatment, opportunities, problems, client relations, reporting standards, working with tax attorneys and more. He handles many consultations with clients and entity formations using our outside attorneys. Mr. Green is also involved with tax controversy, including IRS and state exams, appeals and tax court. Mr. Green co-manages operations on the CPA firm, too. TABLE OF CONTENTS 8 Forex Life Hacks To Make You a Better Trader MY 1 DAY TRADING TECHNIQUE:THE HOFFMAN INVENTORY RETRACEMENT BAR (IRB) TRADE MY FAVORITE DAY TRADING TECHNIQUE MY FAVORITE DAY TRADING STRATEGY THE RUBBER BAND REVERSAL STRATEGY USING PRECISION INDICATORS TO DAY TRADE ON THE RIGHT SIDE OF THE MARKET FORCE DAY TRADING AND ALGORITHMIC TRADING IN FUTURES TAKING ADVANTAGE OF FALLING FEAR TRADING FROM THE GUT: IS IT A GOOD THING 10 SMART REASONS FOR FORMING A TRADING ENTITY Risk Disclaimer There is a very high degree of risk involved in trading. Past results are not indicative of future returns. ChartExperts and all individuals affiliated with this site assume no responsibilities for your trading and investment results. The indicators, strategies, columns, articles and all other features are for educational purposes only and should not be construed as investment advice. Information for futures trading observations are obtained from sources believed to be reliable, but we do not warrant its completeness or accuracy, or warrant any results from the use of the information. Your use of the trading observations is entirely at your own risk and it is your sole responsibility to evaluate the accuracy, completeness and usefulness of the information. By accessing this book your information may be shared with our educational partners. You must assess the risk of any trade with your broker and make your own independent decisions regarding any securities mentioned herein. Affiliates of ChartExperts may have a position or effect transactions in the securities described herein (or options thereon) andor otherwise employ trading strategies that may be consistent or inconsistent with the provided strategies. Copyright 2016 by Sir Isaac Publishing. 37 N Orange Ave STE 500 Orlando, FL 32801 chartexperts All rights reserved. Printed in the United States of America. No part of this publication may be reproduced, stored in a retrieval system, or transmitted, in any form or by any means, electronic, mechanical, photocopying, recording or otherwise, without the prior written permission of Sir Isaac Publishing
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